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Introduction to Philosophy: Philosophy of Religion
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Where did the universe come from? Is life a result of chance, or design? If God is loving and all-powerful, why does evil still exist? Is religious belief just a byproduct of undirected evolutionary processes? Or did God make sure humans would evolve in such a way as to believe? Are philosophers closed-minded about religion? And why is so much of philosophy of religion about God—but not about gods?

Introduction to Philosophy: Philosophy of Religion introduces students to some of the major traditional arguments for and against the existence of God. It also includes discussions of some less well-known, but thought-provoking arguments for the existence of God, and one of the most important new challenges to religious belief from the Cognitive Science of Religion. An introductory chapter traces the deep interconnections between philosophy and religion throughout Western history, and a final chapter considers what place there is for non-Western and non-monotheistic religions within contemporary philosophy of religion.

Whatever your religious beliefs—or lack of beliefs—we think you will find many of the arguments in this book fascinating to think about, and useful starting points for deeper philosophical discussions.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Rebus Community
Author:
Beau Branson
Beau Branson (Book Editor)
Christina Hendricks (Series Editor)
Hans Van Eyghen
Marcus William Hunt
Robert Sloan Lee
Steven Steyl
Timothy D Knepper
Date Added:
12/11/2020
Philosophy of Religion Series
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CC BY
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This series of eight audio lectures delivered by Dr T. J. Mawson at the University of Oxford in Hilary Term 2011, introduces the main philosophical arguments pertaining to the Western monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Each lecture has an associated hand-out (two for the first lecture).

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Material Type:
Lecture
Reading
Provider:
University of Oxford
Provider Set:
University of Oxford Podcasts
Author:
T. J. Mawson
Date Added:
05/02/2012
Remix
Religion
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CC BY
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Discuss the historical view of religion from a sociological perspectiveUnderstand how the major sociological paradigms view religion

Subject:
Social Science
Sociology
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Author:
Audra Kallimanis
Date Added:
07/02/2020
Introduction to Philosophy: Philosophy of Mind
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CC BY
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Introduction to Philosophy: Philosophy of Mind (edited by Heather Salazar) surveys the central themes in philosophy of mind and places them in a historical and contemporary context intended to engage first-time readers in the field. It focuses on debates about the status and character of the mind and its seemingly subjective nature in an apparently more objective world.

Written by experts and emerging researchers in their subject areas, each chapter brings clarity to complex material and involves the reader through a wealth of examples. Many chapters include applications of the concepts to film and literature that will stimulate readers to firmly grasp the significance of the philosophy of mind. Subjects covered are how the mind fits into the material world and how to analyze its properties. In that vein, substance dualism, materialism, behaviorism, functionalism, and property dualism are all explored.

In addition, it includes insightful contributions on how to explain seemingly subjective feelings, the mystery of consciousness, conceptual understanding of the world outside of the mind, and free will. The book is designed to be used alone or alongside a reader of historical and contemporary original sources.

If you are adopting or adapting this book for a course, please let us know on our adoption form for the Introduction to Philosophy open textbook series: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdwf2E7bRGvWefjhNZ07kgpgnNFxVxxp-iidPE5gfDBQNGBGg/viewform?usp=sf_link.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Rebus Community
Author:
Christina Hendricks
Daniel Haas
Elly Vintiadis
Eran Asoulin
Heather Salazar
Henry Shevlin
Jason Newman
Paul Richard Blum
Tony Cheng
Date Added:
09/20/2019
An Introduction to Philosophy
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-NC
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The goal of this text is to present philosophy to newcomers as a living discipline with historical roots. While a few early chapters are historically organized, the goal in the historical chapters is to trace a developmental progression of thought that introduces basic philosophical methods and frames issues that remain relevant today. Later chapters are topically organized. These include philosophy of science and philosophy of mind, areas where philosophy has shown dramatic recent progress. This text concludes with four chapters on ethics, broadly construed. Traditional theories of right action is covered in a third of these. Students are first invited first to think about what is good for themselves and their relationships in a chapter of love and happiness. Next a few meta-ethical issues are considered; namely, whether they are moral truths and if so what makes them so. The end of the ethics sequence addresses social justice, what it is for one's community to be good. Our sphere of concern expands progressively through these chapters. Our inquiry recapitulates the course of development into moral maturity. Over the course of the text, the author has tried to outline the continuity of thought that leads from the historical roots of philosophy to a few of the diverse areas of inquiry that continue to make significant contributions to our understanding of ourselves and the world we live in.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
W. Russ Payne
Date Added:
07/10/2019
Introduction to Philosophy: Ethics
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CC BY
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We often make judgments about good and bad, right and wrong. Philosophical ethics is the critical examination of these and other concepts central to how we evaluate our own and each others’ behavior and choices.

