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Automated Blood Counts
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A complete blood count (CBC), also known as full blood count (FBC) ...

A complete blood count (CBC), also known as full blood count (FBC) or full blood exam (FBE) or blood panel, is a test requested by a doctor or other medical professional that gives information about the cells in a patient's blood.

Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Reading
Unit of Study
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Ohene Opare-Sem
Autonomic Effect After Muscarinic Hyper-Activity
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This experiment demonstrates the effect of muscarinic agonists and its parasympathetic effects ...

This experiment demonstrates the effect of muscarinic agonists and its parasympathetic effects such as lacrimation (shedding of red tears), salivation, defaecation, urination pilo-erection, rhinorrhea, sweating and labored breathing

Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Benjamin Prempeh
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah
Buruli Ulcer (Mycobacterium Ulcerans Infection)
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The Buruli ulcer disease is due to infection by Mycobacterium ulcerans. This ...

The Buruli ulcer disease is due to infection by Mycobacterium ulcerans. This programme describes the basic pathophysiology of the disease, the typical clinical presentations, and the management of cases with complicated features. The program should be informative for both medical students and practitioners who wish to increase their knowledge about this serious tropical disease.

Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Reading
Unit of Study
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Emmanuel Adu
Richard Phillips
Stephen Sarfo
Veronica Okyere-Afriyie
Cases in Clinical Microbiology
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Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are unicellular or cell-cluster microscopic ...

Microbiology is the study of microorganisms, which are unicellular or cell-cluster microscopic organisms. This includes eukaryotes such as fungi and protists, and prokaryotes, which are bacteria and archaea. Viruses, though not strictly classed as living organisms, are also studied. In short; microbiology refers to the study of life and organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye. Microbiology is a broad term which includes virology, mycology, parasitology, bacteriology and other branches. Microbiology is researched actively, and the field is advancing continually. We have probably only studied about one percent of all of the microbe species on Earth. Although microbes were first observed over three hundred years ago, the field of microbiology can be said to be in its infancy relative to older biological disciplines such as zoology and botany.

Subject:
Biology
Material Type:
Case Study
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Yaw Adu-Sarkodie
Clinical Chemistry (Glucose Tolerance Test)
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This programme is intended as a compendium of modules on procedures in ...

This programme is intended as a compendium of modules on procedures in clinical chemistry. At present, the only completed module is one concerning the conduct and interpretation of the glucose tolerance test (GTT). In a GTT, glucose is adminstered to the patient in order to determine how quickly it is cleared from the blood. The test is usually used to test for diabetes, insulin resistance, and sometimes reactive hypoglycemia. The glucose is most often given orally so the common test is technically an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT).

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Reading
Unit of Study
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Francis A. Yeboah
Examination of the Pregnant Woman
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This programme consists of notes and demonstration videos that explain how to ...

This programme consists of notes and demonstration videos that explain how to examine a near-term, pregnant woman. In the course of the programme, the learner will encounter the terms used to describe the relationship of the fetus to the mother's anatomy, and they will be expect to interpret and describe the findings of an examination on video, using these terms.

Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Reading
Unit of Study
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Kwabena Danso
Frog Heart Preparation
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An isolated frog heart preparation is useful in the study of cardiac ...

An isolated frog heart preparation is useful in the study of cardiac cell excitation. The small size of the frog's heart means that drugs applied to the outside of the heart will peneterate the myocardium and modify the functions of the heart's cardiac chambers. Thus, the effect of the autonomic neurotransmitter substance together with their modification by other drugs can be studied by addition of these agents to the heart.

Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Benjamin Prempeh
Ella Kasanga
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah
Laboratory Methods for Clinical Microbiology
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This comprehensive module explores common laboratory experiments for microbiology, including microbiological stains ...

This comprehensive module explores common laboratory experiments for microbiology, including microbiological stains (e.g. Gram stains), assessing the accuracy of diagnostic tests, measuring antibody response to infection, and Detection of microbial antigens, and nucleic acid amplification (e.g. Polymerase Chain Reaction).

Subject:
Biology
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Reading
Unit of Study
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Cary Engleberg
Charles Agyei Osei
Yaw Adu-Sarkodie
Maintenance of an Isolated Smooth Muscle Preparation in Vitro
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This module contains a series of demonstration videos on how to do ...

This module contains a series of demonstration videos on how to do isolated smooth muscle preparation in vitro using the Harvard Kymograph simulator.

Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Benjamin Prempeh
Ella Kasanga
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah
Mental State Examination
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It is a structured way of observing and describing a patient's current ...

