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Earth Systems Q1
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The theme for Earth Systems Science is systems. The "Benchmarks" in the ...

The theme for Earth Systems Science is systems. The "Benchmarks" in the Earth Systems Science Core emphasize "systems" as an organizing concept to understand life on Earth, geological change, and the interaction of atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Earth Systems Science provides students with an understanding of how the parts of a system interact. The concept of matter cycling and energy flowing is used to help understand how systems on planet Earth are interrelated. Throughout this course students experience science as a way of knowing based on making observations, gathering data, designing experiments, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and communicating results. Students see that the science concepts apply to their lives and their society. This course will provide students with science skills to make informed and responsible decisions. Students will learn how to explain cosmic and global phenomena in terms of interactions of energy, matter, and life. These explorations range from the realization that all elements heavier than helium were made in stars to an understanding of how rain influences a desert ecosystem.

Subject:
Ecology
Geology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Full Course
Homework/Assignment
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Mountain Heights Academy
Author:
Individual Authors
S-290 Unit 10: Fuel Moisture
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S-290 Unit 10: Fuel Moisture provides information about live and dead fuel ...

S-290 Unit 10: Fuel Moisture provides information about live and dead fuel moisture contents and their relation to fire behavior. Influences on fuel moisture and methods for estimating dead fuel and live fuel moisture in the field are summarized, and guidance is offered for assessing the potential fire danger based on fuel moisture and other fireline information. The module is part of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior Course.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET
Principles of Oceanographic Instrument Systems -- Sensors and Measurements (13.998), Spring 2004
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This course introduces theoretical and practical principles of design of oceanographic sensor ...

This course introduces theoretical and practical principles of design of oceanographic sensor systems. Topics include: transducer characteristics for acoustic, current, temperature, pressure, electric, magnetic, gravity, salinity, velocity, heat flow, and optical devices; limitations on these devices imposed by ocean environments; signal conditioning and recording; noise, sensitivity, and sampling limitations; and standards. Lectures by experts cover the principles of state-of-the-art systems being used in physical oceanography, geophysics, submersibles, acoustics. For lab work, day cruises in local waters allow students to prepare, deploy and analyze observations from standard oceanographic instruments.

Subject:
Oceanography
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Williams, Albert (Sandy), 3rd
1492: Using Data to Explain a Journey
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Back in the days of Christopher Columbus, voyages made across bodies of ...

Back in the days of Christopher Columbus, voyages made across bodies of water were dependent upon winds and currents to drive the sailing ships. Thus good navigation routes were often determined by prevailing weather conditions such as the Trade Winds, and then discovered by explorers. In this lesson, students will explore the wind climatology for the Atlantic Ocean basin (as determined by satellite data from the past ten years), and then compare it to the route documented by Columbus in 1492.

Subject:
Engineering
Mathematics
Atmospheric Science
Oceanography
Physical Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Data Set
Lesson Plan
Provider:
NASA
Provider Set:
My NASA DatA+
NASA Wavelength
Author:
Malinda Burk
A World of Weather: Fundamentals of Meteorology, Chapter 17
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This series of Web pages contains the material in Chapter 17: Numerical ...

This series of Web pages contains the material in Chapter 17: Numerical Weather Prediction, which is part of the fifth edition of the textbook / laboratory manual, A World of Weather: Fundamentals of Meteorology

Subject:
Geology
Physical Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
Pennsylvania State University
Provider Set:
Penn State, College of EMS
Author:
Lee Grenci and Jon Nese
Anticipating Hazardous Weather and Community Risk, 2nd Edition
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Anticipating Hazardous Weather and Community Risk, 2nd Edition provides emergency managers and ...

Anticipating Hazardous Weather and Community Risk, 2nd Edition provides emergency managers and other decision makers with background information about weather, natural hazards, and preparedness. Additional topics include risk communication, human behavior, and effective warning partnerships, as well as a desktop exercise allowing the learner to practice the types of decisions required as hazardous situations unfold. This module offers web-based content designed to address topics covered in the multi-day Hazardous Weather and Flood Preparedness course offered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the National Weather Service (NWS). The module also complements other onsite courses by those agencies and provides useful information for evaluating and preparing for threats from a range of weather and natural hazards.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET
Earth Systems Q2
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
Rating

The theme for Earth Systems Science is systems. The "Benchmarks" in the ...