This text examines some of the main threads of discussion on these topics that have developed over the last couple of millenia, mostly within the Western cultural tradition. It considers basic questions about moral and ethical judgment: Is there such a thing as something that is really right or really wrong independent of time, place and perspective? What is the relationship between religion and ethics? How can we reconcile self-interest and ethics? Is it ever acceptable to harm one person in order to help others? What do recent discussions in evolutionary biology or have to say about human moral systems? What is the relation between gender and ethics? The authors invite you to participate in their exploration of these and many other questions in philosophical ethics.

If you are adopting or adapting this book for a course, please let us know on our adoption form for the Introduction to Philosophy open textbook series: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSdwf2E7bRGvWefjhNZ07kgpgnNFxVxxp-iidPE5gfDBQNGBGg/viewform?usp=sf_link.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Rebus Community
Author:
Christina Hendricks (Series Editor)
Douglas Giles
Frank Aragbonfoh Abumere
George Matthews (Book Editor)
Jeffrey Morgan
Joseph Kranak
Kathryn MacKay
Michael Klenk
Paul Rezkalla
Ya-Yun (Sherry) Kao
Date Added:
12/18/2019
Moral and Political Philosophy
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This course introduces students to the basic concepts and methods of moral and political philosophy. Its primary focus is on the development of moral reasoning skills and the application of those skills to contemporary social and political issues. Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to: Discuss several major theories of justice and morality, including utilitarianism, libertarianism, social contract theory, deontology, and the ethics/politics of virtue; Demonstrate how moral and political dilemmas are handled differently by each set of theoretical principles; Develop their analytical skills through interpreting the consequences of various moral principles and revising principles to correspond with their own conceptions of justice; Discuss the relationship between morality and politics; Formulate their own positions concerning moral and political principles, especially in regards to particular issues discussed in this course; Discuss the origins of western democratic politics and constitutional government; Address a range of difficult and controversial moral and political issues, including murder, the income tax, corporate cost-benefit analysis, lying, affirmative action, and same-sex marriage. (Philosophy 103)

