The goal of this accessibility toolkit, 2nd edition, is to provide resources for each content creator, instructional designer, educational technologist, librarian, administrator, and teaching assistant to create a truly open textbook—one that is free and accessible for all students. This is a collaboration between BCcampus, Camosun College, and CAPER-BC.
Business and Communications Textbooks and Full Courses
Accounting covers accounting principles and practices, the complete accounting cycle and creation of financial reports. Use of the general journal and special journals, general ledger, accounts payable, accounts receivable and proper financial reporting.This course provides instruction in the basic accounting procedures used to operate a business including sole proprietorship, partnerships, and corporations. The accounting procedures presented will also serve as a sound background for employment in office jobs and preparation for further education and training. The complete accounting cycle is covered, students learn how to us generally accepted accounting principles to prepare, analyze, verify financial transactions, reports and economic information to make decisions for organizations.The course trains students in the basics of manual and computerized accounting. Students learn accounting topics including ethics, accounting principles, computing accounting, accounting terminology, job specific accounting, and clerical duties related to accounting. Students also gain real-world applications in income tax, personal finance, and stock market.
Accounting Principles: A Business Perspective uses annual reports of real companies to illustrate many of the accounting concepts in use in business today. Gaining an understanding of accounting terminology and concepts, however, is not enough to ensure your success. You also need to be able to find information on the Internet, analyze various business situations, work effectively as a member of a team, and communicate your ideas clearly. This text was developed to help you develop these skills.
Energy policy is typically evolutionary as opposed to revolutionary. We can look to historical policies to understand how we've inherited the policies governing our energy use today. But looking backward only tells us part of the story. In the face of climate change, we need to look ahead and instead envision a more revolutionary change to our energy systems and the policies that govern them. This class takes you on that journey to energy policies past, present, and future. We look at the political realities of addressing climate change at various scales of governance and work together to craft our own ideal scenarios of what a responsible energy future will be.
Students will learn about agricultural business operation and management. Topics will include accounting, finance, economics, business organization, marketing, and sales. Students will learn about agricultural business operation and management. Topics will include accounting, finance, economics, business organization, marketing, and sales.
Applied Finite Mathematics covers topics including linear equations, matrices, linear programming, the mathematics of finance, sets and counting, probability, Markov chains, and game theory. Endorsed by CollegeOpenTextbooks.org.
This resource is designed to walk students through the process of completing a research project in any field of study. It covers the earliest stages of brainstorming and discussing, continues through researching and compiling sources; writing, documenting, revising, and polishing a paper; and finally presenting the research topic to a wider audience in a professional manner. The focus is on MLA format, though the course could be modified for other formats.
The first unit is an introduction to the project. It asks students to draw on knowledge of issues affecting their own community and world to help generate discussion that could eventually lead to a research topic.
Second course in a two-course sequence. Introduces and applies technical skills around beginning and managing a small business, including spreadsheets and the use of charts and graphs. Includes reflection and discussion of the application of concepts to a real-world example. Requires teamwork and collaboration to be exercised in completing a group project. Covers application of financial, legal, and administrative procedures in running a business.
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
Represent business models in spreadsheets including preparation of charts and graphs. Apply key business activities and the primary concepts and terms associated with these activities. Manage a business interacting with the external environment (through a simulation) and describe how this interaction impacts both business and the external environment. Implement the financial, legal, and administrative procedures involved in starting new business ventures. Identify ethical issues facing businesses. Effectively collaborate with team members and communicate professionally.
This course provides a general survey of the functional and interdependent areas of business management, marketing, accounting and finance, and management information systems. The course includes business trends, operation and management of a business, ethical challenges, environmental responsibility, change, global perspectives, and the dynamic roles of management and staff. Additionally, the course incorporates aspects of team interaction and continuous process improvement. You are provided with the opportunity to explore the Internet and information technology relating to business operations.
