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Aqua-Thrusters!
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In this activity, students construct their own rocket-powered boat called an "aqua-thruster." ...

In this activity, students construct their own rocket-powered boat called an "aqua-thruster." These aqua-thrusters will be made from a film canister and will use carbon dioxide gas produced from a chemical reaction between an antacid tablet and water to propel it. Students observe the effect that surface area of this simulated solid rocket fuel has on thrust.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Brian Argrow
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Jay Shah
Jeff White
Luke Simmons
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Blast Off
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Rockets need a lot of thrust to get into space. In this ...

Rockets need a lot of thrust to get into space. In this lesson, students learn how rocket thrust is generated with propellant. The two types of propellants are discussed and relation to their use on rockets is investigated. Students learn why engineers need to know the different properties of propellants.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Brian Argrow
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Jay Shah
Jeff White
Luke Simmons
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Environmental Challenges in China: From Rural Villages to Big Cities
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Students learn about the wonderful and fascinating country of China, and its ...

Students learn about the wonderful and fascinating country of China, and its environmental challenges that require engineering solutions, many in the form of increased energy efficiency, the incorporation of renewable energy, and new engineering developments for urban and rural areas. China is fast becoming an extremely influential factor in our world today, and will likely have a large role in shaping the decades ahead. China is the world's largest energy consumer and the largest producer of carbon dioxide emissions, leading engineers and scientists to be concerned about the role these emissions play in rural and urban public and environmental health, as well as in global climate change. Through exploring some sources of air pollution, appropriate housing for different climate zones, and the types of renewable energy, the lessons and activities of this unit present ways that engineers are helping people in China, using an approach to cleaner, smarter, healthier and more-efficient ways of living that apply to people wherever they live.

Subject:
Engineering
Environmental Science
Material Type:
Full Course
Instructional Material
Unit of Study
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Abigail T. Watrous, Stephanie Rivale, Janet Yowell, Denise W. Carlson
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Fire Weather Patterns in Australia: Southeast Australia
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The module illustrates the typical synoptic pattern influencing fire weather in southeast ...

The module illustrates the typical synoptic pattern influencing fire weather in southeast Australia. A case study provides insight into how experienced forecasters combine the four key ingredients—wind, temperature, dew point temperature, and fuel state—to produce a fire danger index value and resulting forecast policy map. Then, a case exercise allows the learner to practice using weather and fuel data to create a fire weather forecast policy map for southeastern Australia.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Atmospheric Science
Chemistry
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Provider:
UCAR
UCAR Staff
Provider Set:
COMET/MetEd Program Collection
Author:
COMET
Fuel Effectiveness
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
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This module works on relating chemistry to students’ everyday experiences with work ...

This module works on relating chemistry to students’ everyday experiences with work on combustion reactions, including testing different grades of fuel. It also talks about how engine function relates to octane use and combustion reactions. A final, more informative activity, helps students determine which percentage of octane fuel they should purchase for their cars.

Subject:
Computer Science
Chemistry
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Assessments
Homework and Assignments
Interactive
Lesson Plans
Simulations
Teaching and Learning Strategies
Provider:
National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA)
Provider Set:
Institute for Chemistry Literacy through Computational Science (ICLCS)
Author:
Beth Roy
Deanna Keeney
Janice Capelle
Jeremy Palmer
Peter Bertling
Fuel Mystery Dis-Solved!
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In this activity, students investigate the simulated use of solid rocket fuel ...

In this activity, students investigate the simulated use of solid rocket fuel by using an antacid tablet. Students observe the effect that surface area and temperature has on chemical reactions. Also, students compare the reaction time using two different reactants: water and vinegar. Finally, students report their results using a bar graph.

Subject:
Engineering
Physics
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Instructional Material
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Brian Argrow
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
Janet Yowell
Jay Shah
Jeff White
Luke Simmons
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Investigating Alternative Energy For Vehicles
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The “Investigating Alternative Fuels for Vehicles” curriculum focus will allow students to ...

The “Investigating Alternative Fuels for Vehicles” curriculum focus will allow students to learn about alternative fuels used to power vehicles. Students will expand their knowledge through discussion, inquiry-based activities, and research on the innovative technology related to alternative fuel vehicles. This project will expose students to the role that alternative energy have in reducing global warming and conservation of natural resources.

Subject:
Environmental Science
Material Type:
Lesson Plans
Provider:
North Carolina State University
Provider Set:
Kenan Fellows Program for Curriculum and Leadership Development
Author:
Travis Chapman
Molecular Structure of Coronene
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Coronene is a yellow fibrous powder that is fairly stable, but combustible. ...

Coronene is a yellow fibrous powder that is fairly stable, but combustible. This PAH is a major compound in gasoline engine exhaust. Coronene was recently discovered to be responsible for some astronomical phenomena, that being the effect of infrared absorption of starlight caused by the excitation of the compound s molecular vibrational modes.

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Data
Instructional Material
Interactive
Provider:
Indiana University Molecular Structure Center
Provider Set:
Reciprocal Net: A Distributed Crystallography Network for Researchers, Students, and the General Public
Author:
Common molecules
Obtained courtesy of the Cambridge Structural Database
Molecular Structure of Ethanol
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Ethanol is a clear, colorless liquid that has a very distinct alcohol ...

Ethanol is a clear, colorless liquid that has a very distinct alcohol smell. It was discovered/made as far back as 6000 B.C. in the production of beer and wine. The Chinese were the first to distill it from fermented rice liquor. It is fermented from glucose sugars of plant cell walls. Ethanol is the primary ingredient in alcoholic beverages and is a central nervous system depressant in humans. It is absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and reacts violently with oxidants. Henry Ford used ethanol to run the first engine for the Model T. Currently, there is a lot of research related to increasing use of ethanol as a fuel to help the environment and offset the demand of oil since it burns much cleaner than oil and is a renewable resource. Ethanol is commonly used as a disinfectant; it kills organisms by denaturing their proteins and dissolving their lipids: it is effective against most bacteria and fungi, and many viruses, but is ineffective against bacterial spores. This disinfectant property of ethanol is the reason that alcoholic beverages can be stored for a long time.

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Data
Instructional Material
Interactive
Provider:
Indiana University Molecular Structure Center
Provider Set:
Reciprocal Net: A Distributed Crystallography Network for Researchers, Students, and the General Public
Author:
Common molecules
Contributed by Indiana University
Molecular Structure of Isobutane
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Isobutane is a colorless, odorless flammable gas that is relatively stable and ...

Isobutane is a colorless, odorless flammable gas that is relatively stable and inert to most chemical reagents. It has been used in aerosol propellants, aviation fluid additives, and industrial as well as household fuels. This compound occurs in small amounts in natural gas and in petroleum crude oil. It has also been measured in diesel exhaust and cigarette smoke.

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Data
Instructional Material
Interactive
Provider:
Indiana University Molecular Structure Center
Provider Set:
Reciprocal Net: A Distributed Crystallography Network for Researchers, Students, and the General Public
Author:
Common molecules
Contributed by Indiana University
Molecular Structure of Methane
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Methane is the simplest hydrocarbon, but certainly not the least important. It ...

Methane is the simplest hydrocarbon, but certainly not the least important. It is an important fuel source providing electricity, thermal energy and transportation fuel. Unfortunately, the second largest source of greenhouse emissions is methane, most of which is released from landfills.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Chemistry
Material Type:
Data
Instructional Material
Interactive
Provider:
Indiana University Molecular Structure Center
Provider Set:
Reciprocal Net: A Distributed Crystallography Network for Researchers, Students, and the General Public
Author:
Common molecules
Contributed by Indiana University
Molecular Structure of Methanol
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In England in 1661, Irish chemist Robert Boyle discovered methanol as a ...

In England in 1661, Irish chemist Robert Boyle discovered methanol as a byproduct of the distillation of wood, hence the archaic names, spirit of wood and wood alcohol. Methanol is a clear, flammable, and toxic liquid that can cause blindness if repeatedly inhaled or ingested. Consumption (>2 Tbsp) can be fatal, but the body can metabolize small amounts. Methanol is prepared by the catalytic combination reaction of carbon monoxide and hydrogen gases under high pressures. It is used in fuel mixtures to stretch the life of gasoline, in addition to its use in windshield washer fluid (50% MeOH) and paint strippers. Also methanol is used as industrial solvent in manufacture of streptomycin, vitamins, hormones, polymers and plastics.

Subject:
Life Science
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Chemistry
Material Type:
Data
Instructional Material
Interactive
Provider:
Indiana University Molecular Structure Center
Provider Set:
Reciprocal Net: A Distributed Crystallography Network for Researchers, Students, and the General Public
Author:
Common molecules
Contributed by Indiana University
Molecular Structure of Propyne
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Propyne, also known as methyl acetylene and allylene, is a colorless, non-toxic ...

Propyne, also known as methyl acetylene and allylene, is a colorless, non-toxic gas. It is flammable at room temperature and atmospheric pressure with a characteristic sweet acetylenic odor. Since it is heavier than air and may travel along the ground (like ether) and distant ignition is possible. Propyne is the second simplest member of the acetylene family. It can form explosives mixtures with air and oxidizing agents. It is used as welding torch fuel. Propyne has been identified in the atmospheres of outer planets and in interstellar clouds.

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Data
Instructional Material
Interactive
Provider:
Indiana University Molecular Structure Center
Provider Set:
Reciprocal Net: A Distributed Crystallography Network for Researchers, Students, and the General Public
Author:
Common molecules
Contributed by Indiana University
Molecular Structure of propane
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Propane, one of the simplest alkanes with three carbons and eight hydrogen ...

