What does 100 look like? Sound like? Feel like? In this video from Curious George, explore the many ways to measure 100 things. ***Access to Teacher's Domain content now requires free login to PBS Learning Media. ***Access to Teacher's Domain content now requires free login to PBS Learning Media.
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Combining Kuhn and Jung: half edited long version of a ‘step ladder model’ (SLM) forscientific discovery and paradigm shift researchSam Keenan*Learning Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia(Received 5 December 2014; accepted 7 April 2015)This half edited book provides the outline of a ‘step ladder model’ (SLM) comprising 13 steps ofscientific discovery making. It incorporates both a ‘leap-off point’ from Kuhn’sStructure of Scientific Revolutions, and ideas from Jungian psychology to revealpatterns in the way in which scientific discoveries are made, across 40 examples fromthe history of science. The current consensus is that these discoveries are accidental.This paper aims to provide a model for deliberately making dream-based scientificdiscoveries. The key to this model is intrapsychic patterns in how discoveries of thiskind can be made. As these patterns become gradually clearer, greater understandingof the dream-based scientific discovery-making process can develop. Gradually as acollective endeavour, as the SLM develops, the dream-based scientific discoveryprocess can by degrees become less accidental, and progressively more deliberate. Step 13 is included here as suggestions on how to fail as safely as possible while innovating. This is because success cannot be guaranteed and fails outnumber successes overwhelmingly. A background analysis section is also included. Further editing and writing and re-writing is welcomed. Thank you.Keywords: Kuhn; Jung; paradigm; revolutionary science; inspiration; creativity
This report was the first of its kind to analyze the green job market in MI (3% of workforce) through an analytical (industrial and occupational trends), qualitative (focus groups), and quantitative (employer survey) approach. Discussed are Michigan's green related industries and occupations, and also tracking them. It's concluded that the MI green job market has further potential and is growing despite an economic downturn.
This resource is composed of materials from Wayne State University's professional development workshops which are designed to introduce educators to hybrid electric and electric vehicle fundamentals. Included materials are an event agenda, faculty presentations, and fliers.
This resource contains handouts and presentations from the 2013 Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT) Conference: Preparing the Workforce for the Automotive Technology of 2025. This conference took place on May 30, 2013 at Macomb Community College's South Campus in Warren, MI and was attended by more than 80 individuals representing various high schools, community colleges, and universities as well as multiple government agencies, professional organizations, and industry workforce representatives. The purpose of the conference was to explore how the technologies of 2025 will affect required job skills.
This resource contains presentations from one of the Center for Automotive Research's (CAR's) breakfast briefings titled "Automotive Fuels and Emissions: Policies, Compliance, & Potential Impact of Future Technologies." This briefing occurred on 12/5/13 at Robert Bosch LLC in Farmington Hills, MI. At the briefing presenters discussed the strategic implications of Tier 3 regulations which will soon be finalized and may impact future technology decisions in a multitude of ways. The impact of Tier 3 emission regulations is expected to be far reaching as they have the potential to influence the quality of fuel, as well as usage of alternative fuels and powertrains. Further, the regulations will have a direct influence on the technologies, such as diesel and gasoline direct injection, that automakers will utilize to meet the fuel economy standards through MY2025. Included in this resource are the presentations from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Volkswagen, and Bosch utilized at the briefing.
This resource contains presentations from the Center for Automotive Research (CAR) 2013 Management Briefing Seminars held August 5-8, 2013. With over 900 attendees from industry, government, media, and academia, the event featured outstanding presentations from industry thought leaders as well as various networking and social events. Using CAR research as a foundation, these seminars revolved around global manufacturing strategies, lightweighting, connected vehicles, powertrain developments, sales forecasting, purchasing, policy, designing for technology, and capital investment.
This resource contains speaker presentations from the 2013 Plug-In Conference and Exposition. This conference took place September 30, 2013 to October 3, 2013 at Liberty Station in San Diego, CA and had the theme What's Next for the Electric Highway? This event brought together automotive manufacturers, component suppliers, electric utilities, government agencies, academia, and the environmental community to collaborate on the next steps in plug-in electric vehicle technology, infrastructure, policies and regulations, and market development.
