# National Symbols and Civic Engagement Lesson Plan

## Lesson Overview

### Description

The lesson will inform participants about national symbols, their role in the society and their history in becoming the national symbols.  The total time to complete this lesson is 90 minutes; however, longer class periods can be filled with extended independent practice activities. This lesson can be completed in a single session, but assessment will require an additional class period.

## Student Characteristics

### Student Group

Access students (13-16 years old) and  STEM students (19-23 years old ) who have English classes 3 times a week.

Group size: Up to 16.

### Skill and Language Level

Elementary proficiency level A2/B1-

Some students are pre-intermediate.

Students are better at reading and quite poor at speaking fluently.

## Curriculum Alignment with Learning Outcome(s)

### Supported Outcomes

Students will be able to introduce their national symbols and talk about symbols of the other cultures

### Student Learning Objectives

Students will be able to:

-explain what the National symbols are;

-explain the role of National symbols in the life of the nation;

-use information from the text and video to participate in small group and whole class discussion;

-present national symbols with their teams.

Students will:

-investigate different national symbols

-use contextual, grammatical, and lexical units that convey the meaning in the video

Teaching Materials

Materials: Pictures of the symbols of the world, poster, glue, fly swatter, handouts

Lesson Plan

This section will include all the information necessary to execute the different steps and activities of the lesson plan.

Time: 10-15 min.

Materials: Pictures of the symbols of the world, poster, glue, fly swatter

Objectives:

-find out the background knowledge of the students and lead to the theme

Interaction: whole class

Preparation: required

Questions for discussion:

What is symbol?

What kind of symbols do you know?

Why do people need symbols?

T sticks pictures of the symbols of the world on the poster before the lesson.

Teacher sticks ready-made poster of the blackboard and divide the class into two groups. The group that first finds the symbol on the poster should take the fly swatter and swat it. If it was wrong the second group will be given a chance to do it. After the group should give information of the symbols as much as they know. In case the group doesn’t know the second group can help them. Scoring: 1 point for swatting the right symbol and 1 point for giving information.

Pictures to use:

Big Ben

Sumo, Japan.

Balalayka

Great Wall

Pyramids

Indian clothing

Kalpak, Kyrgyzstan

Carnival, Brazil

Statue of Liberty

Taj Mahal

Cotton, Uzbekistan

Activity flow 1

Activity A  Pre-listening

Time:  8-10 min.

Materials: Handout 1

Objectives:

Students will familiarize themselves with the unknown vocabulary

Interaction: Individual, small group, whole class.

Process:

Teacher asks students to match the words with their definitions.

Whole class checking.

Activity B. While listening

Time:  8-10 min.

Materials: Handout 2

Listening Material:

Objectives:

Students will listen for main idea.

Interaction: Individual, pair group, whole class.

Process:

1. What is the video about?

2. What does it symbolize?

3. Why did people need it?

Teacher explains the importance of the symbols in the life of the nation to summarize.

Activity Flow 2

Time:  20-30 min.

Materials: Handout 3,  Handout 4.

Objectives:

Interaction: Individual, small group, whole class.

Process:

Teacher asks what symbols do people have to symbolize their nation in the world stage and write answers on the blackboard.

Teacher divides the class into groups 3 or 4. Each group gets one passage.

Teacher asks them to read the text, underline the words they don’t know and find their meaning from the dictionary.

Whole class discussion on vocabulary.

Teacher asks to read the passage and fill in the Summary sheet

Teacher asks students to share the main ideas of the passage with their group mates.

Teacher assigns each member in the group a Number 1-4. Teacher asks all 1s to be in one group, 2s in another and etc.

Whole class discussion on the passages. Teacher asks questions about the passages.

Handout 3

### Passage A   National Flag of the USA

Possible vocabulary

consist of        hardiness       pattern      purity      designer    represent

star                 valor            innocence         vigilance    perseverance

stripe              justice          union               stand for

National flag consists of white stars (50 since July 4, 1960). It has 13, 7 red and 6 white. The 50 stars stand for the 50 states of the union, and the 13 stripes stand for the original 13 states.

### Color Symbolism

• Red symbolizes Hardiness and Valor.

• White symbolizes Purity and Innocence.

• Blue represents Vigilance, Perseverance and Justice.

The designer of the flag is most likely Congressman Francis Hopkinson, a signer of the Declaration of Independence from Philadelphia. Today that pattern is popularly known as the “Betsy Ross flag”.

