Author:
Kris Seago
Subject:
Political Science
Material Type:
Module
Level:
Community College / Lower Division
Tags:
Executive Branch, Texas
License:
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Graphics/Photos, Text/HTML

Introduction

Introduction

Overview

Introduction to the executive branch

Learning Objectives

At the end of this section, students will be able to

  • Understand the structure and powers of Texas’ Executive Branch
  • Understand the relative power of Texas’ Governor
  • Understand how the Governor of Texas is elected
  • Understand the qualifications to be Governor
  • Understand the roles played by Texas’ Governor
  • Discuss the veto power of Texas’ Governor
  • Understand the Governor's budgetary power
  • Understand the Governor's appointment power
  • Understand the Governor's clemency power
  • Explain the plural executive of Texas Government
  • Know the offices and officeholders of the plural executive
  • Explain the roles of the plural executive

At the end of this section, you’ll be able to

  • Understand the structure and powers of Texas’ Executive Branch
  • Understand the relative power of Texas’ Governor
  • Understand how the Governor of Texas is elected
  • Understand the qualifications to be Governor
  • Understand the roles played by Texas’ Governor
  • Discuss the veto power of Texas’ Governor
  • Understand the Governor's budgetary power
  • Understand the Governor's appointment power
  • Understand the Governor's clemency power
  • Explain the plural executive of Texas Government
  • Know the offices and officeholders of the plural executive
  • Explain the roles of the plural executive

Introduction to the Executive Branch

Introduction to the Executive Branch

The executive branch consists of the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Comptroller of Public Accounts, Land Commissioner, Attorney General, Agriculture Commissioner, the three-member Texas Railroad Commission, the State Board of Education, and the Secretary of State. Texas has a plural executive branch system which limits the power of the Governor. Except for the Secretary of State, all executive officers are elected independently making them directly answerable to the public, not the Governor.

Partly because of many elected officials, the governor’s powers are quite limited in comparison to other state governors or the U.S. President. In popular lore and belief the lieutenant governor, who heads the Senate and appoints its committees, has more power than the governor. The governor commands the state militia and can veto bills passed by the Legislature and call special sessions of the Legislature (this power is exclusive to the governor and can be exercised as often as desired). The governor also appoints members of various executive boards and fills judicial vacancies between elections. All members of the executive branch are elected statewide except for the Secretary of State (appointed) and the State Board of Education (each of its 15 members are elected from single-member districts).