This resource contains the agenda and presentations from the 2014 Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT) Conference: You Can't See the Future in the Rearview Mirror. This conference took place on May 2, 2014 at Macomb Community College's South Campus in Warren, MI and was attended by more than 120 individuals representing various high schools, community colleges, and universities as well as multiple government agencies, professional organizations, and industry workforce representatives.
This resource contains presentations from the Center for Automotive Research (CAR) 2014 Management Briefing Seminars held August 4-7, 2014. With attendees from industry, government, media, and academia, the event featured outstanding presentations from industry thought leaders as well as various networking and social events. Using CAR research as a foundation, these seminars revolved around the most important issues facing the automotive industry today: manufacturing, powertrain, sales forecasting, connected and automated vehicles, purchasing, talent, and supply chain.
This resource contains a presentation from a webinar and video of the webinar regarding a study carried out by Ducker Worldwide and funded by The Aluminum Association to evaluate the aluminum content in 2015 model year vehicles and the projected aluminum content growth through 2025. Also included is the executive summary of the study.
In this activity, students determine their own eyesight and calculate what a good average eyesight value for the class would be. Students learn about technologies to enhance eyesight and how engineers play an important role in the development of these technologies.
Experiences are inseparable things. The possibility of validation and practical application of scientific concepts is the essential support for the validation of theories.
The following course was created by Grand Rapids Community College (GRCC), through seed funding from theCAAT, to train workers for entry level positions in the advanced energy manufacturing industry. The course is designed around OSHA's "Standards for General Industry" and if taught by an authorized General Industry Outreach Training Program Instructor, students should receive an OSHA General Industry 30-hour Safety certification. Instructional materials include PowerPoint presentations, instructor notes, OSHA instructor and student manuals (handouts/assignments), and lesson objectives. All lessons are intended to be taught through PowerPoint presentations with guidance from the included lesson objectives and notes for instructors. The included PowerPoints are original OSHA presentations modified by GRCC and originals created by GRCC. The lesson topics are: Introduction to OSHA Safety and Health Programs, Hazard Mapping, Personal Protective Equipment, Exit Routes and Emergency Action Plans, Fire Protection and Prevention, Electrical Hazards, Ergonomics and Manual Material Handling, Walking and Working Surfaces, Industrial Hygiene, Flammable and Combustible Liquids Hazard CommunicationExit Routes and Emergency Action Plans, Fire Protection and Prevention, First Aid and CPR, Hand and Power Tool Safety, Machine Guarding, and Control of Hazardous Energy (Lockout/Tag-out).For more information on the course visit https://learning.grcc.edu/ec2k/CourseListing.asp?master_id=777&course_area=CEMF&course_number=102&course_subtitle=00.
In this lesson, students expand their understanding of solid waste management to include the idea of 3RC (reduce, reuse, recycle and compost). They will look at the effects of packaging decisions (reducing) and learn about engineering advancements in packaging materials and solid waste management. Also, they will observe biodegradation in a model landfill (composting).
Students get one class period (52 minutes) to find a real problem on campus, document it, develop a solution and prepare a market-based presentation to be peer-reviewed the next day. The main goal of this project is to highlight the importance of collaboration when working under a tight deadline - a common situation in today's working world.
This project integrates engineering, design and business concepts and meets learning standards from 9th to 12th grade.
The arts reflect the society that creates them. Nowhere is this truer than in the case of the ancient Greeks. Through their temples, sculpture, and pottery, the Greeks incorporated a fundamental principle of their culture: arete. To the Greeks, arete meant excellence and reaching one's full potential.
5 simple steps for helping to cultivate good self-esteem, including a great TED talk by Guy Winch.
"TED Videos are not officially licensed with any kind of open licensing. However, TED allows the users to freely view and download the videos without restraint. The website is provided as a public service to promote the spread of good ideas."
Welcome to the mystery and wonder that is ancient China. In the subsequent readings, you will learn that Chinese culture developed differently from any other ancient civilization. Chinese history is a lesson in paradoxes. Their past is full of natural disasters and wars; yet some of the most beautiful art, literature, and architecture have been created and preserved through the 13 dynastic periods, spanning 4,000 years into the 20th century. These trends are reflected by three of the most influential dynasties of China: the Shang, Han, and Tang.
Students will use a perceived weak material to construct something that is surprisingly strong.
Students can experiment with different shapes and configurations to see what holds the most weight.
The cube size is defined, what each student places within each 4x4 square, is up to them.
This website gives an overview and breakdown of misconceptions that are identified from student assessments.
Students and professionals in science, design and technology have to develop and communicate concepts that are often difficult to comprehend for the public, their peers and even themselves.
IMAGE | ABILITY – Visualizing the Unimaginable, will help you enhance your communication and interpersonal skills and provide insight, tips and tricks to make such complex and seemingly unimaginable concepts and ideas imaginable.
After finishing this course you will be more skilled in finding the right visual language to convey your ideas, thoughts and vision. You will be able to illustrate units and quantities, concepts and themes and you will know how to unravel complexity by using diagrams and schemes.
This eBook was written as the sequel to the eBook titled DC Circuits, which was written in 2016 by Chad Davis.
This eBook covers Alternating Current (AC) circuit theory as well us a brief introduction of electronics. It is
broken up into seven modules. Module 1 covers the basic theory of AC signals. Since only DC sources are used in
the first eBook, details of AC signals such as sinusoidal waveforms (or sine waves), square waves, and triangle
waves are provided. Module 2, titled AC Circuits Math Background, covers the mathematics background needed
for solving AC circuit problems. The background material in Modules 1 and 2 are combined in Module 3 to solve
circuits with AC sources that include resistors, inductors, and capacitors (RLC circuits).
This animated essay from the American Experience Web site explains the difference between alternating and direct electric current and offers in-depth explanations about the role played by a battery, light bulb, wire, and generator. Grades 6-12. ***Access to Teacher's Domain content now requires free login to PBS Learning Media.
The NRC Framework for K-12 Science Education and the resulting Next Generation Science Standards focus on an integrated three-dimensional view of science learning in which students develop understanding of core ideas of science and crosscutting concepts in the context of engaging in science and engineering practices.How is assessing three-dimensional science learning different than how we have thought of science learning in the past? How can we design assessment tasks that elicit student’s current understanding of specific aspects of the disciplinary core ideas, science and engineering practices, and crosscutting concepts in order to shape future instruction? In this workshop, participants will learn how to interpret and design cognitive formative assessment to fit a three-dimensional view of learning.This resource originates from a series of PD sessions on 3D formative assessment developed and provided by Katie Van Horne, Shelley Stromholt, Bill Penuel, and Philip Bell. It has been improved through a collaboration in the ACESSE project with science education experts from 13 states. Please cite this resource as follows:Stromholt, S., Van Horne, K., Bell, P., Penuel, W. R., Neill, T. & Shaw, S. (2017). How to Assess Three-Dimensional Learning in Your Classroom: Building Assessment Tasks that Work. [OER Professional Development Session from the ACESSE Project] Retrieved from http://stemteachingtools.org/pd/SessionB
How can science instruction be meaningfullyconnected to the out-of-school lives of students? In this professional development, we will consider how to design formative assessments that build on learners’ interest and knowledge, promoting equity and social justice in the process. The material for this resource comes from a series of PD sessions on formative assessment originally developed by Philip Bell and Shelley Stromholt.We will be updating this Facilitator's Guide for ACESSE Resource C with the most up to date information about this resource over time. If you encounter problesm with this resources, you can contact us at STEMteachingtools@uw.eduThis resource was refined through a 13-state collaboration to make the resource more broadly useful. If you choose to adapt these materials, please attribute the source and that it was work funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF).
