University of Copenhagen

10 members | 210 affiliated resources

All resources in University of Copenhagen

Plastik i Paradis/ Plastic in Paradise

(View Complete Item Description)

Part one in the series Paradise under Pressure/ Paradis under pres: https://paradis-under-pres.simplecast.com/ Plastic bottles are impossible to avoid when travelling for vacation to southern countries. In Zanzibar, thousands of plastic bottles are sailed in from the mainland every day. They float as waste everywhere on beaches, streets, and in between bushes, trees and tall grass. In this episode, we will meet Aziza Biubwa of the State University of Zanzibar, a researcher in waste management, Justin Madho, who works for the waste company Zanrec and Sjani Müggenburg, director of Ozti East Africa - a company that has made furniture plastic screw cap. Danish: Plastikflasker er umulige at undgå, når du holder ferie i syden. På Zanzibar bliver tusindvis af plastikflasker hver dag sejlet ind fra fastlandet, men som affald flyder de overalt på strande, gader, og imellem buske, træer og højt græs. I denne episode skal vi møde Aziza Biubwa fra State University of Zanzibar, som forsker i affaldshåndtering, Justin Madho, som arbejder for affaldsfirmaet Zanrec og Sjani Müggenburg, som er direktør for Ozti East Africa – et firma der har fundet ud af at lave møbler af plastikskruelåg.

Material Type: Case Study, Primary Source

Authors: Anthroplogist Emil Morell, School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen

Money flow and work force/ Pengestrøm og arbejdsstyrke

(View Complete Item Description)

Part two in the series Paradise under Pressure/ Paradis under pres: https://paradis-under-pres.simplecast.com/ There is good reason to invest in tourism in Zanzibar. In 2019, it was expected that over half a million tourists would visit the island, which is only half the size of Funen island in Denmark. Tourists bring in money and growth, but research shows that, for example, Zanzibarians only have 11% of managerial jobs in restaurants and only 20% of tourism revenue goes to the local community, while 53% disappear from the island. Danish: Der er god grund til at investere i turismen på Zanzibar. I 2019 forventede man, at over en halv million turister ville besøge øen, som kun er halvt så stor som Fyn. Turisterne bringer penge og vækst, men forskningen viser, at zanzibarianere for eksempel kun har 11% af lederjobs på restauranter og kun 20% af indtægterne fra turismen går til lokalsamfundet, imens hele 53% forsvinder væk fra øen.

Material Type: Case Study, Primary Source

Authors: Anthroplogist Emil Morell, School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen

Working Environment in Paradise/ Paradisets arbejdsmiljø

(View Complete Item Description)

Part three in the series Paradise under Pressure/ Paradis under pres: https://paradis-under-pres.simplecast.com/ According to the international hotels in Zanzibar, it is difficult to find qualified local workers who speak good enough English and have the right experience and education. But is it, in fact, an excuse used by tourism industry leaders not to live up to their responsibilities? Danish: Ifølge de internationale hoteller på Zanzibar, så er det svært at finde kvalificeret lokale arbejdere, som taler godt nok engelsk og har den rette erfaring og uddannelse. Men er det i virkeligheden en undskyldning som turistbranchens ledere bruger, for ikke at leve op til deres ansvar?

Material Type: Case Study, Primary Source

Authors: Anthroplogist Emil Morell, School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen

An Introduction to Global Health - Climate Change and Health (18:01)

(View Complete Item Description)

Our planet is currently being challenged by dramatic changes to earth and human systems under the influence of climate change and variability. These include changes of population and environmental dynamics that impacts human health. Thus, climate change is considered the biggest threat to human health in the 21st century. Health impacts can be direct typically related to extreme weather events; indirect with linkages to climate change induced environmental alterations and damage or in relation to displacement, conflict and social disruption. This presentation provides a series of examples of changes of environmental and social determinants of health with negative or positive health impacts. These include impacts on communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases and mental health of importance in particular in vulnerable urban and rural settings as well as among sensitive community groups exposed to variations in temperature and precipitation patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Scientist Peter Furu

An Introduction to Global Health - Continuum of Care in Sexual and Reproductive Health (10:09)

(View Complete Item Description)

The purpose of this video lesson is to give the students an introduction to the concept continuum of care within the field of sexual and reproductive health. Malaria in pregnancy will be used as an example to demonstrate why it is important to understand that health and disease and the management hereof is not linked to one time point in life or to one place in the health system. The students will learn that to understand the health of today and of tomorrow we need to understand the health of yesterday.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Medical Doctor Christentze Schmiegelow

