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Essentials of Linguistics
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CC BY-SA
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This Open Educational Resource (OER) brings together Open Access content from around the web and enhances it with dynamic video lectures about the core areas of theoretical linguistics (phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics), supplemented with discussion of psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic findings. Essentials of Linguistics is suitable for any beginning learner of linguistics but is primarily aimed at the Canadian learner, focusing on Canadian English for learning phonetic transcription, and discussing the status of Indigenous languages in Canada. Drawing on best practices for instructional design, Essentials of Linguistics is suitable for blended classes, traditional lecture classes, and for self-directed learning. No prior knowledge of linguistics is required.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
eCampusOntario
Author:
Catherine Anderson
Date Added:
01/01/2018
Linguistics for Teachers of English
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CC BY-NC-SA
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The primary goals of this text are to acquaint prospective teachers of English with certain aspects of the history, structure, and use of the English Language. Through considering the nature of the English language; how language and culture are interconnected as well as how it is acquired and how and why it changes, readers will come to a fuller understanding of sociolinguistics. This text discusses the nature of language, as well as how it is acquired; how and why languages change, and how the English language in particular has changed (and continues to change); why different varieties of English have developed, and why they continue to be used; how linguists have attempted to account for the (ir)regularities of English; how language and culture are related; and how linguistics can be used as a tool in the classroom. This text presents important topics for English teachers to know: the relationship between “standard” and “nonstandard” dialects, how and why language varies, how we can make informed decisions about what is “right” and “wrong” in language use, and generally how a sound knowledge of how language works can inform and benefit the pedagogical strategies needed to develop as a teacher. Ultimately, I want readers to think about language in ways not thought of before: objectively, passionately, critically, analytically, and logically. This allows readers to move beyond memorization of facts to original thought (which is sort of like the difference between knowing how to add and subtract, and being able to balance a checkbook).

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
New Prairie Press
Author:
Carol Russell
Date Added:
01/07/2019
Essential of Linguistics
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-SA
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0.0 stars

This Open Educational Resource (OER) brings together Open Access content from around the web and enhances it with dynamic video lectures about the core areas of theoretical linguistics (phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics), supplemented with discussion of psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic findings. Essentials of Linguistics is suitable for any beginning learner of linguistics but is primarily aimed at the Canadian learner, focusing on Canadian English for learning phonetic transcription, and discussing the status of Indigenous languages in Canada. Drawing on best practices for instructional design, Essentials of Linguistics is suitable for blended classes, traditional lecture classes, and for self-directed learning. No prior knowledge of linguistics is required.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Maricopa Open Digital Press
Author:
Catherine Anderson
Date Added:
10/19/2020
Essentials of Linguistics, 2nd edition
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CC BY-NC-SA
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5.0 stars

This Second Edition of Essentials of Linguistics is considerably revised and expanded, including several new chapters, diverse language examples from signed and spoken languages, enhanced accessibility features, and an orientation towards equity and justice. While the primary audience is Canadian students of Introduction to Linguistics, it is also suitable for learners elsewhere, in online, hybrid, or in-person courses.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
eCampusOntario
Author:
Ai Taniguchi
Bronwyn Bjorkman
Catherine Anderson
Derek Denis
Julianne Doner
Margaret Grant
Nathan Sanders
Date Added:
07/14/2022
The Unicode cookbook for linguists: Managing writing systems using orthography profiles
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CC BY
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This text is a practical guide for linguists, and programmers, who work with data in multilingual computational environments. We introduce the basic concepts needed to understand how writing systems and character encodings function, and how they work together at the intersection between the Unicode Standard and the International Phonetic Alphabet. Although these standards are often met with frustration by users, they nevertheless provide language researchers and programmers with a consistent computational architecture needed to process, publish and analyze lexical data from the world's languages. Thus we bring to light common, but not always transparent, pitfalls which researchers face when working with Unicode and IPA. Having identified and overcome these pitfalls involved in making writing systems and character encodings syntactically and semantically interoperable (to the extent that they can be), we created a suite of open-source Python and R tools to work with languages using orthography profiles that describe author- or document-specific orthographic conventions. In this cookbook we describe a formal specification of orthography profiles and provide recipes using open source tools to show how users can segment text, analyze it, identify errors, and to transform it into different written forms for comparative linguistics research.

Subject:
Computer Science
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Language Science Press
Author:
Michael Cysouw
Steven Moran
Date Added:
11/13/2018
Languages and Worldview
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CC BY-NC-SA
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5.0 stars

Asking and answering questions about what culture entails and examines the fundamental properties and intertwining nature of language and culture. This text explores linguistic relativity, lexical differences among languages and intercultural communication, including high and low contexts.

