Karolinska Institutet

karolinska institutet is a university with focus on doctoral education
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An Introduction to Global Health - Health Indicators (13:06)

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No matter what your area of interest is, you need to know how to evaluate your subject, how to measure it. Global health is measured using something we call health indicators. To understand how a population in a country, or in a region, or even a part of a city is doing, you need to know its health indicators. How long do people live in this country? How many children die before they reach their fifth birthday in this city? What is the weight of children and adults in the northern part of the country? How many women die in childbirth in the country? Once you have looked at these numbers and compared them with other populations, you can make sense of the health situation of a population. In this lecture you will some basic health indicators, and also how the data is collected. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: MD PhD Helena Nordenstedt

An Introduction to Global Health - Health Determinants (10:40)

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What determines our health? Why does life expectancy differ so much from country to country, or even from one group to another in the same country? Well, there is no easy answer to these questions. There are many factors that play a part in determining the well-being of the population, or even of an individual. In global health, we call these factors determinants of health. Determinants of health interact with each other, and influence our health status is in numerous ways, in turn influencing our well-being, morbidity, mortality, and life expectancy. As you already know, the first and most important health determinant is income. Income of an individual or a household, but also income of the country a person lives in. Other important health determinants are education, access to water, diet, environment and many more. In this presentation we will look closer at how health determinants determine an individual’s health, and how different health determinants interact with each other. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Anna Mia Ekström

An Introduction to Global Health - Population (8:39)

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You must know the basic facts about the world population in order to grasp global health. You need to know where people live in this world, how the world population is changing based on the number of babies born per woman, on average, in the world as a whole and in the different regions. And finally, you must learn how, why, and when the fast population growth in the world will come to an end during this century. Please look at this video with five video clips where this is explained. And if something is surprising to you, please look twice. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Hans Rosling

An Introduction to Global Health - Maternal Health (13:21)

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What is maternal mortality? Maternal mortality is the risk of a mother to die when she is pregnant. It's the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. This number has decreased enormously in the past century or decades, but the differences between countries are huge. Why do some expecting mothers end up on the road to death, and some on the road to survival? What is needed to read the SDG 3.1, to lower maternal mortality ratio to 70 in the world? For an introduction to why mothers die, and what can be done to prevent these deaths, take a look at this video. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Associate Professor Claudia Hanson

An Introduction to Global Health - Newborn Health (10:24)

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The newborn or neonatal period relates to children during the first 28 days of life. This session will explore how really simple and low cost interventions at high coverage could save the life of a large proportion of newborn children. During the past two decades, we have seen a dramatic improvement in child survival. In 1990, almost 13 million children died every year. Today, this number has reduced by more than half to below six million. This is the result of an increasing number of people gaining access to clean water, vaccination, education, nutrition, and health care. Learn more by watching this video. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: MD Sahar Nejat

An Introduction to Global Health - Three main child killers part 3 - Malaria (6:36)

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Even though malaria cases have gone down in the past 20 years, the battle is still not won, and in some places there's a backlash. There is also the threat of drug resistance that can revert this positive trend. Learn more about our third biggest child killer - malaria. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: MD PhD Ann Lindstrand

An Introduction to Global Health - TB (5:28)

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TB is one of the oldest known diseases (since antiquity at least), and it is estimated that a quarter of the human population is infected by the bacteria that causes TB. Not everyone gets TB though. Learn more about this fascinating disease and old companion of humans here. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Anna Mia Ekström

An Introduction to global health - Antibiotic use and resistance (10:41)

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The discovery of antibiotics less than 100 years ago revolutionized health care, making former deadly diseases treatable. Still many people especially in low-income countries do not have access to these life-saving drugs, while att he same time, in many other arts of the world over-consumption of antibiotics is driving antimicrobial resistance, threatening to throw us back 100 years in time. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

An Introduction to Global Health - Mental Health (11:59)

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In Ethiopia there are 0.5 psychiatrists per million people, whereas in Sweden there are 200 per million people. Does that mean each psychiatrist in Ethiopia has to see 400 times more patients per day? To learn more abot global mental health, please watch this lecture. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: MD PhD Fredrik Wikström

An Introduction to Global Health - Health Policy (7:47)

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When researchers have spent years on finding evidence for a solution to a health problem, it is not enough for this solution to reach people. Health policy, that is getting policy and decision makers on board to translate evidence into action must also take place. Learn more about it here. Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview

Material Type: Lecture

Author: Professor Göran Tomson