This course explores the physical processes that control Earth's atmosphere, ocean, and climate. Quantitative methods for constructing mass and energy budgets. Topics include clouds, rain, severe storms, regional climate, the ozone layer, air pollution, ocean currents and productivity, the seasons, El Nio, the history of Earth's climate, global warming, energy, and water resources.
Saba Bank is the largest submarine atoll in the Atlantic Ocean, adjacent to the nearby island of Saba, in the Netherlands Antilles. The submerged platform is ~2200 sq km, with a 50 km fringing reef crest. Large vessels traveling to and from an oil terminal on nearby St. Eustatius Island routinely anchor on Saba Bank, damaging benthic habitats. Marine biodiversity research was necessary to help inform any national and international protective measures. This collection of articles represents an international collaboration to characterize the richness, diversity, and habitat affinities of marine taxa on Saba Bank. Multibeam bathymetry, satellite imagery, scuba transects, roving surveys, remotely operated vehicles, and fish traps were used to study the biotic assemblages. This poorly studied region was found to have unusually high biodiversity, including several undescribed species.
This problem-based learning module is designed to master the Ohio Learning standard of Science in Earth and Space Science number 2, Cycles and Patterns of Earth and the Moon. Thermal-energy transfers in the ocean and the atmosphere contribute to the formation of currents, which influence global climate patterns. Students will be exploring the various factors affecting the climate patterns we experience due to thermal energy. Students will work independently as well as with a partner. The final product is expected to be presented to their peers and teachers. This blended module includes teacher-led instruction, student-led stations, real world data analysis and technology integrated investigations.
Students consider the Earth's major types of landforms such as mountains, rivers, plains, hills, canyons, oceans and plateaus. Student teams build three-dimensional models of landscapes, depicting several of these landforms. Once the models are built, they act as civil and transportation engineers to design and build roads through the landscapes they have created. The worksheet is provided in English and Spanish.
Earth Systems and Changes from Educational Service District 123, provides professional learning resources for K-5 teachers around elementary Earth Science and Climate Science related standards content.
It also provides learning to assist in the development of classroom tasks: Claims, Evidence Reasoning, and Models and Explanations, that can be used formatively to elicit student ideas and to support changes in student thinking over time.
License: License: Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC BY)
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This activity proposes different small experiments and discussions to show that in the summer it is cooler by the sea than on the land and that water cools off more slowly than soil.
Earth science is the study of our home planet and all of its components: its lands, waters, atmosphere, and interior. In this book, some chapters are devoted to the processes that shape the lands and impact people. Other chapters depict the processes of the atmosphere and its relationship to the planets surface and all our living creatures. For as long as people have been on the planet, humans have had to live within Earths boundaries. Now human life is having a profound effect on the planet. Several chapters are devoted to the effect people have on the planet. Chapters at the end of the book will explore the universe beyond Earth: planets and their satellites, stars, galaxies, and beyond.
Our planet is becoming hot. In fact, Earth may be warming faster than ever before. This warming will challenge society throughout the 21st century. How do we cope with rising seas? How will we prepare for more intense hurricanes? How will we adapt to debilitating droughts and heat waves? Scientists are striving to improve predictions of how the environment will change and how it will impact humans. Earth in the Future: Predicting Climate Change and Its Impacts Over the Next Century is designed to provide the state of the art of climate science, the impact of warming on humans, as well as ways we can adapt. Every student will understand the challenges and opportunities of living in the 21st century.
Between 70 and 75% of the Earth's surface is covered with water and there exists still more water in the atmosphere and underground in aquifers. In this lesson, students learn about water bodies on the planet Earth and their various uses and qualities. They will learn about several ways that engineers are working to maintain and conserve water sources. They will also think about their role in water conservation.
Students take part in a hypothetical scenario that challenges them to inform customers at a local restaurant of how their use and disposal of plastics relates/contributes to the Great Pacific garbage patch (GPGP). What students ultimately do is research information on the plastics pollution in the oceans and present that information as a short, eye-catching newsletter suitable to hand out to restaurant customers. This activity focuses on teaching students to conduct their own research on a science-technology related topic and present it in a compelling manner that includes citing source information without plagiarism. By doing this, students gain experience and skills with general online searching as well as word processing and written and visual communication.
