Accounting covers accounting principles and practices, the complete accounting cycle and creation of financial reports. Use of the general journal and special journals, general ledger, accounts payable, accounts receivable and proper financial reporting.This course provides instruction in the basic accounting procedures used to operate a business including sole proprietorship, partnerships, and corporations. The accounting procedures presented will also serve as a sound background for employment in office jobs and preparation for further education and training. The complete accounting cycle is covered, students learn how to us generally accepted accounting principles to prepare, analyze, verify financial transactions, reports and economic information to make decisions for organizations.The course trains students in the basics of manual and computerized accounting. Students learn accounting topics including ethics, accounting principles, computing accounting, accounting terminology, job specific accounting, and clerical duties related to accounting. Students also gain real-world applications in income tax, personal finance, and stock market.
Consumers see or hear thousands of advertisements each day. The April 2017 issue of Page One Economics: Focus on Finance reviews advertising history and strategies ads use to create demand and influence consumer tastes and preferences.
Students will learn about agricultural business operation and management. Topics will include accounting, finance, economics, business organization, marketing, and sales. Students will learn about agricultural business operation and management. Topics will include accounting, finance, economics, business organization, marketing, and sales.
We use the derivative to determine the maximum and minimum values of particular functions (e.g. cost, strength, amount of material used in a building, profit, loss, etc.).Differentiation is also used in analysis of finance and economics.
Applied Finite Mathematics covers topics including linear equations, matrices, linear programming, the mathematics of finance, sets and counting, probability, Markov chains, and game theory. Endorsed by CollegeOpenTextbooks.org.
This course covers topics dealing with financing a business, analysis of financial statements, working capital management, short-and long-term financial planning, budgeting and control.
1. Describe and interpret the four standard financial statements.
2. Describe the importance of current assets and liabilities.
3. Calculate and interpret standard business ratios including: current, inventory turnover, gross margin (profit), ROA, ROE, EPS, and A/R Days.
4. Discuss the difference between markup and margin.
5. Calculate break-even points and units needed to make profit levels.
6. Calculate working capital and estimate minimum cash reserves.
7. Track cash flows for an organization.
Many people find themselves in financial trouble, but it is good to know there are options available should you need serious financial help. The April 2018 bonus edition of Page One Economics: Focus on Finance discusses earning income, budgeting, late payments, and collections. It introduces the basics of legal protection offered in the form of bankruptcy and describes some potential consequences of filing a bankruptcy case.
This course introduces the viewer to the most important principles in accounting. This course is also designed for corporate or legal professionals to be able to better work with corporate accounting departments.
This course starts with explanations of the basic financial accounting documents: the balance sheet, the income statement and other financial statements. We’ll go over basic bookkeeping rules and where various information is entered and kept.
Modules two through four cover the accounting process. We’ll discuss the concepts of recognition and matching, accrual and deferral of revenue and what constitutes current assets. We’ll also discuss inventory and the “LIFO,” “FIFO” and just-in-time methods to track inventory. We’ll also look at the concept of depreciation, mainly relevant for income and capital gains taxation, and the various depreciation methods and rules. We’ll also look at how to account for intangible assets, securities, debt instruments, leases and capital accounts.
In module five, we’ll turn to the principles of accounting. We’ll discuss the “Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” and how they are formed and work. We’ll also discuss auditing and the principles that govern that pursuit. We’ll also look at responsibility for financial statements, gray areas and some sample cases where questions of liability for false or misleading financial statements went to the courts.
In our last module, we’ll focus on the quantitative tools that are used in valuations. We’ll look at many different types of ratio analyses and their rules and uses. We’ll look at myriads of ways to measure profitability and performance. Then, we’ll discuss the time value of money and its impact on accounting. Finally, we’ll wind up the course by discussing different ways to value a company.
This course provides an overview of how income is calculated and taxed on the federal level and helps prepare students for more advanced courses in taxation.
The first two modules focus on defining gross income. While the Internal Revenue Code describes income as being taxable from “whatever source derived,” it also devotes scores of statutes and regulations to illustrating what constitutes income. In Module 1, we’ll look at wages and business income, which employee fringe benefits are counted as income, capital gains, dividends, rents, royalties and others. Module 2 turns to income derived from annuities, pensions, social security, retirement account distributions and other sources. We’ll also survey the types of income specifically exempted by the Code as non-taxable.
