All resources in School Counsel(l)ors from Across the World

Cyberbullying And Imapcts of Cyberbullying

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CYBER BULLING Cyber bullying is bullying that takes place over digital devices like cell phones, computers, and tablets. Cyber bullying can occur through SMS, Text, and apps, or online in social media, forums, or gaming where people can view, participate in, or share content. Cyber bullying includes sending, posting, or sharing negative, harmful, false, or mean content about someone else. It can include sharing personal or private information about someone else causing embarrassment or humiliation. Some cyber bullying crosses the line into unlawful or criminal behavior. The most common places where cyber bullying occurs are: Social Media, such as Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat, and Twitter SMS (Short Message Service) also known as Text Message sent through devices Instant Message (via devices, email provider services, apps, and social media messaging features) Email. WHERE IS CYBERBULLYING OCCURING ? Manuals to educate the public, teachers and parents summarize, "Cyberbullying is being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material using a cell phone or the internet." Research, legislation and education in the field are ongoing. Research has identified basic definitions and guidelines to help recognize and cope with what is regarded as abuse of electronic communications. Cyberbullying involves repeated behavior with intent to harm. Cyberbullying is perpetrated through harassment, cyberstalking, denigration (sending or posting cruel rumors and falsehoods to damage reputation and friendships), impersonation, and exclusion (intentionally and cruelly excluding someone from an online group) Cyberbullying can be as simple as continuing to send emails or text messages harassing someone who has said they want no further contact with the sender. It may also include public actions such as repeated threats, sexual remarks, pejorative labels (i.e., hate speech) or defamatory false accusations, ganging up on a victim by making the person the subject of ridicule in online forums, hacking into or vandalizing sites about a person, and posting false statements as fact aimed a discrediting or humiliating a targeted person. Cyberbullying could be limited to posting rumors about a person on the internet with the intention of bringing about hatred in others' minds or convincing others to dislike or participate in online denigration of a target. It may go to the extent of personally identifying victims of crime and publishing materials severely defaming or humiliating them. Cyberbullies may disclose victims' personal data (e.g. real name, home address, or workplace/schools) at websites or forums or may use impersonation, creating fake accounts, comments or sites posing as their target for the purpose of publishing material in their name that defames, discredits or ridicules them. This can leave the cyberbully anonymous which can make it difficult for the offender to be caught or punished for their behavior, although not all cyberbullies maintain their anonymity. Text or instant messages and emails between friends can also constitute cyber bullying if what is said or displayed is hurtful to the participants. The recent use of mobile applications and rise of smartphones have yielded to a more accessible form of . It is expected that cyber bullying via these platforms will be associated with bullying via mobile phones to a greater extent than exclusively through other more stationary internet platforms. In addition, the combination of cameras and Internet access and the instant availability of these modern smartphone technologies yield themselves to specific types of cyber bullying not found in other platforms. It is likely that those cyber bullied via mobile devices will experience a wider range of cyber bullying types than those exclusively bullied elsewhere.

Material Type: Homework/Assignment

Author: Mounika

Cyberbullying

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The objective of this unit is for students to be able to evaluate cyberbullying and know what to do if they witness it and or are a victim. We are going to touch on the bystander effect, THINK, the definition of cyberbullying, the signs of someone being cyber bullied, and how to handle cyberbullying in smart and effective ways. We want the students to be aware of the issue and know how to help and especially prevent it if they can by being smart digital citizens. This lesson will also show how to promote awareness of cyberbullying and how to show people the negative effects of it. This lesson will help the students develop an understanding of the issue and know many components of it.

Material Type: Lesson Plan

Author: Katie Jacobsen

The New Psychology of Depression

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We live in a world filled with material wealth, live longer and healthier lives, and yet anxiety, stress, unhappiness, and depression have never been more common. What are the driving forces behind these interlinked global epidemics? In this series, Professor Mark Williams (Wellcome Trust Principal Research Fellow at Oxford University) and Dr Danny Penman discuss the recent scientific advances that have radically altered our understanding of depression and related disorders. Also discussed is the latest treatments and therapies that are offering hope to those suffering from depression. Professor Williams co-developed Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), a treatment for anxiety, stress and depression that is at least as effective as drugs at preventing new episodes of depression. It's now one of the preferred treatments for depression recommended by the UK's National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. The same technique, based upon an ancient form of meditation, can also help us cope more effectively with the relentless demands of our increasingly frantic world.

Material Type: Lecture

Authors: Danny Penman, Mark Williams

Helping Bereaved Children: 20 Activities for Processing Grief

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Helping Bereaved Children: 20 Activities for Processing Grief Copyrighted Article Re-Posted with Permission from authors Brad A. Imhoff, Kaela Vance and Amberle Quackenbush of Ohio University Presented to the 2012 All Ohio Counselors Conference in Columbus, Ohio http://www.allohiocc.org/Resources/Documents/AOCC%202012%20Session%2062.pdf

Material Type: Activity/Lab, Lesson, Lesson Plan

Author: NDE Digital Learning

Developing Empathy

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When we put ourselves in another person’s shoes, we are often more sensitive to what that person is experiencing and are less likely to tease or bully them. By explicitly teaching students to be more conscious of other people’s feelings, we can create a more accepting and respectful school community.

Material Type: Lesson Plan

Feelings Mandala

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Feelings Mandala A Copyrighted Activity Created by and Re-posted with Permission from Kristina Marcelli Sargent https://kristinamarcelli.wordpress.com Objectives: The participants will: 1. Be introduced to the art form of mandalas 2. Explore emotions and assign a color for each emotion 3. Reflect on their personal emotions and color in a mandala to represent the frequency of their emotions by using space and color Audience: Kristina designed this activity for children but it can easily be adapted to all ages. It is an excellent way for the participants to explore emotions.

Material Type: Activity/Lab, Lesson, Lesson Plan

Author: NDE Digital Learning

How to Create a Vision Board

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How to Create a Vision Board A Copyrighted Activity Created by and Re-posted with Permission from Louise Gale http://www.louisegale.com Objectives: The participants will: 1. Reflect on goals for themselves for a set point in the future 2. Use the art form of collage to manipulate materials and create artwork that symbolizes those goals and visions Audiences: This activity can be used by any age group. Counselors/therapists may adapt this activity for those who are battling depression, addiction, PTSD or other issues. What is a Vision Board and Why is it Important? A vision board is simply a board of any size which has pictures, words and other items collaged onto it. The purpose is to create a picture or vision of what you want to attract into your life—this could be where you’d like to visit or live, changes you’d like to make to your existing environment or life, or how you’d like to feel. Displaying your vision board where you will see it every day will help you “tune your brain”, similar to a radio signal, to remind yourself of the goals you have set as you go about your busy life! Visuals are powerful as they tap into your subconscious more than words. I really like to use a combination of visuals and words as the words will also help increase the emotional response. I usually keep my vision board in my bedroom so I wake up to it every day. Remember you don’t have to do this alone. You can invite your family and close friends to take part.

Material Type: Activity/Lab, Lesson, Lesson Plan

Author: NDE Digital Learning