Topic 7: MemoryTextbook readings: pp. 255-280.Watch: Discovering Psychology: Remembering and ForgettingRemembering and Forgetting is the ninth program in the DISCOVERING PSYCHOLOGY series. This program looks at the complexity of memory: how images, ideas, language, physical actions, even sounds and smells are translated into codes that are represented in the memory and retrieved as needed.©2001 WGBH Educational Foundation All Rights ReservedWatch: The Mind - Series Homepage Produced by Colorado State University. 1999, all descriptions are from series website.The Mind: Life Without Memory: The Case of Clive Wearing, Part 1 (Module 10)Raises many questions about the nature of memory and its importance to human existence. Introduces the viewer to Clive Wearing, who is incapable of making new memories due to viral encephalitis.The Mind: Clive Wearing, Part 2: Living Without Memory (Module 11)Presents an extraordinary example of the relationship between brain damage and memory function by reintroducing the viewer to Clive Wearing 13 years after his appearance in part one.Watch:The Brain - Series Homepage Produced by Colorado State University. 1997, all descriptions are from series website.Living With Amnesia: The Hippocampus and Memory (Module 18)Amnesia appears in many different forms. This module shows how the extent and location of damage can result in varying levels of memory impairment. Footage of Mike, an amnesic individual, demonstrates the result of an injury to the hippocampus. Mike's reaction to his memory deficit and drastic coping measures underscore the importance of memory to everyday functioning.Alzheimer's Disease (Module 19)When this program was first filmed, Eleanor, age 51, was in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. This module follows Eleanor's physical and mental decline after the initial filming. Pathology in the brainstem and other regions in the brains of Alzheimer's patients are shown to interfere with acetylcholine release, resulting in neuronal atrophy. The module discusses our current knowledge of the disease and the direction of future research.Learning objectives:1. Discuss these three functions of memory: encoding, storage and retrieval, and also the role played by the “hippocampus” in memory.2. Describe these three stages of memory storage: sensory memory, short term memory, and long term memory.3. Differentiate among procedural memory, declarative memory and episodic memory.4. Differentiate among recall, recognition and relearning (all forms of retrieval).5. Explain these problems with memory: anterograde amnesia, retrograde amnesia, reconstruction, suggestibility, eyewitness misidentification, and false memory syndrome.6. Describe theories of “forgetting”, specifically encoding failure; memory errors, proactive interference and retroactive interference.7. Explain how these processes can enhance (improve) memory: chunking, elaborative rehearsal, mnemonic devices, level of processing, exercise and sleep.