In recent decades, it has been recognized that maternal health and fetal development plays a critical role in developing diabetes and at the same time, diabetes is an important but often unrecognized contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality. This presentation talks about the links between diabetes and maternal, and child health. Furthermore, it is explored why an intergenerational perspective on diabetes prevention is needed.
What is maternal mortality? Maternal mortality is the risk of a mother to die when she is pregnant. It's the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. This number has decreased enormously in the past century or decades, but the differences between countries are huge. Why do some expecting mothers end up on the road to death, and some on the road to survival? What is needed to read the SDG 3.1, to lower maternal mortality ratio to 70 in the world? For an introduction to why mothers die, and what can be done to prevent these deaths, take a look at this video.
Get transcript for video here: https://www.oercommons.org/courseware/module/58789/overview
This video introduces the content and the history that has led to the definition of the broad approach called sexual and reproductive health and rights. It has developed from use of contraception and the rights and knowledge to decide how many children a family wants, over maternal mortality during birth and sexual transmission of diseases. Today the area also includes discussions of sexual orientation, relations outside marriage and early marriage.
This course focuses on current research, controversial issues, and methodological problems in the epidemiology of reproductive and perinatal health. Lectures and analyses of research papers present reproductive health issues such as conception and infertility, contraception and hormone supplementation safety including effects on reproductive cancers , as well as perinatal issues such as complications of pregnancy, infections in pregnancy, maternal mortality, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and birth defects.
“By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births”
Professor Thorkild Tylleskär, CISMAC, CIH, University of Bergen
According to Tylleskär, there have been some improvements in the average levels of maternal mortality world-wide – enough that the topic is no longer being discussed as “high priority”. However, he stresses, this average value does not reflect the unacceptably high levels that remain in Low Income Countries (LIC). Thankfully, he points out that the issues is still included in the Economist’s recent list of “169 Commandments”.
In many LIC, Tylleskär says, a woman’s inherent value still lies in her ability to produce children. He showed a short film to underline the challenges that remain to be addressed. “Why did Mrs X die?” is produced by the WHO and addresses how maternal mortality is connected to the unjust situation of women in low income societies.
View “Why did Mrs X die?”: (2 versions, full and shortened)
Shortened version (~6 min) youtube.com/watch?v=R0mcQ-fF_MY
Full version (~15 min) youtube.com/watch?v=Ugg-ipHnj6U