Students will examine the writings of Hobbes and Rousseau to gain a ...
Students will examine the writings of Hobbes and Rousseau to gain a deeper understanding of their divergent viewpoints on human nature. They will apply Hobbes’s and Rousseau’s ideas in analyzing various literary works in preparation for the final assessment. For their final product, students will read “The Hollow Men” and make an informed argument, supported by evidence, connecting the ideas expressed in this text to the ideas expressed by one of the Enlightenment thinkers.
Explores the impact of the printing press upon European politics and culture ...
Explores the impact of the printing press upon European politics and culture during the first several centuries after Gutenberg and compares these changes with the possibilities and problems inherent in contemporary electronic technologies of the word. Assignments include formal essays and online projects. There has been much discussion in recent years, on this campus and elsewhere, about the death of the book. Digitization and various forms of electronic media, some critics say, are rendering the printed text as obsolete as the writing quill. In this subject we will examine the claims for and against the demise of the book, but we also supplement these arguments with an historical perspective they lack: we examine books and printing technology during the Early Modern period of European history, from roughly 1450 to 1800. We will begin with the theoretical and historical overviews of Walter Ong and Elizabeth Eisenstein, after which we will study specific cases such as the writings and readers of Erasmus and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, English chapbooks, and stage plays in print. Finally, we will reconsider the issues raised by digital technologies today in light of these historical perspectives. This subject is jointly listed as 21H.418 and CMS.880. It satisfies requirements towards the Major and the Minor in History and in Comparative Media Studies, and is also open to graduate students in the Comparative Media Studies Program and in other MIT and Harvard graduate programs.