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  • Susan Dean
Characterization of the Physicochemical, Structural, and Thermal Properties of Zinc Chloride After the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment
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Zinc chloride is used as a source of zinc in various pharmaceutical/nutraceutical formulations. The aim of the current study was to investigate the impact of The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (Biofield Energy Treatment) on physical, structural, thermal, and behavioral properties of zinc chloride using PXRD, PSD, FT-IR, UV-vis, and DSC analysis. Zinc chloride was divided into two parts – one part was control, while another part was treated with The Trivedi Effect® - Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by twenty renowned Biofield Energy Healers and defined as the Biofield Energy Treated sample. A significant alteration of the crystallite size and relative intensities of the PXRD peaks was observed in The Trivedi Effect® treated sample compared with the control sample. The average crystallite size of the treated sample was significantly increased by 16.43% compared with the control sample. The particles size values of the treated sample at d10 was decreased by 2.42%, whereas at d50, and d90 it was increased slightly by 0.43%, and 0.57%, respectively compared to the control sample. Therefore, the surface area of the treated sample was increased by 1.63% compared with the control sample. The FT-IR spectroscopic analysis revealed that Zn-Cl stretching in the control sample was found at 511 cm-1, whereas it was shifted downward to 508 cm-1 in the treated sample. The UV-vis analysis exhibited that wavelength of the maximum absorbance (λmax) of the control and treated samples were at 196.4 nm and 196.2 nm, respectively. The DSC analysis exhibited that the melting temperature was not altered significantly, while the decomposition temperature was increased by 0.45% in the treated sample compared to the control sample. The latent heat of fusion of the treated sample (402.09 J/g) was significantly increased by 29.78% compared with the control sample (309.83 J/g). Similarly, the enthalpy of decomposition of the treated sample (243.13 J/g) was significantly decreased by 61.18% compared with the control sample (626.37 J/g). This indicated that the thermal stability of the treated sample might be improved compared to the control sample. The current study anticipated that the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment might lead to produce a new polymorphic form of zinc chloride, which would be more soluble, bioavailable, and thermally more stable compared with the control sample. Hence, the treated zinc chloride would be very useful to design better nutraceutical/pharmaceutical formulations that might offer better therapeutic response against immunological disorders, inflammatory diseases, stress, aging, cancer, etc.

Subject:
Life Science
Material Type:
Reading
Author:
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi
Dahryn Trivedi
Peter Lynwood Surguy
Robert John Kock
Rolando Baptista Piedad
Russell Phillip Callas
Sakina Ansari
Steven Lee Christie
Su-Mei Chen Liu
Susan Elizabeth Starling
Thomas Orban
Thomas Charles Slade
Victoria Lee Vannes
William Dean Plikerd
Yusif Yamin
Gopal Nayak
Alice Branton
Date Added:
07/07/2017
The Chi-Square Distribution: Homework
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This module provides homework on Chi-Square Distribution as a part of Collaborative Statistics collection (col10522) by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Homework/Assignment
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Chromatographic and Spectroscopic Characterization of the Consciousness Energy Healing Treated Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) Root Extract
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Withania somnifera (ashwagandha) root extract is a popular health supplement, with purported health benefits including prevention and treatment of various diseases, i.e. anxiety, stress, etc. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the impact of Energy of Consciousness Healing Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) on the characteristic properties of the phytoconstituents present in the ashwagandha root extract using LC-MS, GC-MS, and NMR spectroscopy. Ashwagandha root extract was divided into two parts – one part was control (without treatment), while another part was treated with the Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment remotely by twenty renowned Biofield Energy Healers and defined as the Biofield Energy Treated sample. The liquid chromatographic data of the control and Biofield Energy Treated samples revealed that the retention time of the 25 chromatographic peaks remained same, whereas the peak area% i.e. the relative amount of the phytoconstituents was altered significantly. The peak area% of the treated ashwagandha root extract representing the phytoconstituents was significantly decreased in the range of 6.02% to 39.74% at Rt of 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.6, 5.7, 6.9, 7.1, 7.3, 7.8, 7.9, 8.0, and 8.5 minutes compared to the control sample. On the contrary, the peak area% of the other phytoconstituents present in the treated sample was significantly increased in the range of 4.12% to 82.32% at Rt of 5.1, 6.4, 6.6, 6.8, 8.1, 8.2, 8.4, 8.6, 8.8, 8.9, 9.0, 9.1, and 9.2 minutes, respectively compared to the control sample. A total of 16 withanolides such as sitoindoside IX, viscosa lactone B, dihydrowithanolide D, withanolide A, withaferin A, ixocarpalactone A, withanolide sulfoxide, etc. were proposed from the molecular mass at m/z 605, 489, 473, 471, 505, and 992 at the retention times of 6.9, 7.1, 7.8, 8.2, 8.5, and 9.2 minutes with the help of LC-MS, GC-MS and NMR data of both the samples. Subsequently, the mass peak intensities of the treated sample were significantly changed in the range of -61.24% to 106.61% compared with the control sample at the same retention time. These findings suggest that Energy of Consciousness Healing Treatment could be advantageous for altering the concentration of the phytoconstituents in the ashwagandha root extract by modifying their intrinsic physicochemical properties, which might be helpful to improve the bioavailability of active constituents of ashwagandha extract that might provide better therapeutic response against inflammatory diseases, immunological disorders, arthritis, stress, cancer, diabetes, sexual disorders, aging, and other chronic infections.