1. Define commonly used business and economics terminology.
2. Describe the functional areas of any business organization.
3. Explain revenues, expenses, and how profit is derived. Differentiate between objectives, strategies, tactics, and operations.
4. Describe the components of a business plan.
5. Prepare a basic business plan.
6. Explain the importance of ethics in business.
This course covers the fundamental principles of double-entry accounting, use of the general journal and general ledger, simple financial statements, the accounting cycle, control of cash, and an introduction to payroll accounting, purchases and sales.
1. Demonstrate a basic understanding of the double-entry accounting system.
2. Manually complete the entire accounting cycle for a service- based sole proprietorship on the accrual basis.
3. Prepare basic financial statements for a service-based sole proprietorship.
4. Demonstrate an understanding of control of cash processes and bank reconciliations.
5. Calculate basic payroll and payroll tax activity.
6. Prepare simple federal quarterly and annual payroll tax forms.
This course continues Practical Accounting I with more detailed explanations of the accounting cycle. Covers special journals, ledgers, business forms, including vouchers. Emphasizes accounting for partnerships.
1. Complete the entire accounting cycle for a merchandising company.
2. Demonstrate an understanding of accounting for bad debts.
3. Demonstrate an understanding of accounting for notes receivable and notes payable.
4. Compute the cost of fixed and intangible assets and natural resources.
5. Prepare basic depreciation, depletion and amortization calculations.
6. Describe the characteristics of partnerships and basic partnership accounting.
This is the third course in the Practical Accounting series. This course covers entries requiring analysis and interpretation, unearned and accrued items, depreciation of assets, manufacturing accounting and other managerial accounting procedures.
1. Describe the characteristics of a corporation.
2. Demonstrate an understanding of the accounting processes specific to stock, dividends, treasury stock and retained earnings.
3. Prepare the accounting for basic bond transactions.
4. Demonstrate an understanding the cash flows statement preparation process for both the indirect and the direct method.
5. Interpret and analyze financial statements.
6. Explain how to handle transactions in a voucher system.
This course is designed to teach, reinforce and supplement payroll skills in both manual and computerized formats.
1. Compute the income tax withholding from employee wages.
2. Calculate employee's withholding allowances for IRS Form W-4.
3. Determine employer's quarterly estimated payments.
4. Describe how the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) is applied by employers.
5. Describe the federal deposit system and how the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System is used by employers.
6. Describe the difference between employees and independent contractors.
The key decision-making role of managers in modern organizations. Includes the study of organizations, management styles, and selected administrative problems. An overview of the processes involved in managing a business, including business planning, organizing, controlling, staffing and leading. Covers various theories of management with emphasis on managing a business in the local, national or international marketplace.
Presents financial accounting concepts and the use of accounting information in decision making. Includes an overview of the accounting cycle.
1. Use the accounting cycle to develop financial statements from business transactions.
2. Analyze basic business economic events to determine their effect on accounts and financial statements.
3. Interpret and analyze financial statements to aid in decision making.
4. Demonstrate a basic understanding of the principles of internal control and apply them to relatively straight-forward situations to identify strengths and weaknesses.
5. Interpret and analyze accrual and cash flow information presented in accounts.
6. Analyze issues relating to inventory, receivables, long-lived assets, liabilities and stockholderâ€™s equity and recommend appropriate accounting treatment.
7. Describe basic generally-accepted accounting principles.
This course demonstrates the use of accounting information to meet organization goals. Methods of extracting accounting information for decision making, management of resources, planning, and product and service costing are covered.
1. Explain the interrelationship of the accounting systems to all areas of business and business decision making.
2. Understand cost behavior and predict break-even points.
3. Recognize the components and processes related to various cost accounting systems.
4. Analyze the performance of the organization and organizational sub-units.
5. Use the budgeting process to prepare budgets and pro forma financial statements.
6. Utilize the time-value-of-money concept to analyze capital investment projects.
This course introduces financial accounting techniques, measuring and recording transactions, preparing financial statements, managerial decision making, and planning and control devices, such as budgeting, cost accounting, variance analysis, and break-even analysis. Includes assessment of financial information from managers, lenders, and investors perspective to understand and evaluate business operations. Emphasizes ethical decision-making in the work environment.
