30d. The Compromise of 1850

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Subject:
U.S. History, Law, General Law
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
Level:
Middle School, High School
Language:
English
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration, Reading
Media Format:
Graphics/Photos, Text/HTML
Abstract:
California was admitted to the Union as the 16th free state. In exchange, the south was guaranteed that no federal restrictions on slavery would be placed on Utah or New Mexico. Texas lost its boundary claims in New Mexico, but the Congress compensated Texas with $10 million. Slavery was maintained in the nation's capital, but the slave trade was prohibited. Finally, and most controversially, a Fugitive Slave Law was passed, requiring northerners to return runaway slaves to their owners under penalty of law.

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