Subject Area: Humanities (22758)

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.00001 The Value of A Unit With Four Cyphers Going Before It
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.00001 The Value of A Unit With Four Cyphers Going Before It

A satire on dissension and political intrigue within Andrew Jackson's administration, surrounding ... (more)

A satire on dissension and political intrigue within Andrew Jackson's administration, surrounding the Spring 1831 resignations of several members of his Cabinet. In the center Jackson sits in a collapsing chair, labeled "The Hickory Chair is coming to pieces at last." Seated on the arm of his chair is a rat with the head of Postmaster General William T. Barry. On the floor before him is a pile of resignations with a broken clay pipe, and a brazier. He sweeps with a broom at a number of rats scurrying at his feet, and in the act knocks over the "Altar of Reform" toppling a winged ass also holding a broom. The rats have heads of (from left to right) Secretary of State Martin Van Buren, Secretary of War John H.Eaton, "D. I. O."(?), Navy Secretary John Branch, and Treasury Secretary Samuel D. Ingham. John Calhoun is a terrier which menaces the Van Buren rat. Van Buren, threatened by an eagle while attempting to climb the "Ladder of Political Preferment" whose rungs are labeled with the names of the states, says, "If I could only humbug that Eagle and climb up this ladder." Calhoun: "You don't get up if I can help it." Eaton: "I'm off to the Indians." Branch: "This from the greatest and best of men." Ingham: "Is this the reward of my Patriotic disinterestedness." In a doorway marked "Skool of Reform" appears a man in a visored cap and fur-trimmed coat saying, "There's Clay, and this is all Clays doings." Daniel Webster and Henry Clay (with raised arms) look in through a window. Webster: "That Terrier has nullified the whole Concern." Clay: "Famine! War! Pestilence!"|Cock of the Walk fecit. (Edward Williams Clay).|Entered . . . 1831 by E.W. Clay.|Publd by E.W. Clay, S.E. corner of Walnut and 4th St. Philada.|The print appears to have been derived from William James Hubbard's portrait of Jackson, or from Albert Newsam's 1830 lithograph reproducing the painting. A pencil sketch believed by Davison to be Clay's sketch for the print is in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington. The Library's impression of ".0001" was deposited for copyright on May 5, 1831. Davison also lists a second edition of the print. Two anonymous versions of the print, possibly derived from ".00001," were published under the title "The Rats leaving a falling house." (See 1831-2).|Title appears as it is written on the item.|Davison, no. 32 (sketch), 56 and 57.|Murrell, p. 109-110.|Weitenkampf, p. 24.|Forms part of: American cartoon print filing series (Library of Congress)|Published in: American political prints, 1766-1876 / Bernard F. Reilly. Boston : G.K. Hall, 1991, entry 1831-1. (less)

Subject:
Humanities
Social Sciences
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - Cartoons 1766-1876
100,000,000 Guinea Pigs : The Dangers of Consumption
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100,000,000 Guinea Pigs : The Dangers of Consumption

In 1927, responding to the seemingly overpowering claims of advertisers and mass ... (more)

In 1927, responding to the seemingly overpowering claims of advertisers and mass marketers, engineer Frederick Schlink and economist Stuart Chase published Your Money's Worth, which argued for an "extension of the principle of buying goods according to impartial scientific tests rather than according to the fanfare and triumphs of higher salesmanship." Your Money's Worth became an instant best-seller, and the authors organized Consumers' Research, a testing bureau that provided information and published product tests in a new magazine, Consumers' Research Bulletin. The 1929 stock market crash heightened suspicion of consumer capitalism, and the magazine had 42,000 subscribers by 1932. In 1933, Schlink and Arthur Kallet (executive secretary of Consumers' Research) published 100,000,000 Guinea Pigs: Dangers in Everyday Foods, Drugs, and Cosmetics. The book struck a responsive chord in depression-era America--it went through thirteen printings in its first six months and became one of the best-selling books of the decade. The book's first chapter ("The Great American Guinea Pig"), gave a flavor of their vigorous arguments. (less)

Subject:
Humanities
Material Type:
Primary Source
Readings
Provider:
American Social History Project / Center for History Media and Learning
Provider Set:
Many Pasts (CHNM/ASHP)
Author:
Center for History and New Media/American Social History Project
10,000,000 Members by Christmas On Christmas Eve, a Candle in Every Window and Red Cross Members in Every Home.
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10,000,000 Members by Christmas On Christmas Eve, a Candle in Every Window and Red Cross Members in Every Home.

Poster showing a holly-decked candle in a window, with the Red Cross ... (more)

Poster showing a holly-decked candle in a window, with the Red Cross symbol in its glow. Forms part of: Willard and Dorothy Straight Collection. (less)

Subject:
Humanities
Social Sciences
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
10. Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
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10. Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

What is the difference between a liberty and a right? Both words ... (more)

What is the difference between a liberty and a right? Both words appear in the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights. The distinction between the two has always been blurred, and today the concepts are often used interchangeably. However, they do refer to different kinds of guaranteed protections. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
10. E Pluribus Unum
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10. E Pluribus Unum

The Declaration of Independence was a product of the Second Continental Congress. ... (more)