Subject:
Life Science
Material Type:
Reading
Author:
Mahendra Kumar Trivedi
Dahryn Trivedi
Peter Lynwood Surguy
Robert John Kock
Rolando Baptista Piedad
Russell Phillip Callas
Sakina Ansari
Steven Lee Christie
Su-Mei Chen Liu
Susan Elizabeth Starling
Thomas Orban
Thomas Charles Slade
Victoria Lee Vannes
William Dean Plikerd
Yusif Yamin
Gopal Nayak
Alice Branton
Date Added:
07/07/2017
Collaborative Statistics: Projects: Continuous Distributions and Central Limit Theorem
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In this project, students will identify and analyze a continuous data set, determine which distribution model most closely describes the data, and calculate probabilities.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Continuous Random Variables: Continuous Probability Functions
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This module introduces the continuous probability function and explores the relationship between the probability of X and the area under the curve of f(X).

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Continuous Random Variables: Teacher's Guide
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This module is the complementary teacher's guide for the Continuous Random Variables chapter of the Collaborative Statistics collection (col10522) by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Continuous Random Variables: The Exponential Distribution
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This module introduces the properties of the exponential distribution, the behavior of probabilities that reflect a large number of small values and a small number of high values.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Continuous Random Variables: The Uniform Distribution
Conditions of Use:
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This module describes the properties of the Uniform Distribution which describes a set of data for which all values have an equal probability.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Descriptive Statistics: Histogram
Conditions of Use:
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This module provides an overview of Descriptive Statistics: Histogram as a part of Collaborative Statistics collection (col10522) by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Descriptive Statistics: Practice 1
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This module provides students with opportunities to apply concepts related to descriptive statistics. Students are asked to take a set of sample data and calculate a series of statistical values for that data.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Discrete Random Variables: Common Discrete Probability Distribution Functions
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This module serves as a lead-in for several types of common discrete probability distribution functions, including binomial, geometric, hypergeometric, and Poisson.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Discrete Random Variables: Geometric (optional)
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This module describes the geometric experiment and the geometric probability distribution. This module is included in the Collaborative Statistics textbook/collection as an optional lesson.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Discrete Random Variables: Hypergeometric (optional)
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This module describes the properties of a hypergeometric experiment and hypergeometric probability distribution. This module is included in the Collaborative Statistics textbook/collection as an optional lesson

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Discrete Random Variables: Lab II
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This module allows students to apply concepts related to discrete distributions to a simple dice experiment. Students will compare empirical data and a theoretical distribution to determine if the game fits a discrete distribution. This experiment involves the concept of long-term probabilities.

Subject:
Statistics and Probability
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Barbara Illowsky
Susan Dean
Date Added:
02/16/2011