Author:
Kris Seago
Subject:
Political Science
Material Type:
Module
Level:
Community College / Lower Division
Tags:
Legislature, Texas
License:
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Graphics/Photos, Text/HTML

Introduction: The Texas State Legislature

Introduction: The Texas State Legislature

Overview

This chapter explores the law-making branch of Texas government–the Texas State Legislature.

Introduction: The Texas State Legislature

Chapter Introduction: The Texas State Legislature

This chapter explores the law-making branch of Texas government–the Texas State Legislature.

Structure

At the end of this module, students will be able to:

  • Understand the structure of the Texas State Legislature

Learning Objectives

At the end of this section you’ll be able to:

  • Understand the structure of the Texas State Legislature

Article 3 of the Texas Constitution describes the legislative department (branch) of Texas. The Texas Legislature is a bicameral (two branches or chambers) system with the Texas Senate being the upper house, and the Texas House of Representatives the lower house. There are a total of 181 members of the Texas Legislature: 31 Senators, and 150 members of the House.

Duties and Role

At the end of this module, students will be able to:

  • Understand the duties and role of the Texas State Legislature

Learning Objectives

At the end of this section you’ll be able to:

  • Understand the duties and role of the Texas State Legislature

The Texas State Legislature meets at the Capitol in Austin. It is a powerful arm of the Texas government not only because of its power of the purse to control and direct the activities of state government and the strong constitutional connections between it and the Lieutenant Governor of Texas, but also due to Texas’s plural executive.

The duties of the Legislature include consideration of proposed laws and resolutions, consideration of proposed constitutional amendments for submission to the voters, and appropriation of all funds for the operation of state government. All bills for raising revenue considered by the Legislature must originate in the House of Representatives. The House alone can bring impeachment charges against a statewide officer, impeachment charges are tried by the Senate.

The Legislature is the constitutional successor of the Congress of the Republic of Texas since Texas’s 1845 entrance into the Union. The Legislature held its first regular session from February 16 to May 13, 1846.