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.00001 The Value of A Unit With Four Cyphers Going Before It
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A satire on dissension and political intrigue within Andrew Jackson's administration, surrounding ... More

A satire on dissension and political intrigue within Andrew Jackson's administration, surrounding the Spring 1831 resignations of several members of his Cabinet. In the center Jackson sits in a collapsing chair, labeled "The Hickory Chair is coming to pieces at last." Seated on the arm of his chair is a rat with the head of Postmaster General William T. Barry. On the floor before him is a pile of resignations with a broken clay pipe, and a brazier. He sweeps with a broom at a number of rats scurrying at his feet, and in the act knocks over the "Altar of Reform" toppling a winged ass also holding a broom. The rats have heads of (from left to right) Secretary of State Martin Van Buren, Secretary of War John H.Eaton, "D. I. O."(?), Navy Secretary John Branch, and Treasury Secretary Samuel D. Ingham. John Calhoun is a terrier which menaces the Van Buren rat. Van Buren, threatened by an eagle while attempting to climb the "Ladder of Political Preferment" whose rungs are labeled with the names of the states, says, "If I could only humbug that Eagle and climb up this ladder." Calhoun: "You don't get up if I can help it." Eaton: "I'm off to the Indians." Branch: "This from the greatest and best of men." Ingham: "Is this the reward of my Patriotic disinterestedness." In a doorway marked "Skool of Reform" appears a man in a visored cap and fur-trimmed coat saying, "There's Clay, and this is all Clays doings." Daniel Webster and Henry Clay (with raised arms) look in through a window. Webster: "That Terrier has nullified the whole Concern." Clay: "Famine! War! Pestilence!"|Cock of the Walk fecit. (Edward Williams Clay).|Entered . . . 1831 by E.W. Clay.|Publd by E.W. Clay, S.E. corner of Walnut and 4th St. Philada.|The print appears to have been derived from William James Hubbard's portrait of Jackson, or from Albert Newsam's 1830 lithograph reproducing the painting. A pencil sketch believed by Davison to be Clay's sketch for the print is in the National Portrait Gallery in Washington. The Library's impression of ".0001" was deposited for copyright on May 5, 1831. Davison also lists a second edition of the print. Two anonymous versions of the print, possibly derived from ".00001," were published under the title "The Rats leaving a falling house." (See 1831-2).|Title appears as it is written on the item.|Davison, no. 32 (sketch), 56 and 57.|Murrell, p. 109-110.|Weitenkampf, p. 24.|Forms part of: American cartoon print filing series (Library of Congress)|Published in: American political prints, 1766-1876 / Bernard F. Reilly. Boston : G.K. Hall, 1991, entry 1831-1. Less

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Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - Cartoons 1766-1876
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100,000,000 Guinea Pigs : The Dangers of Consumption
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In 1927, responding to the seemingly overpowering claims of advertisers and mass ... More

In 1927, responding to the seemingly overpowering claims of advertisers and mass marketers, engineer Frederick Schlink and economist Stuart Chase published Your Money's Worth, which argued for an "extension of the principle of buying goods according to impartial scientific tests rather than according to the fanfare and triumphs of higher salesmanship." Your Money's Worth became an instant best-seller, and the authors organized Consumers' Research, a testing bureau that provided information and published product tests in a new magazine, Consumers' Research Bulletin. The 1929 stock market crash heightened suspicion of consumer capitalism, and the magazine had 42,000 subscribers by 1932. In 1933, Schlink and Arthur Kallet (executive secretary of Consumers' Research) published 100,000,000 Guinea Pigs: Dangers in Everyday Foods, Drugs, and Cosmetics. The book struck a responsive chord in depression-era America--it went through thirteen printings in its first six months and became one of the best-selling books of the decade. The book's first chapter ("The Great American Guinea Pig"), gave a flavor of their vigorous arguments. Less