Propane, one of the simplest alkanes with three carbons and eight hydrogen atoms, is a colorless gas used in many home appliances e.g., grills. It is a hydrocarbon produced from crude oil and natural gas, which has been one of the successful alternative transportation fuels. The advantages of using propane as a fuel are lower maintenance costs, fewer spark plugs and oil changes, and less wear on such components as piston rings and bearings. Also, vehicle emissions from natural gas and propane are expected to be lower and less harmful to the environment than those of conventional gasoline. In the petroleum industry, propane is used as a combined solvent and refrigerant for the refining of lubricants and other products.

Subject:
Chemistry
Material Type:
Data
Instructional Material
Interactive
Provider:
Indiana University Molecular Structure Center
Provider Set:
Reciprocal Net: A Distributed Crystallography Network for Researchers, Students, and the General Public
Author:
Common molecules
Contributed by Indiana University
The Politics of Ethanol and the Future of Next Generation Biofuels
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No Strings Attached
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There is tremendous potential for the United States to forge new political ...

There is tremendous potential for the United States to forge new political alliances at home and abroad in the production of ethanol. At the same time, decreasing dependence upon petroleum will also have consequences. The relative benefits and disadvantages—political, social, economic, and environmental—must be weighed carefully by those who are in the position of crafting and implementing national policy.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Material Type:
Readings
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Nicole Hemsoth
Rockets!
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Students are introduced to statics and dynamics, free-body diagrams, combustion and thermodynamics ...

Students are introduced to statics and dynamics, free-body diagrams, combustion and thermodynamics to gain an understanding of the forces needed to lift rockets off the ground. They learn that thrust force is needed to launch rockets into space and the energy for thrust is stored as chemical energy in the rocket's fuel. Then, using the law of conservation of energy, students learn that the chemical energy of the fuel is converted into work and heat energy during a rocket launch. A short PowerPoint® presentation is provided, including two example problems for stoichiometry review. An optional teacher demonstration is described as an extension activity.

Subject:
Education
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
National Science Foundation GK-12 and Research Experience for Teachers (RET) Programs,
Taylor Dizon-Kelly
Rural Energy in China: How Can Engineers Make a Difference?
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Students learn about five types of renewable energy that are part of ...

Students learn about five types of renewable energy that are part of engineering solutions to help people in rural communities use less and cleaner energy for cooking and heating. Specifically, students learn about the pollution and health challenges facing families in rural China, and they are introduced to the concept of optimization. Through an energy game, students differentiate between renewable and non-renewable sources of energy.

Subject:
Engineering
Environmental Science
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Abigail T. Watrous, Stephanie Rivale, Janet Yowell, Denise W. Carlson (This material developed in part during Watrous' China Fulbright fellowship in 2009-10. Sincere thanks to the U.S. State Department and the Fulbright Program for their support.)
Integrated Teaching and Learning Program,
S-290 Unit 10: Fuel Moisture
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S-290 Unit 10: Fuel Moisture provides information about live and dead fuel ...

S-290 Unit 10: Fuel Moisture provides information about live and dead fuel moisture contents and their relation to fire behavior. Influences on fuel moisture and methods for estimating dead fuel and live fuel moisture in the field are summarized, and guidance is offered for assessing the potential fire danger based on fuel moisture and other fireline information. The module is part of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior Course.

Subject:
Education
Mathematics
Atmospheric Science
Chemistry
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Provider:
UCAR
UCAR Staff
Provider Set:
COMET/MetEd Program Collection
Author:
COMET
S-290 Unit 3: Fuels
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S-290 Unit 3: Fuels covers the effects of fuels on fire behavior ...

S-290 Unit 3: Fuels covers the effects of fuels on fire behavior and the terminology for describing fuel characteristics, as well as fuel models used for classification. This module is part of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior Course.

Subject:
Atmospheric Science
Chemistry
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Provider:
UCAR
UCAR Staff
Provider Set:
COMET/MetEd Program Collection
Author:
COMET
Science of NFL Football: Nutrition, Hydration & Health
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NBC's Lester Holt looks at the physically demanding pre-season ritual of NFL ...

NBC's Lester Holt looks at the physically demanding pre-season ritual of NFL training camp. Douglas Casa, head of the Korey Stringer Institute at the University of Connecticut, and athletic trainers from the Pittsburgh Steelers explain what NFL players must do to stay hydrated and replenish the essential nutrients needed to maintain good health during rigorous practices. "Science of NFL Football" is a 10-part video series funded by the National Science Foundation and produced in partnership with the National Football League.

Subject:
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Nutrition
Chemistry
Physics
Material Type:
Instructional Material
Lesson Plans
Simulations
Video Lectures
Provider:
NBC Learn
Provider Set:
Science of NFL Football
Author:
National Football League
National Science Foundation
NBC Learn