Author:
Kris Seago
Subject:
Political Science
Material Type:
Module
Level:
Community College / Lower Division
Tags:
Legislature, Qualifications, Terms of Office, Texas
License:
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Text/HTML

Qualifications for Service and Terms of Office

Qualifications for Service and Terms of Office

Overview

This section describes the aualifications for service and terms of office for Texas State Legislators.

Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

By the end of this section, students will be able to:

  • Understand the qualifications to be a member of Texas State House of Representatives
  • Understand the qualifications to be a member of Texas State Senate
  • Understand the terms of office for the Texas House and Senate
  • Understand the special nature of Senate elections at the beginning of a new decade

 

Learning Objectives

By the end of this section, you will be able to:

  • Understand the qualifications to be a member of Texas State House of Representatives
  • Understand the qualifications to be a member of Texas State Senate
  • Understand the terms of office for the Texas House and Senate
  • Understand the special nature of Senate elections at the beginning of a new decade

 

Qualifications

These are the qualifcations to be a member of the Texas House of Representatives or Senate.

QUALIFICATIONS

The following are the legal requirements in order for someone to meet the qualifications to become a member of the Texas Legislature.

  • Texas Representative (House)
    • U.S. Citizen
    • 2 years as a resident of Texas
    • 12 months as a resident of their District
    • At least 21 years old
    • A qualified elector (eligible to vote)
    • 2 year terms with unlimited term limit
  • Texas Senator
    • U.S. Citizen
    • 5 years as a resident of Texas
    • 12 months as a resident of their District
    • At least 26 years old
    • A qualified elector (eligible to vote)
    • 4 year terms with unlimited term limit

 

Senate Elections at the Beginning of a New Decade

This describes the special case of Senate Elections at the beginning of a new decade.

SENATE ELECTIONS AT THE BEGINNING OF A NEW DECADE

Each senator serves a four-year term and one-half of the Senate membership is elected every two years in even-numbered years, with the exception that all the Senate seats are up for election for the first legislature following the decennial census in order to reflect the newly redrawn districts. After the initial election, the Senate is divided by lot into two classes, with one class having a re-election after two years and the other having a re-election after four years. This process protects the Senate’s membership and the Senate as an institution serving as the more elite legislative chamber during normal (i.e., not at the beginning of new decade) election cycles.