Modules 3 and 4 turn to income tax deductions. In Module 3, we’ll look at personal deductions, which includes a discussion of the standard deduction and itemized deductions on Schedule A. We’ll also look at deductions and limits thereon for interest paid, state and local taxes, casualty losses and charitable contributions. In Module 4, we’ll look at deductions more relevant to businesses and business activities. These include costs of doing business, depreciation and amortization and other corporate and business deductions. We’ll also focus on the qualified business income deduction, a boon for small businesses under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
In our final module, we’ll look at tax credits, which allow dollar-for-dollar setoffs of federal income tax. We’ll look at tax credits related to children and dependents, education credits, various other credits and the important “earned income tax credit,” which provides substantial tax benefits for low-income taxpayers. Finally, we’ll look at the alternative minimum tax (AMT), which ensures that high-income taxpayers pay at least a minimum level of income taxes in spite of their possible deductions.
When you complete this course, you will understand how federal income tax is assessed, what constitutes income and have a firm grasp of the most important federal income tax deductions and credits.
While many people have heard of Bitcoin, far fewer understand it. In short, Bitcoin is a digital currency that allows transactions independent of the banking system. Lately, many people are buying Bitcoin purely as a financial investment, hoping it will appreciate. So which is it—currency or financial asset? Read more about it in the March 2018 issue of Page One Economics.
This handbook is presented to you by the Office of Scholarship and Sponsored Projects in FHSU. It covers the topics on developing a budget for grant proposal writing, the types of costs, budget justification, and FHSU procedures for proposal submittal.
Business Administration: Personal Finance Syllabus
COURSE DESCRIPTION: Students develop personal financial skills to help them make informed
and smart monetary decisions.
COURSE OBJECTIVES: The successful student will be able to demonstrate the following skills:
Personal budgeting techniques.
Knowledge of banking practices and typical fee structures as they relate to the student’s
personal finances including bank reconciliation.
Knowledge of consumer credit including the value of credit scores and interest rates as
it applies to personal debt.
Knowledge of the decision variables when making major purchase decisions.
Knowledge of investing and how to maximize retirement plan decisions.
In this collection you will find all the resources shared originally at our Careers and Resumes workshop on March 10, 2021. This includes videos, resume templates, Kahoot! game, and websites. Topics include resumes, cover letters, job interviewing, job hunting, communication skills, and tips.
What do you need to know before buying a car? Aside from knowing what you want in a vehicle, you’ll need to know about budgeting and credit before you start shopping. Learn some car-buying basics in the February 2019 Page One Economics: Focus on Finance essay.
As the Rolling Stones song says, "You can't always get what you want." So we make choices. Every day, governments and individuals choose how much money to spend and what to purchase. The January 2013 issue discusses opportunity costs and scarcity and how they effect our spending decisions.
HMP 607 is the third in a three-course sequence intended to impart to generalist administrators the knowledge of finance and accounting necessary to manage health care organizations. The first course, HMP 608, covers financial accounting. The second course, HMP 606, focuses on managerial accounting topics. This third course concentrates on corporate finance topics. It aims to impart an understanding of how finance theory and practice can inform the decision-making of the health care firm. As such, HMP 607 is most appropriately considered a corporate finance course, as opposed to a course in financial markets. In addition, it will integrate corporate finance and accounting theories, institutional knowledge of health care finance, and applications to specific problems.
Credit bureaus have evolved into big businesses. The December 2017 issue of Page One Economics: Focus on Finance addresses the growth of credit bureaus and how the credit reports they maintain affect both creditors and borrowers.
This unit covers different types of loans that agricultural producers commonly use in the business of farming and ranching. It explains some key terms that are important to understand, and provides the equations and framework for setting up loans for short-term (operating loans and lines of credit) as well as amortized loans (equal principal payment loans and equal total payment loans).
This website guidance document describes the Debt Slapped project, produced by Consumer Education and Training Services. Debt Slapped provides videos and helpful resource links to help people smartly finance their education.
No surprise—people with more education often earn higher incomes and are unemployed less than those with less education. Those with higher incomes also tend to accumulate more wealth. Why? Research shows that well-educated people tend to make financial decisions that help build wealth. Their strategies, though, can be used by anyone.
EME 801 provides a broad introduction to global markets for crude oil and refined petroleum products, natural gas, and electric power. A major goal of the course is to help students understand how market design, market institutions, and regulatory structures affect firm-level decision-making in the energy industries and ultimately, how these decisions affect the functioning of energy markets and the prospects for alternative technologies.