An Introduction to Global Health - Determinants and Driver of NCDs (08:20)

(View Complete Item Description)

This presentation provides an introduction to the social determinants and drivers of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD). Poor social determinants leads to a higher risk of illness and a lower chance of having suitable healthcare access, which leads to illness, which in turn leads right back to a deeper level of poor social determinants. In continuation of this, we’ll discuss how to address social determinants and how we need to be involved.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Dr. Alessandro Demaio

An Introduction to Global Health - Diabetes (17:42)

(View Complete Item Description)

The purpose of this lesson is to expand the student´s knowledge about diabetes. The world experience an epidemic of type 2 diabetes, especially in low and middle-income countries. Diabetes is no longer a disease of high-income countries and urban cities but impact upon rural populations and the poorest segments of the population. Participants: Professor Venkat Narayan.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen

An Introduction to Global Health - Diabetes and Maternal and Child Health - an Intergenerational Perspective (06:15)

(View Complete Item Description)

In recent decades, it has been recognized that maternal health and fetal development plays a critical role in developing diabetes and at the same time, diabetes is an important but often unrecognized contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. This presentation talks about the links between diabetes and maternal, and child health. Furthermore, it is explored why an intergenerational perspective on diabetes prevention is needed.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: PhD Fellow Karoline Kragelund Nielsen

An Introduction to Global Health - Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) - a Measure for Disease Burden (09:11)

(View Complete Item Description)

This presentation provides an introduction to the calculation and use of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs). DALY is increasingly used as a measurement for disease burden when comparing the relative burden of specific diseases or a combination of diseases across or within populations.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Epidemiologist Dan W. Meyrowitsch

An Introduction to Global Health - Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) (09:28)

(View Complete Item Description)

This interview provides an introduction to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) regarding the global control of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). The FCTC treaty is a response to the worry of member states, that tobacco is not decreasing but rather growing. Furthermore it is discussed how we can make sure people don’t start smoking or quit as early as possible. Participants: Programme manager Kristina Mauer-Stender.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Medical Doctor Alessandro Rhyll Demaio

An Introduction to Global Health - Global Health Governance (09:08)

(View Complete Item Description)

Global Health Governance is how we create an organized response to health at the global level. Each country has its own health system, but health issues are become international, as people travel, and goods and services (for example tobacco sales) are becoming increasingly globalised, and challenges such as climate change have a wide reach. WHO has an important guiding role in the global health architecture, but it has limited funding and mandate to establish and implement legally binding acts.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: External lecturer Siri Tellier

An Introduction to Global Health - Health Care Facilities in Burkina Faso (08:49)

(View Complete Item Description)

The purpose of this video lesson is to expand the student's knowledge about the use and non-use of public health care facilities in low-income societies. Students will learn that a range of different factors, such as availability, accessibility, cost and quality of care play important roles when rural citizens take decisions about health care seeking. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Burkina Faso, West Africa, this lesson explains why public health care facilities in the global south sometimes are underutilized.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Helle Samuelsen

An Introduction to Global Health - How Changing Policies Impact Population's Health - a Case from Uganda (15:51)

(View Complete Item Description)

This presentation discusses how the political instability has an impact on health care services. It focuses upon a period in Uganda where the government health facilities were neglected resulting in the lack of adequate health care provision and access to medicines. Following the instability in the country, the development and management of its health care services was highly dependent on funding from external donors and significant international influence on national services, including health care programs. Participants: Professor Susan Whyte.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen

An Introduction to Global Health - Joint Risk Factors (14:49)

(View Complete Item Description)

In this presentation the global burden of diseases – deaths as well as disabilities – jointly named DALYs – is presented and differences and similarities between lo-, middle-, and high-income countries presently and over time are presented. The strict division between non-communicable and communicable (infectious) diseases is also challenged, and propositions on how to manage them jointly are given. The double burden of NCD+overnutrition and CD+undernutrition in societies in fast transition is presented. The present vs. the expected global burden of diseases by the year 2030 are also introduced.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Ib Bygbjerg

An Introduction to Global Health - Mental Health in a Global Perspective (11:31)

(View Complete Item Description)

This lesson discusses and explains why mental health is difficult to define using international terminology. It also introduces why there is a much higher burden of disease linked with mental disorders in Europe compared to, for example, Africa. The session discussed why there is a different spending on mental health treatment in developing countries compared to western countries. Participants: Dr. Matt Muijen.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen