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The Adventure of Physics - Vol. I: Fall, Flow, and Heat
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This book is written for anybody who is curious about nature and ...

This book is written for anybody who is curious about nature and motion. Curiosity about how people, animals, things, images and space move leads to many adventures. This volume presents the best of them in the domain of everyday life.

Carefully observing everyday motion allows us to deduce six essential statements: everyday motion is continuous, conserved, relative, reversible, mirror-invariant – and lazy. Yes, nature is indeed lazy: in every motion, it minimizes change. This text explores how these six results are deduced and how they fit with all those observations that seem to contradict them. In the structure of modern physics, shown in Figure 1, the results on everyday motion form the major part of the starting point at the bottom. The present volume is the first of a six-volume overview of physics. It resulted from a threefold aim I have pursued since 1990: to present motion in a way that is simple, up to date and captivating.

In order to be simple, the text focuses on concepts, while keeping mathematics to the necessary minimum. Understanding the concepts of physics is given precedence over using formulae in calculations. The whole text is within the reach of an undergraduate.

In order to be up to date, the text is enriched by the many gems – both theoretical and empirical – that are scattered throughout the scientific literature.

In order to be captivating, the text tries to startle the reader as much as possible. Reading a book on general physics should be like going to a magic show. We watch, we are astonished, we do not believe our eyes, we think, and finally we understand the trick. When we look at nature, we often have the same experience. Indeed, every page presents at least one surprise or provocation for the reader to think about. Numerous interesting challenges are proposed.

The motto of the text, die Menschen stärken, die Sachen klären, a famous statement by Hartmut von Hentig on pedagogy, translates as: ‘To fortify people, to clarify things.’ Clarifying things – and adhering only to the truth – requires courage, as changing the habits of thought produces fear, often hidden by anger. But by overcoming our fears we grow in strength. And we experience intense and beautiful emotions. All great adventures in life allow this, and exploring motion is one of them. Enjoy it!

Subject:
Physics
Material Type:
Textbooks
Provider:
University of Minnesota
Provider Set:
Open Textbook Library
Author:
Christoph Schiller
Aerodynamics, Fall 2005
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This course extends fluid mechanic concepts from Unified Engineering to the aerodynamic ...

This course extends fluid mechanic concepts from Unified Engineering to the aerodynamic performance of wings and bodies in sub/supersonic regimes. 16.100 generally has four components: subsonic potential flows, including source/vortex panel methods; viscous flows, including laminar and turbulent boundary layers; aerodynamics of airfoils and wings, including thin airfoil theory, lifting line theory, and panel method/interacting boundary layer methods; and supersonic and hypersonic airfoil theory. Course material varies each year depending upon the focus of the design problem.

Subject:
Engineering
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Assessments
Full Course
Homework and Assignments
Lecture Notes
Syllabi
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Darmofal, David
Bernoulli's Principle
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Bernoulli's principle relates the pressure of a fluid to its elevation and ...

Bernoulli's principle relates the pressure of a fluid to its elevation and its speed. Bernoulli's equation can be used to approximate these parameters in water, air or any fluid that has very low viscosity. Students learn about the relationships between the components of the Bernoulli equation through real-life engineering examples and practice problems.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Denise W. Carlson
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program and Laboratory,
James Prager
Karen King
Can You Catch the Water?
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Students construct three-dimensional models of water catchment basins using everyday objects to ...

Students construct three-dimensional models of water catchment basins using everyday objects to form hills, mountains, valleys and water sources. They experiment to see where rain travels and collects, and survey water pathways to see how they can be altered by natural and human activities. Students discuss how engineers design structures that impact water collection, as well as systems that clean and distribute water.

Subject:
Engineering
Hydrology
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Denise W. Carlson
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Jay Shah
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
A Cubic Foot Per Second
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In this activity, learners measure and calculate the amount of cubic feet ...

In this activity, learners measure and calculate the amount of cubic feet various containers contain. Next, learners investigate cubic feet per second (cps), by carrying jugs in one second. This activity introduces learners to the units scientists use to measure stream flows and rivers in the United States.

Subject:
Education
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Mathematics
Chemistry
Oceanography
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Science and Math Informal Learning Educators (SMILE)
Provider Set:
SMILE Pathway: Science and Math Activities in One Search
Author:
Eric Muller
The Exploratorium
Density Rainbow and the Great Viscosity Race
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Students explore the densities and viscosities of fluids as they create a ...

Students explore the densities and viscosities of fluids as they create a colorful 'rainbow' using household liquids. While letting the fluids in the rainbow settle, students conduct 'The Great Viscosity Race,' another short experiment that illustrates the difference between viscosity and density. Later, students record the density rainbow with sketches and/or photography.

