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How Language Works - The Cognitive Science of Linguistics
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Students studying linguistics and other language sciences for the first time often ...

Students studying linguistics and other language sciences for the first time often have misconceptions about what they are about and what they can offer them. They may think that linguists are authorities on what is correct and what is incorrect in a given language. But linguistics is the science of language; it treats language and the ways people use it as phenomena to be studied much as a geologist treats the earth. Linguists want to figure out how language works. They are no more in the business of making value judgments about people's language than geologists are in the business of making value judgments about the behavior of the earth. But language is a cultural phenomenon and we all have deep-seated, cultural ideas about what it is and how we ought to use it, so knowing where to begin in studying it scientifically is not a trivial matter at all. Issues arise that would not if we were geologists figuring out how to study earthquakes or the structure of the earth's crust. For this reason, before we dive into the study of language, we will need to examine some of the biases that we all have concerning language and to set some ground rules for how we are going to proceed. Because there is more than one way to begin, it will also be useful to establish a basic stance to guide us. Finally, because human language is an enormously complex subject, the book will focus on a narrow range of topics and themes; there will be no pretense of covering the field in anything like a complete fashion. This first chapter is designed to deal with these preliminary issues. But first, you will need to know about the various conventions that I will be using in the book.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Linguistics
Material Type:
Textbooks
Provider:
Indiana University
Author:
Mike Gasser
 Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic (Review)
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This book is a continuation of "The Orange Book," otherwise known as ...

This book is a continuation of "The Orange Book," otherwise known as Elementary Modern Standard Arabic (EMSA): Volume I, and replaces EMSA Volume II. It is currently in the process of being revised; the current edition contains only 15 chapters of the original 20 intended. Each chapter includes exercises, readings, and a particular grammatical lesson or lessons. There is a grammar appendix as well. Audio recordings may also be purchased to accompany the lessons.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Material Type:
Resource Review
Textbooks
Provider:
OER Commons
Provider Set:
Open Author Resources
Author:
CLASSRoad Admin
Learn Arabic
Conditions of Use:
Read the Fine Print
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Learn Arabic is a website that aims to teach Arabic via games ...

Learn Arabic is a website that aims to teach Arabic via games and activities. Members can compete for top spots as they earn badges by completing lessons. The lessons start with the alphabet and all of its variations and move up through simple words and phrases. Plans are in the works to add more complicated lessons for intermediate and advanced learners. Lessons include interactive books, videos, games, vocabulary lists, and more depending on the lesson. Users can sign up for Arabic tips emailed to them. The site includes a blog as well.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Games
Interactive
Readings
Video Lectures
Provider:
LearnArabic
Learning Chinese: A Foundation Course in Mandarin (______), Spring 2011
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This online textbook represents materials that were used in the first four ...

This online textbook represents materials that were used in the first four semesters (two years) of the Mandarin program at MIT. They eventually formed the basis of a print textbook of the same name, published by Yale University Press; information and supplemental materials for the Yale edition are available at the companion website. The OCW course materials were extensively revised, and at times reordered, before publication, but the general principles of the original remain: to provide a comprehensive resource for the foundation levels of Chinese language that separates the learning of oral skills from literary (the former being transcribed in pinyin, and the latter in characters). This resource contains the complete online version of the text and accompanying audio recordings.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Assessments
Homework and Assignments
Syllabi
Textbooks
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Wheatley, Julian K.
Listening, writing, vocabulary, grammar: Hello, ich heisse Jürgen Schnellinger
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At the end of this lesson you can write a short note ...

At the end of this lesson you can write a short note (an email) in which you introduce yourself. You especially practice your vocabulary relating to your home and profession. You practice the use of personal pronouns.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Provider:
KlasCement
Provider Set:
KlasCement
Author:
Vlaams Ministerie Van Onderwijs En Vorming
Modern Written Arabic: A Comprehensive Grammar (Review)
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This book is meant not just as a reference guide for Modern ...

This book is meant not just as a reference guide for Modern Arabic but also as a basic examination of how the Arabic language is written from 1990 until the present. The examples throughout the book are taken from writing samples anywhere from street signs and parking tickets to high literature. Poetry is excluded as being "artificial and often archaic."

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Material Type:
Reference
Resource Review
Provider:
OER Commons
Provider Set:
Open Author Resources
Author:
CLASSRoad Admin
Modern Written Arabic - Volume II (PDF)
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
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This is the second volume of the Foreign Service Institute's Modern Written ...

This is the second volume of the Foreign Service Institute's Modern Written Arabic textbook series. It is designed to expand students' vocabulary to a fairly extensive level, such that users are capable of comprehending the Modern Standard Arabic of the international press and media. The course consists of 32 lessons, and every eighth lesson contains a review section. Lessons contain vocabulary lists, reading selections (with both printed and handwritten material) and grammatical notes.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Textbooks
Provider:
Foreign Service Institute
Author:
A. Nashat Naja
James A. Snow
Modern Written Arabic - Volume I (PDF)
Conditions of Use:
No Strings Attached
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This textbook, written in 1969, requires knowledge of basic Arabic, and consists ...

