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3e. Pyramids
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One of the Seven Wonders of the World, the pyramids defy 21st-century humans to explain their greatest secrets. How could a civilization that lacked bulldozers, forklifts, and trucks build such massive structures? Why would anyone have spent the time and energy to attempt such a task? What treasures were placed inside these monuments?

Subject:
Ancient History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
Ancient Civilizations
4b. Babylonia
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The Babylonians used the innovations of the Sumerians, added to them, and built an empire that gave the world, among other things, codified laws, a tower that soared above the earth, and one of the Seven Wonders of the World.

Subject:
Ancient History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Reading
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
Ancient Civilizations
Ancient History Encyclopedia
Conditions of Use:
Remix and Share
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Ancient History Encyclopedia is a non-profit educational website with a global vision: to provide the best ancient history information on the internet for free.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Ancient History
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Homework/Assignment
Interactive
Reading
Textbook
Provider:
Ancient History Encyclopedia
Provider Set:
Individual Authors
Ancient Philosophy, Fall 2004
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Remix and Share
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This course will acquaint the student with some of the ancient Greek contributions to the Western philosophical and scientific tradition. We will examine a broad range of central philosophical themes concerning: nature, law, justice, knowledge, virtue, happiness, and death. There will be a strong emphasis on analyses of arguments found in the texts.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Law
General Law
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Haslanger, Sally
The Ancient World: Greece, Fall 2004
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History of Ancient Greece from the Bronze Age to the death of Alexander. Major social, economic, political, and religious trends. Homer, heroism, and the Greek identity; the hoplite revolution and the rise of the city-state; Herodotus, Persia, and the (re)birth of history; Empire, Thucydidean rationalism, and the Peloponnesian War; Platonic constructs; Aristotle, Macedonia, and Hellenism. Emphasis on use of primary sources in translation.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Broadhead, William
The Ancient World: Rome, Spring 2005
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Remix and Share
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History of Rome from its humble beginnings to the fifth century A.D. First half: Kingship to Republican form; the conquest of Italy; Roman expansion: Pyrrhus, Punic Wars and provinces; classes, courts, and the Roman revolution; Augustus and the formation of empire. Second half: Virgil to the Vandals; major social, economic, political and religious trends at Rome and in the provinces. Emphasis on use of primary sources in translation.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Broadhead, William
Arabic History and Culture
Rating

This webpage provides elementary information on aspects of Arab culture and history, including religion, politics, naming conventions, and Persian influence on Arab culture and language. The information seems to have been authored by the site's administrator, and contains no references or citations.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Religious Studies
World Cultures
Ancient History
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Individual Authors
Author:
Hani Deek
A Comprehensive Outline Of World History
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No Strings Attached
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A textbook that covers major events from the beginning of time until 1900. The text is divided first by time period and then by region and country within the period. Learn about the following topics in this world history textbook:Ice Age, Neanderthals, Mesolithic Age, Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age,  Ancient Egypt, Greek Empire, Roman Empire, Nomads, Han Dynasty, Mayan Empire, Byzantine Empire, Dark Ages, Barbarians, Turkish Empire, Viking Empire, Vikings, Charlemagne, Classical Period, Middle Ages, Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan, Black Death, Plague, Colonization, America, Pilgrims, Ottoman Empire, American Revolution, Industrial Revolution, Reconstruction, Renaissance, Age of Discovery, Elizabethan Era, Reformation Era, Age of Enlightenment. Suggested Level: UP (Upper Primary)

Subject:
World History
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
Jack E. Maxfield
Do as the Romans: Construct an Aqueduct!
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

Students work with specified materials to create aqueduct components that can transport two liters of water across a short distance in their classroom. The design challenge is to create an aqueduct that can supply Aqueductis, a (hypothetical) Roman city, with clean water for private homes, public baths and fountains as well as crop irrigation.

Subject:
Engineering
Hydrology
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
History and Geometry of Roman Aqueducts
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Read the Fine Print
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Students see that geometric shapes can be found in all sorts of structures as they explore the history of the Roman Empire with a focus on how engineers 2000 years ago laid the groundwork for many structures seen today. Through a short online video, brief lecture material and their own online research directed by worksheet questions, students discover how the Romans invented a structure known today as the Roman arch that enabled them to build architecture never before seen by humankind, including the amazing aqueducts. Students calculate the slope and its total drop and angle over its entire distance for an example aqueduct. Completing this lesson prepares students for the associated activity in which teams build and test model aqueducts that meet specific constraints. This lesson serves as an introduction to many other geometry—and engineering-related lessons—including statics and trusses, scale modeling, and trigonometry.

Subject:
Mathematics
Geometry
Material Type:
Lesson
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Lauchlin Blue
Malinda Zarske
Nathan Coyle
Journey to the Afterlife
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Student teams are challenged to design models of Egyptian funerary barges for the purpose of transporting mummies through the underworld to the afterlife. Planning the boat designs requires an understanding of ancient culture and beliefs so the mummies are transported safely through the perils of the underworld. Students design and build prototypes using materials and tools like the ancient Egyptians had at their disposal. Then they do the same with modern materials and techniques, forming an awareness of the similarities and differences of the barge designs between the ancient materials and tools (technologies) and today's technologies, which are evolved from the earlier ways.

Subject:
Engineering
Education
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Anthony Trinh
Bryan Licciadri
Heather Blackwell
Let’s Build an Aqueduct!
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Students explore in detail how the Romans built aqueducts using arches—and the geometry involved in doing so. Building on what they learned in the associated lesson about how innovative Roman arches enabled the creation of magnificent structures such as aqueducts, students use trigonometry to complete worksheet problem calculations to determine semicircular arch construction details using trapezoidal-shaped and cube-shaped blocks. Then student groups use hot glue and half-inch wooden cube blocks to build model aqueducts, doing all the calculations to design and build the arches necessary to support a water-carrying channel over a three-foot span. They calculate the slope of the small-sized aqueduct based on what was typical for Roman aqueducts at the time, aiming to construct the ideal slope over a specified distance in order to achieve a water flow that is not spilling over or stagnant. They test their model aqueducts with water and then reflect on their performance.

Subject:
Mathematics
Geometry
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Lauchlin Blue
Malinda Zarske
Nathan Coyle
Surface Tension and Suminagashi
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

In an activity that integrates science and art, students see, experience and harness the phenomenon of surface tension as they create beautiful works of art. Students conduct two experiments related to surface tension floating objects on the surface of water and creating original artwork using floating inks. They also learn historical and cultural information through an introduction to the ancient Japanese art form of suminagashi. They take the topic a step further by discussing how an understanding of surface tension can be applied to solve real-world engineering problems and create useful inventions.

Subject:
Engineering
Arts and Humanities
Physics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
David Hu
Steve Shaw
TimeMap of World History
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
Rating

The most comprehensive atlas of world history online!

A free atlas of world history with over 1,000 maps and articles to connect the history world into one navigable resources. Use it to navigate maps and summaries of world nations throughout their histories; see what was happening around the world at a specific point of history; or understand the connections between places and events. The TimeMap comes with teaching activities and lesson plans.

It also contains background essays on regions, time periods and civilizations, making it a great resources to understand the context of history.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
World Cultures
Ancient History
World History
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Diagram/Illustration
Interactive
Lesson Plan
Provider:
TimeMaps ltd
Provider Set:
free education website
Author:
Peter Britton