The ocean's resources are slowly being depleted. This curriculum examines the issue of overfishing and its impact on both the environment and human life. In developing sustainable solutions, the students address the driving question: "How can we as youth, sustain the future of the world's ocean through our actions today?"
In this video segment adapted from NOVA, a fossil found among the Grand Canyon's rock layers reveals the existence of a shallow sea that once covered most of western North America.
- Material Type:
- PBS LearningMedia
- Provider Set:
- PBS Learning Media: Multimedia Resources for the Classroom and Professional Development
- National Science Foundation
- WGBH Educational Foundation
- Date Added:
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) is an intriguing and publicized environmental problem. This swirling soup of trash up to 10 meters deep and just below the water surface is composed mainly of non-degradable plastics. These plastic materials trap aquatic life and poison them by physical blockage or as carriers of toxic pollutants. The problem relates to materials science and the advent of plastics in modern life, an example of the unintended consequences of technology. Through exploring this complex issue, students gain insight into aspects of chemistry, oceanography, fluids, environmental science, life science and even international policy. As part of the GIS unit, the topic is a source of content for students to create interesting maps communicating something that they will likely begin to care about as they learn more.
Students learn what causes hurricanes and what engineers do to help protect people from destruction caused by hurricane winds and rain. Research and data collection vessels allow for scientists and engineers to model and predict weather patterns and provide forecasts and storm warnings to the public. Engineers are also involved in the design and building of flood-prevention systems, such as levees and floodwalls. During the 2005 hurricane season, levees failed in the greater New Orleans area, contributing to the vast flooding and destruction of the historic city. In the associated activity, students learn how levees work, and they build their own levees and put them to the test!
Students learn about the techniques engineers have developed for changing ocean water into drinking water, including thermal and membrane desalination. They begin by reviewing the components of the natural water cycle. They see how filters, evaporation and/or condensation can be components of engineering desalination processes. They learn how processes can be viewed as systems, with unique objects, inputs, components and outputs, and sketch their own system diagrams to describe their own desalination plant designs.
The course treats the design of offshore mooring systems literally from the ground up: Starting with the anchor and its soils mechanics in the sea bed, via the mechanics of a single mooring line and system of lines. The course concludes by touching on other mooring concepts and the dynamic behavior of the moored object as a non-linear mechanical system.
In this activity, students learn about ocean currents and the difference between salt and fresh water. They use colored ice cubes to see how cold and warm water mix and how this mixing causes currents. Also, students learn how surface currents occur due to wind streams. Lastly, they learn how fresh water floats on top of salt water, the difference between water in the ocean and fresh water throughout the planet, and how engineers are involved in the design of ocean water systems for human use.
The deep continental margins were once perceived as monotonous mud slopes of limited ecological or environmental concern. Technological advances now reveal unexpected diversity, with a mosaic of lush habitats and ecosystems that support varied and unusual species fundamental to the health of the ocean and our own lives. Join Scripps biological oceanographer Lisa Levin as she reveals how changes in ocean temperature and chemistry, as well as growing economic opportunities, are placing new pressures on deep-ocean ecosystems, just as we are getting to know them. (56 minutes)
The ocean absorbs almost half of the carbon dioxide emitted by human activities, changing its chemistry in ways that may have significant effects on marine ecosystems. Join Scripps marine chemist Andrew Dickson as he explains what we know --Đ and what we don't --Đ about this emerging problem. (56 minutes)
Join research oceanographer and photographer Dale Stokes for a global photographic journey featuring ships, submarines, underwater habitats, and both poles. This presentation includes a decade of images documenting exotic locations underwater and topside and a variety of unusual vessels and research instruments. (58 minutes)
Believe it or not, your life depends on algae! Join Scripps' Institution's Russell Chapman as he discusses the important roles algae have played in the development of life as we know it. (55 minutes)
Join UCSD's Kim Prather to find out about the latest developments in research under way at UCSD to help clean up the air in California. (56 minutes)
