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Action-Reaction! Rocket
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Students construct rockets from balloons propelled along a guide string. They use ...

Students construct rockets from balloons propelled along a guide string. They use this model to learn about Newton's three laws of motion, examining the effect of different forces on the motion of the rocket.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Ben Heavner
Denise W. Carlson
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Sabre Duren
Catapults!
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Students observe the relationship between the angle of a catapult (a force ...

Students observe the relationship between the angle of a catapult (a force measurement) and the flight of a cotton ball. They learn how Newton's second law of motion works by seeing directly that F = ma. When they pull the metal "arm" back further, thus applying a greater force to the cotton ball, it causes the cotton ball to travel faster and farther. Students also learn that objects of greater mass require more force to result in the same distance traveled by a lighter object.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Ben Heavner
Denise Carlson
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Sabre Duren
Get Me Off This Planet
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The purpose of this lesson is to teach the students about how ...

The purpose of this lesson is to teach the students about how a spacecraft gets from the surface of the Earth to Mars. The lesson first investigates rockets and how they are able to get us into space. Finally, the nature of an orbit is discussed as well as how orbits enable us to get from planet to planet specifically from Earth to Mars.

Subject:
Engineering
Astronomy
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Chris Yakacki
Daria Kotys-Schwartz
Geoffrey Hill
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
The Great Gravity Escape
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Students use water balloons and a length of string to understand how ...

Students use water balloons and a length of string to understand how the force of gravity between two objects and the velocity of a spacecraft can balance to form an orbit. They see that when the velocity becomes too great for gravity to hold the spacecraft in orbit, the object escapes the orbit and travels further away from the planet.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Chris Yakacki
Daria Kotys-Schwartz
Geoffrey Hill
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Timothy M. Dittrich
History and Philosophy of Mechanics: Newton's Principia Mathematica, Fall 2011
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This course focuses on an in-depth reading of Principia Mathematica Philosophiae Naturalis ...

This course focuses on an in-depth reading of Principia Mathematica Philosophiae Naturalis by Isaac Newton, as well as several related commentaries and historical philosophical texts.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Mathematics
Calculus
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbooks
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Adam Schulman
Into Space!
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While building and testing model rockets fueled by antacid tablets, students are ...

While building and testing model rockets fueled by antacid tablets, students are introduced to the basic physics concepts on how rockets work. Students revise and improve their initial designs. Note: This activity is similar to the elementary-level film canister rockets activity, but adapted for middle school students.

Subject:
Education
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Brian Kay
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Jeff White
Jessica Butterfield
Jessica Todd
Karen King
Sam Semakula
May the Force Be With You: Drag
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This lesson explores the drag force on airplanes. The students will be ...

This lesson explores the drag force on airplanes. The students will be introduced to the concept of conservation of energy and how it relates to drag. Students will explore the relationship between drag and the shape, speed and size of an object.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Alex Conner
Geoffrey Hill
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Tom Rutkowski
May the Force Be With You: Thrust
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In this lesson, students will study how propellers and jet turbines generate ...

In this lesson, students will study how propellers and jet turbines generate thrust. This lesson focuses on Isaac Newton's 3rd Law of Motion, which states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Alex Conner
Geoffrey Hill
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Tom Rutkowski
Motion Commotion
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Students learn why and how motion occurs and what governs changes in ...

Students learn why and how motion occurs and what governs changes in motion, as described by Newton's three laws of motion. They gain hands-on experience with the concepts of forces, changes in motion, and action and reaction. In an associated literacy activity, students design a behavioral survey and learn basic protocol for primary research, survey design and report writing.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Ben Heavner
Denise Carlson
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Sabre Duren
Naked Egg Drop
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Student pairs experience the iterative engineering design process as they design, build, ...

Student pairs experience the iterative engineering design process as they design, build, test and improve catching devices to prevent a "naked" egg from breaking when dropped from increasing heights. To support their design work, they learn about materials properties, energy types and conservation of energy. Acting as engineering teams, during the activity and competition they are responsible for design and construction planning within project constraints, including making engineering modifications for improvement. They carefully consider material choices to balance potentially competing requirements (such as impact-absorbing and low-cost) in the design of their prototypes. They also experience a real-world transfer of energy as the elevated egg's gravitational potential energy turns into kinetic energy as it falls and further dissipates into other forms upon impact. Pre- and post-activity assessments and a scoring rubric are provided. The activity scales up to district or regional egg drop competition scale. As an alternative to a ladder, detailed instructions are provided for creating a 10-foot-tall egg dropper rig.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Lauren Jabusch
RESOURCE GK-12 Program,
Newton Gets Me Moving
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In this lesson, students will explore motion, rockets and rocket motion while ...

In this lesson, students will explore motion, rockets and rocket motion while assisting Spacewoman Tess, Spaceman Rohan and Maya in their explorations. They will first learn some basic facts about vehicles, rockets and why we use them. Then, the students will discover that the motion of all objects including the flight of a rocket and movement of a canoe is governed by Newton's three laws of motion.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Brian Argrow
Geoffrey Hill
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Jay Shah
Jeff White
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Pop Rockets
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Students design and build paper rockets around film canisters, which serve as ...

Students design and build paper rockets around film canisters, which serve as engines. An antacid tablet and water are put into each canister, reacting to form carbon dioxide gas, and acting as the pop rocket's propellant. With the lid snapped on, the continuous creation of gas causes pressure to build up until the lid pops off, sending the rocket into the air. The pop rockets demonstrate Newton's third law of motion: for every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Brian Argrow
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Jay Shah
Jeff White
Luke Simmons
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Red Light, Green Light
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Building upon their understanding of forces and Newton's laws of motion, students ...