1. Gain understanding of the accounting cycle and evaluate business transactions using the accounting equation.
2. Demonstrate the communication of accounting information by the use of commercially available spreadsheet software.
3. Describe the four basic financial statements: Balance Sheet, Income Statement, Statement of Cash Flows, and Statement of Retained Earnings.
4. Describe the need for internal control procedures in an organization, and demonstrate an understanding of ethics in accounting.
5. Use Cost-Profit-Volume analysis to calculate break-even points.
6. Describe the purpose of budgeting in an organization.
7. Calculate cost and efficiency variances using standard cost information.
This course covers topics dealing with financing a business, analysis of financial statements, working capital management, short-and long-term financial planning, budgeting and control.
1. Describe and interpret the four standard financial statements.
2. Describe the importance of current assets and liabilities.
3. Calculate and interpret standard business ratios including: current, inventory turnover, gross margin (profit), ROA, ROE, EPS, and A/R Days.
4. Discuss the difference between markup and margin.
5. Calculate break-even points and units needed to make profit levels.
6. Calculate working capital and estimate minimum cash reserves.
7. Track cash flows for an organization.
This course will provide you with a general survey of the nature significance of scope of marketing. It emphasizes customers (marketing analysis and strategy); business marketing decisions in promotion, distribution and pricing; and control of marketing programs.
1. Employ the basics of marketing, from identifying audience, market segments and value propositions, to product development and research, marketing strategies and advertising/public relations.
2. Recognize consumer behavior and demand and be able to prepare and execute a marketing solution.
3. Master business marketing tools necessary to execute a marketing plan for a client, including social media.
4. Identify trends and new developments in business and employ soft skills and marketing techniques to adapt to market demands.
5. Compile a portfolio of work that can be shared with colleagues, network connections and future clients and employers.
This course explores the basics of human resource management including selection and hiring, performance appraisal, compensation, staff planning and job analysis. This course also addresses current HR issues such as job search in a difficult economy, discrimination and harassment, workplace violence and on-the-job drug abuse.
1. Upon completion of the course, students will have working knowledge of the role and human resources in the management of a business organization.
2. Students will understand the basic functions of human resource management and how the HR department interacts with the organization and with the individual employee.
This course provides hands-on computer experience in accounting applications, including general ledger, accounts receivable, accounts payable, payroll, and financial statements.
1. Create a new company within the QuickBooks Environment
2. Enter a new account.
3. Demonstrate the ability to properly enter transactions into the A/R, A/P, and other functional areas of the program.
4. Properly run reconciliation reports or bank accounts.
5. Customize and print out financial statements.
This course focuses on the entrepreneurial phases associated with start-up and management of small business. This course will teach future entrepreneurs and managers to recognize opportunities and to use effective entrepreneurial and small business management practices.
1. List and discuss the characteristics of successful entrepreneurs.
2. Analyze new business opportunities that exist in the marketplace.
3. Evaluate the feasibility of pursuing an opportunity that youâ€™ve recognized.
4. Develop a business plan that includes both conceptual and technical components.
5. Identify and discuss obstacles to entrepreneurial success.
6. Identify the resources and financing necessary to start an entrepreneurial venture.
7. Discuss organizational characteristics and best management practices for start-up companies.
This course presents statistical analysis and quantitative tools for applied problem solving and making sound business decisions. Special attention is given to assembling statistical description, sampling, inference, regression, hypothesis testing, forecasting, and decision theory.
1. Understand the meaning and use of statistical terms used in todayâ€™s business/economic environment.
2. Collect, organize, summarize, interpret, and present data in tables and charts.
3. Apply descriptive statistical measures to data.
4. Apply probability distributions to model various business and economic processes.
5. Apply statistical inference techniques (including statistical estimation and hypothesis testing) in various business and economic situations.
6. Apply simple linear regression analysis to model various business and economic relationships.
An analysis of the behavior of humans as actors in a variety or organizational contexts and cultures, including group, inter-group, and individual behavior. A cross cultural perspective of organizational behavior is also examined, including the concepts of time-management, work ethic, teamwork, and verbal and non-verbal communication.
1. Describe why managers and entrepreneurs require a knowledge of organizational behavior.
2. Describe characteristics of culture and resulting behavioral tendencies (especially as related to communication, teamwork and leadership, and conflict resolution).
3. Explain the foundations of individual behavior in diverse organizational and cultural settings.
4. Explain the foundations of group behavior in diverse organizational and cultural settings.
5. Discuss inter-group behavior.
6. Identify the rules of organizational design.
7. Describe organizational culture.
The course helps you identify information-bearing events, assess and improve process efficiency, learn to model and analyze business processes, recognize probabilistic components of business processes, and understand the interactions between human behavior and process design. Hands-on, case-based course work allows you to practice some of the principles addressed. You will demonstrate the ability to utilize business computer applications.
Conceptualize business operations as processes.
1. Model simple business processes in terms of the actors and activity sequences involved, the data flowing through those sequences and the dependencies between data and business activities.
2. Recognize probabilistic components of business processes and assign distributions to these components.
3. Characterize business processes in terms of their key operations characteristics; e.g.,productivity, efficiency, service quality, sustainability, time and costs associated with waiting, material volume and service/product customization.
4. Formulate improvements to observed processes and estimate the effects of these improvements with the help of simulation.
5. Identify the role of information systems in business processes; e.g., recognize and specify where information technology can be applied; recognize the role of Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems.
6. Recognize the interdependence of business processes within and across organizational boundaries.
This course introduces the viewer to the most important principles in accounting. This course is also designed for corporate or legal professionals to be able to better work with corporate accounting departments.
This course starts with explanations of the basic financial accounting documents: the balance sheet, the income statement and other financial statements. We’ll go over basic bookkeeping rules and where various information is entered and kept.
Modules two through four cover the accounting process. We’ll discuss the concepts of recognition and matching, accrual and deferral of revenue and what constitutes current assets. We’ll also discuss inventory and the “LIFO,” “FIFO” and just-in-time methods to track inventory. We’ll also look at the concept of depreciation, mainly relevant for income and capital gains taxation, and the various depreciation methods and rules. We’ll also look at how to account for intangible assets, securities, debt instruments, leases and capital accounts.
In module five, we’ll turn to the principles of accounting. We’ll discuss the “Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” and how they are formed and work. We’ll also discuss auditing and the principles that govern that pursuit. We’ll also look at responsibility for financial statements, gray areas and some sample cases where questions of liability for false or misleading financial statements went to the courts.
In our last module, we’ll focus on the quantitative tools that are used in valuations. We’ll look at many different types of ratio analyses and their rules and uses. We’ll look at myriads of ways to measure profitability and performance. Then, we’ll discuss the time value of money and its impact on accounting. Finally, we’ll wind up the course by discussing different ways to value a company.
This course provides an overview of how income is calculated and taxed on the federal level and helps prepare students for more advanced courses in taxation.
The first two modules focus on defining gross income. While the Internal Revenue Code describes income as being taxable from “whatever source derived,” it also devotes scores of statutes and regulations to illustrating what constitutes income. In Module 1, we’ll look at wages and business income, which employee fringe benefits are counted as income, capital gains, dividends, rents, royalties and others. Module 2 turns to income derived from annuities, pensions, social security, retirement account distributions and other sources. We’ll also survey the types of income specifically exempted by the Code as non-taxable.