This textbook, written in 1969, requires knowledge of basic Arabic, and consists of 32 lessons, a review section, and a glossary. The lessons are composed of collections of basic, prepared written material that readers are meant to understand and occasionally translate. Each lesson also contains exercises as well as vocabulary sections. Grammatical instruction is interspersed throughout. The emphasis of this textbook is reading comprehension. The filesize of this PDF is 10 MB.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Reference
Other
Provider:
Foreign Service Institute
Ms. Noonan: Making Students into Better Writers
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Madeline Noonan meets with all of her students individually during writer's workshop. ...

Madeline Noonan meets with all of her students individually during writer's workshop. In each conference, she specifically identifies strengths and two goals. Students continue to revise and rewrite throughout the workshop process and build confidence in their writing at the same time.

Subject:
Education
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lesson Plans
Teaching and Learning Strategies
Provider:
Teaching Channel
Provider Set:
Teaching Channel
Author:
Madeline Noonan
N'oubliez just d'économiser! How do I give advice to someone?
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At the completion of this lesson, after listening to segments, you will ...

At the completion of this lesson, after listening to segments, you will be able to give solid advice about energy-saving methods.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Provider:
KlasCement
Provider Set:
KlasCement
Author:
Vlaams Ministerie Van Onderwijs En Vorming
Oh, the Places I Will Go!
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Students will listen to the story by Dr. Seuss "Oh, the Places ...

Students will listen to the story by Dr. Seuss "Oh, the Places You'll Go!" The students will brainstorm a list of places they would like to go. Places such as nouns and proper nouns will be separated during the listing process. The students will write a response to: "Oh, the places I will go! I will go..." and illustrate their responses. Each student response will be collected for a class book entitled "Oh, the Places We Will Go!"

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Material Type:
Lesson Plans
Provider:
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education
Provider Set:
LEARN NC Lesson Plans
Author:
Karen Mercer
Pace and Structure in Lesson Planning
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Instructional expert Jim Knight visits first year middle school teacher Aisha Santos ...

Instructional expert Jim Knight visits first year middle school teacher Aisha Santos to discuss pacing and structure of her lessons.

Subject:
Education
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Lesson Plans
Teaching and Learning Strategies
Provider:
Teaching Channel
Provider Set:
Teaching Channel
Author:
Aisha Santos
Jim Knight
Planning Communication, Spring 2007
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This three-week module, centered on a focal case, represents the second part ...

This three-week module, centered on a focal case, represents the second part of the Department‰ŰŞs introduction to the challenges of reflection and action in professional planning practice. As such, it builds on the concepts and tools in 11.201 and 11.202 in the Fall semester. Working in teams, students will deliver a 20-minute oral briefing, with an additional 10 minutes for questions and comments, in the last week of the class (as detailed on the assignment and posted course schedule). The teams will brief invited guests (‰ŰĎbriefees‰Ű) taking the roles of decisionmakers. DUSP faculty and fellow students may also be in attendance.

Subject:
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Full Course
Homework and Assignments
Lecture Notes
Syllabi
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Briggs
Xavier de Souza
Reading, writing, grammar: Telefonnummer und zoeken addresses im Internet suchen
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At the end of this lesson you can understand the instructions of ...

At the end of this lesson you can understand the instructions of a simple search engine for a Internet telephone book and enter data for someone. You practice the declension of the demonstrative pronouns.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Provider:
KlasCement
Provider Set:
KlasCement
Author:
Vlaams Ministerie Van Onderwijs En Vorming
Rockin Russian
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Rockin Russian is designed to give students exposure to the Russian language ...

Rockin Russian is designed to give students exposure to the Russian language and culture through the medium of Russian music videos. Students are able to perfect their grammar while rocking out to music videos from Russia's pop stars. Based on Russian music videos from MTV Russia, Rockin' Russian is supplemented with exercise materials focusing on pronunciation, vocabulary development, grammar and cultural features. Parts of the videos are embedded into exercises in each category that students can revisit, strengthening their language skills.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Languages
World Cultures
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Activities and Labs
Assessments
Homework and Assignments
Syllabi
Provider:
University of Texas at Austin
Provider Set:
COERLL
Author:
Garza, Thomas J.
Science and Engineering Writing for Phase II, Fall 2002
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A brief overview of technical writing; topics include document structure, graphics, grammar, ...

A brief overview of technical writing; topics include document structure, graphics, grammar, and style. Introduces the student to writing substantial technical documents that reflect the student's expertise. Meets every other week.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Language, Grammar and Vocabulary
Material Type:
Full Course
Homework and Assignments
Syllabi
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Custer, David