The theme for Earth Systems Science is systems. The "Benchmarks" in the Earth Systems Science Core emphasize "systems" as an organizing concept to understand life on Earth, geological change, and the interaction of atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere. Earth Systems Science provides students with an understanding of how the parts of a system interact. The concept of matter cycling and energy flowing is used to help understand how systems on planet Earth are interrelated. Throughout this course students experience science as a way of knowing based on making observations, gathering data, designing experiments, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and communicating results. Students see that the science concepts apply to their lives and their society. This course will provide students with science skills to make informed and responsible decisions. Students will learn how to explain cosmic and global phenomena in terms of interactions of energy, matter, and life. These explorations range from the realization that all elements heavier than helium were made in stars to an understanding of how rain influences a desert ecosystem.

Subject:
Ecology
Geology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Full Course
Homework/Assignment
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Mountain Heights Academy
Author:
Individual Authors
Forecasting Dust Storms - Version 2
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Forecasting Dust Storms Version 2 provides background and operational information about dust ...

Forecasting Dust Storms Version 2 provides background and operational information about dust storms. The first part of the module describes dust source regions, the life cycle of a dust storm, and the major types of dust storms, particularly those found in the Middle East. The second part presents a process for forecasting dust storms and applies it to a case in the Middle East. Although the process refers to U.S. Department of Defense models and tools, it can easily be adapted to other forecast requirements and data sources. Note that this module is an updated version of the original one published in 2003.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET
Multispectral Satellite Applications: Monitoring the Wildland Fire Cycle, 2nd Edition
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This lesson describes current and future satellites sensors and products used for ...

This lesson describes current and future satellites sensors and products used for monitoring the fire cycle, with an emphasis on polar-orbiting satellites. Product information is presented in the context of the fire lifecycle: from assessing the pre- and post-fire environment to detecting and monitoring active fires, smoke, and aerosols. Product information is also consolidated in the Fire Product Suite. The lesson concludes with an interactive fire case study, supplemented with observations from a National Weather Service trainer/forecaster who experienced the fire. The lesson is intended for the wide range of users involved with wildfire detection and monitoring, from land use managers and hydrologists to weather forecasters and researchers. Note that this lesson is an update to the original 2007 version and includes new information on the VIIRS and upcoming GOES-R sensors and their fire-related applications.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET
Second Guessing Mother Nature: Forecasting the Surprise Snow of January 2000
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No Strings Attached
Rating

Kids up and down the East Coast woke up to a pleasant ...

Kids up and down the East Coast woke up to a pleasant surprise on January 25, 2000 - several inches of fresh snow. Even though the storm went on to dump up to 18 inches of snow on several major cities, forecasts as late as 6:00 Eastern Standard Time the previous evening only called for flurries. This site uses text and photographs to discuss the history of the storm and the processes of forecasting and computer modeling. Links to other weather-related sites are provided.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
NASA
Provider Set:
Earth Observatory
Author:
Yoram Kaufman
The History of Computing, Spring 2004
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Examines the development of computing techniques and technology in the nineteenth and ...

Examines the development of computing techniques and technology in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, particularly critical evaluation of how the very idea of "computer" changes and evolves over time. Emphasis is on technical innovation, industrial development, social context, and the role of government. Topics include Babbage, Hollerith, differential analyzers, control systems, ENIAC, radar, operations research, computers as scientific instruments, the rise of "computer science," artificial intelligence, personal computers, and networks. Includes class visits by members of the MIT community who have made important historical contributions. This course focuses on one particular aspect of the history of computing: the use of the computer as a scientific instrument. The electronic digital computer was invented to do science, and its applications range from physics to mathematics to biology to the humanities. What has been the impact of computing on the practice of science? Is the computer different from other scientific instruments? Is computer simulation a valid form of scientific experiment? Can computer models be viewed as surrogate theories? How does the computer change the way scientists approach the notions of proof, expertise, and discovery? No comprehensive history of scientific computing has yet been written. This seminar examines scientific articles, participants' memoirs, and works by historians, sociologists, and anthropologists of science to provide multiple perspectives on the use of computers in diverse fields of physical, biological, and social sciences and the humanities. We explore how the computer transformed scientific practice, and how the culture of computing was influenced, in turn, by scientific applications.

Subject:
Computer Science
Linguistics
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Gerovitch, Slava
GPS: Civilian Tool or Military Weapon?, Fall 2005
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This is a freshman advising seminar. The professor of a FAS is ...

This is a freshman advising seminar. The professor of a FAS is the first year advisor to the (no more than 8) students in the seminar. The use of Global Positioning System (GPS) in a wide variety of applications has exploded in the last few years. In this seminar we will explore how GPS works, the range of applications, and the conflict between civilian users and military planners. This seminar is followed by a UROP research project in the spring semester where results from precise GPS measurements will be analyzed and displayed on the web.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Herring, Thomas
GPS: Where Are You?, Fall 2008
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" This is a freshman advising seminar. The professor of a FAS ...