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Political Science
Material Type:
Assessment
Full Course
Lecture
Reading
Syllabus
Provider:
The Saylor Foundation
Date Added:
11/10/2011
The Originals: Classic Readings in Western Philosophy
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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It is important for students not only to get an appreciation and understanding of philosophy but also to be exposed to the very words and ideas of those who have shaped our thinking over the centuries. Accordingly, the title of this collection hints at the facts that these readings are from the original sources and that these philosophers were the originators of many of the issues we still discuss today. Major areas of philosophy covered here are: Ethics, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Philosophy of Religion, Ethics, Socio-Political Philosophy, and finally, Aesthetics.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
BCcampus
Provider Set:
BCcampus Open Textbooks
Author:
Jeff McLaughlin
Date Added:
08/10/2018
General Philosophy Lectures
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CC BY-NC-SA
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A series of lectures delivered by Peter Millican to first-year philosophy students at the University of Oxford. The lectures comprise of the 8-week General Philosophy course, delivered to first year undergraduates. These lectures aim to provide a thorough introduction to many philosophical topics and to get students and others interested in thinking about key areas of philosophy. Taking a chronological view of the history of philosophy, each lecture is split into 3 or 4 sections which outline a particular philosophical problem and how different philosophers have attempted to resolve the issue. Individuals interested in the 'big' questions about life such as how we perceive the world, who we are in the world and whether we are free to act will find this series informative, comprehensive and accessible.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Material Type:
Full Course
Lecture
Provider:
University of Oxford
Provider Set:
University of Oxford Podcasts
Author:
Peter Millican
Date Added:
02/19/2010
Introducing Philosophy
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Ever wondered what it would be like to study philosophy? This unit will introduce you to the teaching methods employed and the types of activities and assignments you would be asked to undertake should you wish to study OU course A211 Philosophy and the human situation.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Reading
Syllabus
Provider:
The Open University
Provider Set:
Open University OpenLearn
Date Added:
09/06/2007
Words of Wisdom: Intro to Philosophy
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CC BY-NC-SA
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Words of Wisdom can come from anyone. In this text we discuss topics ranging from "Are Humans good by nature?" to "Is there a God?" to "Do I have the right to my own opinion?" Philosophy is the study of wisdom, and can emerge in our conversations in places like social media, in school, around the family dinner table, and even in the car. The text uses materials that are 2,500 years old, and materials that were in the news this year. Wise people come in all shapes and types, and from every culture on earth. We have poetry and folktales, sacred writings and letters. Dialogues and interviews, news columns, podcasts, Ted Talks, You Tube recordings and even comedy are all a part of the content in this text.You will be most successful using this collection this on line.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
Jody Ondich
Date Added:
01/01/2018
An Introduction to Philosophy
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-NC
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The goal of this text is to present philosophy to newcomers as a living discipline with historical roots. While a few early chapters are historically organized, my goal in the historical chapters is to trace a developmental progression of thought that introduces basic philosophical methods and frames issues that remain relevant today. Later chapters are topically organized. These include philosophy of science and philosophy of mind, areas where philosophy has shown dramatic recent progress. This text concludes with four chapters on ethics, broadly construed. I cover traditional theories of right action in the third of these. Students are first invited first to think about what is good for themselves and their relationships in a chapter of love and happiness. Next a few meta-ethical issues are considered; namely, whether they are moral truths and if so what makes them so. The end of the ethics sequence addresses social justice, what it is for one’s community to be good. Our sphere of concern expands progressively through these chapters. Our inquiry recapitulates the course of development into moral maturity

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Bellevue College
Author:
W. Russ Payne
Date Added:
08/29/2018
Modern Philosophy
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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This is a textbook (or better, a workbook) in modern philosophy. It combines readings from primary sources with two pedagogical tools. Paragraphs in italics introduce figures and texts. Numbered study questions (also in italics) ask students to reconstruct an argument or position from the text, or draw connections among the readings. And I have added an introductory chapter (Chapter 0 – Minilogic and Glossary), designed to present the basic tools of philosophy and sketch some principles and positions. The immediate goal is to encourage students to grapple with the ideas rather than passing their eyes over the texts. This makes for a better classroom experience and permits higher-level discussions. Another goal is to encourage collaboration among instructors, as they revise and post their own versions of the book.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
BCcampus
Provider Set:
BCcampus Faculty Reviewed Open Textbooks
Author:
Dunn, Alexander
Ott, Walter
Date Added:
02/06/2015
Introduction to Sociology 2e, Religion, The Sociological Approach to Religion
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CC BY-NC
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Discuss the historical view of religion from a sociological perspectiveUnderstand how the major sociological paradigms view religion

Subject:
Social Science
Sociology
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
OpenStax College
Date Added:
11/15/2016
Remix
An Introduction to Philosophy, Second Edition
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CC BY-NC
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The goal of this text is to present philosophy to newcomers as a living discipline with historical roots. While a few early chapters are historically organized, the goal in the historical chapters is to trace a developmental progression of thought that introduces basic philosophical methods and frames issues that remain relevant today. Later chapters are topically organized. These include philosophy of science and philosophy of mind, areas where philosophy has shown dramatic recent progress. This text concludes with four chapters on ethics, broadly construed. Traditional theories of right action is covered in a third of these. Students are first invited first to think about what is good for themselves and their relationships in a chapter of love and happiness. Next a few meta-ethical issues are considered; namely, whether they are moral truths and if so what makes them so. The end of the ethics sequence addresses social justice, what it is for one’s community to be good. Our sphere of concern expands progressively through these chapters. Our inquiry recapitulates the course of development into moral maturity. Over the course of the text, the author has tried to outline the continuity of thought that leads from the historical roots of philosophy to a few of the diverse areas of inquiry that continue to make significant contributions to our understanding of ourselves and the world we live in.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
Marc Skuster
Date Added:
09/18/2020
Imagination: The Missing Mystery of Philosophy
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CC BY-NC-SA
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What is imagination and can philosophy define it in any meaningful way? This unit will introduce you to some of the possible answers to these questions and will examine why philosophy has sometimes found it difficult to approach imagination. It will then go on to examine the relationship that imagination has to imagery and supposition, charting where these concepts overlap with imagination and where they diverge.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Reading
Syllabus
Provider:
The Open University
Provider Set:
Open University OpenLearn
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Philosophy Ethics Syllabus
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Philosophy Ethics Syllabus

