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14. Making Rules
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The American Revolution began the process of creating a new nation in ...

The American Revolution began the process of creating a new nation in a number of different ways; by protesting British rule through legal and extra-legal actions; by waging a war to end America's status as a colonized territory; and by designing new forms of government for what Patriots hoped would become independent states.

Subject:
U.S. History
Law
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
19e. The Alien and Sedition Acts
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No protesting the government? No immigrants allowed in? No freedom of the ...

No protesting the government? No immigrants allowed in? No freedom of the press. Lawmakers jailed? Is this the story of the Soviet Union during the Cold War? No. It describes the United States in 1798 after the passage of the Alien and Sedition Acts.

Subject:
U.S. History
Law
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
30d. The Compromise of 1850
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California was admitted to the Union as the 16th free state. In ...

California was admitted to the Union as the 16th free state. In exchange, the south was guaranteed that no federal restrictions on slavery would be placed on Utah or New Mexico. Texas lost its boundary claims in New Mexico, but the Congress compensated Texas with $10 million. Slavery was maintained in the nation's capital, but the slave trade was prohibited. Finally, and most controversially, a Fugitive Slave Law was passed, requiring northerners to return runaway slaves to their owners under penalty of law.

Subject:
U.S. History
Law
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
42d. Booker T. Washington
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At the dawn of the 20th century, nine out of ten African ...

At the dawn of the 20th century, nine out of ten African Americans lived in the South. Jim Crow laws of segregation ruled the land. The Supreme Court upheld the power of the Southern states to create two "separate but equal" societies with its 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson opinion. It would be for a later Supreme Court to judge that they fell short of the "equal" requirement.

Subject:
U.S. History
Law
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
4c. Hammurabi's Code: An Eye for an Eye
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Hammurabi is the best known and most celebrated of all Mesopotamian kings. ...

Hammurabi is the best known and most celebrated of all Mesopotamian kings. He ruled the Babylonian Empire from 1792-50 B.C.E. Although he was concerned with keeping order in his kingdom, this was not his only reason for compiling the list of laws. When he began ruling the city-state of Babylon, he had control of no more than 50 square miles of territory. As he conquered other city-states and his empire grew, he saw the need to unify the various groups he controlled.

Subject:
Ancient History
Law
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
Ancient Civilizations
54c. Showdown in Little Rock
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Three years after the Supreme Court declared race-based segregation illegal, a military ...

Three years after the Supreme Court declared race-based segregation illegal, a military showdown took place in Little Rock, Arkansas, when nine black students attempted to attend the all-white Central High School on September 3, 1957.

Subject:
U.S. History
Law
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
6. Congress: The People's Branch?
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Despite promises made by presidential candidates, the President has no direct power ...

Despite promises made by presidential candidates, the President has no direct power to pass any legislation. This very important power lies solely with the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Subject:
Law
Political Science
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
6a. The Powers of Congress
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The Constitution specifically grants Congress its most important power — the authority ...

The Constitution specifically grants Congress its most important power — the authority to make laws. A bill, or proposed law, only becomes a law after both the House of Representatives and the Senate have approved it in the same form. The two houses share other powers, many of which are listed in Article I, Section 8. These include the power to declare war, coin money, raise an army and navy, regulate commerce, establish rules of immigration and naturalization, and establish the federal courts and their jurisdictions.

Subject:
Law
Political Science
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
6f. Slave Codes
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Slaves did not accept their fate without protest. Many instances of rebellion ...

Slaves did not accept their fate without protest. Many instances of rebellion were known to Americans, even in colonial times. These rebellions were not confined to the South. In fact, one of the earliest examples of a slave uprising was in 1712 in Manhattan. As African Americans in the colonies grew greater and greater in number, there was a justifiable paranoia on the part of the white settlers that a violent rebellion could occur in one's own neighborhood. It was this fear of rebellion that led each colony to pass a series of laws restricting slaves' behaviors. The laws were known as slave codes.

Subject:
U.S. History
Law
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
Abortion: Case Study
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The goal of this case study is to get the individuals of ...

The goal of this case study is to get the individuals of the class to think about an issue with the presented facts and opinions embedded in the story. This case study will evoke an in-depth civilized conversation to the matter at hand. The focus of the case is to use an interactive method of presenting the case. This case study will present facts and opinions on the issue. We will be telling a story about the decision that should be made on the act of abortion. Should it stay the same in our law books or should we rewrite our laws?

Subject:
Law
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Case Study
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Lemuel Pierrenoel
Access to Knowledge in Africa: The Role of Copyright
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The emergence of the Internet and the digital world has changed the ...