Abstract: This session provides a step-by-step process to support participants as they design a 3D assessment task for the science classroom. Along the way, they learn how to define 3D learning performances for specific lessons—and how to use a range of tools to support their assessment design work. A key goal of the session activity is to improve the connection of intended learning goals to assessment practices. Participants build their 3D assessment design capacity by designing and workshopping tasks—before piloting them in their classrooms. The approaches learned in this workshop can be used with any curricula, at any grade level, and across all subjects of science.
This pair of workshops is designed to introduce you to the process of selecting phenomena that can anchor an entire unit that supports students’ 3D science learning or that can serve as a basis for a multi-component assessment task. This resource can also be used by individuals wanting to refine their teaching practice around phenomena based instruction. You may have heard a lot about phenomena, but you may also be wondering what exactly they are, and whether using phenomena is any different from how teachers teach today already.This learning experience will help you:Explain to a peer the role of phenomena and design challenges in science teaching, with a particular focus on equity and justice. Generate working definitions of phenomena, design challenges, and disciplinary core ideas. Identify phenomena related to a bundle of three-dimensional standards. Experience how phenomena can be introduced at the start of a unit, in order to launch a student-driven series of questions.With respect to the assessment process, this resource supports the task of clarifying learning goals and eliciting evidence of student learning. Specifically, analyzing standards helps to clarify learning goals. In assessment, scenarios present phenomena to students, and then specific prompts are designed to elicit student understanding of core ideas, practices and crosscutting concepts. Once written as a scenario for an assessment, teachers can use the resources introduced in ACESSE Resource B to design specific prompts for their assessments (SEP Task Formats Tool, CCC Prompts Tool). This resource complements Resource C, in that it provides some ways to integrate tools to connect science instruction meaningfully to students’ everyday lives and cultural practices. This workshop has multiple segments, and it is broken into two sessions that last roughly three hours each, which can be organized as a full-day session or across multiple days.
Overview: In this workshop, we will build our capacity to identify the range of intellectual resources students use as they make sense of phenomena. We will first explore how equity and justice relate to culture-based approaches to pedagogy—and then focus on how to identify and leverage the resources students use in moments of sensemaking. This resource can also be used by individuals wanting to learn how equity involves promoting the rightful presence of all students across scales of justice, desettling inequities, and supporting expansive learning pathways. This workshop provides participants with an opportunity to explore important theoretical ideas by exploring examples of how learners engage in diverse sense-making. Participants will learn about some of the challenges that less expansive learning environments can cause for learners from non-dominant communities. This resource is estimated to take between 161-268 minutes (2 ⅔ - 4 ¾ hours), depending on the choices of the facilitator in scenario selection.
Should A+ Certification Exam candidates use brain dump sites? My answer, might surprise you.
This is part of Mr. Ford's Guide to the A+ Certification Exam: How to Be A Computer Technician.
An A-Frame Virtual Reality Programming activity for CS0 students. Part of the CUNY CS04All project.
2 DESCRIÇÃO DO TABULEIRO AGROECOSSISTEMAS FAMILIARES AMAZÔNICOS
2.1 Princípios do Produto Técnico Educacional
Para o Ensino de Ciências Ambientais, abordar os Agroecossistemas Familiares na região do
Alto Rio Solimões possibilitará trabalhar em sala de aula a biodiversidade encontradas nos
ecossistemas locais e também as atividades que caracterizam a pluriatividade no Alto Solimões.
Pois, os sistemas de produção adotados utilizam espécies adaptadas às condições locais.
A práxis cotidiana de vida desses sujeitos sociais vem garantindo a conservação dos
agroecossistemas familiares, no qual, os hábitos alimentares, a partir do estudo sobre a comida e a
comensalidade expressam as questões culturais desses sujeitos. Pois, a diversidade de produtos
regionais disponíveis nos recursos ambientais também favorece a manutenção da segurança e
A opção pelo jogo foi tomada a partir das experiências vivenciadas e adquiridas ao participar
de projetos de pesquisas e extensão nas comunidades e municípios do Alto Solimões nos últimos
dez anos de atividades acadêmicas. Inicialmente a experiência em trabalhar com agricultores
familiares, despertou o interesse por este caminho. Paralelo a isto, outro fator importante que
motivou a escolha desta temática foi que, este produto surgiu por meio de uma demanda dos
professores e agricultores da comunidade.
