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MDR Tuberculosis: A Case Study for Non-Science Majors Focused on Social Justice Issues
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In this case study on multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis, students consider ways ... More

In this case study on multi-drug resistant (MDR) tuberculosis, students consider ways in which to preserve health as a human right without subjecting already marginalized communities susceptible to the disease to further discrimination. Students learn about the science behind TB diagnostics and current treatment protocols as well as the political and social history of TB outbreaks and the development of MDR TB. The case makes use of video clips, news stories, public health press releases and reports, and other secondary and primary literature. It can be used in a variety of courses that span the undergraduate and graduate level curriculum. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Katayoun Chamany
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Making Sense of Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Analysis of a Family Nurse Practitioner Program
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The overall goal of this inquiry project was to evaluate approaches to ... More

The overall goal of this inquiry project was to evaluate approaches to incorporating complementary and alternative medicine into the curricula of nurse practitioner (NP) programs. Specifically, Burman undertook a comprehensive assessment of how the concept of complementary and alternative therapies is (or is not) addressed in her FNP curriculum. The outcome of this assessment is a 'curriculum component portfolio' with selected pieces of evidence, critical reflection and recommendations. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Higher Education
Material Type:
Readings
Teaching and Learning Strategies
Provider:
Carnegie Foundation
Provider Set:
Carnegie Academy for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education
Author:
Mary E. Burman, Carnegie Foundation
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Mary Keeper's Aching Head
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In this problem-based learning case, students read about a 41-year-old woman who ... More

In this problem-based learning case, students read about a 41-year-old woman who is suffering from recurring headaches. Working in small groups, the students analyze a variety of information and then formulate a diagnosis. This case study was developed for a two-semester anatomy and physiology course that is aimed at sophomore and junior level undergraduate students. These students are typically biology or health science majors who are pre-med, pre-nursing, or pre-physical therapy. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Brent J.F. Hill
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The Medicinal Use of Marijuana: An Intimate Debate Case
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Whether marijuana should be legalized for medicinal purposes has been contested for ... More

Whether marijuana should be legalized for medicinal purposes has been contested for decades. The claims, counter-claims, issues, and judgments in this high profile controversy make it an excellent candidate for "intimate debate." While similar to traditional debating formats and ground-rules, the method of intimate debate has important differences. There is no audience, each student argues each side of the issue seated across from their opponents in pairs, and the session concludes with opposing teams reaching consensus. The case is suitable for any course where medical issues and social issues of science are discussed and in any classroom setting, from high school to professional school programs such as nursing and pharmacy. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Education
Law
Life Science
Sociology
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Clyde Freeman Herreid
Kristie DuRei
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Morgan: A Case of Diabetes:
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This case teaches about the causes and effects of Type 2 diabetes ... More

This case teaches about the causes and effects of Type 2 diabetes by working through the various options available to a young Native American woman suffering from the disease. The case can be used in a variety of settings, including nutrition classrooms, herbal drug courses, physiology courses, medical schools, nursing schools, pharmacy schools, diabetes workshops, and even weight loss clinics. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Nutrition
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Clyde Freeman Herreid
Lisa Marie Rubin
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Needles and Pins: A Case Study in the Management of Occupational Percutaneous Exposure
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This case, designed for medical students, dental students, and dental hygiene students, ... More

This case, designed for medical students, dental students, and dental hygiene students, covers the steps involved in preventing and responding to accidental needle sticks in the clinical setting. The case is particularly helpful for use with student prior to the beginning of clinical rotations so that they understand and review prevention and post-exposure procedures and protocols. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Lynn Austin
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Number for Nurses: Division
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The Number for Nurses Computer Assisted Learning Package begins with a basic ... More

The Number for Nurses Computer Assisted Learning Package begins with a basic principles section which is followed by application to nursing practice. The basic principles section deals with addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, S.I. units and scales and gauges. In each area a variety of methods are used to enable the student to understand these principles, through interactive tutorials and consolidate learning through exercises. The aim of the division section is to help the student become competent both in the recognition of factors in fractions, and the ability to transfer simple fractions into long division format. These skills are particularly relevant during clinical practice as the nurse will be expected to utilise these methods to accurately calculate the drug dose to be administered to a patient. The package can be accessed from the first year of the course and it is expected that the student will work through the basic principles section first. The application section will support the student through the second and third years of the course, as they become involved in the more complex elements of nursing skills. By the end of the third year the package should have enabled the student to gain the competency in application of number skills which will facilitate the transfer to qualified nurse status. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Readings
Provider:
U-NOW
Provider Set:
University of Nottingham Open Courseware
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Pain
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Pain may activate the stress response and hence hormone secretion from the ... More