Passage B   National Seal of the USA

National Seal of the USA

Possible vocabulary

Approve      Reflect     Belief       Value      Pass       Descendent      Scroll      Beak  Motto          Talon       Create       Arrow     Branch   Cover               Breast    Shield,        Rely on,    Purity,      Innocence,             Hardiness,       Valour,  Justice,       Constellation,            Denote,    Contain,      Declare,    Base,    Effort

The Great Seal was approved on June 20, 1782. It reflects the beliefs and values of the Founding Fathers who wanted to pass on to their descendants.

Bald Eagle is a national bird holds a scroll in its beak written a national motto: “E Pluribus Unum” that means “one from many”  or “one from many parts” (one nation created from 13 colonies). The eagle has an olive branch in its right talon and thirteen arrows in its left. The olive branch and arrows are symbols for the power of peace and war.

Shield with thirteen red and white stripes covers the eagles breast. The shield is supported only with the American eagle as a symbol that Americans rely on themselves. The red and white stripes represent the states united under and supporting blue, which represents the President and Congress. White means purity and innocence; red means hardiness and valour; blue means justice.

Cloud above the eagles head surrounds thirteen stars which form a constellation. The constellation denotes that a new State is taking its place among other nations.

Pyramid contains 13 steps with the year 1776 in Roman numerals at the base. (the year independence was declared)

Eye is at the top of the pyramid is the Eye of Providence. “Annuit Coeptis” means “He supports our efforts”.

Scroll that is below the pyramids reads “Novus Ordo Seclorum”. That means “New Order of the Ages” which refers to 1776 as the beginning of the American new era.

Passage C  Statue of Liberty

Statue of Liberty

Possible vocabulary

harbor     torch  tyranny  pedestal  copper

The Statue of Liberty is a large statue that stands on Liberty Island in New York Harbor. The statue was a gift from the people of France. It has become one of the most iconic symbols of the United States of America.

The statue represents the freedom and liberty of the United States democracy. The figure is modeled after a Roman goddess named Libertas. The torch she holds high represents the enlightenment of the world. There are also broken chains at her feet that symbolize the United State breaking free from tyranny. She holds a tablet in her left hand that represents the law and has July 4, 1776 inscribed on it in Roman numerals.

The height of the statue from the base to the tip of the torch is 46 meters. If you include the pedestal and the foundation, she is 93 meters. This is about the height of a 30 story building.

The project to build the Statue of Liberty was announced in France in 1875. The arm and torch were constructed first and were displayed at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia in 1876. The head was completed next and shown at the 1878 Paris World's Fair. The rest of the statue was built in sections over several years.
In 1885, the sections of the statue were shipped to the United States. The assembly of the statue began in April of 1886. First the iron frame was built and then the copper pieces were put over the top. The statue was finally completed and dedicated on October 28, 1886.

Today, the Statue of Liberty is part of the U.S National Park Service. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the United States. Around 4 million people visit the monument each year. It is free to visit, but there is a cost to take the ferry to the island. If you want to climb to the top, be sure to get your tickets early as only 240 people each day are allowed to climb to the crown.

Passage D  White House

Possible vocabulary

oversee   approximately  mansion  surface  recreation

The White House was built to house the President of the United States. It has stood as a symbol of the Presidency for more than 200 years. In December 1790, President George Washington signed an act of Congress. He oversaw construction of the White House, but he never lived there! President John Adams was the very first president to move into the House. Approximately 6000 people visit the White House each day.

There are 132 rooms, 35 bathrooms, and 6 levels to accommodate all the people who live in, work in, and visit the White House. There are also 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 8 staircases, and 3 elevators. The White House has six floors—two basements, two public floors, and two floors for the First Family. At various times in history, it has been known as the "President's Palace," the "President's House," and the "Executive Mansion." President Theodore Roosevelt officially gave the White House its current name in 1901. With five full-time chefs, the White House kitchen is able to serve dinner to as many as 140 guests. The White House requires 570 gallons of paint to cover its outside surface. For recreation, the White House has a variety of facilities available to its residents, including a tennis court, a jogging track, a swimming pool, a movie theater, a billiard room, and a bowling lane.

The White House is no ordinary house! It stands for freedom and democracy. It is also a symbol of American president, country's history, and the American people.

Handout 4.

Summary sheet

The _____________________________   symbolizes ____________________

__________________________________________________________________

It contains ________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

______________  represents __________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

______________  represents __________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

It is important  because ______________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

Homework/Assessment

Students remains in group and are supposed to prepare Poster Presentation on the National Symbols. One symbol per group.

Assessment specification. Teacher worksheet

Name of the students:

Date

Theme:

Group:

Student worksheet

Name:

Group:

Theme:

The presentation was interesting           3     2       1

The presentation was informative         3      2       1

I like ______________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

My Suggestion  _____________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________