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  • David Mellor
COS Registered Reports Portal
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Registered Reports: Peer review before results are known to align scientific values and practices.

Registered Reports is a publishing format used by over 250 journals that emphasizes the importance of the research question and the quality of methodology by conducting peer review prior to data collection. High quality protocols are then provisionally accepted for publication if the authors follow through with the registered methodology.

This format is designed to reward best practices in adhering to the hypothetico-deductive model of the scientific method. It eliminates a variety of questionable research practices, including low statistical power, selective reporting of results, and publication bias, while allowing complete flexibility to report serendipitous findings.

This page includes information on Registered Reports including readings on Registered Reports, Participating Journals, Details & Workflow, Resources for Editors, Resources For Funders, FAQs, and Allied Initiatives.

Applied Science
Life Science
Physical Science
Social Science
Material Type:
Student Guide
Center for Open Science
Center for Open Science
David Mellor
Date Added:
Four simple recommendations to encourage best practices in research software
Unrestricted Use

Scientific research relies on computer software, yet software is not always developed following practices that ensure its quality and sustainability. This manuscript does not aim to propose new software development best practices, but rather to provide simple recommendations that encourage the adoption of existing best practices. Software development best practices promote better quality software, and better quality software improves the reproducibility and reusability of research. These recommendations are designed around Open Source values, and provide practical suggestions that contribute to making research software and its source code more discoverable, reusable and transparent. This manuscript is aimed at developers, but also at organisations, projects, journals and funders that can increase the quality and sustainability of research software by encouraging the adoption of these recommendations.

Computer Science
Information Science
Material Type:
Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran
Allegra Via
Andrew Treloar
Bérénice Batut
Bernard Pope
Björn GrüningJonas Hagberg
Brane Leskošek
Carole Goble
Daniel S. Katz
Daniel Vaughan
David Mellor
Federico López Gómez
Ferran Sanz
Harry-Anton Talvik
Horst Pichler
Ilian Todorov
Jon Ison
Josep Ll. Gelpí
Leyla Garcia
Luis J. Oliveira
Maarten van Gompel
Madison Flannery
Manuel Corpas
Maria V. Schneider
Martin Cook
Mateusz Kuzak
Michelle Barker
Mikael Borg
Monther Alhamdoosh
Montserrat González Ferreiro
Nathan S. Watson-Haigh
Neil Chue Hong
Nicola Mulder
Petr Holub
Philippa C. Griffin
Radka Svobodová Vařeková
Radosław Suchecki
Rafael C. Jiménez
Robert Pergl
Rob Hooft
Rowland Mosbergen
Salvador Capella-Gutierrez
Simon Gladman
Sonika Tyagi
Steve Crouchc
Victoria Stodden
Xiaochuan Wang
Yasset Perez-Riverol
Date Added:
Improving the credibility of empirical legal research: practical suggestions for researchers, journals, and law schools
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Fields closely related to empirical legal research are enhancing their methods to improve the credibility of their findings. This includes making data, analysis code, and other materials openly available, and preregistering studies. Empirical legal research appears to be lagging behind other fields. This may be due, in part, to a lack of meta-research and guidance on empirical legal studies. The authors seek to fill that gap by evaluating some indicators of credibility in empirical legal research, including a review of guidelines at legal journals. They then provide both general recommendations for researchers, and more specific recommendations aimed at three commonly used empirical legal methods: case law analysis, surveys, and qualitative studies. They end with suggestions for policies and incentive systems that may be implemented by journals and law schools.

Material Type:
Alexander DeHaven
Alex Holcombe
Crystal N. Steltenpohl
David Mellor
Jason Chin
Justin Pickett
Kathryn Zeiler
Simine Vazire
Tobias Heycke
Date Added: