Combining Kuhn and Jung: half edited long version of a ‘step ladder model’ (SLM) forscientific discovery and paradigm shift researchSam Keenan*Learning Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia(Received 5 December 2014; accepted 7 April 2015)This half edited book provides the outline of a ‘step ladder model’ (SLM) comprising 13 steps ofscientific discovery making. It incorporates both a ‘leap-off point’ from Kuhn’sStructure of Scientific Revolutions, and ideas from Jungian psychology to revealpatterns in the way in which scientific discoveries are made, across 40 examples fromthe history of science. The current consensus is that these discoveries are accidental.This paper aims to provide a model for deliberately making dream-based scientificdiscoveries. The key to this model is intrapsychic patterns in how discoveries of thiskind can be made. As these patterns become gradually clearer, greater understandingof the dream-based scientific discovery-making process can develop. Gradually as acollective endeavour, as the SLM develops, the dream-based scientific discoveryprocess can by degrees become less accidental, and progressively more deliberate. Step 13 is included here as suggestions on how to fail as safely as possible while innovating. This is because success cannot be guaranteed and fails outnumber successes overwhelmingly. A background analysis section is also included. Further editing and writing and re-writing is welcomed. Thank you.Keywords: Kuhn; Jung; paradigm; revolutionary science; inspiration; creativity
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A unique perspective on the confluence of the three basic conceptual frameworks in human experience. Contains several studies, with data, of remarkable world views of disparate cultures based on their specific cultures language. The premise is that how people experience the world, then think about it, then create a language around it, alters their perception of the world in very fundamental ways. The radical notion is that thought and language, creates the circumstances of, and contribute to significantly different realities for different peoples.
The internalization and realization of this concept is significant and can possibly radically alter and change how different cultures assess their ability to, at the most basic levels, understand other cultures realities.
The Western cultural paradigm shift from medieval to early modern is illustrated by the evolving portrayals of the meme of David's killing Goliath from 1430 to 1604 with a modern post script.
This introductory unit covers definitions of terms used in the component, with an emphasis on paradigm shifts in healthcare, including the transition from physician-centric to patient-centric care, the transition from individual care to interdisciplinary team-based care, and the central role of technology in healthcare delivery. This unit also emphasizes the core values in US healthcare.