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Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Readings
Provider:
American Social History Project / Center for History Media and Learning
Provider Set:
Many Pasts (CHNM/ASHP)
Author:
Center for History and New Media/American Social History Project
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10,000,000 Members by Christmas On Christmas Eve, a Candle in Every Window and Red Cross Members in Every Home.
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Poster showing a holly-decked candle in a window, with the Red Cross ... More

Poster showing a holly-decked candle in a window, with the Red Cross symbol in its glow. Forms part of: Willard and Dorothy Straight Collection. Less

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Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Primary Source
Provider:
Library of Congress
Provider Set:
Library of Congress - World War I Posters
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100+ Web 2.0 Ideas for Educators: A Guide to RSS and More
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As part of my presentation for the K12 Online Conference I am ... More

As part of my presentation for the K12 Online Conference I am publishing this 50 page document. It is a combination of the 50+ RSS Ideas for Educators document and the Teaching Hacks wiki. It is geared towards an introduction to RSS, but carries on a bit further into topics such as tagging, social bookmarking, wikis and more. Link is to a pdf document. Less

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Author:
Quentin D'Souza
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10. Civil Liberties and Civil Rights
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What is the difference between a liberty and a right? Both words ... More

What is the difference between a liberty and a right? Both words appear in the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights. The distinction between the two has always been blurred, and today the concepts are often used interchangeably. However, they do refer to different kinds of guaranteed protections. Less

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Subject:
Political Science
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
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10. E Pluribus Unum
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The Declaration of Independence was a product of the Second Continental Congress. ... More

The Declaration of Independence was a product of the Second Continental Congress. Two earlier intercolonial conferences had occurred, each building important keystones of colonial unity. The Stamp Act Congress and the First Continental Congress brought the delegates from differing colonies to agreement on a message to send to the king. Each successive Congress brought greater participation. Each time the representatives met, they were more accustomed to compromise. As times grew more desperate, the people at home became more and more willing to trust their national leaders. Less

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Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
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10. Japan: An Island Nation
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Japan's location just off the fringe of continental Asia made it an ... More

Japan's location just off the fringe of continental Asia made it an ideal place for its unique culture to develop. The islands are situated close enough to China and Korea to benefit from the cultural and technological innovations of those great civilizations, but far enough removed across perilous seas to resist significant political and military domination from the two powers. Less

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Subject:
Ancient History
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
Ancient Civilizations
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10X Bigger! - Remix
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Students will explore multi-digit numbers and the relationship between ones, tens and ... More

Students will explore multi-digit numbers and the relationship between ones, tens and hundreds; a digit in one place is 10x the digit in the place to its right. Students will use their bodies to represent digits in multi-digit numbers up to the hundredths place and compare these numbers using <, =, >. Students will use their bodies as multi-digit numbers to add and subtract. Less

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Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Teaching and Learning Strategies
Provider:
OER Commons
Provider Set:
Open Author Resources
Author:
Anne Collier
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10a. Japanese Religion and Spirituality
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Since ancient times, Japanese philosophers have pondered basic, unanswerable questions about their ... More

Since ancient times, Japanese philosophers have pondered basic, unanswerable questions about their natural environment. The early Japanese believed that the world around them was inhabited by gods and spirits, from streaks of mist obscuring jagged mountain peaks to water cascading over secluded waterfalls. Almost every aspect of Japan's stunning natural beauty evoked a sense of awe and wonder among its people. Less

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Subject:
Religious Studies
Ancient History
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
Ancient Civilizations
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10a. Rights and Responsibilities of Citizens
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The 14th Amendment guaranteed "equal protection of the law" more than 130 ... More

The 14th Amendment guaranteed "equal protection of the law" more than 130 years ago. The fact that it took so many years for its effects to be felt is testimony to the complexity of the decision-making process in a democracy. It took all three branches, active interest groups, and concerned individual citizens to bring the country closer to the ideal of equal rights for all. Less

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Subject:
Political Science
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
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10a. Stamp Act Congress
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"No taxation without representation!" was the cry. The colonists were not merely ... More

"No taxation without representation!" was the cry. The colonists were not merely griping about the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act. They intended to place actions behind their words. One thing was clear — no colony acting alone could effectively convey a message to the king and Parliament. The appeals to Parliament by the individual legislatures had been ignored. It was James Otis who suggested an intercolonial conference to agree on a united course of action. With that, the Stamp Act Congress convened in New York in October 1765. Less

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Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
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10b. First Amendment Rights
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A careful reading of the First Amendment reveals that it protects several ... More

A careful reading of the First Amendment reveals that it protects several basic liberties — freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, and assembly. Interpretation of the amendment is far from easy, as court case after court case has tried to define the limits of these freedoms. The definitions have evolved throughout American history, and the process continues today. Less

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Subject:
Political Science
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
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10b. Sons and Daughters of Liberty
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They were the ones who were not afraid. They knew instinctively that ... More

They were the ones who were not afraid. They knew instinctively that talk and politics alone would not bring an end to British tyranny. They were willing to resort to extralegal means if necessary to end this series of injustices. They were American patriots — northern and southern, young and old, male and female. They were the Sons and Daughters of Liberty. Less

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Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
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10c. Committees of Correspondence
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Volumes and volumes of written work was emerging in the American colonies ... More

Volumes and volumes of written work was emerging in the American colonies on the subject of British policies. Apart from major documents and publications, much writing had been produced as letters, pamphlets, and newspaper editorials. The arguments set forth in this way were at times very convincing. American patriots of the 1770s did not have modern means of communication at their disposal. To spread the power of the written word from town to town and colony to colony, Committees of Correspondence were established. Less

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Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
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10c. Feudal Japan: The Age of the Warrior
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Being a warrior in feudal Japan was more than just a job. ... More

Being a warrior in feudal Japan was more than just a job. It was a way of life. The collapse of aristocratic rule ushered in a new age of chaos — appropriately called the Warring States period (c.1400-1600) — in which military might dictated who governed and who followed. Less

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Subject:
Ancient History
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
Ancient Civilizations
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10d. Citizenship Rights
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All countries have rules that determine who is a citizen, and what ... More

All countries have rules that determine who is a citizen, and what rights and responsibilities come with citizenship. In the United States, the 14th Amendment gives constitutional protection of the basic rights of citizenship: "All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the States wherein they reside." So citizenship is conferred on the basis of place of birth and the process of naturalization. Less

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Subject:
Political Science
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
American Government
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10d. First Continental Congress
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In the summer that followed Parliament's attempt to punish Boston, sentiment for ... More

In the summer that followed Parliament's attempt to punish Boston, sentiment for the patriot cause increased dramatically. The printing presses at the Committees of Correspondence were churning out volumes. Less

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Subject:
U.S. History
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
Independence Hall Association
Provider Set:
US History
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2002 gnirpS ,ngiseD gnireenignE liviC ot noitcudortnI
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.)310.1( tcejbus ngised enotspac eht dna )150.1 ,140.1 ,130.1( stcejbus ngised aera ... More

.)310.1( tcejbus ngised enotspac eht dna )150.1 ,140.1 ,130.1( stcejbus ngised aera ytlaiceps tneuqesbus eht ni desu si hcihw decudortni si esac ngised egral A .naps efil detcepxe dna ,srotcaf laicos dna cimonoce ,tnemnorivne larutan ,tnemnorivne tliub gnitsixe eht fo noitaredisnoc sa llew sa sehcaorppa lacinhcet snrecnoc ylticilpxe ngised tcejorP .)sdaor dna segdirb ,sgnidliub ,.g.e( seitilicaf tliub no sisahpme na htiw ,sesac ngised lareves sedulcnI .gnireenigne livic ni secitcarp dna seussi ngised sa llew sa ,gnivlos-melborp evitaerc dna ngised gnireenigne fo seuqinhcet dna ,sloot ,yroeht eht ot stneduts secudortnI Less

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