Changes to a variety of OER works were made by Manon Allard-Kropp in the Department of Language and Cultural Studies to tailor the text to fit the needs of the Languages and World View course at the University of Missouri–St. Louis. Materials from the original sources have been combined, reorganized, and added to by the current author, and any conceptual or typographical errors are the responsibility of the current author.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
University of Missouri St. Louis
Author:
Manon Allard-Kropp
Date Added:
02/10/2020
WAC and Second-Language Writers: Research Towards Linguistically and Culturally Inclusive Programs and Practices
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CC BY-NC-ND
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In WAC and Second-Language Writers, the editors and contributors pursue the ambitious goal of including within WAC theory, research, and practice the differing perspectives, educational experiences, and voices of second-language writers. The chapters within this collection not only report new research but also share a wealth of pedagogical, curricular, and programmatic practices relevant to second-language writers. Representing a range of institutional perspectives—including those of students and faculty at public universities, community colleges, liberal arts colleges, and English-language schools—and a diverse set of geographical and cultural contexts, the editors and contributors report on work taking place in the United States, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East.

Subject:
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
WAC Clearinghouse
Author:
Michelle Cox
Terry Zawacki
Date Added:
01/09/2014
La lingüística hispánica: Una introducción
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CC BY-NC-SA
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Este libro, todavía en desarrollo, se dirige a estudiantes de español en universidades estadounidenses y pretende ofrecer una breve y simple introducción a la lingüística hispánica. Incluye conceptos básicos de la lingüística, brinda ensayos que abarcan temas de interés social conectando la lingüística con la vida diaria, y ejercicios para practicar los conceptos. También hay enlaces a materiales relevantes disponibles en la red. El libro está creado enteramente por textos escritos y materiales compartidos por estudiantes mayoritariamente de pregrado y también cuenta con el trabajo y esfuerzo de estudiantes-editoras en un proyecto a largo plazo de pedagogía abierta.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Author:
Ashwini Ganeshan
Date Added:
11/18/2021
Brehe’s Grammar Anatomy
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CC BY-SA
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Brehe’s Grammar Anatomy makes grammar accessible to general and specialist readers alike. This book provides an in-depth look at beginner grammar terms and concepts, providing clear examples with limited technical jargon. Whether for academic or personal use, Brehe’s Grammar Anatomy is the perfect addition to any resource library.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
University System of Georgia
Provider Set:
Galileo Open Learning Materials
Author:
Steven Brehe
Date Added:
06/28/2019
A Grammar of Pite Saami
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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Pite Saami is a highly endangered Western Saami language in the Uralic language family currently spoken by a few individuals in Swedish Lapland. This grammar is the first extensive book-length treatment of a Saami language written in English. While focussing on the morphophonology of the main word classes nouns, adjectives and verbs, it also deals with other linguistic structures such as prosody, phonology, phrase types and clauses. Furthermore, it provides an introduction to the language and its speakers, and an outline of a preliminary Pite Saami orthography. An extensive annotated spoken-language corpus collected over the course of five years forms the empirical foundation for this description, and each example includes a specific reference to the corpus in order to facilitate verification of claims made on the data. Descriptions are presented for a general linguistics audience and without attempting to support a specific theoretical approach, but this book should be equally useful for scholars of Uralic linguistics, typologists, and even learners of Pite Saami.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Language Science Press
Author:
Joshua Wilbur
Date Added:
06/28/2019
Analyzing meaning: An introduction to semantics and pragmatics
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CC BY-NC
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This book provides an introduction to the study of meaning in human language, from a linguistic perspective. It covers a fairly broad range of topics, including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics. The chapters are organized into six units: (1) Foundational concepts; (2) Word meanings; (3) Implicature (including indirect speech acts); (4) Compositional semantics; (5) Modals, conditionals, and causation; (6) Tense & aspect.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Language Science Press
Author:
Paul Kroeger
Date Added:
01/01/2015
Grammatical theory: From transformational grammar to constraint-based approaches
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CC BY
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This book introduces formal grammar theories that play a role in current linguistic theorizing (Phrase Structure Grammar, Transformational Grammar/Government & Binding, Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, Head-​Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Construction Grammar, Tree Adjoining Grammar). The key assumptions are explained and it is shown how the respective theory treats arguments and adjuncts, the active/passive alternation, local reorderings, verb placement, and fronting of constituents over long distances. The analyses are explained with German as the object language.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Language Science Press
Author:
Stefan Müller
Date Added:
02/28/2020
The Simple Math of Writing Well: Writing for the 21st Century
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CC BY-NC-SA
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Writing guides abound, but The Simple Math of Writing Well is one of a kind. Readers will find its practical approach affirming, encouraging, and informative, and its focus on the basics of linguistic structure releases 21st-century writers to embrace the variety of mediums that define our internet-connected world. As Harrop reminds us in the opening chapters of her book, we write more today than ever before in history: texts, emails, letters, blogs, reports, social media posts, proposals, etc. The Simple Math of Writing Well is the first guide that directly addresses the importance of writing well in the Google age.