Join Graham Kent, director of Scripps Instiotution of OceanographyŐs Visualization Center, for a cutting-edge presentation providing a futuristic tour of plate boundary Evolution along the western United States. (57 minutes)
In the late 1970s, scientists conducting a geologic investigation of the ocean floor in the Pacific made a startling discovery - deep ocean hot springs populated by a host of organisms never before seen. Join Dr. Horst Felbeck as he describes his fascinating research into what makes life possible in this seemingly inhospitable environment. (43 minutes)
Explore the discovery and understanding of marine symbionts that may provide novel sources of new drugs with Scripps Institutions' Margo Haygood. (27 minutes)
Learn what nearly a century of study has taught us about Antarctica's Emperor Penguins as Scripps Institution's Gerald Kooyman shares his experiences conducting decades of research while camping on, diving under and traversing Antarctica's trackless sea ice. (29 minutes)
Journey millions of years back in time with Scripps Institutions' Dr. Richard Norris as he describes the latest findings from a recent Ocean Drilling Program Cruise.Ę(55 minutes)
Dr. Kerry Key discusses electromagnetic exploration techniques in the study of the earth's upper crust and mantle at mid-ocean ridges. (43 minutes)
Join Scripps Institution's Donna Blackman as she shares a fascinating look at tectonic plate spreading and the discovery of a "lost-city" of hydrothermal vents and the unique creatures that dwell there. (46 minutes)
Join Fred Fisher, co-inventor of FLIP, or Floating Instrument Platform as he shares a unique look at this strange research vessel's rich history. (37 minutes)
Technological advancements over the last decade mean that many fish are now swimming around with their own personal computers. These new tools allow researchers to track movements and behaviors in more complex ways without ever getting wet. Join NOAA marine biologist Heidi Dewar to learn about the intriguing discoveries researchers have made and how these high-tech efforts have advanced ocean management and conservation. (54 minutes)
Just as there are fronts in the atmosphere there are fronts in the ocean. Ocean fronts separate regions of warm and cool water, as well as salt and fresh water. and are often sites of robust biological productivity. Join Scripps Institutions' Dan Rudnick on an exploration of what observations teach us about the weather of the ocean. (39 minutes)
Learn about the challenging research work of three outstanding fellowship students at Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Explore topics as diverse as climate science, sub-seafloor mapping and coastal oceanography and hear and studentsŐ visions for the future of their research. (49 minutes)
Learn about the challenging work of several fellowship students at Scripps Institution of Oceanography as they share visions for the future of their work. (57 minutes)
Learn how plate tectonics plays a critical role in shaping the onshore and offshore terrain around La Jolla.Ę Dr. Neal Driscoll will present new offshore data illustrating the interplay between sediments, tectonics and sea level. (56 minutes)
The rate of global sea level rise and its causes has been debated for a century.Ę Despite 100 years of scientific scrutiny, no definitive conclusion has been reached.Ę Join Dr. Walter Munk as he describes why 20th century sea level rise remains an enigma, and why scientists still grapple with whether seawater warming or continental ice melting had the greatest influence. (53 minutes)
Join Scripps Institution of OceanographyŐs Robert Pinkel as he provides a window into the cold world of Arctic oceanography and illustrates how the interplay between sea ice and ocean circulation impacts Earth's climate. (51 minutes)
Join Scripps' Institutions Neal Driscoll as he presents new high-resolution images of landscapes and seascapes providing clearer understandings of the link between formative processes and their signatures in the geologic record. (52 minutes)
Explore the kinds of sounds made by marine mammals and what we can learn about marine mammal populations from recording their sounds with Scripps Institution's John Hildebrand. (28 minutes)
As part of an NSF-funded collaboration with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and science centers across the country to increase awareness of polar research and Earth's polar regions, join Donna Blackman, chair of the National Science Foundation's Ridge 2000 program, for an exciting excursion to the worldŐs mid-ocean ridge volcanic system. Learn how these oceanic spreading centers shape our Planet and support an amazing abundance of life in an otherwise inhospitable environment. (29 minutes)
In the darkness of the ocean live fascinating creatures that produce their own light called bioluminescence. Join Scripps Institution's Mike Latz and discover how organisms use this light to attract food, hunt prey, and hide from predators, and how applications of bioluminescence have rEvolutionized biomedical research. (47 minutes)
What is the source of a wave?Ę Join us as Robert Guza describes how ocean Waves are measured and how Waves move sand on our beaches.Ę Discover the profound role Waves play in shaping the southern California coastline. (53 minutes)