It is a structured way of observing and describing a patient's current state of mind, under the domains of appearance, attitude, behavior, mood and affect, speech, thought process, thought content, perception, cognition, insight and judgement.There are some minor variations in the subdivision of the MSE and the sequence and names of MSE domains. The purpose of the MSE is to obtain a comprehensive cross-sectional description of the patient's mental state, which when combined with the biographical and historical information of the psychiatric history, allows the clinician to make an accurate diagnosis and formulation, which are required for coherent treatment planning. The data are collected through a combination of direct and indirect means: unstructured observation while obtaining the biographical and social information, focused questions about current symptoms, and formalised psychological tests.

Subject:
Psychology
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Reading
Unit of Study
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Akua Nketiah Adjapong
Cary Engleberg
Celice McDermott
Kojo Twum Nimak
Nana Osem
Oppong Victor Barnor
Osei Tutu
Owusu-Afriyie
Veronica Boatemaa
Policy for development and use of Open Educational Resources (OER) - KNUST
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In August 2010, the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) ...

In August 2010, the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) passed a landmark institutional policy in support of OER. As is the tradition in many universities, faculty performance evaluation at KNUST was originally based largely on publication in peer-reviewed articles. The OER team at the College of Health Sciences knew the reward structure needed to be revised in order to provide an incentive for faculty to devote time to creating teaching materials as OER modules. In early 2009, the College of Health Sciences (CHS) established an interdisciplinary committee of faculty, other staff and librarians across the university to examine the existing faculty development and intellectual property policies. The committee drafted a new policy and began the process of moving the policy through three committees at different levels of the university administration. Both OER Africa and University of Michigan provided input on the draft policy. The new policy formalises the role of the OER coordinator, as well as the technical support role of the Department of Communication Design (DCD). The university maintains copyright ownership for OER and other instructional materials developed. An instructor may, however, select the Creative Commons licence that he or she prefers. Most notably, the policy establishes a reward structure for OER production; it proposes that faculty receive the same credit for OER modules as for peer-reviewed publications and that the university allocate time for faculty to create OER. The committee recommended that the university continue seek external funding for this, and also encouraged departments within CHS to earmark some funds for OER production in their budgets. The policy was approved in August 2010 and made public under a Creative Commons Attribution licence in May 2011.

Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Respiratory Depressant Effect of Pentobarbitone in Rabbits
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Respiratory Depression is a reduction in the rate of respiration. It may ...

Respiratory Depression is a reduction in the rate of respiration. It may be induced by some medicines. Pentobarbitone is a short to intermediate acting barbiturate used as a hypnotic and sedative. Barbiturates are non-selective CNS depressants that produce effects ranging from sedation and reduction of anxiety to unconsciousness and death from respiratory depression and cardiovascular failure.

Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Benjamin Prempeh
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah
Respiratory Depression Effect of Morphine on Rabbits
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Respiratory Depression is a reduction in the rate of respiration. It may ...

Respiratory Depression is a reduction in the rate of respiration. It may be induced by some medicines. Morphine is an extremely potent opiate analgesic psycho-active drug, and is considered to be the prototypical opioid. In clinical medicine, Morphine is regarded as the good standard or benchmark of analgesics used to relieve severe or agonising pain and suffering. Morphine acts directly on the central nervous system to relieve pain. One of the main adverse effects of morphine is respiratory depression. Morphine also causes miosis.

Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Benjamin Prempeh
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah
Set Up an Isolated Tissue - Organ Bath Experiment
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The video demonstrates the setting up of the isolated tissue/organ bath. It ...

The video demonstrates the setting up of the isolated tissue/organ bath. It identifies the components of the equipment and describes the functions of each. This procedure also shows adjustments, suitable for related isolated tissue preparations. This series is complementary to the video<a style="color: #1b335c; text-decoration: underline;" href="http://open.umich.edu/education/med/oernetwork/pharmacology/biopharm/kymograph/2010">Setting Up the Harvard Kymograph</a>.

Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Benjamin Prempeh
Ella Kasanga
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah
Strychine Poisoning in Toads
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Strychnine is the principal alkaloid in nux vomica, the seeds of a ...

Strychnine is the principal alkaloid in nux vomica, the seeds of a tree strychnos nux vomica native to India. A toad is used in demonstrating the CNS ecitatory effect of strychnine.

Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
OER Africa
Author:
Benjamin Prempeh
Ella Kasanga
George Koffour
Samuel Owusu Agyeman-Duah