University of Copenhagen

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_VIDEO GUIDE: How to upload ressources

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How to upload ressources, with "Open Author" tool. Use this method when you have content to upload, that is not already online. You can create a set of materials, with a combination of PDF, Powerpoint or other files, combined with links to videos.

Material Type: Teaching/Learning Strategy

An Introduction to Global Health - Climate Change and Health (18:01)

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Our planet is currently being challenged by dramatic changes to earth and human systems under the influence of climate change and variability. These include changes of population and environmental dynamics that impacts human health. Thus, climate change is considered the biggest threat to human health in the 21st century. Health impacts can be direct typically related to extreme weather events; indirect with linkages to climate change induced environmental alterations and damage or in relation to displacement, conflict and social disruption. This presentation provides a series of examples of changes of environmental and social determinants of health with negative or positive health impacts. These include impacts on communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases and mental health of importance in particular in vulnerable urban and rural settings as well as among sensitive community groups exposed to variations in temperature and precipitation patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Scientist Peter Furu

An Introduction to Global Health - Environmental Health Challenges (15:48)

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This session will expand the student´s knowledge about human health and quality of life in the context of global and local ecology. Examples will be provided on how environmental management and development influence human health. The session provide an overview of the disease burden attributable to the environment, and much of this burden is placed across different geographical regions of the world. Examples will be presented on the impacts of poor quality water, insufficient access to water, lack of appropriate sanitation and poor personal hygiene. Other examples of environmental health factors included relate to reduced forest cover, unsustainable agricultural production systems, climate change, and poor management of natural resources that significantly influence livelihood, food security and migration patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - Epidemiological Principles of Air Pollution (07:33)

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This presentation aims to increase the students’ knowledge about environmental epidemiology, by introducing different study designs used to study health effects of exposure to outdoor air pollution. All study designs are illustrated by examples, starting with the Great Smog (Killer Fog) of London in 1952, one of the landmarks in environmental epidemiology.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Zorana Jovanovic Andersen

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - The Global Burden (07:16)

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In this presentation, we will describe the global levels and trends in major air pollutants and related health burden. Air pollution is an important global risk factor for disease. People who live in more polluted areas develop more often chronic and infectious disease and die prematurely as compared to people living in areas with low air pollution.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Zorana Jovanovic Andersen

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - What can we do about Outdoor Air Pollution? (08:16)

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There is a long way before the whole world complies with the WHO guidelines for air quality, but the enormous burden of disease from outdoor air pollution forces us to increase action to come as far as possible. In continuation of this, we will discuss what we can do about air pollution at global, international, national, city and individual levels. Most of the actions to reduce air pollution also mitigates climate change and/or promote health in other ways – so there are many win-win and win-win-win situations

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Impacts of tourism and human activity on the marine environment (15:42)

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In this presentation, we will discuss the impacts of tourism on marine environment in Zanzibar. In continuation of this, we will discuss sustainable development challenges regarding small island environments. Among challenges are rapid growing populations, a constantly rising number of tourists, limited freshwater resources, and fragile marine ecosystem.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Marine Scientist Peter Anton Stæhr, Professor Flemming Konradsen, Professor Mohammed Ali Sheikh

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Tourism development and the health of coral reefs (06:37)

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In this presentation, we will discuss how tourism development affects the coral reefs and in continuation of this, we will examine the Crown-of-Thorn Starfish invasion around Zanzibar. Reefs sustain human society, such as fishermen's livelihood and they are also a key asset for the tourist industry. However, the reefs are also under pressure from a range of human induced stresses, including the expanding tourism.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Professor Flemming Konradsen, Researcher Ali Ussi

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Tourism and freshwater demands (12:53)

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In this presentation we will discuss how tourism affects the daily water use in Zanzibar and how a significant water consumption, has the potential of undermining the sustainability of the tourist sector in Zanzibar. Zanzibar has a great water disparity with 15 times higher daily water use per tourist compared with local residents.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Professor Flemming Konradsen, Professor Stefan Gössling

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Saltwater intrusion and the impact upon freshwater supplies (09:10)

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In this presentation, we will discuss how saltwater intrusion affects small islands freshwater supplies, and how tourism is a significant part of this. In Zanzibar fresh water for drinking and other purposes come from rain that replenishes the island’s groundwater reservoir and in many cases freshwater is a scarce resource. On top of this, the excessive pumping in groundwater for the tourist industry increases the risk of salt water seeping into the freshwater magazine from the sea, thereby destroying the freshwater resource.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Professor Flemming Konradsen, Professor Peter Engesgaard

Plastik i Paradis/ Plastic in Paradise

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Part one in the series Paradise under Pressure/ Paradis under pres: https://paradis-under-pres.simplecast.com/ Plastic bottles are impossible to avoid when travelling for vacation to southern countries. In Zanzibar, thousands of plastic bottles are sailed in from the mainland every day. They float as waste everywhere on beaches, streets, and in between bushes, trees and tall grass. In this episode, we will meet Aziza Biubwa of the State University of Zanzibar, a researcher in waste management, Justin Madho, who works for the waste company Zanrec and Sjani Müggenburg, director of Ozti East Africa - a company that has made furniture plastic screw cap. Danish: Plastikflasker er umulige at undgå, når du holder ferie i syden. På Zanzibar bliver tusindvis af plastikflasker hver dag sejlet ind fra fastlandet, men som affald flyder de overalt på strande, gader, og imellem buske, træer og højt græs. I denne episode skal vi møde Aziza Biubwa fra State University of Zanzibar, som forsker i affaldshåndtering, Justin Madho, som arbejder for affaldsfirmaet Zanrec og Sjani Müggenburg, som er direktør for Ozti East Africa – et firma der har fundet ud af at lave møbler af plastikskruelåg.

Material Type: Case Study, Primary Source

Authors: Anthroplogist Emil Morell, School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen

Money flow and work force/ Pengestrøm og arbejdsstyrke

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Part two in the series Paradise under Pressure/ Paradis under pres: https://paradis-under-pres.simplecast.com/ There is good reason to invest in tourism in Zanzibar. In 2019, it was expected that over half a million tourists would visit the island, which is only half the size of Funen island in Denmark. Tourists bring in money and growth, but research shows that, for example, Zanzibarians only have 11% of managerial jobs in restaurants and only 20% of tourism revenue goes to the local community, while 53% disappear from the island. Danish: Der er god grund til at investere i turismen på Zanzibar. I 2019 forventede man, at over en halv million turister ville besøge øen, som kun er halvt så stor som Fyn. Turisterne bringer penge og vækst, men forskningen viser, at zanzibarianere for eksempel kun har 11% af lederjobs på restauranter og kun 20% af indtægterne fra turismen går til lokalsamfundet, imens hele 53% forsvinder væk fra øen.

Material Type: Case Study, Primary Source

Authors: Anthroplogist Emil Morell, School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen

An Introduction to Global Health - Diabetes (17:42)

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The purpose of this lesson is to expand the student´s knowledge about diabetes. The world experience an epidemic of type 2 diabetes, especially in low and middle-income countries. Diabetes is no longer a disease of high-income countries and urban cities but impact upon rural populations and the poorest segments of the population. Participants: Professor Venkat Narayan.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen

An Introduction to Global Health - Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) - a Measure for Disease Burden (09:11)

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This presentation provides an introduction to the calculation and use of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs). DALY is increasingly used as a measurement for disease burden when comparing the relative burden of specific diseases or a combination of diseases across or within populations.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Epidemiologist Dan W. Meyrowitsch