Alcatraz is home to one of the world's most infamous prisons. From the 1930s to 1960s, Alcatraz was the premier maximum security prison, housing inmates such as Al Capone and George Machine Gun Kelly. Before the prison was created, the island was home to American Indians. Today, it is one of San Francisco's most prominent tourist attractions.
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This site contains correspondence, scientific notebooks, journals, blueprints, articles, and photographs documenting the invention of the telephone, his involvement in the first telephone company, family life, interest in the education of the deaf, and aeronautical and other scientific research. Included is his notebook containing the entry from March 10, 1876, describing the first successful experiment with the telephone, during which he spoke the famous words, Mr. Watson, Come here, I want to see you.
shows the innovative transportation system used in the 1820s-1840s to tow railroad cars up and down the steep slopes of the Allegheny Mountains.
Looks at the historic utopian society established in the 1850s along the Iowa River by German-speaking settlers from a religious group known as the Community of True Inspiration. The group, which originated in Himbach, Germany, in 1714, created a communal system of living of seven villages, each with mills, shops, homes, communal kitchens, schools, and churches. This website looks at the group's history, beliefs, buildings, and more.
This site features motion pictures that showcase work, school, and leisure activities in the U.S. in the late 19th and early 20th century. The site includes films of the U.S. Postal Service from 1903, cattle breeding, fire fighters, ice manufacturing, logging, calisthenics and gymnastic exercises in schools, amusement parks, boxing, expositions, football, parades, swimming, and other sporting events.
tells the story of Manassa Pope, the first black man to receive a medical license in North Carolina (1886). After practicing medicine and helping establish a drug store and insurance company in Charlotte, Pope moved his family to Raleigh. There he continued his medical practice, built an elegant house (equipped with the latest technologies) located in the best place allowed for a black family in a segregated city. He later ran for mayor.
examines the conditions of Camp Sumter (in Andersonville, Georgia), the largest and most notorious of prisoner of war camps during the Civil War.
recounts the history of this inn, built originally as a farmhouse in 1719 at an intersection of two roads northwest of Philadelphia, not far from Valley Forge. The inn provided hospitality to travelers when the colony was just a scattering of farms. In part because of its location, it became a prosperous tavern, inn, and social center for the evolving community of the same name.
is the site of the only land battle on the North American continent during World War II. In June 1942, Japanese forces invaded Attu and other Aleautian islands. Americans feared the islands would be used as a staging area to attack the mainland. The U.S. had to regain the Aleutians at all costs.
looks at the role of servants at a 33-acre estate during the early 1900s. The 21-room mansion was built in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in the 1880s with a separate entrance, dining area, and stairs for servants. Servants cleaned house, supervised children, washed laundry, cooked meals, cared for the garden and farm animals, and maintained carriages and cars. Floor plans, photos, and diary excerpts are included.
provides an online tour of residential, commercial, industrial, and religious locations spanning more than 2 centuries of history. Through maps, descriptions, and photographs of places both famous and little-known, the guide shows why residents and visitors have become so fond of Baltimore.
recounts a small but important triumph in the summer of 1777. For two months, General John Burgoyne led his army along the Lake Champlain-Hudson River corridor, capturing several American forts. In August, however, finding himself in need of provisions, wagons, and horses, he sent a force to Bennington, Vermont, to capture these supplies. What happened there contributed to the British defeat at Saratoga and helped decide the outcome of the war.
shows how battlefield medical care developed during the Civil War, particularly in the Union Army.
describes how this American Revolution battle spurred colonial unity and sparked the formation of the Continental Army.
examines a Civil War battle known as the Gettysburg of the West. Texans invaded this mountain valley, intent on conquering New Mexico. Victory here would be a necessary prelude to detaching the western states from the Union and expanding the Confederacy to the Pacific Ocean. They were met by volunteers from Colorado along the canyon and ridge on 03/26, 1862. A three-day battle ensued, culminating in the Confederates retreating to Texas and the Confederate hopes of expanding west shattered.
illustrates how the war, when it moved to the rolling prairie of now eastern Oklahoma, divided Native Americans. It includes maps, soldiers' accounts of the battle, and illustrations.
looks at the decisive battle of the Creek War (1813-1814), where Andrew Jackson fought 1,000 American Indian warriors who were trying to regain autonomy. It examines the history of the battle and provides maps, images, and readings.
examines a pivotal World War II battle. In the spring of 1942, Japan attempted to establish a toehold in the Aleutian Islands, convert Midway into an air base for invading Hawaii, and lure the U.S. Pacific Fleet into a final battle that would finish it off. The Japanese fleet depended on radio codes that codebreakers in Hawaii and Washington, D.C. worked around the clock to interpret. This website tells how they broke the code and ended Japan's advance across the Pacific.
focuses on a key Civil War battle to demonstrate how both the Union and the Confederacy attempted to win the loyalty of the citizens of Kentucky. The site presents maps, readings from Northern and Southern perspectives, and drawings and photographs about the battle, weather, and weapons.
tells how long-standing prejudices and the Revolutionary War unleashed massive bloodshed among inhabitants of New York's Mohawk Valley. Located in rich farmland and at a strategic point in a fur trade route, the valley had been settled by European immigrants who had prospered from productive farms and lucrative trade. As war broke out, everyone had to choose sides: Rebel or Tory. It was not easy for many. Five hundred years of unity among the Six Nations was broken.