" This is a freshman advising seminar. The professor of a FAS is the first year advisor to the (no more than 8) students in the seminar. The use of Global Positioning System (GPS) in a wide variety of applications has exploded in the last few years. In this seminar we explore how positions on the Earth were determined before GPS; how GPS itself works and the range of applications in which GPS is now a critical element. This seminar is followed by a UROP research project in the spring semester where results from precise GPS measurements will be analyzed and displayed on the Web."

Subject:
Geology
Physics
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Herring, Thomas
Dynamics of the Atmosphere, Spring 2008
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This course begins with a study of the role of dynamics in ...

This course begins with a study of the role of dynamics in the general physics of the atmosphere, the consideration of the differences between modeling and approximation, and the observed large-scale phenomenology of the atmosphere. Only then are the basic equations derived in rigorous manner. The equations are then applied to important problems and methodologies in meteorology and climate, with discussions of the history of the topics where appropriate. Problems include the Hadley circulation and its role in the general circulation, atmospheric waves including gravity and Rossby waves and their interaction with the mean flow, with specific applications to the stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation, tides, the super-rotation of Venus' atmosphere, the generation of atmospheric turbulence, and stationary waves among other problems. The quasi-geostrophic approximation is derived, and the resulting equations are used to examine the hydrodynamic stability of the circulation with applications ranging from convective adjustment to climate.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Lindzen, Richard
GOES-R Launch Workshop for Broadcast Meteorologists, November 2016
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This lesson consists of presentations by nine professionals from NOAA and NASA ...

This lesson consists of presentations by nine professionals from NOAA and NASA recorded at the GOES-R Workshop for Broadcast Meteorologists at Kennedy Space Center. The workshop was offered by StormCenter Communications, Inc. in partnership with the COMET Program in conjunction with the November 2016 GOES-R launch. These presentations introduce broadcast meteorologists to the new capabilities of this next-generation weather satellite and cover topics including new instrumentation and data available via the GOES-R series, and how the imagery will improve forecasting. After completing this lesson and passing the quiz, students will receive a certificate which can be used to document continuing education credits toward maintaining certification for the AMS CBM and NWA Seal of Approval.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET
S-290 Unit 9: Observing the Weather
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This webcast covers procedures for taking accurate weather observations using belt weather ...

This webcast covers procedures for taking accurate weather observations using belt weather kits and descriptions of other common weather observing equipment used in fire weather. In addition, maintenance of the primary components of the belt weather kit are demonstrated.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET
S-290 Unit 6: Atmospheric Stability
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S-290 Unit 6: Atmospheric Stability introduces the processes related to stable and ...

S-290 Unit 6: Atmospheric Stability introduces the processes related to stable and unstable atmospheric conditions and explains their impact on fire behavior. This Unit provides detailed information about how fire behavior is affected by stable and unstable atmospheric phenomena such as inversions and thunderstorms. The Unit also explains cloud formation and describes the usage of clouds and other visual indicators to recognize stable and unstable atmospheric conditions. The module is part of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior Course "http://www.meted.ucar.edu/dl_courses/S290".

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET
S-290 Unit 7: Wind Systems
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S-290 Unit 7: Wind Systems outlines general and local winds and their ...

S-290 Unit 7: Wind Systems outlines general and local winds and their processes. Detailed information is provided about critical fire weather winds, including frontal winds, foehn winds, and thunderstorm winds and the effects of these winds on wildland fires. The module also describes topographic influences on winds, and provides guidelines for estimating winds based on location and fuel sheltering. The module is part of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior Course.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET
S-290 Introduction
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The purpose of this unit is to introduce the online version of ...

The purpose of this unit is to introduce the online version of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior, S-290 course. The unit discusses the overall course objectives, the content covered in the twelve units comprising this course, course navigation, and the contributors to this effort.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET
S-290 Unit 5: Temperature and Relative Humidity Relationships
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“S-290 Unit 5: Temperature and Relative Humidity Relationships” module focuses on methods ...

“S-290 Unit 5: Temperature and Relative Humidity Relationships” module focuses on methods of describing humidity in the atmosphere and how temperature changes can affect relative humidity. Topics from this module will be further related to effects on potential fire behavior in other modules of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior Course.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
COMET MetEd Collection
Author:
COMET