Author:
Thad Williams
Subject:
Education, History, Social Science
Material Type:
Textbook
Level:
Middle School
Tags:
League of Women Voters of Washington, Native Americans, Seattle Public Schools, Spanish, Washington State, league-of-women-voters-of-washington, native-americans, spanish, wa-el, wa-social-studies, washington-state
License:
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
Language:
English, Spanish
Media Formats:
Downloadable docs, Text/HTML

The State We're In: Washington (Spanish Translation)

The State We're In: Washington (Spanish Translation)

Overview

Overview:
 
Seattle Public Schools OER Grant has produced Spanish translations of The State We're In for use in Middle School Spanish Dual Language Immersion Programs. The State We’re In: Washington is an online and printed educational publication written by Jill Severn for the League of Women Voters of Washington Education Fund. Part of a larger Civic Education Project, this instructional resource establishes the link between public participation and effective government. Colorful graphs, historical photos and thought-provoking illustrations help to describe the basics of government, and the connection between a governing authority and culture and economy. Young readers and adults alike will gain a robust sense of past and present tribal governance and their relationship to state and local government in Washington. 

State We're In Spanish Chapter 1: How the first people of Washington governed themselves (pages 10-15)

En el camino largo de la historia, “Washington” es una creación reciente. Durante miles de años antes de la llegada de los colonos blancos, los nativos vivían en esta parte del mundo sin crear las fronteras que definen hoy nuestro estado.

In the long march of history, “Washington” is a recent creation. For thousands of years before white settlers came, native people lived in this part of the world without creating the boundaries that define our state today.

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Washington Pre-Statehood

State We're In Spanish Chapter 2: The design of today's democracy (pages 16-39)

 Democracia es la idea de que la gente debería tener control sobre su gobierno. Esto es lo contrario de un gobierno que tiene el control de la gente. En las sociedades donde hay un gobernador absoluto - un rey o un dictador - todo el poder está en las manos de una sola persona. En una democracia, el poder reside en las personas.

Democracy is the idea that people should have control over their government. This is the opposite of government having control of the people. In societies where there is one absolute ruler – a king, or a dictator – all power is held by one person. In a democracy, all power is held by the people.

 

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Becoming a State (pgs. 28-31); Government & Economics (pg. 17, 39)

State We're In Spanish Chapter 3: Creating Washington's Government (pages 40-52)

Comenzando en los años cuarenta del siglo XIX, colonos del Este y del Medio Oeste comenzaron a llegar al territorio de Oregón en busca de tierra para cultivar, aventuras y la oportunidad de crear nuevas comunidades. Al principio solo llegaron unos pocos, pero después de 1846, cuando los británicos dejaron de reclamar el área y el territorio de Oregón se convirtió oficialmente parte de los Estados Unidos, el número de colonos se multiplico cada año. La mayoría se asentó en el Willamette Valley, estableciendo Salem como su capital.

Starting in the 1840s, settlers from the East and Midwest began to come to the Oregon Territory in search of land to farm, adventure, and the opportunity to create new communities. At first, just a few came, but after 1846, when Britain gave up its claim to this area and the Oregon Territory became an official part of the U.S., the number of settlers multiplied every year. Most of them settled in the Willamette Valley, and they established Salem as their capital.

 

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Washington Pre-Statehood (pages 41-45); Becoming a State (page 54)

State We're In Spanish Chapter 4: 1900 - 2000 A Century of Change (pages 53-66)

En 1900, sobre medio millón de personas fueron contabilizadas en el censo de Washington (un censo es la cuenta de cuantas personas viven aquí, dirigido por el gobierno de los Estados Unidos una vez cada diez años). En el censo de 2010, fueron contabilizadas casi siete millones de personas (6.897.012 personas para ser exactos). Esto es un montón de gente y mucho cambio para nuestro estado. 

In 1900, about half a million people were counted in the census in Washington. (A census is a count of how many people live here, conducted by the U.S. government once every ten years.) In the 2010 census, nearly seven million people were counted (6,897,012 people, to be exact). That’s a lot of people – and a lot of change for our state. Imagine what it was like to live in Washington in the year 1900: People traveled on foot, on horses, on trains, or on boats, because cars were very rare. 

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Washington Physical and Natural Features (pages 55-59); Washington Pre-Statehood (pages 60-65); Becoming a State (page 62); Government and Economics (pages 53-55, 60). 