The emergence of the Internet and the digital world has changed the way people access produce and share information and knowledge Yet people in Africa face challenges in accessing scholarly publications journals and learning materials in general At the heart of these challenges and solutions to them is copyright the branch of intellectual property rights that covers written and related works This book gives the reader an understanding of the legal and practical issues posed by copyright for access to learning materials in Africa and identifies the relevant lesson best policies and best practices that would broaden and deepen this access This book is based on the work of the African Copyright and Access to Knowledge ACA2K research network launched in late 2007 as a network of researchers committed to probing the relationship between copyright and learning materials access in eight African countries Egypt Ghana Kenya Morocco Mozambique Senegal South Africa and Uganda

Subject:
Law
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
University of Cape Town
Provider Set:
UCT OpenContent
Author:
Armstrong
de Beer
Kawooya
Prabhala
Schonwetter
Adequacy, Litigation, and Student Achievement
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The court system has been an increasingly important forum in the attempts ...

The court system has been an increasingly important forum in the attempts to remedy the persistent achievement gaps in American education. In the past twenty years, school finance adequacy litigation has replaced desegregation as the most widely used legal strategy in these efforts. Despite the widespread use of adequacy litigation, few researchers have examined the link between adequacy lawsuits and student outcomes.
This study analyzed the relationship between school finance adequacy litigation and academic proficiency, as measured by scores on the 2003 National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). The results showed that successful adequacy litigation had a small, significant, positive relationship with NAEP scores, but little differential benefit for students living in poverty or for children of color, with the exception of African American students. Therefore, this evidence suggests that adequacy litigation has had little impact on reducing the achievement gap, though it may have contributed to a small, across the board improvement in student outcomes.

Subject:
Law
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
William Glenn
Advanced Business Law and the Legal Environment
Conditions of Use:
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Law has different meanings as well as different functions. Philosophers have considered ...

Law has different meanings as well as different functions. Philosophers have considered issues of justice and law for centuries, and several different approaches, or schools of legal thought, have emerged. In this chapter, we will look at those different meanings and approaches and will consider how social and political dynamics interact with the ideas that animate the various schools of legal thought. We will also look at typical sources of “positive law” in the United States and how some of those sources have priority over others, and we will set out some basic differences between the US legal system and other legal systems.

Subject:
Business and Communication
Law
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
The Saylor Foundation
Author:
Alyssa Martina
Don Mayer
George Siedel
Jethro Lieberman
Advanced ICWA: Active Efforts and Expert Witness (Version 1.0)
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The Indian Child Welfare Acts seeks to keep AI children within their ...

The Indian Child Welfare Acts seeks to keep AI children within their communities. This curriculum focuses on that legislation and provides an advanced training on the delivery of quality case management services to American Indian families through active efforts, and the role of the expert witness in court proceedings.

Subject:
Law
Social Work
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
California Social Work Education Center (CalSWEC)
American Civil Liberties Union: Interview with Jessica Gonzales
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
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An interview conducted by the ACLU in March of 2005, preceding a ...

An interview conducted by the ACLU in March of 2005, preceding a Supreme Court hearing in the case of Castle Rock, Colorado v. Gonzales. This case determined the accountability of local law enforcement for failing to enforce court orders that protect victims of abuse by a spouse or acquaintance.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Criminal Justice
Law
Material Type:
Primary Source
Reading
Provider:
American Civil Liberties Union
The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
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Welcome to ASCAP, one of the oldest and biggest organizations of its ...

Welcome to ASCAP, one of the oldest and biggest organizations of its kind. ASCAP represents composers, songwriters, lyricists and music publishers of every type of music.

Subject:
Engineering
Education
Law
Mathematics
Physics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
Fun Works
Provider Set:
Fun Works . . . for Careers You Never Knew Existed
Author:
American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers
Ancient Philosophy, Fall 2004
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This course will acquaint the student with some of the ancient Greek ...

This course will acquaint the student with some of the ancient Greek contributions to the Western philosophical and scientific tradition. We will examine a broad range of central philosophical themes concerning: nature, law, justice, knowledge, virtue, happiness, and death. There will be a strong emphasis on analyses of arguments found in the texts.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Law
Material Type:
Full Course
Homework/Assignment
Lecture Notes
Syllabus
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Haslanger, Sally
And Justice for All: the Trail of Tears, Mexican Deportation, and Japanese Internment
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Many textbooks mention the Trail of Tears, but fail to mention that ...

Many textbooks mention the Trail of Tears, but fail to mention that this early displacement of an ethnic minority is only the one of many legally-sanctioned forced relocations. This lesson will address the displacement of American Indians through the Trail of Tears, the forced deportation of Mexican Americans during the Great Depression, and the internment of Japanese American citizens during WWII.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Law
Ethnic Studies
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education
Provider Set:
LEARN NC Lesson Plans
Author:
Patricia Camp