How will researchers harness the genetic potential of marine organisms? Join Dr. Terry Gaasterland as she describes how scientists at the new Scripps Genome Center are pioneering research in marine genomes. (54 minutes)
How do organisms survive the extreme pressures and temperatures of the ocean abyss? Join Dr. Doug Bartlett as he describes genomics research to understand how deep sea Bacteria have adapted to these extremes, and how this may lay the groundwork for biotechnology using deep sea Bacterial genes. (59 minutes)
Join Scripps Institution's Bill Fenical and learn how recent discoveries of antibiotic-producing Bacteria in the deep oceans suggest that the last remaining resource for new Antimicrobial drugs may well be the microorganisms that inhabit the oceans. (56 minutes)
How would you like to migrate 100 miles to get your daily meals? That's what some Zooplankton do. Learn more about these incredible journeys as Mark Ohman shares his fascinating research into this microscopic world. (45 minutes)
The size and complexity of the oceans present a considerable challenge to those who want to mimic the movement of ocean water and understand ocean dynamics. Join Scripps Oceanography physical oceanographer Paola Cessi as she describes how a new age of supercomputers is allowing ocean modelers to begin investigating how the deep ocean responds to changes in the surface temperature and fresh water inputs from the highest latitudes of our Planet. (56 minutes)
Take a journey with Dr. Lisa Levin to cold, dark realms characterized by methane seeps, low oxygen, and the pervasive smell of rotten eggs! Discover the strange and wonderful creatures that make high-stress, muddy environments their home. (50 minutes)
Peter Franks shares the astonishing findings from cutting-edge equipment he and colleagues have developed to chart the distribution of Phytoplankton, the tiny single-celled plants of the sea that are the base of the marine food chain. (55 minutes)
Join Scripps director Charles Kennel, a member of the Pew Oceans Commission, as he discusses the crisis in marine ecosystems and the scientific and governance challenges inherent in responding to the crisis. (53 minutes)
Recent technological advances have brought us to a new era in ocean research Đ one in which an integrated network of ocean observing systems provides researchers with a continuous scientific presence in the ocean. Join John Orcutt as he describes how these observatories will allow researchers, students, politicians, and the public to access near-real-time data, control sensors and autonomous underwater vehicles remotely, view live video and images from the seafloor, and collaborate in thousands of virtual laboratories. (58 minutes)
Do you ever wonder what the seashore looked like 100 years ago? Many would be shocked at the changes that have occurred during the last few decades as population in coastal regions has swelled. Please join Dr. Kaustuv Roy as he explains the role humans have played in the degradation of some of our most precious coastal treasures and ponders what we can do to preserve what is close to being lost. (57 minutes)
Join Scripps' Bill Gerwick in an exploration of the potential uses of one of the most ancient of all life forms - blue-green algae - as a source for new pharmaceuticals with used ranging from anticancer compounds to drug screening. (54 minutes)
Join Scripps Institutions' John Orcutt as he describes how cutting edge technology will allow Scripps to establish a permanent presence in the oceans in support of scientific research. (46 minutes)
Join Scripps archivist Deborah Day as she takes us back to the great days of seagoing oceanography before World War II. Through an exceptional collection of photos, letters and logbook entries, Ms. Day will recount the early struggles of Scripps Institution, the technology and culture of ocean science a century ago, and the traditions engendered by that culture that endure at Scripps today. (44 minutes)
One of the greatest challenges facing society today is protecting and restoring biodiversity in the oceans. Join Dr. Nancy Knowlton, director of ScrippsŐs Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation as she describes how CMBC research activities are helping us rise to this challenge. (59 minutes)
For time immemorial, humanity has looked at the world's oceans as a vast unending sea of resources, but imagine a Serengeti where the elephants and the lions are gone and the top consumers are termites and locusts. That is what is happening in the ocean. Join Dr. Jeremy Jackson as he considers the biological future of the oceans in the context of accelerated human disturbance. (28 minutes)
Water is thicker than air and thus the dynamics of sound are vastly different in the sea. Join Scripps Institute's Jules Jaffe for a fascinating exploration of sound in the sea, and the amazing ways that science is using sound to probe the mysteries of the deep. (56 minutes0
How do seemingly harmless invertebrates and seaweeds defend themselves against predators? How do they ward off competitors for space and resources, or stop deadly infection by millions of marine microbes in seawater? Join Scripps Institutions' Melany Puglisi and find out the answer to these and other compelling questions about microbial pathogens in the marine environment. (40 minutes)