2.2 Objetivo do Produto Técnico Educacional
Os agroecossistemas são sistemas abertos e multidimensionais, aproximando-se da
ecofisiologia do sistema ambiental natural (GLIESSMAN, 2009; ALTIERI, 2004). Gliessman
(2008) sinaliza a necessidade de se reconhecer as influências dos aspectos sociais, econômicos,
culturais e políticos sobre os agroecossistemas, com enfoque para a sustentabilidade dos sistemas
alimentares, destacando as ações antrópicas como suporte fundamental a essa sustentabilidade.
2.2.1 Manual do tabuleiro “Agroecossistemas familiares amazônicos”: Percorrer a trilha
respondendo às perguntas corretamente até a saída. Preparação: 1 tabuleiro, 1 dado, 60 perguntas,
papéis com a numeração de 1 a 3 para o sorteio da classificação.
2.2.2 Regras do Produto Técnico Educacional
1. Divida a turma em três equipes de 10 alunos (Turma de 30 alunos), o número de
componentes nas equipes será de acordo com o número de alunos de cada turma, no qual
fica a critério do professora formação das equipes.
2. Abra o tabuleiro em uma superfície plana.
3. Peça para cada representante de cada equipe tire um papel (sorteio) que constará sua
classificação para jogar.
4. O primeiro a jogar, deve primeiro tirar uma pergunta e responder a pergunta, se caso acerte
deve jogar o dado, caso contrário, deve passar a vez para o próximo jogador. Esse processo
ocorrerá para todos os jogadores.
5. Vale ressaltar que as perguntas serão aleatórias.
6. O item casa surpresa, funcionará como bônus para o aluno, o qual ficará a critério do
professor, podendo dá uma pontuação ao aluno ou outra forma de compensação conforme as
condições do professor.
7. O item volte 3 casas ou volte 5 casas, no transcorrer da trilha, os participantes poderão ser
punidos caso haja coincidência de estagnar nessas casas, mas também receberam bônus
quando estagnarem nas casas pule duas, 4 ou 5 casas.
8. O aluno que chegar primeiro na linha de saída será o vencedor, podendo ganhar alguma
9. As 30 perguntas foram formuladas com base nos resultados da pesquisa “Agroecossistemas
Familiares na região do Alto Rio Solimões”.
2.4 Início do jogo
1. Qual microrregião o município de Benjamin Constant faz parte?
2. Qual fronteira tríplice Benjamim Constant faz parte?
Brasil, Peru e Colômbia
3. Em que ano teve o início a aldeia Cocama Nova aliança?
4. Quantas famílias deram início a aldeia Cocama Nova aliança?
Três famílias peruanas
5. Qual movimento religioso foi importante na Região do Alto Solimões?
Irmandade da Santa Cruz
6. Como as atividades de produção nos agroecossistemas são distribuídas?
Em roça ou roçado, sitio, terreiro ou quintal, extrativismo animal, extrativismo vegetal e criação de
animais de pequeno porte.
7. O que é agricultura familiar proposta por Lamarche?
É uma unidade agrícola de exploração, onde a propriedade e o trabalho são familiares
8. Quais animais de pequeno porte são criados nos sítios?
Patos, porcos e galinhas
9. Como são construídos os galinheiros?
São construídas com madeiras e palha branca
10. O que é meliponicultura?
O mel produzido é destinado ao consumo da família e utilizado no preparo de remédios quando
necessário no tratamento de enfermidade de membros da família ou doado para algum agricultor da
11. Qual a finalidade de guardar as sementes de milho próximo a cobertura?
Para evitar a umidade e consequentemente o aparecimento de fungos e inseto nas sementes
12. Qual a finalidade da extração de madeira?
A construção de casas, confecção de canoas, lenha para uso nos fornos de torrar farinha e fogões.