Subject:
Composition and Rhetoric
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
George Fox University Library
Author:
Jennie A. Harrop
Date Added:
01/01/2018
A grammar of Mauwake
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CC BY
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0.0 stars

This grammar provides a synchronic grammatical description of Mauwake, a Papuan Trans-New Guinea (TNG) language of about 2000 speakers on the north coast of the Madang Province in Papua New Guinea. It is the first book-length treatment of the Mauwake language and the only published grammar of the Kumil subgroup to date. Relying on other existing published and unpublished grammars, the author shows how the language is similar to, or different from, related TNG languages especially in the Madang province. The grammar gives a brief introduction to the Mauwake people, their environment and their culture. Although the book mainly covers morphology and syntax, it also includes ashort treatment of the phonological system and the orthography. The description of the grammatical units proceeds from the words/morphology to the phrases, clauses, sentence types and clause combinations. The chapter on functional domains is the only one where the organization is based on meaning/function rather than structure. The longest chapter in the book is on morphology, with verbs taking the central stage. The final chapter deals with the pragmatic functions theme, topic and focus. 13 texts by native speakers, mostly recorded and transcribed but some originally written, are included in the Appendix with morpheme-by-morpheme glosses and a free translation. The theoretical approach used is that of Basic Linguistic Theory. Language typologists and professional Papuanist linguists are naturally one target audience for the grammar. But also two other possible, and important, audiences influenced especially the style the writing: well educated Mauwake speakers interested in their language, and those other Papua New Guineans who have some basic training in linguistics and are keen to explore their own languages.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Language Science Press
Author:
Liisa Berghäll
Date Added:
07/03/2019
A grammar of Papuan Malay
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CC BY
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0.0 stars

This book presents an in-depth linguistic description of Papuan Malay, a non-standard variety of Malay. The language is spoken in coastal West Papua which covers the western part of the island of New Guinea. The study is based on sixteen hours of recordings of spontaneous narratives and conversations between Papuan Malay speakers, recorded in the Sarmi area on the northeast coast of West Papua. Papuan Malay is the language of wider communication and the first or second language for an ever-increasing number of people of the area. While Papuan Malay is not officially recognized and therefore not used in formal government or educational settings or for religious preaching, it is used in all other domains, including unofficial use in formal settings, and, to some extent, in the public media. After a general introduction to the language, its setting, and history, this grammar discusses the following topics, building up from smaller grammatical constituents to larger ones: phonology, word formation, noun and prepositional phrases, verbal and nonverbal clauses, non-declarative clauses, and conjunctions and constituent combining. Of special interest to linguists, typologists, and Malay specialists are the following in-depth analyses and descriptions: affixation and its productivity across domains of language choice, reduplication and its gesamtbedeutung, personal pronouns and their adnominal uses, demonstratives and locatives and their extended uses, and adnominal possessive relations and their non- canonical uses. This study provides a starting point for Papuan Malay language development efforts and a point of comparison for further studies on other Malay varieties.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Language Science Press
Author:
Angela Kluge
Date Added:
07/03/2019
Mind, Body, World: Foundations of Cognitive Science
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CC BY-NC-ND
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Cognitive science arose in the 1950s when it became apparent that a number of disciplines, including psychology, computer science, linguistics, and philosophy, were fragmenting. Perhaps owing to the field’s immediate origins in cybernetics, as well as to the foundational assumption that cognition is information processing, cognitive science initially seemed more unified than psychology. However, as a result of differing interpretations of the foundational assumption and dramatically divergent views of the meaning of the term information processing, three separate schools emerged: classical cognitive science, connectionist cognitive science, and embodied cognitive science.

Subject:
Psychology
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Athabasca University
Author:
Michael Dawson
Date Added:
01/01/2013
Accelerated English
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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0.0 stars

This Pressbook is a textbook for Accelerated English. It covers the writing process, writing structure, literary analysis, peer editing workshops, the research process, and narrative essays. It includes practice exam materials, example essays, and a final project and portfolio.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Achieving the Dream
Author:
Ashley Paul
Bunker Hill Community College
Date Added:
05/13/2021
Beginner Arabic
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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0.0 stars

This is an open textbook on Beginner Arabic for undergraduate students who are taking Arabic in their first semester. It addresses letters and sounds of Arabic along with basic skills in reading, speaking and writing. The book can be used as a self-study resource or as the main textbook in beginning Arabic classes.

Subject:
Languages
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
MSU Libraries' Open Books
Author:
Ayman Mohamed
Sadam Issa
Date Added:
08/27/2021
Daily Departures: Speed Reading Passages for English Language Learners
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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0.0 stars

For more accessible and classroom-friendly (Word and PDF) versions of this book, please view and download them at PDXScholar. This Pressbook version primarily exists to encourage others to adapt and adopt Daily Departures: Speed Reading Passages for English Language Learners using Pressbooks. This textbook is designed to provide fluency support for English language learners at the Waystage level of the Common European Framework Reference.

Subject:
Language Education (ESL)
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
PDX Pressbooks
Author:
Regina D. Weaver
Date Added:
10/29/2020