All resources in University of Copenhagen

An Introduction to Global Health - Climate Change and Health (18:01)

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Our planet is currently being challenged by dramatic changes to earth and human systems under the influence of climate change and variability. These include changes of population and environmental dynamics that impacts human health. Thus, climate change is considered the biggest threat to human health in the 21st century. Health impacts can be direct typically related to extreme weather events; indirect with linkages to climate change induced environmental alterations and damage or in relation to displacement, conflict and social disruption. This presentation provides a series of examples of changes of environmental and social determinants of health with negative or positive health impacts. These include impacts on communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases and mental health of importance in particular in vulnerable urban and rural settings as well as among sensitive community groups exposed to variations in temperature and precipitation patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Scientist Peter Furu

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - Epidemiological Principles of Air Pollution (07:33)

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This presentation aims to increase the students’ knowledge about environmental epidemiology, by introducing different study designs used to study health effects of exposure to outdoor air pollution. All study designs are illustrated by examples, starting with the Great Smog (Killer Fog) of London in 1952, one of the landmarks in environmental epidemiology.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Zorana Jovanovic Andersen

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - What can we do about Outdoor Air Pollution? (08:16)

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There is a long way before the whole world complies with the WHO guidelines for air quality, but the enormous burden of disease from outdoor air pollution forces us to increase action to come as far as possible. In continuation of this, we will discuss what we can do about air pollution at global, international, national, city and individual levels. Most of the actions to reduce air pollution also mitigates climate change and/or promote health in other ways – so there are many win-win and win-win-win situations

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - Tight Buildings (12:16)

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In large part of the World, people spend more than 90 percent of the time in indoor environments, where air quality is important for health. The environment outside the building, what goes on inside the building and the exchange of air pollutants affects the indoor air. Tight buildings can reduce energy consumption and entry of outdoor air pollutants, but unless ventilation is right indoor air pollutants from combustion processes, dampness, microbes, the dwellers bio effluents, appliances, care and cleaning products, clothing, furniture, building materials, the underground and many other sources will build up indoors causing important health effects.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - The impacts of tourism on local communities (13:01)

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In this presentation, we will discuss how tourism affects different local communities, including Zanzibar. A study from Zanzibar published in 2015 found that only 20 percent of the GDP generated by tourism occurred to local communities, so it seems possible to develop forms of tourism with greater benefits to the population of Zanzibar, including local population.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Associate Professor Stig Jensen, Professor Flemming Konradsen

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Impacts of tourism and human activity on the marine environment (15:42)

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In this presentation, we will discuss the impacts of tourism on marine environment in Zanzibar. In continuation of this, we will discuss sustainable development challenges regarding small island environments. Among challenges are rapid growing populations, a constantly rising number of tourists, limited freshwater resources, and fragile marine ecosystem.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Marine Scientist Peter Anton Stæhr, Professor Flemming Konradsen, Professor Mohammed Ali Sheikh

Plastik i Paradis/ Plastic in Paradise

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Part one in the series Paradise under Pressure/ Paradis under pres: https://paradis-under-pres.simplecast.com/ Plastic bottles are impossible to avoid when travelling for vacation to southern countries. In Zanzibar, thousands of plastic bottles are sailed in from the mainland every day. They float as waste everywhere on beaches, streets, and in between bushes, trees and tall grass. In this episode, we will meet Aziza Biubwa of the State University of Zanzibar, a researcher in waste management, Justin Madho, who works for the waste company Zanrec and Sjani Müggenburg, director of Ozti East Africa - a company that has made furniture plastic screw cap. Danish: Plastikflasker er umulige at undgå, når du holder ferie i syden. På Zanzibar bliver tusindvis af plastikflasker hver dag sejlet ind fra fastlandet, men som affald flyder de overalt på strande, gader, og imellem buske, træer og højt græs. I denne episode skal vi møde Aziza Biubwa fra State University of Zanzibar, som forsker i affaldshåndtering, Justin Madho, som arbejder for affaldsfirmaet Zanrec og Sjani Müggenburg, som er direktør for Ozti East Africa – et firma der har fundet ud af at lave møbler af plastikskruelåg.

Material Type: Case Study, Primary Source

Authors: Anthroplogist Emil Morell, School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen

Working Environment in Paradise/ Paradisets arbejdsmiljø

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Part three in the series Paradise under Pressure/ Paradis under pres: https://paradis-under-pres.simplecast.com/ According to the international hotels in Zanzibar, it is difficult to find qualified local workers who speak good enough English and have the right experience and education. But is it, in fact, an excuse used by tourism industry leaders not to live up to their responsibilities? Danish: Ifølge de internationale hoteller på Zanzibar, så er det svært at finde kvalificeret lokale arbejdere, som taler godt nok engelsk og har den rette erfaring og uddannelse. Men er det i virkeligheden en undskyldning som turistbranchens ledere bruger, for ikke at leve op til deres ansvar?

Material Type: Case Study, Primary Source

Authors: Anthroplogist Emil Morell, School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen

An Introduction to Global Health - Diabetes (17:42)

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The purpose of this lesson is to expand the student´s knowledge about diabetes. The world experience an epidemic of type 2 diabetes, especially in low and middle-income countries. Diabetes is no longer a disease of high-income countries and urban cities but impact upon rural populations and the poorest segments of the population. Participants: Professor Venkat Narayan.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen