Prosocial behavior is a term used by social psychologists to refer to a broad category of actions that are considered to be beneficial to others and to have positive social consequences. One type of prosocial behavior is altruism--helping that is intended to provide aid to someone else with no expectations of getting something in return.The goal of this exercise is to explore some of the factors that may influence altruistic behavior. Crosstabulation will be used.
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Surveys research which incorporates psychological evidence into economics. Prospect theory. Biases in probabilistic judgment. Self-control and mental accounting with implications for consumption and savings. Fairness, altruism, and public goods contributions. Financial market anomalies and theories. Impact of markets, learning, and incentives. Some evidence on memory, attention, categorization, and the thinking process.
Bioethics is the study of the moral implications of new and emerging medical technologies and looks to answer questions such as selling organs, euthanasia and whether should we clone people. The series consists of a series of interviews by leading bioethics academics and is aimed at individuals looking to explore often difficult and confusing questions surrounding medical ethics. The series lays out the issue in a clear and precise way and looks to show all sides of the debate.
- Health, Medicine and Nursing
- Arts and Humanities
- Material Type:
- University of Oxford
- Provider Set:
- University of Oxford Podcasts
- Jonathan Wolf|Julian Savulescu|Jeff McMahan|Peter Singer|Nick Bostrom|Onora O'Neill|Jonathan Wolf|Tim Lewens|Hanna Pickard|Molly Crocket|Patricia Churchland
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Integrates psychological insights into economic models of behavior. Discusses the limitations of standard economic models and surveys the ways in which psychological experiments have been used to learn about preferences, cognition, and behavior. Topics include trust, vengence, fairness, impatience, impulsivity, bounded rationality, learning, reinforcement, classical conditioning, loss-aversion, over-confidence, self-serving biases, cognitive dissonance, altruism, subjective well-being, and hedonic adaptation. Economic concepts such as equilibrium, rational choice, utility maximization, Bayesian beliefs, game theory, and behavior under uncertainty are discussed in light of these phenomena.
Students analyze an assortment of popular inventions to determine whom they are intended to benefit, who has access to them, who might be harmed by them, and who is profiting by them. Then they re-imagine the devices in a way that they believe would do more good for humanity. During the first 90-minute class period, they evaluate and discuss designs in small groups and as a class, examining their decision-making criteria. Collectively, they decide upon a definition of "ethical" that they use going forward. During the second period, students apply their new point-of-view to redesign popular inventions (on paper) and persuasively present them to the class, explaining how they meet the class standards for ethical designs. Two PowerPoint® presentations, a worksheet and grading rubric are provided.
" This course is an examination of philosophical theories of action and motivation in the light of empirical findings from social psychology, sociology, and neuroscience. Topics include belief, desire, and moral motivation; sympathy and empathy; intentions and other committing states; strength of will and weakness of will; free will; addiction and compulsion; guilt, shame and regret; evil; self-knowledge and self-deception; and, virtues and character traits. This course is a CI-M course."
Psychology is designed to meet scope and sequence requirements for the single-semester introduction to psychology course. The book offers a comprehensive treatment of core concepts, grounded in both classic studies and current and emerging research. The text also includes coverage of the DSM-5 in examinations of psychological disorders. Psychology incorporates discussions that reflect the diversity within the discipline, as well as the diversity of cultures and communities across the globe.Senior Contributing AuthorsRose M. Spielman, Formerly of Quinnipiac UniversityContributing AuthorsKathryn Dumper, Bainbridge State CollegeWilliam Jenkins, Mercer UniversityArlene Lacombe, Saint Joseph's UniversityMarilyn Lovett, Livingstone CollegeMarion Perlmutter, University of Michigan
By the end of this section, you will be able to:Describe altruismDescribe conditions that influence the formation of relationshipsIdentify what attracts people to each otherDescribe the triangular theory of loveExplain social exchange theory in relationships
This course will introduce you to the concepts of social psychology, which focuses primarily on the individual's psychology as part of the group or society. Because humans are social creatures and almost invariably exist in a social context, social psychology deals with a huge range of aspects of human life, including love, attraction, aggression, helping behaviors (or altruism), and obedience. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: Identify the specific areas of research interest within the field of social psychology; Read and understand articles pertaining to experiments and other empirical research in the field of social psychology; Outline the basic methodology, results, and impact of seminal research studies in social psychology (e.g., Milgram's study, Asch's study, Festinger's study, etc.); Explain how the notion of the 'self' contributes to cognitive processes in social interaction; Demonstrate an awareness of the main research findings in the area of social persuasion; Define the term 'attitude' and identify the mechanisms behind attitude change; Discuss the cognitive and affective theories/components linked to stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination; Identify the basic properties of and factors involved in interpersonal attraction and the formation and maintenance of relationships; Demonstrate an awareness of the breadth and importance of social psychological research and its impact in the field of psychology. (Psychology 301)