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D1. Becoming Familiar with Disability and Accessibility

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About Accessible Formats
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Understanding accessible formats requires some background knowledge of the barriers many learners with disabilities experience when reading or accessing information in print-based and certain digital-based materials.

"Text-based" refers to materials with static or fixed text and images, such as textbooks and supplemental text materials. Both print and digital materials can be text-based. For example, an electronic textbook that replicates a standard print textbook is considered a text-based material.

Books in standard print are common examples of text-based materials. To successfully use print, learners need functional skills related to sensory, physical, and cognitive abilities. Some learners may have visual disabilities that make it difficult to see the text and images on the page. Other learners may be unable to hold printed materials because of a physical disability. Still others may be unable to read or derive meaning from the printed text because of a learning disability.

Certain digital materials also have text and images. Specifically, text-based digital materials are not consistently designed for use with assistive technology (AT). Some learners use AT to read and navigate text and images in digital materials. Screen readers, text to speech, and switches are a few examples of AT devices and software that learners with a wide range of disabilities use. To prevent barriers for learners who use AT, see Vetting for Accessibility.

Because of the frequent barriers presented by text-based materials, some learners with disabilities need alternative forms, known as accessible formats. Examples of accessible formats include audio, braille, large print, tactile graphics, and digital text conforming with accessibility standards.

The term accessible format is defined in section 121 of the Copyright Act, known as the Chafee Amendment:

Subject:
Education
Special Education
Material Type:
Primary Source
Author:
National Center on Accessible Educational Materials
Date Added:
08/11/2022
Accessibility Mindfulness
Only Sharing Permitted
CC BY-NC-ND
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3.0 stars

This animation seeks to lead students to a deeper understanding of the challenges that come with online learning for those with disabilities, and a newfound or renewed sense of empathy towards others.

Music by VYEN.

Subject:
Higher Education
Material Type:
Lecture
Author:
Callista Dawson
Megan Jones
Date Added:
02/10/2021
Accessible Learning Across the Lifespan
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Discover accessible learning across the lifespan in these short and informative videos designed to start conversations about the importance of accessibility and accessible materials in your context.

Introduction to Accessibility

In this first video in our series, you’ll build an understanding of what accessibility means. People who need accessible materials and technologies describe how access creates inclusion where they live, learn, and work. Ultimately, accessibility is achieved when we remove barriers — or better yet, design environments that are inclusive for everyone from the beginning.

Subject:
Education
Special Education
Material Type:
Primary Source
Author:
National Center on Accessible Educational Materials
Date Added:
08/15/2022
The Accessible Learning Experience Podcast
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Turn learning barriers into learning opportunities by exploring the world of accessibility and Universal Design for Learning.

Each episode of The Accessible Learning Experience features interviews with national, state, and local leaders whose work focuses on turning learning barriers into learning opportunities. These leaders share their top tips and strategies for implementing accessibility best practices in a variety of settings. They also shine a spotlight on the partnerships and collaboration that are needed to create robust systems for the timely provision and use of accessible educational materials and technologies in support of inclusive teaching and learning practices. Episodes are released monthly and you can listen on the web through Anchor or through the podcast app of your choice.

Subject:
Education
Special Education
Material Type:
Primary Source
Author:
National Center on Accessible Educational Materials
Date Added:
08/15/2022
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Evidence-based Inclusive Instructional Strategies for Supporting Students with High-incidence Disabilities
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CC BY-SA
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This product was developed with preservice teacher needs in mind. Preservice teachers are often nervous about working with students with disabilities. The resources shared here are ideas that can be generalized to multiple classroom settings, for all different ages.

Subject:
Education
Special Education
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Assessment
Homework/Assignment
Reading
Author:
Jean Ann Joest
Date Added:
07/02/2021
Framing the Future of Learning with Technology
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Framing the Future of Learning with Technology
The goal of the Center on Inclusive Technology & Education Systems (CITES) is to empower school districts to create and sustain inclusive technology systems that serve all students, including students with disabilities who require assistive technology or accessible educational materials. To do this work, we are creating and disseminating a framework of evidence-based practices to enhance the successful use of technology by all students. We provide technical assistance to districts, educators, and families to ensure that students with disabilities are able to use the technology tools they need to foster learning and life success.

Subject:
Education
Special Education
Material Type:
Primary Source
Author:
CAST
Center on Inclusive Technology and Education System
Date Added:
08/15/2022
Remix
High-incidence Disabilities
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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High-Incidence Disabilities are disabilities that are more often seen in the regular education classroom. This resource is intended to be used by pre-service teacher who are learning about disabilities in the classroom and how to make accommodations for all learners. 

Subject:
Education
Early Childhood Development
Elementary Education
Higher Education
Special Education
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Author:
Staci Gilpin
Date Added:
11/01/2020
Remix
ICT-AID Competency Framework
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-SA
Rating
5.0 stars

The main objective of the MADA ICT-AID competency framework is to provide the community with a framework that can be used as a template to assist educational institutions, organizations and individuals in delimiting the required relevant competencies in the ICT accessibility and inclusive design field. This framework can help in creating learning resources and teaching materials on ICT accessibility and inclusive design, and also to make other courses accessible.

Subject:
Special Education
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Student Guide
Syllabus
Author:
Mohamed Koutheair Khribi
Date Added:
10/19/2021
Mada Accessibility & AT Glossary
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-NC-SA
Rating
5.0 stars

Mada’s Glossary is the first dictionary of its kind, which includes terms related to ICT accessibility and assistive technology (AT) in the Arabic language. The Glossary was developed to serve as a vital resource for capacity building within ICT services, accessibility, and assistive technology in Qatar and beyond. Mada’s Glossary is essential to educate professionals, researchers, and individuals interested in the basic terms used in these fields. It is considered one of the first initiatives to provide such resources in Arabic.

Subject:
Computer Science
Material Type:
Reading
Author:
Mada
Date Added:
09/27/2021