Case seminar text that can be used to discuss social factors influencing adherence to treatment and health systems constraints to maternal and child health.
This resource can be used to illustrate the gastric lavage procedure Gastric lavage is the standard method of obtaining specimens for Tuberculosis TB diagnosis in young children. It is generally carried out only in infants and children below the age of two years In older children specimens for TB microscopy and culture are better obtained by sputum induction or voluntary coughing. There are two items included here Gastric lavage Presentation PPT presentation that illustrates and explains the procedure with text, Gastric lavage Animation sequence PPTAnimation which demonstrates how this procedure can be performed. Art work in this animation should be attributed to Stacey Stent. Conceptualisation and the description of the content in the teaching materials should be attributed to Rupesh Daya and Professor Maurice Kibel
This presentation provides an introduction to infectious diseases like tuberculosis, vector-borne diseases, puerperal sepsis, streptococcus septicemia, etc. and how these diseases have affected global health over the last two centuries and decades.
In this presentation the achievement regarding the 8 millennium goals (MDG), set by the United Nation’s member states to be reached by 2015 are reviewed, with emphasis on Infectious diseases, such as HIV, TB malaria and other vector-borne diseases, including Chagas’ disease and African trypanosomiasis, the latter belong to the ‘neglected tropical diseases’. What made it happen and why (not) is discussed.
TB is one of the oldest known diseases (since antiquity at least), and it is estimated that a quarter of the human population is infected by the bacteria that causes TB. Not everyone gets TB though. Learn more about this fascinating disease and old companion of humans here.
Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview
Downloadable transcripts for the videos from Karolinska Institutet, from the course "An Introduction to Global Health".The course is originally published at EdX.
By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases
Professor Tehmina Mustafa, CIH, Haukeland University Hospital, University of Bergen
Mustafa began by pointing out that the UN Millennium Development Goals, which preceded the SDGs (Goal 6: COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA AND OTHER DISEASES), had only highlighted a few global communicable diseases. The SDGs continue to address the challenges of communicable disease epidemics, but have a widened focus to include a number of other important diseases. Also diseases that are not only pathogen caused.
Mustafa underlined that communicable disease epidemics highlight other global issues such as social injustice and social inequality. The years of life lost to these diseases is much higher in “hot-spots”, generally located in low- and middle-income countries.
According to Mustafa, the approaches included in the SDGs are more integrated than those of the MDGs and will be better able to lead to research directions that will help to alleviate the health and economic implications of communicable disease outbreaks.