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  • Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Analyzing Plate Motion Using EarthScope GPS Data
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DATA: EarthScope GPS Data. TOOLS: Spreadsheet, Google Maps. SUMMARY: Learn how GPS monuments make precise measurements of Earth's surface. Graph motion data and map velocity vectors to explore tectonic motion and surface deformation in the Pacific Northwest.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Physics
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Activity/Lab
Data Set
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
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Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Analyzing Populations with Maps (Retired)
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NOTE: This chapter was retired from the EET collection after CIESIN's US-Mexico Demographic Data Viewer became unavailable. The pages are available here for reference. In this chapter, users describe and compare the geographical and socioeconomic characteristics of selected regions within the United States. They find regions on a map and states within each region. They analyze the data of states and counties for variables that describe population and produce color-coded maps that demonstrate the results of the analyses.

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Activity/Lab
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Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
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Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Analyzing Wetlands
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The Ramsar Wetlands Data Gateway is a database containing information on protected international wetlands. In this activity, users search the database to find a wetland that they are interested in helping to protect. Using the database search capabilities, users select various wetland characteristics and generate a report on the sites that meet their search criteria. Then, they access an interactive map to view the locations and nearby features of the identified wetland sites. Next, they narrow the choices down to a single wetland that they would like to protect and gather further information about it. Finally, users prepare a brief report to persuade others of the value of protecting the site.

Subject:
Environmental Science
Biology
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Hydrology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Data Set
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
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Earth Exploration Toolbook (SERC)
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Author:
Robert Downs
Date Added:
10/23/2006
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Creating Custom Map Images of Earth and Other Worlds
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This chapter familiarizes users with Jules Verne Voyager, a freely available online map tool that includes data for Earth as well as 19 other planets and moons. Users create a variety of map images then save and import the images into a presentation or a word-processing document. In the activity, users explore the range of data that are available to create map images: 100 different types of data are available to characterize portions of Earth. In addition, Voyager has at least one type of data for all planets and moons of the inner solar system. Recent data for Jupiter, Saturn, and many of their moons are also available. In the final part of the activity, users learn a technique that is useful for comparative planetology: they create map images to compare features from different worlds at the same scale, including correctly scaled planet-from-space views of each world.

Subject:
Engineering
Environmental Science
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Physical Geography
Physics
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Activity/Lab
Data Set
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook (SERC)
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Author:
Lou Estey
LuAnn Dahlman
Date Added:
10/23/2006
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Evidence for Plate Tectonics
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DATA: Sea Floor Age, Volcano and Earthquake Distributions. TOOL: My World GIS. SUMMARY: Identify relationships among sea-floor age, earthquakes, and volcanoes to understand how they support the theory of plate tectonics.

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Data Set
Diagram/Illustration
Game
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
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Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Author:
David Smith
Franklin Kao
Missy Holzer
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Exploring Monsoon Precipitation and Streamflow in a Semi-Arid Watershed
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DATA: Precipitation, streamflow, and topographic data TOOLS: Google Earth & My World GIS SUMMARY: Explore a semi-arid watershed in Arizona. Investigate the effect of summer thunderstorms on streamflow.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Hydrology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Data Set
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Exploring Seafloor Topography
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DATA: Digital Elevation Model Data. TOOL: GeoMapApp. SUMMARY: Explore a timeline about how we have learned about the oceans. Construct a profile across the Atlantic Ocean and create 3-D visualizations of the seafloor.

Subject:
Education
Chemistry
Geology
Physics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Data Set
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
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Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Author:
Sandra Swenson
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Exploring and Animating GOES Images
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DATA: GOES Weather Images. TOOL: ImageJ. SUMMARY: Transform a time series of GOES images into an animation. Plot a storm track and determine storm speed.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Data Set
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
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Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Author:
Nick Haddad
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Global Change in Local Places
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DATA: SHALDRIL Core Data; NOAA Pollen data TOOL: GeoMapApp SUMMARY: Import Antarctic sediment core data files into GeoMapApp to create maps and graphs. Use data to infer past climate conditions based on current vegetation distributions.

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Activity/Lab
Data Set
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Investigating Renewable Energy Data from Photovoltaic (PV) Solar Panels
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Using renewable sources of energy benefits the environment and contributes to more sustainable energy use. The burning of fossil fuels generates air pollution and increased CO2 in the atmosphere. CO2 is the major greenhouse gas warming our planet. Using more renewable sources of energy not only reduces pollution, but also conserves the current limited supply of fossil fuels. This chapter looks at how much solar energy is generated using photovoltaic panels on rooftops or exposed ground locations at installations around the U.S. The focus is on three different websites that monitor and report solar energy production from panels at a few hundred locations.

Subject:
Life Science
Chemistry
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Life in Extreme Environments
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DATA: Global Multi-Resolution Topography Data and NSF Ridge 2000 Data. TOOL: GeoMapApp. SUMMARY: Create topographic profiles of the ocean floor to explore the structure of a spreading center. Learn about the life forms found in these extreme environments and investigate the conditions affecting them.

Subject:
Life Science
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Litter Retriever with a GPS Receiver
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DATA: GPS waypoints TOOL: GPS unit, Google Earth SUMMARY: Track litter in a park or public space with a GPS receiver. Then import the data into Google Earth and consider the ideal location for new trash receptacles.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Protecting Wetlands from Exurban Development
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DATA: Land Use and Land Cover TOOL: My World GIS SUMMARY: Examine land-use changes around Macclenny, Florida. Propose locations for future development that minimize impacts on wetlands.

