University of Copenhagen

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An Introduction to Global Health - Climate Change and Health (18:01)

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Our planet is currently being challenged by dramatic changes to earth and human systems under the influence of climate change and variability. These include changes of population and environmental dynamics that impacts human health. Thus, climate change is considered the biggest threat to human health in the 21st century. Health impacts can be direct typically related to extreme weather events; indirect with linkages to climate change induced environmental alterations and damage or in relation to displacement, conflict and social disruption. This presentation provides a series of examples of changes of environmental and social determinants of health with negative or positive health impacts. These include impacts on communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases and mental health of importance in particular in vulnerable urban and rural settings as well as among sensitive community groups exposed to variations in temperature and precipitation patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Scientist Peter Furu

An Introduction to Global Health - Environmental Health Challenges (15:48)

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This session will expand the student´s knowledge about human health and quality of life in the context of global and local ecology. Examples will be provided on how environmental management and development influence human health. The session provide an overview of the disease burden attributable to the environment, and much of this burden is placed across different geographical regions of the world. Examples will be presented on the impacts of poor quality water, insufficient access to water, lack of appropriate sanitation and poor personal hygiene. Other examples of environmental health factors included relate to reduced forest cover, unsustainable agricultural production systems, climate change, and poor management of natural resources that significantly influence livelihood, food security and migration patterns.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen

An Introduction to Global Health - Use of Pesticides - and the link to Self Harm in Sri Lanka (10:28)

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Pesticide self-poisoning is among the leading cause of suicide worldwide. This presentation provides us with an insight to the risk factors for pesticide self-poisoning, the global burden, prevention and treatment of self-harm with pesticides. The session use Sri Lanka as a case. The presentation is of relevance for researchers as well as for public health practitioners. It exemplifies how the different levels of intervention have to work very closely to make an impact.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Michael Eddelston

An Introduction to Global Health - Sanitation - Why are we so far Behind in Achieving the Millennium Development Goals ? (13:45)

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This lesson focuses on the impact of limited sanitation coverage and the experiences gained from past sanitation programs. Some of the challenges of expanded sanitation relate to barriers at the community level but equally important at the institutional and policy levels. The most basic problem is that there are limited funds available for investment in sanitation. It is argued that the most important priority will be to design and promote toilets that people can afford and in a design that they would use. Participants: Professor Sandy Cairncros.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Flemming Konradsen

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - What can we do about Outdoor Air Pollution? (08:16)

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There is a long way before the whole world complies with the WHO guidelines for air quality, but the enormous burden of disease from outdoor air pollution forces us to increase action to come as far as possible. In continuation of this, we will discuss what we can do about air pollution at global, international, national, city and individual levels. Most of the actions to reduce air pollution also mitigates climate change and/or promote health in other ways – so there are many win-win and win-win-win situations

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - Solid Fuel in Households (08:17)

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Nearly one third of the world’s population are exposed to high levels of indoor air pollution from the household’s use of solid fuel. The fuel is mainly biomass burning under poor combustion conditions in open fires or primitive stoves and with low ventilation. This costs more than 4 million lives every year and enormous suffering in particular among women and children.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Air Pollution - a Global Threat to our Health: - Tight Buildings (12:16)

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In large part of the World, people spend more than 90 percent of the time in indoor environments, where air quality is important for health. The environment outside the building, what goes on inside the building and the exchange of air pollutants affects the indoor air. Tight buildings can reduce energy consumption and entry of outdoor air pollutants, but unless ventilation is right indoor air pollutants from combustion processes, dampness, microbes, the dwellers bio effluents, appliances, care and cleaning products, clothing, furniture, building materials, the underground and many other sources will build up indoors causing important health effects.

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Steffen Loft

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Tourism impact on the environment on Zanzibar (14:54)

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In this presentation, we will discuss what happens to low-income countries like Zanzibar, when tourists arrive and continue their western lifestyle in a tropical setting with scare resources. We will among other focus on the wastewater generated, the consequences of water use and the tons of solid waste generated by the tourists.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Assistant lecturer Aziza Siba Abdulkadir, Assistant Lecturer Biubwa Faki Ally, Chairman Seif Masoud Miskry, Director General Sheha Mjaja Juma, Lecturer Ali makame Ussi, Lecturer Fatma Hamid Saleh, Professor Flemming Konradsen, Professor Mohammed Ali Sheikh

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - The impacts of tourism on local communities (13:01)

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In this presentation, we will discuss how tourism affects different local communities, including Zanzibar. A study from Zanzibar published in 2015 found that only 20 percent of the GDP generated by tourism occurred to local communities, so it seems possible to develop forms of tourism with greater benefits to the population of Zanzibar, including local population.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Associate Professor Stig Jensen, Professor Flemming Konradsen

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - International hotel certifications (15:08)

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This presentation introduces the term “death by tourism” and discuss’ the impact of uncontrolled tourism on local communities. In continuation of this, we will discuss the importance of Certification of Sustainable Tourism and introduce the three types of Sustainability Certification schemes.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Lean and Green Process Consultant Niels Riis Jensen, Professor Flemming Konradsen

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Tourism development and the health of coral reefs (06:37)

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In this presentation, we will discuss how tourism development affects the coral reefs and in continuation of this, we will examine the Crown-of-Thorn Starfish invasion around Zanzibar. Reefs sustain human society, such as fishermen's livelihood and they are also a key asset for the tourist industry. However, the reefs are also under pressure from a range of human induced stresses, including the expanding tourism.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Professor Flemming Konradsen, Researcher Ali Ussi

Sustainable Tourism – promoting environmental public health - Tourism and freshwater demands (12:53)

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In this presentation we will discuss how tourism affects the daily water use in Zanzibar and how a significant water consumption, has the potential of undermining the sustainability of the tourist sector in Zanzibar. Zanzibar has a great water disparity with 15 times higher daily water use per tourist compared with local residents.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Professor Flemming Konradsen, Professor Stefan Gössling