University of Copenhagen

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An Introduction to Global Health - Climate Change and Health (18:01)

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Our planet is currently being challenged by dramatic changes to earth and human systems under the influence of climate change and variability. These include changes of population and environmental dynamics that impacts human health. Thus, climate change is considered the biggest threat to human health in the 21st century. Health impacts can be direct typically related to extreme weather events; indirect with linkages to climate change induced environmental alterations and damage or in relation to displacement, conflict and social disruption. This presentation provides a series of examples of changes of environmental and social determinants of health with negative or positive health impacts. These include impacts on communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases and mental health of importance in particular in vulnerable urban and rural settings as well as among sensitive community groups exposed to variations in temperature and precipitation patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Scientist Peter Furu

An Introduction to Global Health - Diseases Related to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (14:43)

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This session presents an overview of the association between water, sanitation, hygiene and human health. A particular focus upon transmission and treatment of diarrhea disease among small children. Other diseases given particular priority in the presentation include Hepatitis A and E viruses and bacteria that cause cholera or typhoid fever. Likewise, the importance of water-washed diseases, especially infectious skin and eye diseases, such as scabies and trachoma are presented. The preventive actions needed to reduce the burden of the various infectious diseases associated with water, sanitation and hygiene will be introduced.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: External lecturer Wim Van Der Hoek

An Introduction to Global Health - Environmental Health Challenges (15:48)

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This session will expand the student´s knowledge about human health and quality of life in the context of global and local ecology. Examples will be provided on how environmental management and development influence human health. The session provide an overview of the disease burden attributable to the environment, and much of this burden is placed across different geographical regions of the world. Examples will be presented on the impacts of poor quality water, insufficient access to water, lack of appropriate sanitation and poor personal hygiene. Other examples of environmental health factors included relate to reduced forest cover, unsustainable agricultural production systems, climate change, and poor management of natural resources that significantly influence livelihood, food security and migration patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - Epidemiological Principles of Air Pollution (07:33)

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This presentation aims to increase the students’ knowledge about environmental epidemiology, by introducing different study designs used to study health effects of exposure to outdoor air pollution. All study designs are illustrated by examples, starting with the Great Smog (Killer Fog) of London in 1952, one of the landmarks in environmental epidemiology.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Zorana Jovanovic Andersen

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - What can we do about Outdoor Air Pollution? (08:16)

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There is a long way before the whole world complies with the WHO guidelines for air quality, but the enormous burden of disease from outdoor air pollution forces us to increase action to come as far as possible. In continuation of this, we will discuss what we can do about air pollution at global, international, national, city and individual levels. Most of the actions to reduce air pollution also mitigates climate change and/or promote health in other ways – so there are many win-win and win-win-win situations

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Tourism impact on the environment on Zanzibar (14:54)

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In this presentation, we will discuss what happens to low-income countries like Zanzibar, when tourists arrive and continue their western lifestyle in a tropical setting with scare resources. We will among other focus on the wastewater generated, the consequences of water use and the tons of solid waste generated by the tourists.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Assistant lecturer Aziza Siba Abdulkadir, Assistant Lecturer Biubwa Faki Ally, Chairman Seif Masoud Miskry, Director General Sheha Mjaja Juma, Lecturer Ali makame Ussi, Lecturer Fatma Hamid Saleh, Professor Flemming Konradsen, Professor Mohammed Ali Sheikh

An Introduction to Global Health - Continuum of Care in Sexual and Reproductive Health (10:09)

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The purpose of this video lesson is to give the students an introduction to the concept continuum of care within the field of sexual and reproductive health. Malaria in pregnancy will be used as an example to demonstrate why it is important to understand that health and disease and the management hereof is not linked to one time point in life or to one place in the health system. The students will learn that to understand the health of today and of tomorrow we need to understand the health of yesterday.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Medical Doctor Christentze Schmiegelow

An Introduction to Global Health - Determinants and Driver of NCDs (08:20)

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This presentation provides an introduction to the social determinants and drivers of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD). Poor social determinants leads to a higher risk of illness and a lower chance of having suitable healthcare access, which leads to illness, which in turn leads right back to a deeper level of poor social determinants. In continuation of this, we’ll discuss how to address social determinants and how we need to be involved.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Dr. Alessandro Demaio

An Introduction to Global Health - Financing for Universal Health Coverage (15:13)

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WHO has estimated that about 100 million people are driven below the poverty line every year because of out-of-pocket payments for health services. Universal Health Coverage (UHC) is a strategy to ensure that all people can use health services of sufficient quality to be effective, while the use of these services does not expose the user to financial hardship. UHC receives increasing global attention, strongly promoted by the WHO, and the strategy is a cornerstone of the global post 2015-agenda for health. In this video lesson we will discuss three central questions for achieving UHC: How to secure adequate financing for health, how to protect the poor from financial consequences of ill health, and how to encourage optimum use of resources.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Long Term M&E Adviser Andreas Bjerrum

An Introduction to Global Health - Global Health Governance (09:08)

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Global Health Governance is how we create an organized response to health at the global level. Each country has its own health system, but health issues are become international, as people travel, and goods and services (for example tobacco sales) are becoming increasingly globalised, and challenges such as climate change have a wide reach. WHO has an important guiding role in the global health architecture, but it has limited funding and mandate to establish and implement legally binding acts.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: External lecturer Siri Tellier

An Introduction to Global Health - Health Care Facilities in Burkina Faso (08:49)

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The purpose of this video lesson is to expand the student's knowledge about the use and non-use of public health care facilities in low-income societies. Students will learn that a range of different factors, such as availability, accessibility, cost and quality of care play important roles when rural citizens take decisions about health care seeking. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Burkina Faso, West Africa, this lesson explains why public health care facilities in the global south sometimes are underutilized.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Helle Samuelsen

An Introduction to Global Health - Joint Risk Factors (14:49)

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In this presentation the global burden of diseases – deaths as well as disabilities – jointly named DALYs – is presented and differences and similarities between lo-, middle-, and high-income countries presently and over time are presented. The strict division between non-communicable and communicable (infectious) diseases is also challenged, and propositions on how to manage them jointly are given. The double burden of NCD+overnutrition and CD+undernutrition in societies in fast transition is presented. The present vs. the expected global burden of diseases by the year 2030 are also introduced.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Ib Bygbjerg

An Introduction to Global Health - Migration and Health (10:43)

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The video introduces health challenges for the very varied group of migrants. A large part voluntarily migrated, but non-voluntary groups include refugees, IDPs, Stateless and trafficked persons. Internal migrants are both due to conflicts and disasters and general urbanisation. The different groups have very varied health issues, and also very varied protective frameworks – whether international conventions or national laws and services - and may not be able or willing to seek health care.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: External lecturer Siri Tellier

An Introduction to Global Health - Migration and Health in a Scandinavian Context (09:23)

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This presentation provides an introduction to migrant health and its importance in the global health context. We’ll look at the key concepts of migration and ethnicity and how they are related to health. Furthermore we’ll look at how barriers may arise in access to health care for migrants, and finally we’ll provide examples from a Scandinavian context on differences in health between migrants and ethnic Danes.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Associate Professor Marie Norredam

An Introduction to Global Health - Nutrition and Infectious Diseases (14:47)

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This video is about interactions between nutritional deficiencies and infections in low-income settings. First, the typical diet in low-income countries, and the most common micronutrient deficiencies will be described, and basic concepts about the malnutrition-infection cycle will be introduced. Then the role of iron, zinc and vitamin A in relation to childhood infections will be discussed. Finally, students will hear about the need for nutritional support to patients with TB and HIV patients.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Henrik Friis