Tracy Rains
Elementary Education, Reading Foundation Skills
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Upper Primary
4, 5
Communication, English Language Arts, Figurative Language, Parts of Speech, Wyoming Department of Education
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0
Media Formats:
Downloadable docs, Interactive, Text/HTML, Video

Education Standards (3)

Alliteration, Onomatopoeia, and Idiom

Alliteration, Onomatopoeia, and Idiom


This seminar will introduce three of eight types of figurative language (alliteration, onomatopoeia, and idiom).  Through mainly fictional texts( tongue twisters, comics, songs, etc.), you will  identify these types of figurative language, determine their meanings, and  formulate project-based activities to prove your understanding of these common figurative language types.


CC.1.2.5.F  Determine the meaning of words and phrase as they are used in grade-level text, including interpretation of figurative language.



Introductory warm-up activity.

You probably didn’t know that when you were younger you were constantly saying examples of alliteration while  saying various tongue twisters.  They were fun to say, so you didn’t even realize you were using a  literary device, such as alliteration. Listen to this tongue twister.   Peter Piper picked...Join in if you know it!  Do you recognize it?  How fast can you say it?  Can you think of any other childhood tongue twisters or rhymes?

Prompt attributed to Fun Alliterative Tongue Twisters


Read or watch the resources to learn about this concept, then do the practice activity.




It is necessary for you to read each link.  Learn the specifics about alliterations, onomatopoeia, and idioms (Click tab at the top of website which explains what an idiom is and choose various stories to read which contain idioms).  

It is important for you watch all three short videos.  Each video explains and gives examples of each type of figurative language in this seminar:  alliteration, onomatopoeia, and idiom.

Practice  each type of figurative language.

Alliteration Activity with Key for self-checking

Onomatopoeia  Interactive Activity   

Idiom Interactive Activity



Discuss your ideas / opinions / understandings.

Look at this image.  Discuss some appropriate examples of alliteration, onomatopoeia, and/or idioms to accompany this image.  Let’s compare your ideas with those of your peers.  Your facilitator will share more images if time allows.


Now it is time to self-check how much you have learned about the this topic.  If you do not know as much as you thought, go back to the “Explore” section of this seminar and reread, rewatch, or redo the activities listed.  See your facilitator if you have questions.

Click here to take the quiz online. You do not have to log into the quiz site in order to take this quiz. If a window pops up asking you to sign up for the quiz site, just close the sign-up window and start your quiz.


This is a task or project where you can show what you know.

Which figurative language type have you enjoyed most?  Choose 1 of the 3  activities below which relates to that particular type.  Be sure to look at the specific requirements for each activity.

Activity 1:

Comic Strip Creation (onomatopoeia  focus)-

You are going to design a comic strip.  Within your comic strip you must include the following:

  • at least six panels/frames (boxes)

  • at least 4 examples of onomatopoeia

  • 2-4 sentences of conversation (dialogue) between characters; include speech bubbles

  • one picture per frame (up close view)

  • must be humorous (funny)

  • Your comic strip will be created on Google Drawing or on paper.


Activity 2:

Tongue Twister Creation (alliteration focus)  

Create four tongue twisters about nouns that interest you - one about a person, place,  thing, and idea (love fear, honesty, etc).  Each twister should include one noun, one verb, one adverb, and three adjectives.  For extra help and an example, click here.  Your final document can be written in Google Docs or on paper.

Activity 3:

Idiom “Web” Organizers (idiom focus)

You will create four web organizers. Each organizer will include:  

  • In the center of each web you will write a common idiom you have learned during this seminar.  From the center you will have three  spokes coming out.

  • One spoke will be labeled “literal meaning.”  Here you will explain in sentence form and draw the literal meaning of the idiom.  

  • Another spoke will be labeled “figurative expression,”  the intended meaning of the author.  Explain in sentence form and include a  picture to accompany this spoke as well.

  • Third spoke will contain a sentence created by you;  using the “expressive” (nonliteral) meaning of the idiom. Add an illustration too.

This activity can be completed on Google Drawing or by pencil/paper.


Complete this wrap-up activity where you reflect on your learning.

Reflect on the figurative language delivered in this seminar.  How do these literary devices (alliteration, idioms, and onomatopoeia) contribute to  overall creation and understanding an oral and/or written piece?



Extra Prompt to Ponder

Compare and analyze  whether or not a certain  type of figurative language  is better integrated within particular types of texts than others.