Modules 3 and 4 turn to income tax deductions. In Module 3, we’ll look at personal deductions, which includes a discussion of the standard deduction and itemized deductions on Schedule A. We’ll also look at deductions and limits thereon for interest paid, state and local taxes, casualty losses and charitable contributions. In Module 4, we’ll look at deductions more relevant to businesses and business activities. These include costs of doing business, depreciation and amortization and other corporate and business deductions. We’ll also focus on the qualified business income deduction, a boon for small businesses under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
In our final module, we’ll look at tax credits, which allow dollar-for-dollar setoffs of federal income tax. We’ll look at tax credits related to children and dependents, education credits, various other credits and the important “earned income tax credit,” which provides substantial tax benefits for low-income taxpayers. Finally, we’ll look at the alternative minimum tax (AMT), which ensures that high-income taxpayers pay at least a minimum level of income taxes in spite of their possible deductions.
When you complete this course, you will understand how federal income tax is assessed, what constitutes income and have a firm grasp of the most important federal income tax deductions and credits.
The primary audience for this book starts with students in Journalism 302: Infomania, a course we teach at the University of Kansas. When they take this class, these students usually are in their second or third semesters in the William Allen White School of Journalism and Mass Communications. They have varied career aspirations. A few of them want to be “traditional” journalists, writing for online news sites, magazines, or newspapers. Some of them want to be broadcast journalists. Many of them want to work in strategic communications, which encompasses public relations, advertising, marketing, and related fields.
Lean thinking, as well as associated processes and tools, have involved into a ubiquitous perspective for improving systems particularly in the manufacturing arena. With application experience has come an understanding of the boundaries of lean capabilities and the benefits of getting beyond these boundaries to further improve performance. Discrete event simulation is recognized as one beyond-the-boundaries of lean technique. Thus, the fundamental goal of this text is to show how discrete event simulation can be used in addition to lean thinking to achieve greater benefits in system improvement than with lean alone. Realizing this goal requires learning the problems that simulation solves as well as the methods required to solve them. The problems that simulation solves are captured in a collection of case studies. These studies serve as metaphors for industrial problems that are commonly addressed using lean and simulation.
While big data infiltrates all walks of life, most firms have not changed sufficiently to meet the challenges that come with it. In this course, you will learn how to develop a big data strategy, transform your business model and your organization.
This course will enable professionals to take their organization and their own career to the next level, regardless of their background and position.
Professionals will learn how to be in charge of big data instead of being subject to it. In particular, they will become familiar with tools to:
assess their current situation regarding potential big data-induced changes of a disruptive nature,
identify their options for successfully integrating big data in their strategy, business model and organization, or if not possible, how to exit quickly with as little loss as possible, and
strengthen their own position and that of their organization in our digitalized knowledge economy
The course will build on the concepts of product life cycles, the business model canvas, organizational theory and digitalized management jobs (such as Chief Digital Officer or Chief Informatics Officer) to help you find the best way to deal with and benefit from big data induced changes.
This is an entire course/e-textbook that was formerly the Boundless Business text that was purchased by Lumen Learning and maintained in its current form.
The material presented in this resource is generally accurate especially considering that it reflects standard business practices and concepts that have changed little. A few of the examples given in the text could be a bit dated, which indicates that its utility may come from linking to specific parts of the course rather than using it as an entire textbook substitute. There does not appear to be a great deal of bias with this work, since its positioning is relatively generic to the facts and figures and it typically steers clear of opinions and judgments. An instructor could easily remix this with more current, relevant, and culturally deeper examples.
The text includes detailed images and graphs that are well done and help drive home visual concepts. It is limited in terms of interactivity and is still a text heavy presentation. This material is published as CC-Sharealike so it can be remixed but not revised. Lumen has taken some responsibility for the fact that it can still be edited but likely not updated to increase its currency. Since Lumen owns this material, it is likely to be here in this state for a long while.
Most of the material is relevant to any Introductory Business course with concepts that would apply for a long period of time. This material generally ages well, it just needs to be paired with continually more updated and relevant examples as technologies and markets change. Student could likely meet their learning goals and interests with this material as a support (curated by the instructor) to an existing course but it likely does not standalone as a full course resource. It seems most useful for providing depth to key points with direct links to sub-pages within this course.