PHL 202: Ethics

COURSE DESCRIPTION:
Explores basic problems in moral and social philosophy along with issues related to
human nature, for example: how to define a good life or a good society; what is the
nature of happiness, pleasure, virtue and justice; consequence vs. duty-based
theories; the role of reason and/or passion; and arguments for and against natural
law.

LEARNING OUTCOMES. Students will learn to:
1. Demonstrate understanding of major ethical theories and problems in the
Western Tradition through written and oral discussion.
2. Assess arguments and philosophical perspectives using critical reasoning.
3. Express complex thoughts logically and coherently.
4. Apply knowledge of ethical perspectives, theories, and critical reasoning to
develop his or her own opinions regarding philosophical problems and issues.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Syllabus
Author:
Sean Creighton
Date Added:
03/08/2021
My Philosophy of Education
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CC BY-NC-ND
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Education is one of the main processes of the development and formation of individual’s personality. It is very important to keep the education of young people at high level in order to provide a country with decent population and its future skillful generation. In my opinion, the progress of education as an overall system for everyone is a rational idea. However, it is not able to satisfy the needs of all students. Keeping this in mind, each student should develop his or her own philosophy of education in order to get the maximum benefits from this process. The same matter should be taken into consideration by teachers in order to help each student to become not only part of a class, but also a hard-working person who will be willing to face any challenges and difficulties during educational process.     As for me, I think that my philosophy of education is based on several principles. First of all, it is necessary to understand the purpose of education. Education helps not only to understand some laws, principles, or concepts, but also apply them from the practical point of view. The theoretical knowledge is worth nothing if a student cannot apply it in the real life. Consequently, the educational process should be accompanied with practical lessons as much as possible. In addition, it is also necessary to make students not only learn, but also think about what they learn and how acquired knowledge will help them in the future.It is very essential to understand the essential role of a student in the education. Students being a part of this process usually come to the classrooms and listen to their teachers. However, in order to provide a complete and effective process of education, I believe that they should act not only as passive consumers of presented information, but also actively and independently explore additional material. I mean that they should go beyond the scope of information that they learn in school, college, or university, and look for the additional sources, materials, or other solutions in order to expand their knowledge with new facts and ideas. At present time, when modern students have such advancements as the Internet, it is much easier to perform such behavior.My philosophy of education also includes the role of a teacher as a main unit in educational process. The teacher should be not only a broadcaster who delivers the information to students, but also motivate students to actively participate in all class activities and cooperate with each other. The teacher has to help each individual to reveal the hidden potential and lead him or her from the beginning till the final stage. It is important for the teacher not to choose only several students and actively work with them. The teacher should give the equal possibilities for all students with certain attention on their creative abilities. The role of the teacher should not be limited by his or her work only in classrooms. It is also the responsibility of the teacher to work within the local community and cooperate with parents. He or she has to serve as a role model for students and show them how to respect the elderly and how to interact with them.                   I believe that the philosophy of education presumes an active position of all members in the learning process. All their efforts should be directed with the aim to enrich students with knowledge, teach them think creatively, and provide equal conditions of education for all of them. Education should be filled with many practical lessons. It has to determine not only the future career path of each individual, but also shape and develop his or her unique personality.   So, education is first and foremost a comprehensive development, so I propose to read also my article on one controversial topic "FASHION INDUSTRY SHOULD STOP ABUSE ANIMALS" 

Subject:
Philosophy
Education
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Author:
Ella Deker
Date Added:
09/11/2018
Political Philosophy & Justice: The Options
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CC BY-NC-SA
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Below is a handout I created that covers *some* of the "space of logical possibility" for how communities might organize themselves around different conceptions of justice. This handout draws from the "space of actuality possibility" or the different sorts of political arrangements that have appeared in the western world over the past 2,500 years. My aim was to give an overview via the three criteria of who rules, who counts as a citizen, and the distribution of goods. As a two page handout, it is necessarily incomplete but hopefully it serves as a good starting point for students new to political philosophy.

