Search Results (22)

View
Selected filters:
  • Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Social Capital and the Distribution of Household Income in the United States: 1980, 1990, and 2000
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

Social capital is a person or group's sympathy or sense of obligation ...

Social capital is a person or group's sympathy or sense of obligation for another person or group. The objects of sympathetic feelings have social capital. Those holding sympathetic feelings for others provide social capital. Because social capital providers internalize the consequences of their choices, they trade with each other on different terms and at different levels that would occur in arm's length transactions, all other things equal. But changes in the terms and level of trade alter the distribution of income. Therefore, changes in the distribution of social capital alter the distribution of income. After this paper tests empirically the influence of social capital on household income distributions in the 50 U.S. states for the census years of 1980, 1990, 2000. The mathematical and empirical findings support the proposition that social capital measured by social capital indicators variables has an important influence on the distribution of household incomes.

Subject:
Economics
Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Lindon Robison, Michigan State University
Archaeology and National Identity: 200 years of Aztequismo in Service to the Mexican State (Seminar)
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

This presentation by Dr. Helen Pollard from Michigan State University's Department of ...

This presentation by Dr. Helen Pollard from Michigan State University's Department of Anthropology is part of MSU's Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies

Subject:
Archaeology
Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Helen Pollard, Michigan State University
Addressing Social Inequality in Chiapas through Local, Healthy and Clean Foods: An Agroecological View
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

In Chiapas, one of the poorest states in Mexico, an estimated 150,000 ...

In Chiapas, one of the poorest states in Mexico, an estimated 150,000 children are malnourished. To end this problem, governments have implemented food security policies, including food importation and industrial food production. In 2008 alone, Mexico imported 20 million tons of food. While these policies certainly help to remedy the problem in the short term, the massive importation of basic foodstuffs and incentives to industrial agriculture may widen social inequality, threaten health and deteriorate biodiversity and ecosystem services. I will present the objectives and achievements of initiatives born in the highlands of Chiapas to enhance local food production free of hazardous pesticides and appropriate to the culture of the region. Examples include the rescue of local knowledge for food production, a school gardens program and the Network of Producers and Consumers for Healthy Local Food.

Subject:
Nutrition
Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Helda Morales, El Colegio de la Frontera Sur
The Chicken or the Egg: Agency and Autonomy in Informed Consent
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

One of the fastest growing global markets is pharmaceutical sales. With changing ...

One of the fastest growing global markets is pharmaceutical sales. With changing political landscapes and an increased awareness of new customers worldwide, sales have increased in Eastern Europe, Asia, and especially Latin America. As researches expand into countries with poor socio-economic and political infrastructures, guidelines such as the Helsinki Declaration, the Nuremburg Code, and the Belmot principles are being challenged. Regulatory and ethical guidelines have not kept pace with the explosion of international research and the potential for such human research abuses is great. The most fundamental ethical principle of clinical research is the idea of respect for persons or the concept of autonomy. Autonomy, as used in research guidelines, must meet two criteria, that people need to be treated as autonomous agents

Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Deon Claiborne, Michigan State University
Children Between Two Nations
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

The belligerent anti-immigrationism of recently-retired CNN television and radio commentator Lou Dobbs ...

The belligerent anti-immigrationism of recently-retired CNN television and radio commentator Lou Dobbs has become so much of a trademark in U.S. popular culture that reviewer after reviewer of the 2008 Patricia Riggen film La misma luna (Under the Same Moon) has used his name as a shorthand reference to tell their readers what to expect from the movie: Lou Dobbs, grab your hankie

Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Debra Castillo, Cornell University
A Colonial Legacy in Miskito Turtle Knowledge (Nicaragua)
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

Over the past several decades the increasing prevalence of natural resource crises ...

Over the past several decades the increasing prevalence of natural resource crises has led many ecologists to seek alternatives to Western resource use paradigms. Primary amongst these alternatives are systems guided by indigenous knowledge (IK). It is commonly presumed that these systems represent institutions uncorrupted by the exploitative hand of Western culture and state domination and therefore hold the key to rectifying the unsustainable behaviors of Western societies. Yet this ignores the disruption of IK and associated resource regimes perpetrated by colonial powers. This historical oversight, in turn, leaves corrupted indigenous systems open to criticism and further subordination if, upon government sanctioning and implementations, they fail to function as resource management panaceas and results in Western patterns of overexploitation. It is thus important to historicize IK to explore how it has been altered by colonization. Only through an understanding of these changes can practitioners, indigenous leaders, and government officials implement IK in contemporary resource use systems in a just and responsible manner that does not put indigenous rights at risk. In this work, I present a historical narrative documenting the colonization of traditional Miskito knowledge of the green turtle (Chelonia mydas) and its harvest. I proceed to draw a historical analysis comparing this history with the broader Western human-animal relations literature, as well as key informant interviews with Miskito green turtle fisherman, to display how Miskito IK has been altered by colonial powers and the implications this has for current attempts to regulate the turtle fishery.

