The goal of this accessibility toolkit, 2nd edition, is to provide resources for each content creator, instructional designer, educational technologist, librarian, administrator, and teaching assistant to create a truly open textbook—one that is free and accessible for all students. This is a collaboration between BCcampus, Camosun College, and CAPER-BC.
Business and Communications Textbooks and Full Courses
Accounting covers accounting principles and practices, the complete accounting cycle and creation of financial reports. Use of the general journal and special journals, general ledger, accounts payable, accounts receivable and proper financial reporting.This course provides instruction in the basic accounting procedures used to operate a business including sole proprietorship, partnerships, and corporations. The accounting procedures presented will also serve as a sound background for employment in office jobs and preparation for further education and training. The complete accounting cycle is covered, students learn how to us generally accepted accounting principles to prepare, analyze, verify financial transactions, reports and economic information to make decisions for organizations.The course trains students in the basics of manual and computerized accounting. Students learn accounting topics including ethics, accounting principles, computing accounting, accounting terminology, job specific accounting, and clerical duties related to accounting. Students also gain real-world applications in income tax, personal finance, and stock market.
Accounting Principles: A Business Perspective uses annual reports of real companies to illustrate many of the accounting concepts in use in business today. Gaining an understanding of accounting terminology and concepts, however, is not enough to ensure your success. You also need to be able to find information on the Internet, analyze various business situations, work effectively as a member of a team, and communicate your ideas clearly. This text was developed to help you develop these skills.
Energy policy is typically evolutionary as opposed to revolutionary. We can look to historical policies to understand how we've inherited the policies governing our energy use today. But looking backward only tells us part of the story. In the face of climate change, we need to look ahead and instead envision a more revolutionary change to our energy systems and the policies that govern them. This class takes you on that journey to energy policies past, present, and future. We look at the political realities of addressing climate change at various scales of governance and work together to craft our own ideal scenarios of what a responsible energy future will be.
Students will learn about agricultural business operation and management. Topics will include accounting, finance, economics, business organization, marketing, and sales. Students will learn about agricultural business operation and management. Topics will include accounting, finance, economics, business organization, marketing, and sales.
Applied Finite Mathematics covers topics including linear equations, matrices, linear programming, the mathematics of finance, sets and counting, probability, Markov chains, and game theory. Endorsed by CollegeOpenTextbooks.org.
This resource is designed to walk students through the process of completing a research project in any field of study. It covers the earliest stages of brainstorming and discussing, continues through researching and compiling sources; writing, documenting, revising, and polishing a paper; and finally presenting the research topic to a wider audience in a professional manner. The focus is on MLA format, though the course could be modified for other formats.
The first unit is an introduction to the project. It asks students to draw on knowledge of issues affecting their own community and world to help generate discussion that could eventually lead to a research topic.
Second course in a two-course sequence. Introduces and applies technical skills around beginning and managing a small business, including spreadsheets and the use of charts and graphs. Includes reflection and discussion of the application of concepts to a real-world example. Requires teamwork and collaboration to be exercised in completing a group project. Covers application of financial, legal, and administrative procedures in running a business.
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
Represent business models in spreadsheets including preparation of charts and graphs. Apply key business activities and the primary concepts and terms associated with these activities. Manage a business interacting with the external environment (through a simulation) and describe how this interaction impacts both business and the external environment. Implement the financial, legal, and administrative procedures involved in starting new business ventures. Identify ethical issues facing businesses. Effectively collaborate with team members and communicate professionally.
This course provides a general survey of the functional and interdependent areas of business management, marketing, accounting and finance, and management information systems. The course includes business trends, operation and management of a business, ethical challenges, environmental responsibility, change, global perspectives, and the dynamic roles of management and staff. Additionally, the course incorporates aspects of team interaction and continuous process improvement. You are provided with the opportunity to explore the Internet and information technology relating to business operations.
1. Define commonly used business and economics terminology.
2. Describe the functional areas of any business organization.
3. Explain revenues, expenses, and how profit is derived. Differentiate between objectives, strategies, tactics, and operations.
4. Describe the components of a business plan.
5. Prepare a basic business plan.
6. Explain the importance of ethics in business.
This course covers the fundamental principles of double-entry accounting, use of the general journal and general ledger, simple financial statements, the accounting cycle, control of cash, and an introduction to payroll accounting, purchases and sales.
1. Demonstrate a basic understanding of the double-entry accounting system.
2. Manually complete the entire accounting cycle for a service- based sole proprietorship on the accrual basis.
3. Prepare basic financial statements for a service-based sole proprietorship.
4. Demonstrate an understanding of control of cash processes and bank reconciliations.
5. Calculate basic payroll and payroll tax activity.
6. Prepare simple federal quarterly and annual payroll tax forms.
This course continues Practical Accounting I with more detailed explanations of the accounting cycle. Covers special journals, ledgers, business forms, including vouchers. Emphasizes accounting for partnerships.
