Students will learn about the the hazards chemicals pose to the people who use them while learning about states of matter and kinetic molecular theory. First, students examine physical properties and hazards of substances and mixtures. Next, students examine how different gases respond to temperature changes and how different concentrations of salt water respond to temperature changes. Students engage in collaboration, analysis of data through board discussions, and writing an analysis using claim-evidence-reasoning. Using a phet simulation, students then model what happens to particles during increase and decrease in energy. Students then investigate thermal transfer through a water mixing lab. Finally, students engage in an ice cream engineering activity to examine how different substances in similar conditions can have different properties which may be harmful or beneficial.
Students will learn about elements, atoms, and the Periodic table through the phenomena - How do you know if your water is safe to drink? What kind of substances in water might be hazardous? First, student will learn atoms are made up of subatomic particles, which give rise to predictable properties through a phet simulation. Next, students will try to build their own table looking for patterns in element cards. Students will then look at properties of elements which are divided into metals and nonmetals. Student will then look at electron configuration through a POGIl activity. Students will also complete a flame test activity. Finally, students when end the unit with a engineering project examining water quality to determine if it is safe to drink.
In the Nuclear Change unit, students will learn about nuclear change through examining the phenomena of radon. Three questions that students will answer at the end of the unit are: is air we breathe in buildings radioactive and what is Radon and how does it affect health? First, student will investigate what is radon. Next, students will build a atom to learn how atoms can exist in stable and unstable isotopes. Students learn about types of radiation and then complete an inquiry about half-life of atoms. Half lifes can be used to map geology and assess danger timelines. Next, students learn how nuclear change occurs through fusion or fission. Additionally, students learn that the high energy released has military/commercial uses, and the legacy of cosmic, geologic and human events and activities has impacted where radioactivity exists on the earth. Students end the unit with a cumulative Socratic seminar about Hanford while assessing risk and benefits of using nuclear reactions and recovering sites contaminated by radioactive materials is complex. At the end of the unit students discuss the following question: should parts of the Hanford Nuclear Reservation be opened as a recreation area or returned to Native Americans?