13. Quais produtos vegetais são utilizados para a produção de remédios caseiros?
Andiroba, copaíba, casca do mulateiro, capurana e unha de gato
14. Como são definidos os hábitos alimentares por Bley?
Como porções do conjunto de alimentos disponíveis a indivíduos ou a grupos de indivíduos que são
selecionados, utilizados e consumidos em resposta a pressões sociais e culturais.
15. Como a renda monetária das famílias é obtida?
É obtida por meio de recursos oriundos de programas de transferência de renda do governo federal
(bolsa família, seguro defeso e aposentadoria), serviços públicos, serviços, comercialização de
produtos e de produtos oriundos dos agroecossistemas familiares
16. O que é seguro defeso?
É uma assistência financeira temporária concedida aos pescadores profissionais artesanais que
durante o período “defeso” são obrigados a paralisar a sua atividade para preservação das espécies
17. Por que o êxodo rural tem preocupado alguns pais?
Tem preocupado alguns pais, pois após concluírem os estudos alguns acabam não retornando para
comunidade porque conseguem emprego ou constituem família na cidade.
18. Quais órgãos promovem cursos de capacitação e qualificação na comunidade?
Instituto de Natureza e Cultura, campus da Universidade Federal do Amazonas/ Benjamin Constant,
Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado do Amazonas/ campus Tabatinga,
SEBRAE, Instituto de Desenvolvimento Agropecuário do Amazonas, Secretária de Produção e
Abastecimento pela UFAM ou INPA.
19. Cite 8 comunidades ribeirinhas na calha do rio Solimões?
Capacete, Novo São Francisco, Terezinha III, Boa Esperança, Jarauá, Nova Jerusalém, Santa Maria
do Cururu e São Francisco do Cururu
20. Qual o principal alimento proteico dos agricultores?
21. Quais lagos são utilizados pelos agricultores para pesca na ilha do Arariá?
Os lagos do Sacambu e Curupira
22. Quais os três pontos norteadores de segurança alimentar?
Qualidade nutricional dos alimentos
Os hábitos/cultura específicos de cada comunidade, de cada grupo social;
Sustentabilidade do sistema familiar
23. No trabalho de campo quantas espécies vegetais foram contabilizadas?
43 espécies vegetais
24. Quais as principais características da agricultura familiar na Amazônia?
É o processo produtivo, basicamente direcionado ao atendimento das necessidades da manutenção e
reprodução biológica e social do produtor rural e é conhecida por ter uma atividade agrícola
25. Como os agricultores fazem a conservação do material genético na localidade?
Fazem o replante de sementes
26. Qual a principal via de acesso para as cidades e comunidades vizinhas?
27. De que maneira pessoas próximas sem laço de consanguinidade com as famílias
participam no processo e emprego da mão de obra nos agroecossistemas. De que maneira isso
Por pagamento de diária, ajuri, troca de dia ou recebimento por meio de produtos como farinha e
28. Quais são as principais espécies vegetais cultivadas pelos agricultores familiares em
Mandioca, banana, feijão e milho.
29. Quais são as principais formas de acesso às sementes?
Armazenamento, troca com parentes ou vizinhos, sementes compradas e sementes adquiridas nos
estabelecimentos comerciais de Tabatinga e Benjamin Constant.
30. Nas atividades de caça, quais animais são capturados com maior frequência pelos
Paca, anta, veado cinza, veado vermelho, queixada, tatu, tatu canastra.
3. SUGESTÕES AOS EDUCADORES E EDUCADORAS
Mediante a proposta apresentada sugerimos aos educadores (as) que, revisem a dissertação e
o produto antes da aplicação/ utilização em sala de aula, com intuito de alcançar o domínio do
material didático. De maneira similar, desejamos que este trabalho possa aprimorado com base em
novos estudos sobre os agroecossistemas familiares, e que este material possa ser convertido para
um aplicativo e passe a ser utilizado também em smartphones, ampliando assim ainda mais este
conteúdo no cotidiano dos alunos.