This is a lengthy glossary of highly technical terms focused on finance. Its contents include words dealing with taxes, inheritance, interest rates, retirement plans, and every other aspect of personal finance, as well as many generic legal terms that are also used in the finance world.
Cultivating stakeholders is a critical part of event management. This application activity covers the following four-stage process for involving stakeholders in an event: identification of stakeholders, classifying stakeholders, assessing stakeholders, and maintaining stakeholders. A case study is provided for students to apply to cultivating stakeholders in an industry example.
In the market segmentation of festival attendees’ application activity, students will review a mini-lecture material related to market segmentation, target marketing, and event positioning. Students will then apply the concepts of marketing segmentation, target marketing, and event positioning by analyzing data collected from an international music festival to establish the target market of the international music festival.
Sponsorship management is activities that an event organization engages in to secure support from sponsors and manage the interests of sponsors at the event. The organizer and sponsor are jointly interested in successfully operating events for their mutual benefit. This section provides an overview of sponsorship management for events. The differences between sponsorship and advertising were compared for their strengths and weaknesses. The sponsorship management of a social event was discussed from the prospective from the perspective of organizers and sponsors. A case study on an LGBT+ event provided a case problem for how to construct a social media sponsorship package.
Financial management helps an event planning operation to achieve a profitable future in the competitive business environment. Astute financial management involves securing, allocating and controlling financial resources held by the operation. Good budgeting practices ensure a successful outcome of an event that meets financial objectives. A real-life case study is provided for students to apply financial management principles.
The author's goals in writing Exploring Business were simple: (1) introduce students to business in an exciting way and (2) provide faculty with a fully developed teaching package that allows them to do the former. Toward those ends, the following features are included in this text:1- Integrated (Optional) Nike Case Study: A Nike case study is available for instructors who wish to introduce students to business using an exciting and integrated case. Through an in-depth study of a real company, students learn about the functional areas of business and how these areas fit together. Studying a dynamic organization on a real-time basis allows students to discover the challenges that it faces, and exposes them to critical issues affecting the business, such as globalization, ethics and social responsibility, product innovation, diversity, supply chain management, and e-business.2- A Progressive (Optional) Business Plan: Having students develop a business plan in the course introduces students to the excitement and challenges of starting a business and helps them discover how the functional areas of business interact. This textbook package includes an optionalintegrated business plan project modeled after one refined by the author and her teaching team over the past ten years.3- AACSB Emphasis: The text provides end-of-chapter questions, problems, and cases that ask students to do more than regurgitate information. Most require students to gather information, assess a situation, think about it critically, and reach a conclusion. Each chapter presents ten Questions and Problems as well as five cases on areas of skill and knowledge endorsed by AACSB: Learning on the Web, Career Opportunities, The Ethics Angle, Team-Building Skills, and The Global View. More than 70% of end-of-chapter items help students build skills in areas designated as critical by AACSB, including analytical skills, ethical awareness and reasoning abilities, multicultural understanding and globalization, use of information technology, and communications and team oriented skills. Each AACSB inspired exercise is identified by an AACSB tag and a note indicating the relevant skill area.4- Author-Written Instructor Manual (IM): For the past eleven years, Karen Collins has been developing, coordinating and teaching (to over 3,500 students) an Introduction to Business course. Sections of the course have been taught by a mix of permanent faculty, graduate students, and adjuncts.
Financial education resource collections suggested by Financial Education Public Private Partnership during their training sessions.
Payday loans are convenient and provide FAST cash to cover emergency situations or help pay a borrower’s expenses from one paycheck to the next. But the fee-based structure of payday lending is quite different from a traditional loan, and laws vary among the states. The April 2019 edition of Page One Economics®: Focus on Finance takes a look at the structure and fees that make these loans costly.
This book is intended for an undergraduate or MBA level Financial Accounting course. It covers the standard topics in a standard sequence, utilizing the Socratic method of asking and answering questions. For questions about this textbook please contact email@example.com
Studies basic concepts of financial and managerial accounting. Viewpoint is that of the users of accounting information (especially managers) rather than the preparer (the accountant).
Thompson Rivers University (TRU) has developed an OER in financial management consisting of 21 learning modules that can be used to teach courses in introductory and advanced financial management at the undergraduate and graduate levels as well as a course in business valuations. Each module consists of a detailed reading, presentation slides, learning problems, and answer keys. A number of case studies in areas such as financial statement analysis, financing planning, capital budgeting, and cost of capital are also included along with sample course outlines.