I placed a photo that I took below from the new Modesto mural project that appeared downtown in the past month.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Lecture Notes
Module
Author:
Bill Anelli
Date Added:
11/25/2019
Philosophy of Education Lesson
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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I have used this assigned discussion with students enrolled in Education 203: Education in American Society, offered at Los Angeles Valley College.  This assignment is one of several that address the philosophy of education, particularly Paolo Freire's view of critical pedagogy.  The lesson was preceeded by two modules that presented the use of graphic organizers, hence the assignment involves a Thinking Map.  The assignment can be modified with a different manner of demonstrating knowledge other than graphic organizers. Attribution: Thinking Maps:  https://www.thinkingmaps.com/

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Education
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Homework/Assignment
Author:
Jennifer Niwa
Date Added:
06/29/2020
Introduction to Philosophy: Logic
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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Introduction to Philosophy: Logic provides students with the concepts and skills necessary to identify and evaluate arguments effectively. The chapters, all written by experts in the field, provide an overview of what arguments are, the different types of arguments one can expect to encounter in both philosophy and everyday life, and how to recognise common argumentative mistakes. The book aims to reach not only those who wish to learn logic to further their philosophical education, but also those who wish to gain the tools to better understand how to approach arguments in many aspects of their lives.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Author:
Bahram Assadian
Benjamin Martin
Cassiano Terra Rodrigues
Christina Hendricks
Matthew Knachel
Michael Shaffer
Nathan Smith
Date Added:
11/18/2020
The Philosophy of Liberty: Curricular Resources for Political Philosophy Courses
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CC BY
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Looking for engaging content for your political philosophy course? The Institute for Humane Studies has curated this collection of educational resources to help philosophy professors enrich their curriculum. Find short videos, lectures, and reading lists on everything from where rights come from to Peter Singer's "The Drowning Child". This collection is updated frequently with new content, so watch this space!

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Institute for Humane Studies
Date Added:
04/13/2018
Words of Wisdom: an Intro to Philosophy
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CC BY-NC
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0.0 stars

Words of Wisdom can come from anyone. In this text we discuss topics ranging from "Are Humans good by nature?" to "Is there a God?" to "Do I have the right to my own opinion?" Philosophy is the study of wisdom, and can emerge in our conversations in social media, in school, around the family dinner table, and even in the car. The text uses materials that are 2,500 years old, and materials that were in the news this year. Wise people come in all shapes and types, and from every culture on earth. We have poetry and folktales, sacred writings and letters. Dialogues and interviews, news columns, Ted Talks, You Tube recordings and even comedy are all a part of the content in this text.You will be most successful reading this on line.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Textbook
Provider:
Minnesota State Opendora
Author:
Jody Ondich
Date Added:
11/01/2018
Introduction to Political Philosophy
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CC BY-NC-SA
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This course is intended as an introduction to political philosophy as seen through an examination of some of the major texts and thinkers of the Western political tradition. Three broad themes that are central to understanding political life are focused upon: the polis experience (Plato, Aristotle), the sovereign state (Machiavelli, Hobbes), constitutional government (Locke), and democracy (Rousseau, Tocqueville). The way in which different political philosophies have given expression to various forms of political institutions and our ways of life are examined throughout the course.

