- “One World, Many Actors” by Carmen Gebhard in International Relations edited by Stephen McGlinchey. https://www.oercommons.org/courses/international-relations/view. CC BY-NC
- 14 pages
- Individual Level: Longo, Matthew, and Bernardo Zacka. 2019. “Political Theory in an Ethnographic Key.” The American Political Science Review 113 (4): 1066–70. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003055419000431. CC BY-NC-SA
- 5 pages
- State Level: Guild, James. 2019. “Feed‐in‐tariffs and the Politics of Renewable Energy in Indonesia and the Philippines.” Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies 6 (3): 417–31. https://doi.org/10.1002/app5.288. CC BY
- 15 pages
- System Level: Meulenbelt, Stephanie. 2018. “Assessing Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Threats to the Food Supply Chain.” Global Security: Health, Science and Policy 3 (1): 14–27. https://doi.org/10.1080/23779497.2018.1509675. CC BY
- 13 pages
Total Page Count: 47
Introducing the readings:
The unit's readings introduce students to four major concepts: actors, individual level, state (aka country) level, and system level. These concepts work together as a framework for thinking analytically about international relations.
"One World, Many Actors" by Carmen Gebhard describes the levels of analysis and explains how levels affect our findings of political phenomenon. Additionally, she explains how the study of international relations is looking "Beyond the state".
The following three readings, Longo and Zacka 2019, Guild 2019, and Meulenbelt 2018 are readings to help students operationalize individual, state, and system levels in international relations.