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  • Economic Lowdown Lessons
Abraham Lincoln and the $5 Note
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Students participate in a puzzle activity to identify leadership characteristics that Abraham Lincoln possessed. They review the changes in the redesigned $5 note and consider how LincolnŐs leadership characteristics contribute to the fact that he is pictured on the $5 note. Students look at a timeline of LincolnŐs life and identify significant events in his road to the White House. They play a game to review content learned in the lesson.

Subject:
Finance
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Barbie in the Labor Force
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Since 1920, women have more than doubled their share of the labor force. More women are working, but has the type of work they do advanced similarly? What were the top occupations for women 20, 60, and 100 years ago, and how do those occupations compare with women's choices today? In this lesson, students use primary documents to review historical trends in women's share of the labor force and chosen occupations. Using Barbie careers as a timeline, they speculate as to why Barbie represented certain careers for girls at different points in time since 1959. They choose which career Barbie might represent next year and explain that choice in a one-page essay. This lesson includes primary source documents obtained from FRASER¨.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Barbara Flowers
Beatrice's Goat
Rating

In this lesson, students listen to a story about Beatrice, a little girl from Uganda, who receives a goat and the impact of that goat on her family. They learn what it means to save and use estimation to decide whether or not people have enough money to reach a savings goal. They also work through a set of problems requiring that they identify how much additional money people must save to reach their goals. Students learn what opportunity cost is and identify the opportunity costs of savings decisions made by Beatrice and her family.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Bonnie Meszaros
Mary C. Suiter
Ben Franklin: Highlighting the Printer
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Students will learn that money is an invention. They will read and analyze an essay focusing primarily on one aspect of Ben FranklinŐs lifeŃhis work as a printerŃand how he was an inventor and entrepreneur who also promoted the use of currency in the United States. Students will cite specific textual evidence regarding problems and solutions and will answer questions and complete a timeline. By using evidence and information gleaned from text, students will write a fictitious social media post defending the selection of Ben FranklinŐs portrait for the $100 note.

Subject:
Finance
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
The Berenstain Bears Get the Gimmies
Rating

In this lesson, students hear a story about Brother and Sister Bear, who seem to want everything. The little cubs learn that they must make choices because they cannot have everything they want. Students follow along with the story by completing an activity listing all of the goods that will satisfy the cubs' wants. The students then take part in an activity to construct a word web and graphic organizer (table) to identify goods that will satisfy a want. They will make a choice, identify the problem of scarcity, and recognize their opportunity cost.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Erin A. Yetter
The Berenstain Bears: Old Hat New Hat
Rating

In this lesson, students make a choice about what they want to eat for dinner, but then they are asked to trade with a partner and discuss whether they like their new dinner better. Based on this discussion, they learn about preferences and how they help us make choices. Students then hear a story about a little bear who looks at many hats to see if he can find a new one he likes. Students will relate key concepts from the lesson to the story and create a hat to discuss their own choices and preferences with the class.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Erin A. Yetter
The Berenstain Bears' Trouble with Money
Rating

In this lesson, students hear a story about two little bears whose parents use several figures of speech relating to money. Students draw a picture of a bank and write a caption explaining their illustration. Students follow along with the story by listening for additional figures of speech and how they relate to the concepts of banks and interest. The students also construct a story map of an event in the story relating to why people choose to keep their money in banks.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Erin A. Yetter
Bunny Money
Rating

In this lesson, students listen to the story of Ruby and Max, two bunnies that go shopping and make many spending decisions. They are introduced to short-term and long-term savings goals to help them save for the goods they want in the future. After a goal-sorting activity, students choose and illustrate their own savings goal.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Michele Wulff
The Case of the Shrunken Allowance
Rating

Students listen to a story about P.B. who thinks money is missing from the peanut butter jar on his window ledge. In addition to basic concepts of saving and spending, students learn currency equivalency and some measurement concepts.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Mary C. Suiter
A Chair for My Mother
Rating