Subject:
Philosophy
Political Science
Material Type:
Assessment
Full Course
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Syllabus
Provider:
Yale University
Provider Set:
Open Yale Courses
Author:
Steven B. Smith
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Introduction to Sociology 2e, Religion, World Religions
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CC BY-NC
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Explain the differences between various types of religious organizationsUnderstand classifications of religion, like animism, polytheism, monotheism, and atheismDescribe several major world religions

Subject:
Social Science
Sociology
Material Type:
Module
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
OpenStax College
Date Added:
11/15/2016
Philosophy and the Science of Human Nature
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Philosophy and the Science of Human Nature pairs central texts from Western philosophical tradition (including works by Plato, Aristotle, Epictetus, Hobbes, Kant, Mill, Rawls, and Nozick) with recent findings in cognitive science and related fields. The course is structured around three intertwined sets of topics: Happiness and Flourishing; Morality and Justice; and Political Legitimacy and Social Structures.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Material Type:
Full Course
Homework/Assignment
Lecture
Lecture Notes
Syllabus
Provider:
Yale University
Provider Set:
Open Yale Courses
Author:
Tamar Gendler
Date Added:
04/30/2012
Colonial Religion
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
Rating
0.0 stars

This collection uses primary sources to explore religion during the Colonial period of US History. Digital Public Library of America Primary Source Sets are designed to help students develop their critical thinking skills and draw diverse material from libraries, archives, and museums across the United States. Each set includes an overview, ten to fifteen primary sources, links to related resources, and a teaching guide. These sets were created and reviewed by the teachers on the DPLA's Education Advisory Committee.

Subject:
Religious Studies
U.S. History
Material Type:
Primary Source
Provider:
Digital Public Library of America
Provider Set:
Primary Source Sets
Author:
Adena Barnette
Date Added:
01/20/2016
Religion Today: Themes and Issues
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CC BY-NC-SA
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There is a widespread perception in the West that we live in a secular age, an age in which religion is at best an optional extra, if not a false delusion completely out of place. However, religion still arouses passion and causes controversy; it controls and transforms lives. An informed understanding of the contemporary world thus requires an appreciation of the role of religion in shaping ideas, world-views and actions that have an impact on the social as well as on the personal life of the individual. This unit gives you a glimpse into this fascinating area.

Subject:
Religious Studies
Political Science
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Reading
Syllabus
Provider:
The Open University
Provider Set:
Open University OpenLearn
Date Added:
06/06/2007
World Religions Summative
Rating
4.0 stars

Our world history class is mainly focused on recurring world issues of the modern age. We jump around with topics but mainly stay 1945 - today, which the students really seem to enjoy. One of the issues that we tackle is world religions. Attached are also the slides for this unit are also attached so you can see content leading up to this summative. Standard: SS-WH.9-12.21. Investigate cultural advancements within societies with attention to belief systems, ideologies, the arts, science and technology.

Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Author:
Kyle Lehman
Date Added:
06/17/2018
Eastern Philosophy Reader: An Open Educational Resource
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CC BY-NC-SA
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Excerpted primary texts from the East Asian philosophical traditions, including: Buddhism, Hinduism, Jainism, Shinto, Confucianism, Taoism, Legalism, Sikhism, and historical Zoroastrianism.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Religious Studies
Material Type:
Primary Source
Reading
Textbook
Author:
Noah Levin (collected and edited).
Date Added:
04/03/2020
Commentary on Descartes’ Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy
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CC BY
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In Rene Descartes’ Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy Descartes outlines ideas about truth, how people perceive and observe it, and how it can be altered. He questions if God is deceiving him about the truth, and questions God’s character. Descartes even takes the questioning of truth so far as to question his own existence and the significance of thought.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Rice University
Provider Set:
Connexions
Author:
Mark Pettinelli
Date Added:
02/16/2011
Introduction to Philosophy resource - Reflection paper template for students
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CC BY-NC
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These instructions are given to community college students who are reading primary texts in a philosophy 100 class. This is a version of the typical "impression paper" students are often asked to write to prove they have read the material in advance of class discussion. The main part that may be of interest, and why I'm sharing it, is the "template." This template gives students two things: first, an easy, three-step way to phrase their initial responses to readings; second, it gives permission to describe their reading circumstances and personalize their account of their reading experience. This seems to have value for the students, allowing them to write in a natural voice, express themselves, and reflect upon their own learning conditions. As a teacher, I've enjoyed reading responses from this template because I learn a little about my students lives at the same time as I learn about how they initially interpret a text.