The Declaration of Independence was a product of the Second Continental Congress. Two earlier intercolonial conferences had occurred, each building important keystones of colonial unity. The Stamp Act Congress and the First Continental Congress brought the delegates from differing colonies to agreement on a message to send to the king. Each successive Congress brought greater participation. Each time the representatives met, they were more accustomed to compromise. As times grew more desperate, the people at home became more and more willing to trust their national leaders. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
10. Japan: An Island Nation
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10. Japan: An Island Nation

Japan's location just off the fringe of continental Asia made it an ... (more)

Japan's location just off the fringe of continental Asia made it an ideal place for its unique culture to develop. The islands are situated close enough to China and Korea to benefit from the cultural and technological innovations of those great civilizations, but far enough removed across perilous seas to resist significant political and military domination from the two powers. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
Ancient Civilizations
10a. Japanese Religion and Spirituality
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10a. Japanese Religion and Spirituality

Since ancient times, Japanese philosophers have pondered basic, unanswerable questions about their ... (more)

Since ancient times, Japanese philosophers have pondered basic, unanswerable questions about their natural environment. The early Japanese believed that the world around them was inhabited by gods and spirits, from streaks of mist obscuring jagged mountain peaks to water cascading over secluded waterfalls. Almost every aspect of Japan's stunning natural beauty evoked a sense of awe and wonder among its people. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
Ancient Civilizations
10a. Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens
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10a. Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens

The 14th Amendment guaranteed "equal protection of the law" more than 130 ... (more)

The 14th Amendment guaranteed "equal protection of the law" more than 130 years ago. The fact that it took so many years for its effects to be felt is testimony to the complexity of the decision-making process in a democracy. It took all three branches, active interest groups, and concerned individual citizens to bring the country closer to the ideal of equal rights for all. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
10a. Stamp Act Congress
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10a. Stamp Act Congress

"No taxation without representation!" was the cry. The colonists were not merely ... (more)

"No taxation without representation!" was the cry. The colonists were not merely griping about the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act. They intended to place actions behind their words. One thing was clear — no colony acting alone could effectively convey a message to the king and Parliament. The appeals to Parliament by the individual legislatures had been ignored. It was James Otis who suggested an intercolonial conference to agree on a united course of action. With that, the Stamp Act Congress convened in New York in October 1765. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
10b. First Amendment Rights
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10b. First Amendment Rights

A careful reading of the First Amendment reveals that it protects several ... (more)

A careful reading of the First Amendment reveals that it protects several basic liberties — freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, and assembly. Interpretation of the amendment is far from easy, as court case after court case has tried to define the limits of these freedoms. The definitions have evolved throughout American history, and the process continues today. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
10b. Sons and Daughters of Liberty
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10b. Sons and Daughters of Liberty

They were the ones who were not afraid. They knew instinctively that ... (more)

They were the ones who were not afraid. They knew instinctively that talk and politics alone would not bring an end to British tyranny. They were willing to resort to extralegal means if necessary to end this series of injustices. They were American patriots — northern and southern, young and old, male and female. They were the Sons and Daughters of Liberty. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
10c. Committees of Correspondence
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10c. Committees of Correspondence

Volumes and volumes of written work was emerging in the American colonies ... (more)

Volumes and volumes of written work was emerging in the American colonies on the subject of British policies. Apart from major documents and publications, much writing had been produced as letters, pamphlets, and newspaper editorials. The arguments set forth in this way were at times very convincing. American patriots of the 1770s did not have modern means of communication at their disposal. To spread the power of the written word from town to town and colony to colony, Committees of Correspondence were established. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
10c. Feudal Japan: The Age of the Warrior
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10c. Feudal Japan: The Age of the Warrior

Being a warrior in feudal Japan was more than just a job. ... (more)

Being a warrior in feudal Japan was more than just a job. It was a way of life. The collapse of aristocratic rule ushered in a new age of chaos — appropriately called the Warring States period (c.1400-1600) — in which military might dictated who governed and who followed. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
Ancient Civilizations
10d. Citizenship Rights
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10d. Citizenship Rights

All countries have rules that determine who is a citizen, and what ... (more)

All countries have rules that determine who is a citizen, and what rights and responsibilities come with citizenship. In the United States, the 14th Amendment gives constitutional protection of the basic rights of citizenship: "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the States wherein they reside." So citizenship is conferred on the basis of place of birth and the process of naturalization. (less)

Subject:
History, Law, Politics
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
2002 llaF ,gnivloS melborP gnireenignE dna sretupmoC ot noitcudortnI

2002 llaF ,gnivloS melborP gnireenignE dna sretupmoC ot noitcudortnI

.desu si egaugnal gnimmargorp avaJ ehT .gninnalp dna ,tnemeganam ,ecneics ,gnireenigne ni ... (more)

.desu si egaugnal gnimmargorp avaJ ehT .gninnalp dna ,tnemeganam ,ecneics ,gnireenigne ni smelborp gnivlos rof seuqinhcet gnipoleved no si sisahpmE .scipot decnavda detceles dna scihparg retupmoc ,gnihcraes dna gnitros ,serutcurts atad ,sdohtem laciremun ,secafretni resu lacihparg ,stpecnoc gnimmargorp revoc smelborp gnimmargorp ylkeeW .esruoc eht fo sucof eht si tnempoleved dna ngised erawtfos detneiro-tcejbO .snoitacilppa cifitneics dna gnireenigne rof sdohtem lanoitatupmoc dna tnempoleved erawtfos latnemadnuf stneserp esruoc sihT (less)