Pain may activate the stress response and hence hormone secretion from the pituitary glands, adrenal glands and pancreas. This leads to substrate mobilisation and catabolism, particularly protein wasting. These effects can impair wound healing, and in the long term result in immunosuppression. They can also cause a negative energy balance, giving weight loss or poor growth in young animals. It is important to bear this fact in mind when considering the economics of analgesia in food animal production. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Readings
Provider:
WikiVet
Provider Set:
Veterinary Nursing
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Perspectives in Global Health
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This course introduces the student to global health concepts and the network ... More

This course introduces the student to global health concepts and the network of organizations working to advance health care internationally. Emphasis for this course is on the global burden of disease and determinates of health. It will provide the student with a broad introduction to programs, systems and policies affecting global health. Students will explore facets of the global health care delivery system, health care economics and the political process and its impact on the health of individuals and populations. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Women's Studies
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Lesson Plans
Syllabi
Other
Provider:
University of Michigan
Provider Set:
Open.Michigan
Author:
Jody Lori
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Pharmacogenetics: Using Genetics to Treat Disease
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This case study investigates the applications of genetics to medicine by exploring ... More

This case study investigates the applications of genetics to medicine by exploring one of the first examples of a pharmacogenetic test to enter mainstream clinical practice. Pharmacogenetics examines how genetic variations in an individual correlate with responses to a specific medication in order to develop tailored medical treatments. Through a scenario based on clinical observations, students learn about acute lymphocytic leukemia as well as the wide range of individual responses to the drug used to treat it. Then, students interpret data similar to those initially published in scientific journals in order to construct an understanding of how genetic variation can be used to "tailor" medical care. Lastly, students are asked to apply their understanding of what they have learned in the case by making the appropriate medical recommendation based on a particular individual's genotype. Less

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Subject:
Engineering
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Genetics
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Jeanne Ting Chowning
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The Plan: Ethics and Physician Assisted Suicide
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This case study on physician-assisted suicide is used in a medical ethics ... More

This case study on physician-assisted suicide is used in a medical ethics course. The case itself is a short article published in 1991 in the New England Journal of Medicine in which Dr. Timothy E. Quill described his care for a patient suffering from acute leukemia, including how he prescribed a lethal dose of barbiturates knowing that the woman intended to commit suicide. As a consequence of the article's publication, a grand jury was convened to consider a charge of manslaughter against Dr. Quill. Students read the case and then, as part of a classroom-simulated trial, discuss physician-assisted suicide in terms of fundamental medical ethics principals. The case could also be used in a graduate-level bioethics class. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Doug Knutson
Doug M. Post
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Primary Care Part I: Selected Presentations and A Course in Primary Care
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Lecture notes for 6 lectures by of Dr. Starfield's on the update ... More

Lecture notes for 6 lectures by of Dr. Starfield's on the update of her seminal books, Primary Care: Concept, Evaluation, and Policy and Primary Care: Balancing Health Needs, Services, and Technology. Topics include disease, morbidity, primary care innovations, health equities and disparities, prevention, and specialist care. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Provider:
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Provider Set:
JHSPH OpenCourseWare
Author:
Barbara Starfield
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Spirituality and Health Care: A Request for Prayer
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In this medical ethics case, a fourth-year medical student making hospital rounds ... More

In this medical ethics case, a fourth-year medical student making hospital rounds with an attending physician and several residents is asked by a family member of a patient to pray with her. The case allows medical students to explore issues related to patients' religious beliefs as they think through how they might respond to different expectations and requests they may receive from patients and their families in their professional career. The case is appropriate for use with medical students in all four years of training as well as interns and residents. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Religious Studies
Life Science
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Allison A. Macerollo
Doug M. Post
Martha Jane Goleman
Michael S. Langan
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Structural analysis of the evolution of steroid specificity in the mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors
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BackgroundThe glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) evolved from a common ... More

BackgroundThe glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) evolved from a common ancestor. Still not completely understood is how specificity for glucocorticoids (e.g. cortisol) and mineralocorticoids (e.g. aldosterone) evolved in these receptors.ResultsOur analysis of several vertebrate GRs and MRs in the context of 3D structures of human GR and MR indicates that with the exception of skate GR, a cartilaginous fish, there is a deletion in all GRs, at the position corresponding to Ser-949 in human MR. This deletion occurs in a loop before helix 12, which contains the activation function 2 (AF2) domain, which binds coactivator proteins and influences transcriptional activity of steroids. Unexpectedly, we find that His-950 in human MR, which is conserved in the MR in chimpanzee, orangutan and macaque, is glutamine in all teleost and land vertebrate MRs, including New World monkeys and prosimians.ConclusionEvolution of differences in the responses of the GR and MR to corticosteroids involved deletion in the GR of a residue corresponding to Ser-949 in human MR. A mutation corresponding to His-950 in human MR may have been important in physiological changes associated with emergence of Old World monkeys from prosimians. Less

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Subject:
Environmental Science
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Chemistry
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Video Lectures
Provider:
SciVee
Provider Set:
SciVee
Author:
apryl
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Super Bug: Antibiotics and Evolution
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Sam, a pre-med college student, routinely gets dialysis and develops a urinary ... More

