Subjects:
Social Science, Psychology
License:
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Keywords:
Abraham Maslow, American Psychological Association, B. F. Skinner, Behaviorism, Biopsychology, Biopsychosocial Model, Careers in Psychology, Carl Rogers, Client-centered Therapy, Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Contemporary Psychology, Counseling Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Dissertation, Empiricism, Evolutionary Psychology, Feminist Psychology, Five Factor Model, Forensic Psychology, Functionalism, Gestalt, Health Psychology, History of Psychology, Humanism, Industrial-organizational (I-O), Introspection, Ivan Pavlov, Jean Piaget, John Watson, Kurt Koffka, Max Wertheimer, Modern Psychology, Multicultural Psychology, Noam Chomsky, Personality Psychology, Personality Trait, PhD, Postdoctoral Training Program, PsyD, Psyche, Psychoanalytic Theory, Psychology, Psychology Careers, Psychology Employment, Sensation and Perception, Sigmund Freud, Skinner Box, Social Psychology, Sport and Exercise Psychology, Stanley Milgram, Structuralism, Unconditional Positive Regard, Unconscious, Wilhelm Wundt, William James, Wolfgang Köhler, –ology
Provider:
Rice University
Introduction

Introduction

Module Overview

Opening image caption:

Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. (credit "background": modification of work by Nattachai Noogure; credit "top left": modification of work by U.S. Navy; credit "top middle-left": modification of work by Peter Shanks; credit "top middle-right": modification of work by "devinf"/Flickr; credit "top right": modification of work by Alejandra Quintero Sinisterra; credit "bottom left": modification of work by Gabriel Rocha; credit "bottom middle-left": modification of work by Caleb Roenigk; credit "bottom middle-right": modification of work by Staffan Scherz; credit "bottom right": modification of work by Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team)

Psychology is designed to meet scope and sequence requirements for the single-semester introduction to psychology course. The book offers a comprehensive treatment of core concepts, grounded in both classic studies and current and emerging research. The text also includes coverage of the DSM-5 in examinations of psychological disorders. Psychology incorporates discussions that reflect the diversity within the discipline, as well as the diversity of cultures and communities across the globe.

Task 1 : Introduction

Introduction References:

References

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Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior. (credit "background": modification of work by Nattachai Noogure; credit "top left": modification of work by U.S. Navy; credit "top middle-left": modification of work by Peter Shanks; credit "top middle-right": modification of work by "devinf"/Flickr; credit "top right": modification of work by Alejandra Quintero Sinisterra; credit "bottom left": modification of work by Gabriel Rocha; credit "bottom middle-left": modification of work by Caleb Roenigk; credit "bottom middle-right": modification of work by Staffan Scherz; credit "bottom right": modification of work by Czech Provincial Reconstruction Team)

Clive Wearing is an accomplished musician who lost his ability to form new memories when he became sick at the age of 46. While he can remember how to play the piano perfectly, he cannot remember what he ate for breakfast just an hour ago (Sacks, 2007). James Wannerton experiences a taste sensation that is associated with the sound of words. His former girlfriend’s name tastes like rhubarb (Mundasad, 2013). John Nash is a brilliant mathematician and Nobel Prize winner. However, while he was a professor at MIT, he would tell people that the New York Times contained coded messages from extraterrestrial beings that were intended for him. He also began to hear voices and became suspicious of the people around him. Soon thereafter, Nash was diagnosed with schizophrenia and admitted to a state-run mental institution (O’Connor & Robertson, 2002). Nash was the subject of the 2001 movie A Beautiful Mind. Why did these people have these experiences? How does the human brain work? And what is the connection between the brain’s internal processes and people’s external behaviors? This textbook will introduce you to various ways that the field of psychology has explored these questions.