All resources in Westmoreland IU

Gingerbread Man Math

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Gingerbread men and gingerbread houses enjoy special popularity around the holidays, but many of these gingerbread activities are timeless and complement literature titles that teachers use at the beginning of school or after the holidays. It's very easy to incorporate mathematics into a study of gingerbread men, and students will enjoy the data collection activities and games while learning math skills and deepening their understanding of important mathematical concepts. Look through these math activities and add some to your repertoire. Consider broadening the gingerbread math to include measurement, games and problem solving this year.

Material Type: Activity/Lab, Game

Author: Terry Kawas


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Holidays video clip prompts students to write about two of their favorite family traditions. ***Access to Teacher's Domain content now requires free login to PBS Learning Media.

Material Type: Lecture

Learning to Fly: The Wright Brothers' Adventure

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This activity sends students undercover to Dayton and Kitty Hawk to report secretly on the activities of two brothers who are making a big glider in their bicycle shop. Students prepare by researching aviation history and then, posing as news reporters, interview the brothers (and neighbors). Instructions are included for building the Wright brothers' gliders and first plane.

Material Type: Activity/Lab

Japanese American Internment

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After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which established 10 internment camps for "national security" purposes. Although most internment camps were along the West Coast, others could be found in Wyoming and Colorado, and as far east as Arkansas. One photo shows Japanese American boys in San Francisco shortly before the evacuation order; another shows a woman waiting for the evacuation bus in Hayward; approximately 660 people being evacuated by bus from San Francisco on the first day of the program; and an aerial image of people sitting on their belongings, waiting to be taken to Manzanar. The government-sponsored War Relocation Authority (WRA) hired Dorothea Lange and other photographers to take pictures of the relocation and internment of Japanese Americans. Lange?s photographs, some of which were suppressed by the WRA and only released later, often capture the irony inherent in the situation. Although internees were allowed to take only what they could carry with them to the camps, one Lange photo juxtaposes a bus poster "Such a load off my mind ? Bekins stored my things" next to a pile of internees' belongings. Another striking Lange image shows a Japanese American-owned corner store with a large "I am an American" banner hanging beneath a "Sold" sign. Another photograph of an engine's distributor, removed from a car owned by an internee, showed that people were truly prisoners at the camp, unable to drive their own cars away. Several paintings by interned Japanese American artists Henry Sugimoto and Hisako Hibi reflect their emotional experiences and give viewers a sense of what life was like for them. The paintings express the pain, suffering, and anger of those subjected to internment. Over 100,000 Japanese American men, women, and children were relocated and detained at these camps. Photographs here show people of all ages, including a grandfather and grandchild, and young children. This internment is now recognized as a violation of their human and civil rights. In 1980, the US government officially apologized and reparations were paid to survivors.

Material Type: Diagram/Illustration, Lesson Plan, Primary Source, Reading, Teaching/Learning Strategy

Pearl Harbor Raid

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is a detailed account of the December 7, 1941, attack. More than 100 photos and descriptions look at the 7 U.S. battleships moored along Battleship Row that morning, attacks off Ford Island, attacks in the Navy yard area, attacks on airfields, Japanese aircraft and midget submarines used in the attacks, aerial combat, and more.

Material Type: Reading

Transforming the Future of Flight

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In this video segment adapted from NASA, learn how engineers are transforming the future of flight by designing airplanes based on principles found in nature. In the early 1900s, the Wright Brothers found inspiration for their first airplane in nature. Their "Flyer," which was modeled on a bird's flexible wing design, was steered and stabilized by pulleys and cables that twisted the wingtips. Despite its success, this control strategy quickly vanished from aviation. Instead, stiff wings capable of withstanding the greater forces associated with increased aircraft weights and flying speeds became the standard. In this video segment adapted from NASA, learn how designs found in nature have inspired today's aerospace engineers as they conceive the next-generation of flying machines. Grades 3-12.

Material Type: Activity/Lab

Authors: Argosy Foundation, WGBH Educational Foundation

What Makes Airplanes Fly?

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Students begin to explore the idea of a force. To further their understanding of drag, gravity and weight, they conduct activities that model the behavior of parachutes and helicopters. An associated literacy activity engages the class to recreate the Wright brothers' first flight in the style of the "You Are There" television series.

Material Type: Activity/Lab, Lesson Plan

Authors: Ben Heavner, Denise Carlson, Malinda Schaefer Zarske, Sabre Duren

You Are There... First Flight

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Students learn about archives and primary sources as they research original historical documents. While preparing an imaginative first-person account as if witnessing an historical event, they learn to appreciate the value of the first-person, eye-witness account and understand its limitations. Note: The literacy activities for the Mechanics unit are based on physical themes that have broad application to our experience in the world — concepts of rhythm, balance, spin, gravity, levity, inertia, momentum, friction, stress and tension.

Material Type: Activity/Lab

Authors: Denise Carlson, Jane Evenson, Malinda Schaefer Zarske

Colorín Colorado

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This site is designed for parents and teachers who are helping Spanish-speaking children learn to read in English. Find activities to help children learn about sounds, letters, and words. Use tips and materials to help children develop skills in reading. (Available in English and Spanish.) This site is filled with useful information, strategies, activities, and resources for all teachers of ELLs, whether you are an ESL teacher or a content area teacher with one or two English learners in your class. Although many of the activities have been designed for children in PreK-3, most can be adapted for children in upper elementary, middle school, and high school.

Material Type: Activity/Lab, Teaching/Learning Strategy

A Complete Program for Teaching Basic ESL Fluency Using See-Say Picture Cards

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 My See-Say Basic English Fluency Program offers a fun and efficient way to teach basic English.  It uses picture cards (not text), so it is ideal for students who are not literate in any language. I find that it is a great way for any student to learn English.  The teacher speaks a simple sentence while showing it as a sequence of picture cards.  The cards represent the exact grammar of the sentence.  As the teacher changes a card or two, students learn to speak the corresponding “change” they see in the sentence, for example, “I see a ball.”  “She sees a ball.”  “She sees a car.”  “They see a car.”  Suggestions for different types of partner-practice, songs, games and other activities are included in each session.All the materials (teacher cards, student cars, teacher's manual, orkbook, etc are available to anyone who would like to use them (see link below) By following the sequence of lessons in the manual, teachers introduce new cards (new grammatical elements) in a logical progression, so that students are soon able to speak simply, but correctly, using adjectives, adverbs, questions, different tenses, and so on.All materials (manual, workbook, card-masters to print, digital card images) are FREE and available on the internet. This project has NO commercial motive.This method can be used in the most rudimentary learning environment (e.g. a refugee camp) but is easily adaptable to technologically-enabled classrooms.The manual guides a teacher through a complete, self-contained core curriculum for basic English. However it can also be used to supplement any other basic English core curriculum.Access all materials by clicking on or cutting and pasting this link into your browser:

Material Type: Lesson Plan

Author: Meredith Folley