Faculty can select whatever modules they feel are needed to achieve the specific learning outcomes for a course. As OERs, faculty are also free to modify the readings, problems, or case studies so they better meet their needs and those of their students. These modules can be quickly imported into a learning management system such as Moodle or Blackboard to produce a challenging face-to-face or online learning experience.
With the rising cost of education, particularly textbooks, faculty are obligated to “adopt and adapt” OERs whenever possible to help their students.
This book is for those whose financial management focus is on small businesses. For you, we adapt the traditional financial management themes emphasized in corporate financial management courses to meet the needs of small businesses.
Many financial managers of small businesses come from farms or agribusinesses. Others are interested in working for or starting businesses in the food or retail sectors. In most cases, these businesses aren’t organized as C-corporations impacting things like taxes, depreciation, and legal requirements around compiling and reporting financial data. They are rarely publicly traded which creates unique constraints to raising debt and equity capital and calculating required risk-adjusted returns.
Financial institutions are a pillar of civilized society, supporting people in their productive ventures and managing the economic risks they take on. The workings of these institutions are important to comprehend if we are to predict their actions today and their evolution in the coming information age. The course strives to offer understanding of the theory of finance and its relation to the history, strengths and imperfections of such institutions as banking, insurance, securities, futures, and other derivatives markets, and the future of these institutions over the next century.
Technologies have profoundly transform the financial markets and in turn present new challenge to the financial education. For instance, as financial markets become more complex and generate more information, it also becomes more and more challenging for market participants to digest and manage the information overload. Upon completion of the course the students will develop a toolkit and will be conversant in current issues related to financial risk management including the dynamic market changes, new trends in financial analysis and a historical perspective on financial risk management.
Stocks and bonds offer potential gains for investors, but they can also help fuel the economy. The October 2016 issue of Page One Economics: Focus on Finance explains how stocks and bonds can help companies grow, entrepreneurs start businesses, and governments fund public projects.
This introductory unit covers definitions of terms used in the component, with an emphasis on paradigm shifts in healthcare, including the transition from physician-centric to patient-centric care, the transition from individual care to interdisciplinary team-based care, and the central role of technology in healthcare delivery. This unit also emphasizes the core values in US healthcare.
This unit continues the discussion of healthcare financing at the governmental, organizational, and consumer levels. It describes the revenue cycle for healthcare organizations, identifies the different reimbursement methodologies and standards developed for the billing (reimbursement) process. Finally, this unit reviews some of the factors responsible for the escalating healthcare expenditures in the US and discusses some methods for controlling rising medical costs.
Watch this video from our Personal Finance 101 Conversations series to examine the costs and benefits of various post-secondary education options including community colleges, technical colleges and universities, and more recently, for-profit colleges.
Prepaid cards were invented to solve a problem: replacing coin usage in pay telephones. Since then, prepaid cards have evolved into a huge competitive market for general-purpose reloadable (GPR) prepaid cards. Read more about GPR prepaid cards in the May 2015 inaugural edition of Page One Economics Focus on Finance.
This presentation is a part of the subjective assignment done for a MOOC course on Academic Writing in SWAYAM. This presentation gives a bird's eye view about how the technology is shaping the Banking industry in India and what are its advantages and limitations.
We often face investment decisions, whether in our personal lives or our jobs. Investment projects involve payments at different times in a project's life. Capital costs are usually paid at early stages, but revenue is generated in the future. Time affects the value of money, and these values can't be compared directly. In EME 460, Geo-Resources Evaluation and Investment Analysis, we will learn methods to evaluate investment projects. The objective of the course is to ensure students learn the techniques used in geo-resource project evaluation, cash flow, net present value, and rate of return analysis; benefit cost ratio and payback period; interest rate and break even calculations; tax considerations, mutually exclusive projects evaluation, uncertainty and risks, depreciation, and loan calculations.
- Business and Communication
- Material Type:
- Full Course
- Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences
- Farid Tayari
- Date Added:
In GEOG 871, we'll take a critical look at geospatial project management. Project management is a broad discipline that encompasses technical methods such as system design and analysis and also interpersonal factors that affect professional relationships. Project management is also a discipline that has matured outside of, but can be incorporated into, geospatial technology. By the end of this course, you'll have devised a project plan from a scenario built upon a real-life project involving the city of Metropolis geodatabase. We'll work through each of the components in an organized and logical manner and will incorporate constructive peer review to help everyone achieve the best product possible.