Subject:
Life Science
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Seeing the Forest for the Trees: What's in Your Woods?
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DATA: Forest Inventory Growth and Analysis data, TOOLS: Spreadsheet, My World GIS - Investigate forest biodiversity in Maine and consider the environmental factors that contribute to tree species diversity.

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Activity/Lab
Data Set
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Shrinking Forest - Growing Problem
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DATA: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Images. TOOL: ImageJ. SUMMARY: Process and measure time-series SAR images to analyze the rate of deforestation in the Amazon rainforest. Produce a color composite image showing the oldest to most recently deforested areas.

Subject:
Education
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Teaching Notes Page
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Background Information Mid-ocean ridges are major geologic features that all students have not physically seen or experienced. However, these ridges are some of the most dynamic and pronounced geologic features on earth that affect many parts of the earth system. Therefore, it is best to initiate this chapter with a concepts and ideas that students are relatively familiar with in their lives. One might think the bottom of the ocean floor is flat and void of life. However, this is not the case along mid ocean ridges. Beginning the unit by initiating what they already know about their environment would be the best way for students to build and construct their own knowledge regarding ridges. Grade Level: 9-16 Learning Goals After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Interpret, analyze, and synthesize data using data collected by scientists via a mapping application called GeoMapApp. Make inferences and conclusions that will lead students to understand that the ridges are symmetrical and are youngest near the spreading center. Comparing and contrasting slow, intermediate, and fast ridge systems and their implications on the environment. Learning Rationale: As stated earlier, plate tectonics is the most fundamental concept within the earth system because nearly all geologic process can be explained by this theory. The creation of the ocean crust along mid-ocean ridges may be described as the beginning of this very important cycle of creation of ocean crust that are usually subducted and destroyed along the opposite ends of plate boundaries. This chapter is not designed to completely explain the theory of plate tectonics; however it is probably best to use this chapter after students have a basic understanding about the dynamics that occur along plate boundaries. Through inductive reasoning, students will "discover" the dynamic process that occurs along a diverging plate boundary or spreading centers along mid-ocean ridges. Students then will be able to make logical inferences and conclusions based upon this process from the data they collected. By students constructing their own understanding mid-ocean ridges, they will be able to understand that geologic processes that occur are part of a much larger earth system. Instructional Strategies Introduce this chapter by emphasizing that this is an authentic activity by introducing the three RIDGE 2000 study sites and the data that is currently being collected here. Provide students with relief maps of the United States and a map of the Atlantic Ocean elicit what students already know about topographical profiles. Within collaborative (data only) groups, have students investigate topographical profiles of mid-ocean ridges and spreading rates. Analyze, synthesize and make inferences between slow, intermediate, and fast spreading centers Have students disseminate their data and inferences to the class. Learning Contexts Developing a meaningful context that is meaningful for students that relates to mid-ocean ridges is challenging. However, identifying what students know initially may help developing this very important concept in geology and earth system education. Science Standards Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry 12ASI1.3 Use technology and mathematics to improve investigations and communications. A variety of technologies, such as hand tools, measuring instruments, and calculators, should be an integral component of scientific investigations. The use of computers for the collection, analysis, and display of data is also a part of this standard. Mathematics plays an essential role in all aspects of an inquiry. For example, measurement is used for posing questions, formulas are used for developing explanations, and charts and graphs are used for communicating results. 12ASI1.5 Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and models. This aspect of the standard emphasizes the critical abilities of analyzing an argument by reviewing current scientific understanding, weighing the evidence, and examining the logic so as to decide which explanations and models are best. In other words, although there may be several plausible explanations, they do not all have equal weight. Students should be able to use scientific criteria to find the preferred explanations. Energy in the earth system 12DESS1.1 Earth systems have internal and external sources of energy, both of which create heat. The sun is the major external source of energy. Two primary sources of internal energy are the decay of radioactive isotopes and the gravitational energy from the earth's original formation. 12DESS1.2 The outward transfer of earth's internal heat drives convection circulation in the mantle that propels the plates comprising earth's surface across the face of the globe. The origin and evolution of the earth system 12DESS3.2 Geologic time can be estimated by observing rock sequences and using fossils to correlate the sequences at various locations. Current methods include using the known decay rates of radioactive isotopes present in rocks to measure the time since the rock was formed. Geography Standards Standard 7: The physical processes that shape the patterns of Earth's surface. Standard 17: How to apply geography to interpret the past. Time Required 6-8 class periods (45 minute class periods) Other Resources (for teacher) Petrological Database of the Ocean Floor Marine Geology and Geophysics Isochrons Other Resources (public) with descriptions For Topographic Maps http://geology.asu.edu/~sreynolds/topo_gallery/topo_home.htm

Subject:
Physical Geography
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Understanding Carbon Storage in Forests
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DATA: Forest Inventory and Analysis data, TOOLS: isee Player, Spreadsheet application. SUMMARY: Compare field collected data with results produced by a forest biomass model to understand the process and challenges scientists face when doing terrestrial carbon cycle research.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Data Set
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014
Earth Exploration Toolbook Chapter: Water Availability
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DATA: North American Regional Reanalysis (NARR). TOOL: FieldScope GIS. SUMMARY: Use an online GIS from the National Geographic Society, to investigate the relationship between precipitation, evaporation, and surface runoff.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Mathematics
Chemistry
Hydrology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Earth Exploration Toolbook: Step-by-Step Guides for Investigating Earth System Data
Date Added:
11/02/2014