Building upon their understanding of forces and Newton's laws of motion, students learn about the force of friction, specifically with respect to cars. They explore the friction between tires and the road to learn how it affects the movement of cars while driving. In an associated literacy activity, students explore the theme of conflict in literature, and the difference between internal and external conflict, and various types of conflicts. Stories are used to discuss methods of managing and resolving conflict and interpersonal friction.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Ben Heavner
Denise Carlson
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Sabre Duren
Rockets
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Students learn how and why engineers design satellites to benefit life on ...

Students learn how and why engineers design satellites to benefit life on Earth, as well as explore motion, rockets and rocket motion. Through six lessons and 10 associated hands-on activities, students discover that the motion of all objects everything from the flight of a rocket to the movement of a canoe is governed by Newton's three laws of motion. This unit introduces students to the challenges of getting into space for the purpose of exploration. The ideas of thrust, weight and control are explored, helping students to fully understand what goes into the design of rockets and the value of understanding these scientific concepts. After learning how and why the experts make specific engineering choices, students also learn about the iterative engineering design process as they design and construct their own model rockets. Then students explore triangulation, a concept that is fundamental to the navigation of satellites and global positioning systems designed by engineers; by investigating these technologies, they learn how people can determine their positions and the locations of others.

Subject:
Engineering
Astronomy
Material Type:
Full Course
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
See individual lessons and activities.
Science of NHL Hockey: Newton's Three Laws of Motion
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Whether they are sprinting down the ice, smashing into the boards or ...

Whether they are sprinting down the ice, smashing into the boards or stopping on a dime, NHL players display an amazing mix of speed and strength. These athletic moves also provide great examples of Newton�s Three Laws of Motion. "Science of NHL Hockey" is a 10-part video series produced in partnership with the National Science Foundation and the National Hockey League.

Subject:
Education
Law
Mathematics
Chemistry
Physics
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Simulations
Provider:
NBC Learn
Provider Set:
Science of NHL Hockey
Author:
National Hockey League
National Science Foundation
NBC Learn
Sliding Textbooks
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In the culminating activity of the unit, students explore and apply their ...

In the culminating activity of the unit, students explore and apply their knowledge of forces, friction, acceleration and gravity in a two-part experiment. First, student groups measure the average acceleration of a textbook pulled along a table by varying weights (with optional extensions, such as with the addition of a pulley or an inclined plane). Then, with a simple modification to the same experimental setup, teams test different surfaces for the effects of friction, graphing and analyzing their results. Students also consider the real-world applications for high- and low-friction surfaces for different situations and purposes, seeing how forces play a role in engineering design and material choices.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Jacob Teter, Liz Anthony, Scott Strobel
RESOURCE GK-12 Program, College of Engineering,
Up, Up and Away! - Airplanes
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The airplanes unit begins with a lesson on how airplanes create lift, ...

The airplanes unit begins with a lesson on how airplanes create lift, which involves a discussion of air pressure and how wings use Bernoulli's principle to change air pressure. Next, students explore the other three forces acting on airplanes thrust, weight and drag. Following these lessons, students learn how airplanes are controlled and use paper airplanes to demonstrate these principles. The final lessons addresses societal and technological impacts that airplanes have had on our world. Students learn about different kinds of airplanes and then design and build their own balsa wood airplanes based on what they have learned.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Full Course
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
What Are Newton's Laws?
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Through a series of three lessons and one activity, students are introduced ...

Through a series of three lessons and one activity, students are introduced to inertia, forces and Newton's three laws of motion. For each lesson, a combination of class demonstrations and PowerPoint® presentations are used to explain, show and relate the concepts to engineering. Lesson 1 starts with inertia, forces and Newton's first law of motion. Lesson 2 builds on lesson 1 with s review and then introduces Newton's second law of motion. Lesson 3 builds on the previous two lessons with a review and then introduces Newton's third law of motion. In a culminating activity, students apply their knowledge of forces, friction, acceleration and gravity in an experiment to measure the average acceleration of a textbook pulled along a table by varying weights, and then test the effects of friction on different surfaces.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Full Course
Instructional Material
Unit of Study
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Elizabeth Anthony, Scott Strobel, Jacob Teter
RESOURCE GK-12 Program, College of Engineering,
What Is Newton's First Law?
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Students are introduced to the concepts of force, inertia and Newton's first ...

Students are introduced to the concepts of force, inertia and Newton's first law of motion: objects at rest stay at rest and objects in motion stay in motion unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. Examples of contact and non-contact types of forces are provided, specifically applied, spring, drag, frictional forces, and magnetic, electric, gravitational forces. Students learn the difference between speed, velocity and acceleration, and come to see that the change in motion (or acceleration) of an object is caused by unbalanced forces. They also learn that engineers consider and take advantage of these forces and laws of motion in their designs. Through a PowerPoint® presentation and some simple teacher demonstrations these fundamental science concepts are explained and illustrated. This lesson is the first in a series of three lessons that are intended to be taught as a unit.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Elizabeth Anthony, Scott Strobel, Jacob Teter
RESOURCE GK-12 Program, College of Engineering,
What Is Newton's Second Law?
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Students are introduced to Newton's second law of motion: force = mass ...

Students are introduced to Newton's second law of motion: force = mass x acceleration. After a review of force, types of forces and Newton's first law, Newton's second law of motion is presented. Both the mathematical equation and physical examples are discussed, including Atwood's Machine to illustrate the principle. Students come to understand that an object's acceleration depends on its mass and the strength of the unbalanced force acting upon it. They also learn that Newton's second law is commonly used by engineers as they design machines, structures and products, everything from towers and bridges to bicycles, cribs and pinball machines. This lesson is the second in a series of three lessons that are intended to be taught as a unit.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Elizabeth Anthony, Scott Strobel, Jacob Teter
RESOURCE GK-12 Program, College of Engineering,