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100,000,000 Guinea Pigs : The Dangers of Consumption
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In 1927, responding to the seemingly overpowering claims of advertisers and mass marketers, engineer Frederick Schlink and economist Stuart Chase published Your Money's Worth, which argued for an "extension of the principle of buying goods according to impartial scientific tests rather than according to the fanfare and triumphs of higher salesmanship." Your Money's Worth became an instant best-seller, and the authors organized Consumers' Research, a testing bureau that provided information and published product tests in a new magazine, Consumers' Research Bulletin. The 1929 stock market crash heightened suspicion of consumer capitalism, and the magazine had 42,000 subscribers by 1932. In 1933, Schlink and Arthur Kallet (executive secretary of Consumers' Research) published 100,000,000 Guinea Pigs: Dangers in Everyday Foods, Drugs, and Cosmetics. The book struck a responsive chord in depression-era America--it went through thirteen printings in its first six months and became one of the best-selling books of the decade. The book's first chapter ("The Great American Guinea Pig"), gave a flavor of their vigorous arguments.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Reading
Provider:
American Social History Project / Center for History Media and Learning
Provider Set:
Many Pasts (CHNM/ASHP)
Author:
Center for History and New Media/American Social History Project
10,000,000 Members by Christmas On Christmas Eve, a Candle in Every Window and Red Cross Members in Every Home.
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Poster showing a holly-decked candle in a window, with the Red Cross symbol in its glow. Forms part of: Willard and Dorothy Straight Collection.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
124 Cartridges for 15/6 and Your Money Back with Interest
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Poster is text only. Published by the National War Savings Committee, 18 & 19, Abingdon Street, Westminster, S.W. Poster no. 18. 20m. Wt. 5213/331. (7940). Title from item.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
140th Flag Day, 1777-1917 the Birthday of the Stars and Stripes, June 14th, 1917.
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Poster showing a man raising the American flag, with a minuteman cheering and an eagle flying above. Text continues: 'Tis the Star Spangled Banner, oh, long may it wave, o'er the land of the free and the home of the brave! Monogram unidentified. Forms part of: Willard and Dorothy Straight Collection.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
"1500 Doomed":  People's Press  Reports on the Gauley Bridge Disaster
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The deadly lung disease silicosis is caused when miners, sandblasters, and foundry and tunnel workers inhale fine particles of silica dust--a mineral found in sand, quartz, and granite. In 1935, approximately 1,500 workers--largely African Americans who had come north to find work--were killed by exposure to silica dust while building a tunnel in Gauley Bridge, West Virginia. Ordinarily, silicosis takes a several years to develop, but these West Virginia tunnel workers were falling ill in a matter of months because of exposure to unusually high concentrations of silica dust. The crisis over silicosis suddenly became a national issue, as seen in this article in the radical newspaper Peoples' Press . In 1936 congressional hearings on the Gauley Bridge disaster, it was revealed that company officials and engineers wore masks to protect themselves when they visited the tunnel, but they failed to provide masks for the tunnelers themselves, even when the workers requested them.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Reading
Provider:
American Social History Project / Center for History Media and Learning
Provider Set:
Many Pasts (CHNM/ASHP)
Author:
Center for History and New Media/American Social History Project
The 19th Amendment
Rating

plan on using this image to replicate Cynthia's "human timeline" activity to create a US/VA History review for the 11th grade state standadized test (SOL) using only primary sources from the LOC website. This activity will require students to use their knowledge of understanding primary sources to identifiy events in US history and analyze documents to piece together the material they learned throughout the school year leading up to the state test. This activity also helps students practice analyzing primary sources including charts, graphs, pictures, quotes, etc. which are tested on the state SOL. There are a number of ways to conduct this activity, but here are a few examples:

1) Since there will be a lot of documents (from the conception of America to present day) you could break the images up into time periods or themes and ask students to identify and order them. Then, each group can share their resources.

2) The whole class can work together like we did to identify and order the events (this would require a lot of time and brain power).