Subject:
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Cody Taylor
Denise Carlson
Flow Visualization Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Gala Camacho
Jean Hertzberg
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Engineering Mechanics II, Spring 2006
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This subject provides an introduction to fluid mechanics. Students are introduced to ...

This subject provides an introduction to fluid mechanics. Students are introduced to and become familiar with all relevant physical properties and fundamental laws governing the behavior of fluids and learn how to solve a variety of problems of interest to civil and environmental engineers. While there is a chance to put skills from Calculus and Differential Equations to use in this subject, the emphasis is on physical understanding of why a fluid behaves the way it does. The aim is to make the students think as a fluid. In addition to relating a working knowledge of fluid mechanics, the subject prepares students for higher-level subjects in fluid dynamics.

Subject:
Environmental Science
Calculus
Material Type:
Assessments
Full Course
Homework and Assignments
Lecture Notes
Syllabi
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Madsen, Ole
Floating and Falling Flows
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Students discover fluid dynamics related to buoyancy through experimentation and optional photography. ...

Students discover fluid dynamics related to buoyancy through experimentation and optional photography. Using one set of fluids, they make light fluids rise through denser fluids. Using another set, they make dense fluids sink through a lighter fluid. In both cases, they see and record beautiful fluid motion. Activities are also suitable as class demonstrations. The natural beauty of fluid flow opens the door to seeing the beauty of physics in general.

Subject:
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Cody Taylor
Denise Carlson
Flow Visualization Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Gala Camacho
Jean Hertzberg
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Fluid Mechanics
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Explores fluid properties, hydrostatics, fluid dynamics, similitude, energy and momentum principles, closed ...

Explores fluid properties, hydrostatics, fluid dynamics, similitude, energy and momentum principles, closed conduit flow, open channel flow, and flow measurement. Includes laboratory exercises in flow measurement, open channel flow, pipe friction, physical modeling, and data collection.

Subject:
Environmental Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Homework and Assignments
Lecture Notes
Syllabi
Other
Provider:
Utah State University
Provider Set:
Utah State University OpenCourseWare
Author:
Urroz, Gilberto
Fundamentals of Advanced Energy Conversion, Spring 2004
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Fundamentals of thermodynamics, chemistry, flow and transport processes as applied to energy ...

Fundamentals of thermodynamics, chemistry, flow and transport processes as applied to energy systems. Analysis of energy conversion in thermomechanical, thermochemical, electrochemical, and photoelectric processes in existing and future power and transportation systems, with emphasis on efficiency, environmental impact and performance. Systems utilizing fossil fuels, hydrogen, nuclear and renewable resources, over a range of sizes and scales are discussed. Applications include fuel reforming, hydrogen and synthetic fuel production, fuel cells and batteries, combustion, hybrids, catalysis, supercritical and combined cycles, photovoltaics, etc. Different forms of energy storage and transmission. Optimal source utilization and fuel-life cycle analysis.

Subject:
Environmental Science
Chemistry
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Full Course
Homework and Assignments
Lecture Notes
Syllabi
Other
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Ghoniem, Ahmed F.
Got Energy? Spinning a Food Web
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Students learn about energy flow in food webs, including the roles of ...

Students learn about energy flow in food webs, including the roles of the sun, producers, consumers and decomposers in the energy cycle. They model a food web and create diagrams of food webs using their own drawings and/or images from nature or wildlife magazines. Students investigate the links between the sun, plants and animals, building their understanding of the web of nutrient dependency and energy transfer.

Subject:
Engineering
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Christopher Valenti
Denise Carlson
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Gravity-Fed Water System for Developing Communities
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Students learn about water poverty and how water engineers can develop appropriate ...

Students learn about water poverty and how water engineers can develop appropriate solutions to a problem that is plaguing nearly a sixth of the world's population. Students follow the engineering design process to design a gravity-fed water system. They choose between different system parameters such as pipe sizes, elevation differentials between entry and exit pipes, pipe lengths and tube locations to find a design that provides the maximum flow and minimum water turbidity (cloudiness) at the point of use. In this activity, students play the role of water engineers by designing and building model gravity-fed water systems, learning the key elements necessary for viable projects that help improve the lives people in developing communities.

Subject:
Engineering
Hydrology
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program, College of Engineering, University of Colorado Boulder,
Jeff Walters, Malinda Schaefer Zarske, Janet Yowell
Gravity Fountains
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This activity (located on page 3 of the PDF) is a full ...

This activity (located on page 3 of the PDF) is a full inquiry investigation into the forces of gravity and air pressure. Groups of learners will construct a simple gravity fountain by making a hole near the bottom of a 2-liter bottle, filling it with water, then as the bottle empties, collecting measurements of the water levels and length of the stream, to make a graph for analysis. Relates to linked video, DragonflyTV GPS: Gravity Fountain.