State We're In Spanish Chapter 5: Governing Washington Today (pages 67-89)

Gobernar Washington en la actualidad puede ser más complicado que hace 100 años, pero la estructura básica del gobierno es aún la misma. Nuestra forma de gobierno ha sido lo suficientemente flexible para que se adapte a los tiempos, y lo suficientemente estable para prevenir que cambie demasiado rápido o de manera radical. Esto se debe principalmente a que nuestra constitución nacional y estatal ha construido unos cimientos fuertes que han resistido el paso del tiempo. Las ideas básicas en nuestras constituciones -elecciones democráticas con regularidad, separación de poderes, el imperio de la ley y, derechos y responsabilidades claramente definidas para los ciudadanos- han arraigado profundamente en nuestra manera de vivir. Los principios y prácticas fundacionales, tanto en nuestras constituciones estatales como nacionales, se ven reflejadas en el gobierno actual de nuestro estado.

Governing Washington today may be more complicated than it was a hundred years ago, but the basic structure of our government is still the same. Our form of government has been flexible enough to change with the times, and stable enough to prevent change from being too sudden or extreme. That’s mainly because our national and state constitutions have provided a strong foundation that has stood the test of time. The basic ideas in our constitutions – regular democratic elections, separation of powers, the rule of law, and clearly defined rights and responsibilities for citizens – have become deeply ingrained in our way of life. The founding principles and practices in both our state and national constitutions are reflected in today’s state government.

  

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Government and Economics (pages 67-89, 60). 

State We're In Spanish Chapter 6: Tribal Governments Today (pages 90-99)

 

En 1989, el gobernador de Washington y representantes de muchas tribus indígenas firmaron el Acuerdo Centenario. (El centenario del estado fue el centésimo aniversario de que Washington se convirtiera en estado). El Acuerdo del Centenario decía que el gobierno estatal respetaría la soberanía de las tribus, es decir, respetaría el derecho de las tribus indígenas a gobernarse a sí mismas.

In 1989, Washington’s governor and representatives of many Indian tribes signed the Centennial Accord. (The state centennial was the 100th anniversary of Washington becoming a state.) The Centennial Accord said that state government would respect the sovereignty of the tribes – that is, it would respect Indian tribes’ right to govern themselves.

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Government and Economics (pages 90-99). 

State We're In Spanish Chapter 7: Local Government: Counties, Cities, Towns, and Special Districts (pages 100-112)

Los Gobiernos locales son los más pequeños, los más cercanos a nosotros, y generalmente el primer lugar al que recurrimos cuando necesitamos ayuda.

Local governments are smallest, closest to us, and usually the first place we turn when we need help. Because they are so close to us, local governments are also the easiest for citizens to affect. 

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Government and Economics (pages 100 - 112)

State We're In Spanish Chapter 8: Civics and the Natural World: Land, Air, Water, Plants, and Animals (pages 113-131)

Pensamos en nuestro gobierno como "del pueblo, por el pueblo y para el pueblo". Pero el gobierno también es para los pájaros, las abejas, los osos y los castores. No pueden votar, pero sus hogares, familias y futuros dependen de lo que los gobiernos hagan o no hagan. De hecho, toda la red de la vida se ve afectada por las decisiones que toman nuestros líderes electos y varias agencias gubernamentales.

We think of our government as being “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” But government is also for the birds, bees, bears and beavers. They can’t vote, but their homes, families, and futures depend on what governments do or don’t do. In fact, the whole web of life is affected by decisions our elected leaders and various government agencies make.

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Washington Physcial & Natural Features (pages 113-130).

State We're In Spanish Chapter 9: What's Next for Washington? (pages 132-150)

Desde aproximadamente 1850, cuando los pobladores comenzaron a mudarse a Washington, cinco o seis generaciones nacieron, crecieron, criaron hijos, se convirtieron en ancianos y fallecieron. (Una generación generalmente se define como unos 30 años, el tiempo que lleva crecer y tener hijos).

Since about 1850, when settlers first started moving to Washington, five or six generations have been born, grown up, raised children, become elders, and passed away. (A generation is usually defined as about 30 years – the time it takes to grow up and have children.)

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Washington Physcial & Natural Features (pages 132-150).

State We're In Spanish Chapter 10: What Does it Take to be a Good Citizen? (pages 151-154)

   Por lo general, cuando la gente habla de ser un buen ciudadano, lo primero que surge es votar. Eso es porque votar es el acto más básico de la ciudadanía. Cuando los inmigrantes se convierten en ciudadanos, casi siempre se enorgullecen de poder votar. Tienen razón en sentirse así. Realmente no hay nada más importante que el acto de marcar una boleta y tomar una decisión informada sobre cómo queremos dar forma a nuestro futuro y a quién queremos para que nos guíe.

 Usually when people talk about being a good citizen, the first thing that comes up is voting. That’s because voting is the most basic act of citizenship. When immigrants become citizens, they nearly always take great pride in being able to vote. They are right to feel this way. There’s really nothing more important than the act of marking a ballot and making an informed choice about how we want to shape our future, and who we want to lead us.

Curriculum Plan: Washington State History - Government and Economics (pages 151-154).