All resources in University of Copenhagen

An Introduction to Global Health - Environmental Health Challenges (15:48)

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This session will expand the student´s knowledge about human health and quality of life in the context of global and local ecology. Examples will be provided on how environmental management and development influence human health. The session provide an overview of the disease burden attributable to the environment, and much of this burden is placed across different geographical regions of the world. Examples will be presented on the impacts of poor quality water, insufficient access to water, lack of appropriate sanitation and poor personal hygiene. Other examples of environmental health factors included relate to reduced forest cover, unsustainable agricultural production systems, climate change, and poor management of natural resources that significantly influence livelihood, food security and migration patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - What can we do about Outdoor Air Pollution? (08:16)

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There is a long way before the whole world complies with the WHO guidelines for air quality, but the enormous burden of disease from outdoor air pollution forces us to increase action to come as far as possible. In continuation of this, we will discuss what we can do about air pollution at global, international, national, city and individual levels. Most of the actions to reduce air pollution also mitigates climate change and/or promote health in other ways – so there are many win-win and win-win-win situations

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - Solid Fuel in Households (08:17)

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Nearly one third of the world’s population are exposed to high levels of indoor air pollution from the household’s use of solid fuel. The fuel is mainly biomass burning under poor combustion conditions in open fires or primitive stoves and with low ventilation. This costs more than 4 million lives every year and enormous suffering in particular among women and children.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - Tight Buildings (12:16)

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In large part of the World, people spend more than 90 percent of the time in indoor environments, where air quality is important for health. The environment outside the building, what goes on inside the building and the exchange of air pollutants affects the indoor air. Tight buildings can reduce energy consumption and entry of outdoor air pollutants, but unless ventilation is right indoor air pollutants from combustion processes, dampness, microbes, the dwellers bio effluents, appliances, care and cleaning products, clothing, furniture, building materials, the underground and many other sources will build up indoors causing important health effects.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - The impacts of tourism on local communities (13:01)

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In this presentation, we will discuss how tourism affects different local communities, including Zanzibar. A study from Zanzibar published in 2015 found that only 20 percent of the GDP generated by tourism occurred to local communities, so it seems possible to develop forms of tourism with greater benefits to the population of Zanzibar, including local population.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Associate Professor Stig Jensen, Professor Flemming Konradsen

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Impacts of tourism and human activity on the marine environment (15:42)

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In this presentation, we will discuss the impacts of tourism on marine environment in Zanzibar. In continuation of this, we will discuss sustainable development challenges regarding small island environments. Among challenges are rapid growing populations, a constantly rising number of tourists, limited freshwater resources, and fragile marine ecosystem.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Marine Scientist Peter Anton Stæhr, Professor Flemming Konradsen, Professor Mohammed Ali Sheikh

Working Environment in Paradise/ Paradisets arbejdsmiljø

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Part three in the series Paradise under Pressure/ Paradis under pres: https://paradis-under-pres.simplecast.com/ According to the international hotels in Zanzibar, it is difficult to find qualified local workers who speak good enough English and have the right experience and education. But is it, in fact, an excuse used by tourism industry leaders not to live up to their responsibilities? Danish: Ifølge de internationale hoteller på Zanzibar, så er det svært at finde kvalificeret lokale arbejdere, som taler godt nok engelsk og har den rette erfaring og uddannelse. Men er det i virkeligheden en undskyldning som turistbranchens ledere bruger, for ikke at leve op til deres ansvar?

Material Type: Case Study, Primary Source

Authors: Anthroplogist Emil Morell, School of Global Health, University of Copenhagen

An Introduction to Global Health - Climate Change and Health (18:01)

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Our planet is currently being challenged by dramatic changes to earth and human systems under the influence of climate change and variability. These include changes of population and environmental dynamics that impacts human health. Thus, climate change is considered the biggest threat to human health in the 21st century. Health impacts can be direct typically related to extreme weather events; indirect with linkages to climate change induced environmental alterations and damage or in relation to displacement, conflict and social disruption. This presentation provides a series of examples of changes of environmental and social determinants of health with negative or positive health impacts. These include impacts on communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases and mental health of importance in particular in vulnerable urban and rural settings as well as among sensitive community groups exposed to variations in temperature and precipitation patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Scientist Peter Furu

An Introduction to Global Health - Continuum of Care in Sexual and Reproductive Health (10:09)

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The purpose of this video lesson is to give the students an introduction to the concept continuum of care within the field of sexual and reproductive health. Malaria in pregnancy will be used as an example to demonstrate why it is important to understand that health and disease and the management hereof is not linked to one time point in life or to one place in the health system. The students will learn that to understand the health of today and of tomorrow we need to understand the health of yesterday.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Medical Doctor Christentze Schmiegelow