Author:
Tracy Rains
Subject:
Elementary Education, Composition and Rhetoric
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Level:
Upper Primary
Grade:
4, 5
Tags:
Cause and Effect, English Language Arts, Problem and Solution, Sequence, Text Structures
License:
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Downloadable docs, Interactive, Text/HTML, Video

Sequence/Chronological Order, Cause/Effect, and Problem/Solution

Sequence/Chronological Order, Cause/Effect, and Problem/Solution

Overview

This seminar is a study of Sequence/Chronological Order, Cause and Effect, and Problem/Solution text structures. Research shows sequence and chronological order as separate structures and also as one and the same. As for cause/effect and problem/solution text structures, these are often confused by learners. These concerns will be addressed in this seminar while you learn how authors organize ideas. As a result, this will help you to better understand the nonfiction texts you are exposed to, along with the graphic organizers used to support the texts.

Standards

CC.1.2.5.E Use text structure, in and among texts, to interpret information.

Engage

Introductory warm-up activity.

Think about at least five events that stand out which have taken place in your life up until now (times of excitement, sorrow, fright, etc). How did you remember them in your mind? Were they organized somehow in your memory?

Explore

Read or watch the resources to learn about this concept, then do the practice activity.

Read

Watch

Do

This slideshare is a combination of this seminar’s text structures (slides 1-15 only)

Read more about Text Structure on this PDF.

Be sure to watch all three videos below. One video does not explain all the structures in this seminar.

Cause/ Effect  and  Problem/Solution Text Structure Video

Chronological  Order/Time Order  Text Structure Video

Sequence Text Structure Video

Extra Video

Cause/Effect Text Structure Video

Text Structure Task Cards Activity - Answer Key is provided.

 

Extra “Do” Activities

 

Practice

 

Explain

Discuss your ideas / opinions / understandings.

How do you think this image could relate to text structures?  Formulate some ideas and be ready to share.

Evaluate

Now it is time to self-check how much you have learned about the this topic.  If you do not know as much as you thought, go back to the “Explore” section of this seminar and reread, rewatch, or redo the activities listed.  See your facilitator if you have questions.

Click here to take the quiz online. You do not have to log into the quiz site in order to take this quiz. If a window pops up asking you to sign up for the quiz site, just close the sign-up window and start your quiz.

Elaborate

This is a task or project where you can show what you know.

Choose one activity below to complete.

Activity #1 Occupational Text Structures - Reflect on the text structures taught in this seminar:  sequence, chronological order, cause/effect, and problem/solution.

Your final project must include:

  • Two different occupations

  • Two different texts for each occupation (total of 4 text structure examples-paragraphs, videos, slides, etc.)

  • A completed graphic organizer for each text structure (total of 4 organizers)

  • You may NOT use a text structure more than once.

  • Organization of the above requirements in an appealing way, using Google Docs, Slides, or Drawing.

Activity #2 Image Text Structures- Reflect on the text structures taught in this seminar:  sequence, chronological order, cause/effect, and problem/solution.

Your final project must include:

  • Three Images

  • Three graphic organizers, organizing your thoughts and information prior to writing your texts.

  • Three paragraphs revealing each text structure you chose for this activity; incorporating the appropriate signal words into each one.

  • You may NOT use a text structure more than once.

  • Organization of the above requirements in an appealing way, using Google Docs, Slides, or Drawing.

Express

Complete this wrap-up activity where you reflect on your learning  

What was difficult about applying the concept of text structures when creating your own texts?  How would you compare the level of difficulty to texts already written for you to designing your own?