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Academic Research in the 21st Century: Maintaining Scientific Integrity in a Climate of Perverse Incentives and Hypercompetition
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Over the last 50 years, we argue that incentives for academic scientists have become increasingly perverse in terms of competition for research funding, development of quantitative metrics to measure performance, and a changing business model for higher education itself. Furthermore, decreased discretionary funding at the federal and state level is creating a hypercompetitive environment between government agencies (e.g., EPA, NIH, CDC), for scientists in these agencies, and for academics seeking funding from all sources—the combination of perverse incentives and decreased funding increases pressures that can lead to unethical behavior. If a critical mass of scientists become untrustworthy, a tipping point is possible in which the scientific enterprise itself becomes inherently corrupt and public trust is lost, risking a new dark age with devastating consequences to humanity. Academia and federal agencies should better support science as a public good, and incentivize altruistic and ethical outcomes, while de-emphasizing output.

Subject:
Higher Education
Material Type:
Reading
Author:
Marc A. Edwards
Siddhartha Roy
Date Added:
08/08/2020
Conversations with History: Reflections on A Life as Scholar, Teacher, and Policy Advisor
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Conversations host Harry Kreisler welcomes Robert A. Scalapino, the Robson Research Professor of Government Emeritus and founding Director of the Institute of East Asian Studies at U.C Berkeley. Professor Scalapino discusses Berkeley's evolution as a leading center for Asian Studies, analyzes the synergy between academic research and foreign policy, and comments on the transformation of America's relationship with Asia which he has witnessed over the course of his six decade career. (55 minutes)

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Political Science
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
UCTV Teacher's Pet
Date Added:
06/30/2007
Introduction to Academic Research
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CC BY-NC-SA
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This is the textbook (reader) for the course Introduction to Academic Research, taught at the Faculty of Spatial Sciences, University of Groningen (The Netherlands). This is a compilation of four chapters from 3 different textbooks that are classified as open educational resources (OER) and together provide the accompanying literature for the course.

The chapters cover the following topics:
- Academic research and the research process
- What are spatial sciences?
- Theories in scientific research
- Research ethics

The original sources of the chapters in this textbook are mentioned on every page. These texts are taken almost verbatim from the mentioned sources; small adjustments have been made for the consistency of referencing, providing a little context, or aligning the numbering of sections.

Subject:
Social Science
Cultural Geography
Sociology
Material Type:
Reading
Textbook
Author:
Sander van Lanen
Date Added:
05/03/2021
Senior Research Kick-Off
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CC BY-NC-SA
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This lesson plan was created by Stefanie Green as part of the 2020 NDE ELA OER Project. This Research Kick-Off lesson plan is designed for senior-level students and would most effectively be taught in collaboration between an English teacher and a school librarian. The lesson will take approximately 80 minutes. View the Google Slides presentation here: https://tinyurl.com/y5nvtbfu

Subject:
English Language Arts
Reading Informational Text
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Author:
Stefanie Green
Date Added:
07/24/2020
Why Too Many Political Science Findings Cannot Be Trusted and What We Can Do About It: A Review of Meta-Scientific Research and a Call for Academic Reform
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Witnessing the ongoing “credibility revolutions” in other disciplines, political science should also engage in meta-scientific introspection. Theoretically, this commentary describes why scientists in academia’s current incentive system work against their self-interest if they prioritize research credibility. Empirically, a comprehensive review of meta-scientific research with a focus on quantitative political science demonstrates that threats to the credibility of political science findings are systematic and real. Yet, the review also shows the discipline’s recent progress toward more credible research. The commentary proposes specific institutional changes to better align individual researcher rationality with the collective good of verifiable, robust, and valid scientific results.

Subject:
Political Science
Material Type:
Reading
Author:
Alexander Wuttke
Date Added:
08/08/2020
Writing Commons
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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Writing Commons aspires to be a community for writers, a creative learning space for students in courses that require college-level writing, a creative, interactive space for teachers to share resources and pedagogy. Our primary goal is to provide the resources and community students need to improve their writing, particularly students enrolled in courses that require college-level writing. As mentioned in 'About Us', we believe learning materials should be free for all students and teachers‰ part of the cultural commons. Hence, we provide free access to an award-winning, college textbook that was published by a major publisher and awarded the Distinguished Book Award by Computers and Composition: an International Journal.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Material Type:
Reading
Textbook
Provider:
Writing Commons
Date Added:
03/30/2012
h index: Tool for assessing productivity and impact of researchers
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-SA
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The h-index (sometimes called the Hirsch index or Hirsch number) is one of the several research indices which is used to measure the productivity and impact of of a researcher/ research group/ institution. It’s an index which increases on the basis of citations and number of papers continuously with the passage of time. It is the major benchmark used by the employers for selection/recruitment and/ or assessment of Researchers.
This e-module will let you know all about the h index: What, How, Who, why......about h index will be answered here. In the very next video we will cover how to identify h index of a researcher in various platforms.
POWER POINT SLIDES OF THIS VIDEO are AVAILABLE ON SLIDESHARE: https://www.slideshare.net/semalty1/h-index-benchmark-of-productivity-and-impact-of-researcher
For any query please feel free to write to us at openknowledgeok@gmail.com and please do subscribe our channel.......THANKS FOR GIVING YOUR TIME.

Subject:
Education
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Author:
Dr Ajay Semalty
Dr Mona Semalty H.N.B. Garhwal University Srinagar Garhwal India
Mr Lokesh Adhikari
Date Added:
11/19/2017