Sam, a pre-med college student, routinely gets dialysis and develops a urinary tract infection. The infection is from a bacterium that the news media is calling a "superbug" from India. Sam does some internet searches to find out more information about his condition. He examines popular news stories, primary literature, and considers what the United States should do about the increased prevalence of antibiotic resistance. To explore this issue, students form groups in which they are a politician, a parent, or a doctor, with each student bringing different information to the discussion. The case also discusses evolutionary principles and how they connect to antibiotic resistance. The case was developed for an introductory biology course taken by science majors who are not majoring in biology. It could be used in any introductory biology course or even as an introduction for a specific course on evolution. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Kristy Jean Wilson
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Swimming with Sea Cows: Manatees
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When manatees were first seen by Columbus, he thought they were mermaids..but ... More

When manatees were first seen by Columbus, he thought they were mermaids..but he had been at sea for a long time! Today these gentle marine mammals are threatened by loss of habitat and collisions with boats. This video segment explores the endangered manatees of Florida and their struggle to survive, as well as some of the people who are working to save them. Please see the accompanying lesson plan for educational objectives, discussion points and classroom activities. Less

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Subject:
Education
Life Science
Ecology
Forestry and Agriculture
Mathematics
Oceanography
Material Type:
Images and Illustrations
Instructional Material
Lecture Notes
Lesson Plans
Provider:
Jonathan Bird's Blue World
Provider Set:
Jonathan Bird's Blue World
Author:
Jonathan Bird Productions
Oceanic Research Group
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To Tell the Truth: Delivering Bad News to Patients
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This case was developed to teach first-year medical students about medical ethics ... More

This case was developed to teach first-year medical students about medical ethics as they apply to patient communication. Students receive an introductory lecture covering the basics of giving bad news and then are asked to apply what they have learned to a real-life medical situation they read about. The case describes a man who, recently retired, is looking forward to a cruise trip with his wife, but he hasn't been feeling well. Medical tests show he has colon cancer. Assuming the role of the physician, students must decide when and how to break the bad news. To prepare for their role, students learn the six-step protocol for breaking bad news developed by medical oncologist Dr. Robert Buckman, which they then apply to the case. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Doug Knutson
Doug M. Post
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Tragic Choices: Autism, Measles, and the MMR Vaccine
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This case explores the purported connection between vaccines in general, and the ... More

This case explores the purported connection between vaccines in general, and the MMR vaccine specifically, and autism. Students examine results from the 1998 Lancet article that ignited and still fuels the anti-vaccine movement; students are then asked to design a better study to test the causal relationship between the vaccine and the disorder. This case was developed to help science-phobic undergraduates understand the distinctions between good science, bad science, and pseudoscience. Most importantly, the case shows how "thinking scientifically" is a learnable skill that can empower students to make intelligent choices for themselves and their families. As such, the case would be suitable for any course introducing students to the nature of science, good (vs. not-so-good) experimental designs, appropriate interpretations of data, science as a self-correcting process, etc. Opportunities exist to expand the case to focus on issues related to research ethics, responsible journalism, and the interface between science, society, and the law. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Education
Life Science
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Matthew P. Rowe
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Training Methods and Continuing Education for Health Workers
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This course in Training Methods and Continuing Education for Health Workers identifies ... More

This course in Training Methods and Continuing Education for Health Workers identifies the role of training and continuing education as an important component of health service and personnel management. Participants will be guided through the steps of planning training and continuing education activities for a range of health workers from managers to village volunteers. The course draws on real life examples from community-directed onchocerciasis control, village health worker programs, and patent medicine vendor training programs, to name a few. As a final project, participants will prepare a training plan that includes needs assessment instruments, procedures for involving the trainees in their own learning, instructional objectives, appropriate learning methods and delivery modes, resource and budget needs, monitoring and evaluation mechanisms and follow-up supervision. Participants may wish to use the training guide they develop for this course as a foundation for an MPH CAPSTONE project. Please contact the instructor for details. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Material Type:
Full Course
Lecture Notes
Syllabi
Provider:
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Provider Set:
JHSPH OpenCourseWare
Author:
Bill
Brieger
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Treating Ed: A Medical Ethics Case Study
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Ed is dying. How should his wishes for medical treatment be carried ... More

Ed is dying. How should his wishes for medical treatment be carried out? As the case unfolds, students explore the rights and responsibilities of doctors, patients, and patient representatives regarding difficult medical decisions. Specifically, students consider the ramifications of Advance Directives and Durable Powers of Attorney. The case was written for an introductory biology course, but could easily be used in or modified for a human anatomy and physiology, introductory nursing, or medical ethics course. Less

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Subject:
Health, Medicine and Nursing
Life Science
Material Type:
Case Study
Instructional Material
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Eric Ribbens
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