As the carbon dioxide concentration of our atmosphere increases and our climate warms, the hay fever season seems to be getting longer and more severe. In this case study, students assume the a role of a public relations specialist contracted to communicate the link between climate change and pollen allergies. The activity focuses on the importance of scientific skills to careers outside science, and is most suitable for a lower-level introductory biology, human health, or environmental science course.
This video from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is from the 2007 Holiday Lectures on Science: "AIDS: Evolution of an Epidemic." Bisola O. Ojikutu, M.D., M.P.H. discusses antiretroviral therapy in AIDS and HIV. The video is available as an indexed video with synchronized slides or webcast video only. Both require RealPlayer. The video is 58 minutes and 31 seconds long and there are 91 slides.
Este Guia Didático surgiu como produto da Dissertação de Mestrado do Programa de Pós-Graduação de Mestrado Profissional em Rede para o Ensino das Ciências Ambientais – PROFCIAMB, sob o Tema “APRENDENDO COM A ESCASSEZ: ALTERNATIVAS DE USO DA ÁGUA EM EIRUNEPÉ/AM” como atividade prática com os discentes do Ensino Médio do Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Amazonas, Campus Eirunepé sobre o abastecimento de água e como as famílias atuam na obtenção deste bem quando não fornecido adequadamente pelo Poder Público.
A construção do Guia Pedagógico surgiu a partir da necessidade dos discentes compreenderem a problemática da da água no mundo. Esta compreensão deve ter como marco inicial, a percepção sobre o abastecimento de água na cidade onde os mesmos moram, compreendendo as condições de captação, abastecimento e uso da água pelas suas famílias. A partir do “local” o discente será capaz de compreender o contexto da água sob o aspecto global.
Student groups create working radios by soldering circuit components supplied from AM radio kits. By carrying out this activity in conjunction with its associated lesson concerning circuits and how AM radios work, students are able to identify each circuit component they are soldering, as well as how their placement causes the radio to work. Besides reinforcing lesson concepts, students also learn how to solder, which is an activity that many engineers perform regularly giving students a chance to be able to engage in a real-life engineering activity.
This University of California College Prep (UCCP) Advanced Placement (AP) Environmental Science online course has five objectives: Describe the six different forms of energy and the type of work done by each form. Discuss the roles of sources and sinks in an energy budget. Define the Law of Conservation of Energy, and explain how the operation of fuel cell vehicles illustrates this principal. Name the units with which energy, power, and force are measured and described. Use energy flow within a house to explain both theoretical and practical aspects of energy use and conservation.
Human activities release a variety of substances into the biosphere, many of which negatively affect the environment. Pollutants discharged into the environment can accumulate in the air, water, or soil......
This text is designed to acquaint students with the physical, ecological, social, and political principles of environmental science. Scientific method is used to analyze and understand the interrelationships between humans and the natural environment. This test shows how ecological realities and the material desire of humans often clash, leading to environmental degradation and pollution.
Environmental issues are a concern of many, if not most, Americans. However, there is considerable disagreement on how such issues should be handled. Different people can interpret even a very general issue such as conservation very differently. Some believe that conservation means limiting the use of resources to allow a resource to last longer. Others see the conservation of resources as a way to maximize benefits to humans. This utilitarian approach to conservation policy, would place no value on saving endangered species that provide no direct benefit to humans. At the other extreme, some envision conservation as meaning the protection of resources without regard to profit or material benefit to humans. This view places the preservation as being of the utmost importance, and is sometimes viewed as elitist.
Soil plays an important role in land ecosystems. In order for a community of producers and consumers to become established on land, soil must be present. Furthermore, soil quality is often a limiting factor for population growth in ecosystems. Soil is a complex mixture of inorganic materials, organic materials, microorganisms, water and air. Its formation begins with the weathering of bedrock or the transport of sediments from another area. These small grains of rock accumulate on the surface of the earth. There they are mixed with organic matter called humus, which results from the decomposition of the waste and dead tissue of organisms. Infiltrating rainwater and air also contribute to the mixture and become trapped in pore spaces. This formation process is very slow (hundreds to thousands of years), and thus soil loss or degradation can be very detrimental to a community.