- Physical Geography
- Material Type:
- Full Course
- Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences
- Pat Kennelly
- Date Added:
Global Finance for the Earth, Energy, and Materials Industry covers the physical and financial aspects of energy commodities with the focus on crude and natural gas. The physical \path\" of each commodity from the point of production to the point of use will be explained, as well as the \"value chain\" that exists for each. Commodity market pricing, both cash and financial, will be presented, encompassing industry \"postings\" for cash, commodity exchanges, and \"over-the-counter\" markets. The use of financial derivatives to reduce market price risk (\"hedging\") will be presented, and \"real world\" examples will be utilized. Students will learn and practice the trading strategies in the energy commodity financial markets."
- Business and Communication
- Material Type:
- Full Course
- Penn State's College of Earth and Mineral Sciences
- Farid Tayari
- Tom Seng
- Date Added:
This is an interactive resource to help train anyone to be more observant and be able to identify suspects in the event a crime has occurred. While this is directed to employees of a financial institution, anyone can use it to increase their powers of observation. This is also a great exercise to give to students to help them become more observant of people and surroundings.
The federal individual income tax is certain. The December 2018 issue addresses basic facts about the federal individual income tax and the new changes in taxation laws in the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.
This course will provide an intensive introduction to the field of information technology and global development, in its historical, policy, and design dimensions. Part One offers a comprehensive overview of key historical and contemporary debates, problems, and issues in international development. Part Two explores crucial information policy issues in developing country contexts, ranging from technology transfer, research and innovation systems, and intellectual property to telecommunications, wireless, and other critical infrastructure development. Part Three explores the growing ICT4D project literature, with special reference to programs and applications in the health, education, finance, governance, agriculture, and rural development sectors. Through readings, discussions, and course assignments, students will gain critical research and professional skills in the analysis and design of information policies, programs, and projects in a range of developing country settings. Through geographically focused project and discussion groups, students will also develop specific regional or country-level knowledge and experience.
When tragedy strikes, how do people avoid bearing all of the costs of their loss? Learn more in the February 2017 issue of Page One Economics: Focus on Finance.
International finance covers some of the most complex but also important topics in economics. How are exchange rates determined? When if ever are ongoing trade deficits harmful? Are fixed or floating exchange rates better? What are the roots of the euro crisis and what resolution can we expect? Does China manipulate its exchange rate and if so how does that matter? We cover all of these topics and more, with an eye toward what a person really might want to know. There is no use of mathematics in this course beyond the very basic.
International Finance Theory and Policy is built on Steve Suranovic's belief that to understand the international economy, students need to learn how economic models are applied to real world problems. It is true what they say, that ”economists do it with models.“ That's because economic models provide insights about the world that are simply not obtainable solely by discussion of the issues.
Introduction to Energy and Earth Sciences is an introduction to microeconomic fundamentals with a focus on the applications of economics to energy and environmental markets. We will introduce the economic method of analysis to the environmental and resource questions facing society. We will learn about the market forces, supply and demand and how they are formed from two concepts of law of Diminishing Returns and Diminishing Marginal Utility. We extend our knowledge by exploring factors such as market dynamics and market equilibrium, government intervention and market power. At the end we will apply these concepts to real life examples and address Climate Change and Carbon Policy, Resource Scarcity and Energy Security, and Changes in the Electricity Business.
This Open Textbook is a dynamic guide incorporating the essential skills needed to build a foundation in Financial Analysis. Students and readers will learn how to insightfully read a Financial Statement, utilize key financial ratios in order to derive forward-looking investment-related inferences from the accounting data, engage in elementary forecasting and modeling, master the theory of the Time Value of Money, and learn to price stocks and bonds in an environment in which interest rates constantly change. Ample problems and solutions, and review questions are provided to the student so that s/he can gauge his/her progress. This text will be continually updated in order to provide novel information and enhance students’ experiences.
Investing is not as difficult as you think; we will show you how. (Speculating and trading are very, very difficult; we can't help you with those. Sorry.) After you have taken this course, you will have a strong foundation of the most important financial investments. We cover stocks, bonds, mutual funds, short-term investments (a.k.a. "cash"), hybrid instruments, and a few others. We want to emphasize that this is an introduction class. You do not need any prior investment experience. We start from the very beginning with the question, "What is an Investment?" Come join us! (http://www.wonderprofessor.com/123)
Strong is usually preferred over "weak." But for the value of a country's currency, it's not that simple. "Strong" isn't always better, and "weak" isn't always worse. Learn more about foreign exchange rates in the March 2015 newsletter—"Is a Strong Dollar Better than a Weak Dollar?"