1. Complete the entire accounting cycle for a merchandising company.
2. Demonstrate an understanding of accounting for bad debts.
3. Demonstrate an understanding of accounting for notes receivable and notes payable.
4. Compute the cost of fixed and intangible assets and natural resources.
5. Prepare basic depreciation, depletion and amortization calculations.
6. Describe the characteristics of partnerships and basic partnership accounting.
This is the third course in the Practical Accounting series. This course covers entries requiring analysis and interpretation, unearned and accrued items, depreciation of assets, manufacturing accounting and other managerial accounting procedures.
1. Describe the characteristics of a corporation.
2. Demonstrate an understanding of the accounting processes specific to stock, dividends, treasury stock and retained earnings.
3. Prepare the accounting for basic bond transactions.
4. Demonstrate an understanding the cash flows statement preparation process for both the indirect and the direct method.
5. Interpret and analyze financial statements.
6. Explain how to handle transactions in a voucher system.
This course is designed to teach, reinforce and supplement payroll skills in both manual and computerized formats.
1. Compute the income tax withholding from employee wages.
2. Calculate employee's withholding allowances for IRS Form W-4.
3. Determine employer's quarterly estimated payments.
4. Describe how the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) is applied by employers.
5. Describe the federal deposit system and how the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System is used by employers.
6. Describe the difference between employees and independent contractors.
The key decision-making role of managers in modern organizations. Includes the study of organizations, management styles, and selected administrative problems. An overview of the processes involved in managing a business, including business planning, organizing, controlling, staffing and leading. Covers various theories of management with emphasis on managing a business in the local, national or international marketplace.
Presents financial accounting concepts and the use of accounting information in decision making. Includes an overview of the accounting cycle.
1. Use the accounting cycle to develop financial statements from business transactions.
2. Analyze basic business economic events to determine their effect on accounts and financial statements.
3. Interpret and analyze financial statements to aid in decision making.
4. Demonstrate a basic understanding of the principles of internal control and apply them to relatively straight-forward situations to identify strengths and weaknesses.
5. Interpret and analyze accrual and cash flow information presented in accounts.
6. Analyze issues relating to inventory, receivables, long-lived assets, liabilities and stockholderâ€™s equity and recommend appropriate accounting treatment.
7. Describe basic generally-accepted accounting principles.
This course demonstrates the use of accounting information to meet organization goals. Methods of extracting accounting information for decision making, management of resources, planning, and product and service costing are covered.
1. Explain the interrelationship of the accounting systems to all areas of business and business decision making.
2. Understand cost behavior and predict break-even points.
3. Recognize the components and processes related to various cost accounting systems.
4. Analyze the performance of the organization and organizational sub-units.
5. Use the budgeting process to prepare budgets and pro forma financial statements.
6. Utilize the time-value-of-money concept to analyze capital investment projects.
This course introduces financial accounting techniques, measuring and recording transactions, preparing financial statements, managerial decision making, and planning and control devices, such as budgeting, cost accounting, variance analysis, and break-even analysis. Includes assessment of financial information from managers, lenders, and investors perspective to understand and evaluate business operations. Emphasizes ethical decision-making in the work environment.
1. Gain understanding of the accounting cycle and evaluate business transactions using the accounting equation.
2. Demonstrate the communication of accounting information by the use of commercially available spreadsheet software.
3. Describe the four basic financial statements: Balance Sheet, Income Statement, Statement of Cash Flows, and Statement of Retained Earnings.
4. Describe the need for internal control procedures in an organization, and demonstrate an understanding of ethics in accounting.
5. Use Cost-Profit-Volume analysis to calculate break-even points.
6. Describe the purpose of budgeting in an organization.
7. Calculate cost and efficiency variances using standard cost information.
This course covers topics dealing with financing a business, analysis of financial statements, working capital management, short-and long-term financial planning, budgeting and control.
1. Describe and interpret the four standard financial statements.
2. Describe the importance of current assets and liabilities.
3. Calculate and interpret standard business ratios including: current, inventory turnover, gross margin (profit), ROA, ROE, EPS, and A/R Days.
4. Discuss the difference between markup and margin.
5. Calculate break-even points and units needed to make profit levels.
6. Calculate working capital and estimate minimum cash reserves.
7. Track cash flows for an organization.
This course will provide you with a general survey of the nature significance of scope of marketing. It emphasizes customers (marketing analysis and strategy); business marketing decisions in promotion, distribution and pricing; and control of marketing programs.
1. Employ the basics of marketing, from identifying audience, market segments and value propositions, to product development and research, marketing strategies and advertising/public relations.
2. Recognize consumer behavior and demand and be able to prepare and execute a marketing solution.
3. Master business marketing tools necessary to execute a marketing plan for a client, including social media.
4. Identify trends and new developments in business and employ soft skills and marketing techniques to adapt to market demands.
5. Compile a portfolio of work that can be shared with colleagues, network connections and future clients and employers.
This course explores the basics of human resource management including selection and hiring, performance appraisal, compensation, staff planning and job analysis. This course also addresses current HR issues such as job search in a difficult economy, discrimination and harassment, workplace violence and on-the-job drug abuse.
1. Upon completion of the course, students will have working knowledge of the role and human resources in the management of a business organization.
2. Students will understand the basic functions of human resource management and how the HR department interacts with the organization and with the individual employee.