Students read A Chair for My Mother, about a little girl and her family who save money to buy a chair after their furniture is destroyed in a fire. Students learn that characters in the book are human resources who save part of the income they earn. Students identify other human resources, discuss how their work allows them to earn income and name strategies that will help them reach a savings goal. (Book written by Vera B. Williams / ISBN: 068804074-8)

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Barbara Flowers
Comparative Advantage
Rating

This series of slides presents the production possibilities frontiers for Alphatown and Omegaville and illustrates their comparative advantage in the production of apples and potatoes, leading to specialization and trade.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Constitutionality of a Central Bank
Rating

Students learn about McCulloch v. Maryland, a case decided in 1819 over (1) whether the state of Maryland had the right to tax the Second Bank of the United States and (2) whether Congress had violated the Constitution in establishing the Bank. Students also review the expressed powers of Congress identified in the Constitution and analyze how Congress implements the necessary and proper (elastic) clause to enact its expressed powers. Finally, students use their knowledge of McCulloch v. Maryland and the necessary and proper clause to consider the constitutionality of the Federal Reserve System.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Mary Suiter
Scott Wolla
Cotton in My Sack
Rating

In this lesson, students learn about sharecropping and tenant farming by listening to the story Cotton in My Sack by Lois Lenski. In the words of the author, ŇThey [the sharecroppers] were part of a vast economic system É but they did not know they were part of it.Ó In the lesson, students investigate the life of sharecroppers and identify the economic system to which they were connected. Students read and analyze informational text and cite specific textual evidence, comparing and contrasting sharecroppers and tenant farmers. Students complete a chart to identify references to saving, spending, labor, and income as they apply to the sharecroppers. Students use the bookŐs index to locate specific information in the book. They evaluate the spending and saving choices made by the Hutley family and identify opportunity costs. Students also use evidence and information from the story to complete a writing assignment.

Subject:
Reading Informational Text
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Jeanette Bennett
Crossing Borders: The Globalization Debate
Rating

Students will consider both sides of the globalization debateŃthe benefits and the costsŃby reading and discussing the article ŇCrossing Borders: The Globalization DebateÓ from the Spring 2008 issue of Inside the Vault.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Crowding Out
Rating

Students learn that the loanable funds market is a virtual clearing house matching borrowers and savers. They participate in an activity to demonstrate crowding out in the loanable funds market. They use demand and supply analysis to graphically represent the results of crowding out.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Barbara Flowers
"Dewey Defeats Truman": Be Aware of Data Revisions
Rating

The famous "Dewey Defeats Truman" headline illustrates the importance of timely and accurate data. Agencies that compute economic indicators for the $14 trillion U.S. economy face a tough challenge: providing up-to-the minute results and ensuring the reliability of the data. This issue explains why there is often a trade-off between these two factors and discusses the importance of data revision.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Scott Wolla
Diversification and Risk
Rating

Students are given a portfolio of investments, and they assess the relative risk associated with the products in their portfolios. They later determine which savings and investment instruments might be most suitable for clients of different ages and economic status.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Barbara Flowers
Earth Day - Hooray!
Rating

Students listen to the book Earth DayŃHooray! and learn how incentives change peopleŐs behavior. The students learn how characters in the book collect cans to sell to the recycling center and use the money they receive to buy flowers to plant in the park. In a classroom discussion of the story, students track the number of cans brought to school each day. Students evaluate scenarios to determine what behavior is being encouraged or discouraged and to identify whether the incentives are rewards or penalties.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Billy Britt
Eminent Domain
Rating

Students will examine three Supreme Court rulings and analyze possible positive and negative impacts of the Court's decision on eminent domain. From the Inside the Vault article, "Eminent Domain: Should Private Property Be Taken for Public Use?"

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Reading
Provider:
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Provider Set:
Economic Lowdown Lessons
Author:
Dawn Conner