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Homework/Assignment
Author:
Cara O'Connor
Date Added:
03/21/2019
Reporting in Experimental Philosophy: Current Standards and Recommendations for Future Practice
Unrestricted Use
CC BY
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Recent replication crises in psychology and other fields have led to intense reflection about the validity of common research practices. Much of this reflection has focussed on reporting standards, and how they may be related to the questionable research practices that could underlie a high proportion of irreproducible findings in the published record. As a developing field, it is particularly important for Experimental Philosophy to avoid some of the pitfalls that have beset other disciplines. To this end, here we provide a detailed, comprehensive assessment of current reporting practices in Experimental Philosophy. We focus on the quality of statistical reporting and the disclosure of information about study methodology. We assess all the articles using quantitative methods (n = 134) that were published over the years 2013–2016 in 29 leading philosophy journals. We find that null hypothesis significance testing is the prevalent statistical practice in Experimental Philosophy, although relying solely on this approach has been criticised in the psychological literature. To augment this approach, various additional measures have become commonplace in other fields, but we find that Experimental Philosophy has adopted these only partially: 53% of the papers report an effect size, 28% confidence intervals, 1% examined prospective statistical power and 5% report observed statistical power. Importantly, we find no direct relation between an article’s reporting quality and its impact (numbers of citations). We conclude with recommendations for authors, reviewers and editors in Experimental Philosophy, to facilitate making research statistically-transparent and reproducible.

Subject:
Psychology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Review of Philosophy and Psychology
Author:
Andrea Polonioli
Brittany Blankinship
David Carmel
Mariana Vega-Mendoza
Date Added:
08/07/2020
The First Amendment and Freedom of Religion
Read the Fine Print
Educational Use
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In this lesson, students will use the case of Park51’s Islamic Cultural Center as a starting point for a discussion about whether religious freedom is absolute and if religious freedom requires respect for other religions.

Subject:
Religious Studies
Law
General Law
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Southern Poverty Law Center
Provider Set:
Learning for Justice
Date Added:
12/02/2016
Philosophy: The Nature of Persons
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-NC-SA
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What is a person? This unit examines this philosophical question concerning the nature of personhood. You will examine whether a 'person' is the same as a 'human being', and look at whether it is our free will that in the end defines us as a 'person'.

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Philosophy
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Reading
Syllabus
Provider:
The Open University
Provider Set:
Open University OpenLearn
Date Added:
09/06/2007
Teaching Philosophy through feature film clips
Conditional Remix & Share Permitted
CC BY-NC-SA
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This website is a tribute to the intellectual curiosity of young people. We know that they have
questions about all the big ideas that have engaged philosophers throughout the ages. What they
don’t have is a way to discuss those questions with other people, especially in an educational
setting.
That’s where you come in! By using this website, you’ll provide your wonderfully intelligent
and boldly inquisitive students with the opportunity to engage in a range of philosophical
discussions about issues that other students their age have told us were the most pressing ones in
their lives.
You may be wondering how you can do this without having any philosophical training. You will
be relieved to discover that teaching philosophy to secondary school children does not involve
giving lectures on the great philosophers of the past or the central problems of Western
philosophy. What is does require is that you commit yourself to giving your students the
opportunity to discuss philosophical questions among themselves.
We have tried to make this as easy for you as possible. We have created webpages devoted to
different philosophical issues that students have told us they want to discuss with their peers. On
each page, you will find a variety of different film clips. At the end of each clip, questions for
discussion appear on the screen. If you just pause the clip, you or a student can read the question
out loud to begin a philosophical discussion.
Your role is to facilitate that discussion, not tell the students what to think about anything; your
role is to assist students so that they can have a productive discussion with one another. For even
though children may be natural-born philosophers, they are not born ready to discuss issues with
their peers. That’s what we hope to help them with on this site.
Because “all” that the teacher has to do is to assist the children in their philosophical discussion,
it doesn’t require any special philosophical knowledge to teach philosophy to secondary school
children. All you need to know is how to facilitate a discussion among your students and, of
course, how to navigate this website so you know how to get to the material you need when you
need it!

Subject:
Philosophy
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Case Study
Module
Author:
Julie Akeret
Thomas E. Wartenberg
Date Added:
01/02/2020