Linear Algebra is both rich in theory and full of interesting applications; ...
Linear Algebra is both rich in theory and full of interesting applications; in this course the student will try to balance both. This course includes a review of topics learned in Linear Algebra I. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: Solve systems of linear equations; Define the abstract notions of vector space and inner product space; State examples of vector spaces; Diagonalize a matrix; Formulate what a system of linear equations is in terms of matrices; Give an example of a space that has the Archimedian property; Use the Euclidean algorithm to find the greatest common divisor; Understand polar form and geometric interpretation of the complex numbers; Explain what the fundamental theorem of algebra states; Determine when two matrices are row equivalent; State the Fredholm alternative; Identify matrices that are in row reduced echelon form; Find a LU factorization for a given matrix; Find a PLU factorization for a given matrix; Find a QR factorization for a given matrix; Use the simplex algorithm; Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors; State Shur's Theorem; Define normal matrices; Explain the composition and the inversion of permutations; Define and compute the determinant; Explain when eigenvalues exist for a given operator; Normal form of a nilpotent operator; Understand the idea of Jordan blocks, Jordan matrices, and the Jordan form of a matrix; Define quadratic forms; State the second derivative test; Define eigenvectors and eigenvalues; Define a vector space and state its properties; State the notions of linear span, linear independence, and the basis of a vector space; Understand the ideas of linear independence, spanning set, basis, and dimension; Define a linear transformation; State the properties of linear transformations; Define the characteristic polynomial of a matrix; Define a Markov matrix; State what it means to have the property of being a stochastic matrix; Define a normed vector space; Apply the Cauchy Schwarz inequality; State the Riesz representation theorem; State what it means for a nxn matrix to be diagonalizable; Define Hermitian operators; Define a Hilbert space; Prove the Cayley Hamilton theorem; Define the adjoint of an operator; Define normal operators; State the spectral theorem; Understand how to find the singular-value decomposition of an operator; Define the notion of length for abstract vectors in abstract vector spaces; Define orthogonal vectors; Define orthogonal and orthonormal subsets of R^n; Use the Gram-Schmidt process; Find the eigenvalues and the eigenvectors of a given matrix numerically; Provide an explicit description of the Power Method. (Mathematics 212)