Subject:
Literature
Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Christopher Jordan, Michigan State University
Cordel do Fogo Encantado: "Jackhammering" Sedimented Representations of the Brazilian Northeast
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

Within Brazil, the Northeast region has been represented in popular music, literature ...

Within Brazil, the Northeast region has been represented in popular music, literature and film as a wellspring of cultural authenticity, pre-modern roots and a living past. However, it has also been the site of terrible periodic droughts and mass migrations that have contributed to it being portrayed as a space of misery. Linked to its status as a space of poverty, the arid serta

Subject:
Literature
Sociology
Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Daniel Sharp, Tulane University
Development and Nutrition Challenges in Highly Marginalized Yucatecan Communities
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

The state of Yucatan, located in the southeast of Mexico, is home ...

The state of Yucatan, located in the southeast of Mexico, is home to many highly marginalized communities. These communities harbor a series of problems that limit their development. On one hand, educational delays in Yucatan affect half the population fifteen years and older.

Subject:
Nutrition
Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Jorge Andras Calderan Quintal and Mara
Ethno-linguistic Fragmentation, Discrimination, and Access to Clean Water in Mexico
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

Access to water is very unequal in Mexico and indigenous municipalities are ...

Access to water is very unequal in Mexico and indigenous municipalities are particularly disadvantaged. The paper analyzes empirically the unequal access to water across Mexican municipalities and across individuals for the period of 2000-2005 using regression analysis. The contributions of this paper are two-fold. First, it expands the focus of the literature of ethnic fragmentation and public good provisions from level to distribution; and second, it presents an ethnic fractionalization index at the municipality level based on salient ethnic divide. The results show that there is a systematic water gap between indigenous and non-indigenous populations, even after controlling for various factors. The findings suggest that explanations of the negative relationship are related to discrimination and marginalization rather than differences in preferences across ethnically diverse groups.

Subject:
Linguistics
Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Marcela Gonza
Indigenous Courts: An Equity Principle in Liberal Mexico (Los juzgados inda
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

Globalization seems to lead towards uniformity, but this tendency is not observed ...

Globalization seems to lead towards uniformity, but this tendency is not observed in Mexico since joining many others in signing the International Labor Organization's Convention 169. This was the basis for promoting the recognition of uses and customs

Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Ana Luisa Izquierdo y de la Cueva, Centro de Estudios Mayas, Universidad Nacional Autanoma de Maxico
Integrating Service Learning and Field Research into a Community Engagement Experience in Huamachuco, Peru
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

A principal objective of the MSU semester-long study abroad program in Peru ...

A principal objective of the MSU semester-long study abroad program in Peru entitled Community Engagement and Interdisciplinary Study of Global Issues in the Peruvian Highlands

Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Student Panel, Michigan State University
Latin America- From Allegory to Democracy
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

In his 2007 book, Forgotten Continent: The Battle for Latin America's Soul, ...

In his 2007 book, Forgotten Continent: The Battle for Latin America's Soul, Michael Reid reports that although it has been largely overlooked

Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Robert W. Blake, Michigan State University
Myths and Truths of Caribbean Tourism (Dominican Republic)
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

This panel will address issues of inequality associated with the development of ...

This panel will address issues of inequality associated with the development of tourism infrastructure in the Caribbean, specifically in the Dominican Republic. The panelists attended the study abroad trip Tourism and Regional Development in the Caribbean: The Dominican Republic Experience

Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Student Panel, Michigan State University
Perspectives for Universities in the Global South: A Brazilian Point of View
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
Rating

In this presentation the following aspects will be addressed: an overview of ...

In this presentation the following aspects will be addressed: an overview of academic and scientific institutions in Brazil, the academic and scientific status of Brazil today, main characteristics of the Federal University of Bahia, historical aspects of international academic cooperation in Brazil, a brief review on the main types of international academic cooperation, political aspects related to international academic cooperation, main characteristics of the exchange of knowledge between countries that are economically and academically at different levels and the basis for horizontal North/South cooperation. Previous mutual knowledge of all partners, interchange of experiences, decision to share all knowledge available without restrictions and long-term programs instead of episodic cooperation will be emphasized as necessary elements to build a more solid and fair academic cooperation between universities in the North and South hemispheres.

Subject:
Political Science
Material Type:
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Michigan State University Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies
Provider Set:
Latin America Learning
Author:
Ema