3) Introduce a set number of images each class period to add to the timelime--this can be posted around the room continuously over the course of your entire review period.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
2009 Maize Genome Collection
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
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The authors of the research presented in this special collection used the first description of the B73 maize genome to probe some of the most intriguing questions in genetics and plant biology. Read about maize centromeres, new insights into transposon types and distribution, the abundance of very short FLcDNAs encoding predicted peptides, and many other "genetic jewels" contained herein.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Data Set
Primary Source
Provider:
Public Library of Science
Provider Set:
Biology and Life Sciences
20 at Home to 1 in the Trenches
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Poster showing a crowd of workers measuring and outfitting a seated monumental man with uniform and supplies. Title continues: It takes the best co-operative efforts of from six to twenty workers at home to properly equip and maintain one American soldier at the front. [...] With consistent help and encouragement for their wage-earning partners and themselves, from all classes of the people, American industry can and will win this war for human liberty. Breeders of industrial war at home must be eliminated. National co-operation is the slogan to insure victory for Democracy over Autocracy. Issued by the National Industrial Conservation Movement, 30 Church Street, New York City. Copies supplied on request. No. E-7. Title from item.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
2285 New Yorkers Volunteered in One Week--is Your Name On This List?
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Poster showing news photographs of the war effort by the Official British Press Bureau and by International Film in Leslie's, lists of hundreds of recent American volunteers, and addresses of recruiting stations. Photographs are captioned: Life in the United States training camps; That bombproof smile; Where Pershing will soon be; Signalling by daylight. The Mayor's Committee on National Defense, The Recruiting Committee, 50 East 42nd Street, New York. Bulletin No. 2. Forms part of: Willard and Dorothy Straight Collection.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
2 Inspiring Cablegrams
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Poster showing bust portraits of Edward N. Hurley, chairman of the Shipping Board, and General Pershing, each with a copy of a cablegram. The cablegrams, discussing the provision of almost 100 ships, are quoted at length beneath. Issued by Publications Section, United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation, Philadelphia.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
2nd City of London Battalion, Royal Fusiliers. Recruits Required at Once to Complete This Fine Battalion
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Poster showing a battalion marching down a lane, as two women standing by a gate watch and wave. Text continues: Uniform and necessaries immediately on enlistment. Army rates of pay & allowances. God save the King. Recruiting office, The Armoury, 9, Tufton Street, Westminster, S.W. Title from item.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
The $3,000,000,000 Punch
Conditions of Use:
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Poster showing Uncle Sam in coat labelled "Liberty Bond" punching the Kaiser. Prepared by Liberty Loan Committee, 120 Broadway, New York. Forms part of: Willard and Dorothy Straight Collection.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
3,000,000 Belgians Are Destitute in Belgium. they Must Not Starve. Support the Local Fund
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Poster showing a woman in a helmet (Minerva, personification of Britain?) caring for a mother and children. Printed by Crowther & Goodman, 124 Fenchurch St., E.C. Title from item.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
3al Jamal bi wasat Beirut - عالجمل بوسط بيروت - On a Camel in Downtown Beirut
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This funny song by Lebanese singers describes their ride on camels through the center of Beirut. The video shows images of downtown Beirut and how unusual it is for camels to be in a big city in the Arab world.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
World Cultures
Material Type:
Primary Source
Provider:
Individual Authors
Author:
Michelle Keserwany
426th Anniversary of the Discovery of America, Liberty Day, Saturday, October 12th, 1918 Buy Liberty Bonds today - for Liberty today, tomorrow and Forever!
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Poster showing a heroic military statuary group, beneath flags and the legend, "United for liberty." Cigars United.

Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
The 442nd Regimental Combat Team
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Several special fighting forces from the United States, made up of single ethnic groups, made significant contributions during World War II, including the African American Tuskegee Airmen and the Navajo Code Talkers. The 442nd Regimental Combat Team was made up solely of Japanese Americans, some of whom were recruited directly from internment camps. (Some Japanese American men who would later become leaders, such as Senator Daniel Inouye, were members of the 442nd.) The images in this group provide a look at the lives and sacrifices of the men of the 442nd, the most highly decorated American unit in WWII. The photographs in this group were all taken for the government-run War Relocation Authority (WRA) and are meant to portray the proud patriotism of the men and their families. One photo shows three women holding their babies, with photographs of their enlisted husbands. Another is a portrait of an older couple who had five sons in the 442nd. Other photographs reflect the training the soldiers of the 442nd received, their life in the battlefield, and their triumphant homecoming. Other documents in this group show a more personal side of the men of the 442nd. One soldier's photo album depicts his personal experiences as a member of the combat team. A 50-page booklet, The Story of the 442nd Combat Team, compiled by members of the team, has this quote from Franklin D. Roosevelt on the dedication page: "Americanism is a matter of the mind and heart; Americanism is not and never was a matter of race and ancestry." On a more poignant note, oil paintings by Japanese American artist Henry Sugimoto reflect the emotions, pain, and suffering these individuals and their families experienced as a result of the war. In Senninbari (Thousand Stiches), a woman holds a scarf of remembrance as a ghostly Nisei soldier looks down from the sky. And in Send Off Husband at Jerome Camp, an internee family stays behind the camp gates as their soldier father/husband goes off to fight for the United States.

Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Lesson Plan
Primary Source
Reading
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
University of California
Provider Set:
Calisphere - California Digital Library