Subject:
Engineering
Education
Mathematics
Chemistry
Oceanography
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Science and Math Informal Learning Educators (SMILE)
Provider Set:
SMILE Pathway: Science and Math Activities in One Search
Author:
National Science Foundation
Twin Cities Public Television
Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.
Great Steamboat Race
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In this outdoor activity, learners race small boats, made of cork, balsa ...

In this outdoor activity, learners race small boats, made of cork, balsa wood, popsicle sticks etc., to investigate the rate and direction of currents in a stream or creek. Learners will examine what variables such as water volume, slope of the stream bed, and obstacles such as rocks determine the rate and direction of a stream's flow. To expand learners' investigations of stream life, this activity can be combined with the What Lives Here and Hold It! activities from the same source.

Subject:
Engineering
Education
Life Science
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Mathematics
Chemistry
Oceanography
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Games
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Science and Math Informal Learning Educators (SMILE)
Provider Set:
SMILE Pathway: Science and Math Activities in One Search
Author:
Lawrence Hall of Science
Heat Flow and Diagrams Lab
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Students' eyes are opened to the value of creative, expressive and succinct ...

Students' eyes are opened to the value of creative, expressive and succinct visual presentation of data, findings and concepts. Student pairs design, redesign and perform simple experiments to test the differences in thermal conductivity (heat flow) through different media (foil and thin steel). Then students create visual diagrams of their findings that can be understood by anyone with little background on the subject, applying their newly learned art vocabulary and concepts to clearly communicate their results. The principles of visual design include contrast, alignment, repetition and proximity; the elements of visual design include an awareness of the use of lines, color, texture, shape, size, value and space. If students already have data available from other experiments, have them jump right into the diagram creation and critique portions of the activity.

Subject:
Engineering
Communication
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Andrew Carnes, Satish Kumar, Jamila Cola, Baratunde Cola, ARTSNow, PRIME 2014 Fellows
Partnerships for Research, Innovation and Multi-Scale Engineering (PRIME) RET, Georgia Tech,
How Far Does a Lava Flow Go?
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While learning about volcanoes, magma and lava flows, students learn about the ...

While learning about volcanoes, magma and lava flows, students learn about the properties of liquid movement, coming to understand viscosity and other factors that increase and decrease liquid flow. They also learn about lava composition and its risk to human settlements.

Subject:
Education
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Brittany Enzmann
Marschal Fazio
Science and Engineering of the Environment of Los Angeles (SEE-LA) GK-12 Program,
How does the ocean get its salt?
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This simple activity demonstrates how the ocean get its salt. Required materials ...

This simple activity demonstrates how the ocean get its salt. Required materials are low cost and easy to obtain.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Mathematics
Astronomy
Chemistry
Hydrology
Oceanography
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Interactive
Provider:
UCAR
UCAR Staff
Provider Set:
Digital Water Education Library (DWEL)
Hydrology
Rating

This course, is designed to be a descriptive and analytical overview of ...

This course, is designed to be a descriptive and analytical overview of water organs, availability, location and flow. It will be examined in the light of problems, possibilities and policy and consider historical perspectives.

Subject:
Hydrology
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
UMass Boston
Provider Set:
UMass Boston OpenCourseWare
Author:
John Looney
Jell-O Model of Microfluidics
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This activity uses Jell-O(R) to introduce learners to microfluidics, the flow of ...

This activity uses Jell-O(R) to introduce learners to microfluidics, the flow of fluids through microscopic channels. Using wooden coffee stirrers, learners create patterns to be cast in Jell-O(R), then mix Jell-O(R() and pour it over the pattern, letting it set overnight (or over a weekend if possible). Once cured, the stirrers are removed, and water with food coloring is forced through the fluid channels. Multiple variations are shown, including one that uses pH paper as sensors, as well as suggestions and examples for different age groups. The write-up is from an academic journal, and can be useful for giving a higher-level reading assignment to students.

Subject:
Engineering
Education
Life Science
Chemistry
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Data
Instructional Material
Simulations
Provider:
Science and Math Informal Learning Educators (SMILE)
Provider Set:
SMILE Pathway: Science and Math Activities in One Search
Author:
Cheng Wei T. Yang
Eric Lagally
Eric Ouellet
Michael Smith Laboratories
Measure the Speed of a Water Leak
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In this activity (page 2 of PDF), learners will measure the rate ...

In this activity (page 2 of PDF), learners will measure the rate at which water streams out of a leaky cup. Learners mark the side of the cup every 10 seconds while water streams out of a hole at the bottom, taking note of how the pattern of marks changes as the water flows. Relates to the linked video, DragonflyTV GPS: Gravity Fountain.

Subject:
Education
Mathematics
Chemistry
Oceanography
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Science and Math Informal Learning Educators (SMILE)
Provider Set:
SMILE Pathway: Science and Math Activities in One Search
Author:
National Science Foundation
Twin Cities Public Television
Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.