This is the first edition of the open text book Building a Competitive Investment Climate on First Nation Lands. This textbook is for students who are First Nation and tribal government employees or students who would like to work for or with First Nation and tribal governments. The purpose of this textbook is to help interested First Nation and tribal governments build a competitive investment climate. Work began on this text book in early 2012 with a generous grant from the Donner Canadian Foundation. Financial support was also provided by the First Nations Tax Commission and the Tulo Centre.
This course allows students to develop effective written and verbal communication strategies specifically for the workplace. From idea gathering to drafting to delivery, this course will prepare students to effectively write, present, and communicate in a variety of methods and styles, tailored to professional audiences.
Business Communication for Success (BCS) provides a comprehensive, integrated approach to the study and application of written and oral business communication to serve both student and professor.
This book, made available by Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT), is suited for Business Writing, Business English or Business Research/Report Writing courses. This adaptation has reformatted the original text, and replaced some images and figures to make the resulting whole compatible with accessibility software. The adaptation was also conducted in order to provide a greater level of Canadian context. This adaptation has not significantly altered or updated the original 2010 text.
Business Ethics is designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of the single-semester business ethics course. This title includes innovative features designed to enhance student learning, including case studies, application scenarios, and links to video interviews with executives, all of which help instill in students a sense of ethical awareness and responsibility.
Ethics is about determining value; it's deciding what's worth doing and what doesn't matter so much.Business ethics is the way we decide what kind of career to pursue, what choices we make on the job,which companies we want to work with, and what kind of economic world we want to live in and thenleave behind for those coming after. There are no perfect answers to these questions, but there's adifference between thinking them through and winging it. The Business Ethics Workshop provides aframework for identifying, analyzing, and resolving ethical dilemmas encountered through working life.
Designed to introduce students to the essential concepts of business and other organizations. Focus is on small, entrepreneurial start-ups, and expanding the discussion in each chapter to include issues that are faced in larger organizations when it is appropriate to do so.
Business Law I Essentials is a brief introductory textbook designed to meet the scope and sequence requirements of courses on Business Law or the Legal Environment of Business. The concepts are presented in a streamlined manner, and cover the key concepts necessary to establish a strong foundation in the subject. The textbook follows a traditional approach to the study of business law. Each chapter contains learning objectives, explanatory narrative and concepts, references for further reading, and end-of-chapter questions.
Business Law I Essentials may need to be supplemented with additional content, cases, or related materials, and is offered as a foundational resource that focuses on the baseline concepts, issues, and approaches.
Law, in its simplest form, is used to protect one party from another. For instance, laws protect customers from being exploited by companies. Laws protect companies from other companies. Laws even protect citizens and corporations from the government. However, law is neither perfect nor all encompassing. This course will introduce the student to the laws and ethical standards that managers must abide by in the course of conducting business. Laws and ethics almost always shape a company's decision-making process; a bank cannot charge any interest rate it wants to charge that rate must be appropriate. By the end of this course, the student will have a clear understanding of the legal and ethical environment in which businesses operate. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: Identify sources of law in the United States; Describe the function and role of courts in the US legal system; Differentiate litigation from methods of alternative dispute resolution; List the elements of the major torts; List the essential elements of a valid contract; Describe how a contract can fail; Summarize the remedies available for breach of contract; Distinguish between real and personal property; Identify the various interests in real property and how they pass; Identify the requirements to hold various rights under intellectual property laws; Analyze the impact of the digital era on intellectual property rights; Distinguish between at-will employment and contractual employment; Identify laws that generally regulate the employer-employee relationship; Identify criminal acts related to the business world; Define white collar crime; Describe the various forms of business organization; Identify the major laws regulating business in the United States; Identify major ethical concerns in business today. (Business Administration 205)